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GB/T 12145-2016 (GB/T12145-2016)

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GB/T 12145-2016: PDF in English (GBT 12145-2016)
GB/T 12145-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.060.30
J 98
Replacing GB/T 12145-2008
Quality criterion of water and steam for power plant
and steam-generating equipment
ISSUED ON. FEBRUARY 24, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. SEPTEMBER 01, 2016
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Steam quality criterion ... 6 
5 Boiler feed water quality criterion ... 7 
6 Condensate quality criterion ... 9 
7 Boiler water quality criterion ... 10 
8 Boiler makeup water quality criterion ... 11 
9 Temperature reduction water quality criterion ... 11 
10 Dewatering and production backwater quality criterion ... 11 
11 Closed recirculating cooling water quality criterion ... 12 
12 Heating network makeup water quality criterion ... 13 
13 Cooling water quality criterion for internal water-cooled generators ... 13 
14 Water and steam quality criterion of shutdown/standby unit at startup ... 13 
15 Water and steam quality degradation treatment ... 15 
Foreword
This standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard replaces GB/T 12145-2008 “Quality criterion of water and steam
for power plant and steam-generating equipment”.
As compared with GB/T 12145-2008, the main technical changes, except the
editorial modification, are as follows.
- MODIFY terms and definitions;
- MODIFY steam quality indicators;
- MODIFY boiler feed water quality indicators;
- MODIFY condensate quality indicators;
- MODIFY boiler water quality indicators;
- MODIFY makeup water quality indicators;
- MODIFY quality criterion of dewatering and production backwater;
- MODIFY cooling water quality indicators for water-cooled generators.
This standard was proposed by AND shall be under the jurisdiction of the China
Electricity Council.
The drafting organizations of this standard. Xi'an Thermal Power Research
Institute Co., Ltd., State Grid Henan Electric Power Company Electric Power
Research Institute.
The main drafters of this standard. Cao Jieyu, Sun Benda, Ke Yujin, Wu
Wenlong.
This Standard replaces the standard previously issued as follows.
- GB/T 12145-1989, GB/T 12145-1999, GB/T 12145-2008.
Quality criterion of water and steam for power plant
and steam-generating equipment
1 Scope
This standard specifies the water and steam quality for power plant and steam-
generating equipment in the normal operation and startup of the shutdown
(standby) unit.
This standard applies to the power plant and steam-generating equipment for
which the boiler main steam pressure is not less than 3.8 MPa (gauge pressure).
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this Standard.
DL/T 1358-2014 Analytical methods of steam and water in power plants -
Determination of total organic carbon
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
Cation Conductivity
It refers to the conductivity of the water sample as measured after subjected
to the hydrogen-type strong acid cation exchange resin treatment.
3.2
Feed water system without copper alloys
It refers to the feed water system for which the components and equipment
in contact with water and steam (excluding condensers) do not contain
copper or copper alloy materials.
3.3
Feed water system with copper alloys
It refers to the feed water system for which the components and equipment
in contact with water and steam (excluding condensers) contain copper or
copper alloy materials.
3.4
All volatile treatment (reduction); AVT (R)
It refers to the treatment of boiler feed water by adding ammonia and
hydrazine.
3.5
All volatile treatment (oxidization); AVT (O)
It refers to the treatment of boiler feed water by adding only ammonia.
3.6
Oxygenated treatment; OT
It refers to the treatment of boiler feed water by adding oxygen.
3.7
Solid alkalizing agents
It refers to such agents as phosphate and sodium hydroxide which are used
to treat the boiler water.
3.8
Alkalizing of boiler water with solid alkalizing agents
It refers to the treatment of boiler water by adding phosphate or sodium
hydroxide.
3.9
Alkalizing of the boiler water without solid alkalizing agents
It refers to the treatment of feed water by adding volatile alkali AND boiler
water without adding solid alkalizing agents.
14.5 When the unit is started, it shall monitor the dewatering quality. When the
dewatering is recovered in the deaerator, it shall ensure that the feed water
quality complies with the requirements of Table 17; as for the unit with
condensate treatment device, when the iron content of dewatering does not
exceed 1000 μg/L, it can be recovered in the condenser.
15 Water and steam quality degradation treatment
15.1 When the quality of water and steam degrades, it shall quickly check the
sampling representativeness and analytical result accuracy, comprehensively
analyze the water and steam quality change in the system, confirm that the
judgment is errorless, AND follow the 3-stage treatment requirements as below.
· Primary treatment - If there is the possibility of corrosion, fouling and salt
accumulation of the water and steam system, it shall restore to the
corresponding standard value within 72 h;
· Secondary treatment - If the corrosion, fouling and salt accumulation of
the water and steam system is in occurrence, it shall restore to the
corresponding standard value within 24 h;
· Third-stage treatment - If fast corrosion, fouling and salt accumulation is
in occurrence, AND the water quality does not improve within 4 h, it shall
shut down the boiler.
At each stage of the abnormality handling, if it cannot be restored to normal
state within the specified time, it shall adopt the higher level treatment method.
15.2 The treatment of condensate (condensate pump outlet) quality abnormality
shall be conducted in accordance with Table 19.
Table 19 Treatment of abnormal water quality of condensate
Item Standard value
Treatment level
Primary Secondary Third-stage
Cation
conductivity
(25 °C) µS/cm
With fine
treatment
desalination
≤0.30 a >0.30 a - -
Without fine
treatment
desalination
≤0.30 >0.30 >0.40 >0.65
Sodium b
µg/L
With fine
treatment
desalination
≤10 >10 - -
Without fine
treatment
desalination
≤5 >5 >10 >20
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2017-01-08, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT12145-2016