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GB/T 5714-2019 (GB/T5714-2019)

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GB/T 5714-2019: PDF in English (GBT 5714-2019)
GB/T 5714-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
W 04
Replacing GB/T 5714-1997
Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness -
Color Fastness to Sea Water
(ISO 105-E02:2013, Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness -
Part E02: Color Fastness to Sea Water, MOD)
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 30, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative References ... 6
3 Principle ... 7
4 Equipment and Materials ... 7
5 Specimen ... 9
6 Test Procedures ... 10
7 Test Report ... 11
Bibliography ... 12
Foreword
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaced GB/T 5714-1997 Textiles – Tests for Color Fastness – Color
Fastness to Sea Water. Compared with GB/T 5714-1997, this Standard has the major
changes as follows:
--- Add “this Standard is applicable to various kinds of textiles” to the scope (see
Clause 1 of this Edition);
--- Add the references of GB/T 6682, GB/T 13765, GB/T 32598 and GB/T 32616;
separately modify GB 250-1995, GB 251-1995 and GB/T 6151-1997 into GB/T
250, GB/T 251 and GB/T 6151-2016; adjust GB 7564~7568-1987 into GB/T
7568.1~GB/T 7568.6; adjust GB 11404-1989 into GB/T 7568.7 (see Clause 2 of
this Edition; Clause 2 of 1997 Edition);
--- Add the description of using instruments to assess the discoloration of the
sample and the staining of the lining fabric (see Clause 3 of this Edition);
--- Modify the title of Clause 4 from “equipment and reagents” into “equipment and
materials” (see Clause 4 of this Edition; Clause 4 of 1997 Edition);
--- Add tolerances to the specimen dimension and the pressure of the specimen
device; adjust “other devices with equivalent test results can also be used” from
the NOTE to the text (see 4.1 of this Edition; 4.1 of 1997 Edition);
--- Adjust “GB/T 6151-1997, 8.1” into “GB/T 6682”; add the requirements of “taking
sodium chloride as chemically pure or above”; add the NOTE of “sodium chloride
solution shall be prepared for current use” (see 4.3 of this Edition; 4.3 of 1997
Edition);
--- Add the NOTE of “other types of fibers can be used with reference to the same
or similar fibers” (see 4.4.2 of this Edition);
--- Delete the standard lining fabric of acetate or triacetate fiber (see Table 1 of this
Edition; Table 1 of 1997 Edition);
--- Adjust the contents of 4.5 into 4.5 and 4.6 (see 4.5 and 4.6 of this Edition; 4.5 of
1997 Edition);
--- Add 4.7, 4.8, 4.9 and 4.10 (see 4.7, 4.8, 4.9 and 4.10 of this Edition);
--- Add the tolerance of specimen dimension (See Clause 5 of this Edition);
---Add the requirements of “bath ratio of about 50:1” and “stand at the room
Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness -
Color Fastness to Sea Water
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the methods for testing the color fastness to sea water for
various textiles.
This Standard is applicable to various textiles.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 250 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Grey Scale for Assessing Change
in Color (GB/T 250-2008, ISO 105-A02:1993, IDT)
GB/T 251 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Grey Scale for Assessing Staining
(GB/T 251-2008, ISO 105-A03:1993, IDT)
GB/T 6151-2016 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - General Principle of Testing
(GB/T 6151-2016, ISO 105-A01:2010, MOD)
GB/T 6682 Water for Analytical Laboratory Use - Specification and Test Methods
(GB/T 6682-2008, ISO 3696:1987, MOD)
GB/T 7568.1 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Specification for Wool Adjacent
Fabric (GB/T 7568.1-2002, ISO 105-F01:2001, MOD)
GB/T 7568.2 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Standard Adjacent Fabrics - Part
2: Cotton and Viscose Fiber (GB/T 7568.2-2008, ISO 105-F02:2009, NEQ)
GB/T 7568.3 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Standard Adjacent Fabrics - Part
3: Polyamide (GB/T 7568.3-2008, ISO 105-F03:2001, MOD)
GB/T 7568.4 Textiles – Tests for Color Fastness - Specification for Polyester
Adjacent Fabric (GB/T 7568.4-2002, ISO 105-F04:2001, MOD)
GB/T 7568.5 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Specification for Acrylic Adjacent
Fabric (GB/T 7658.5-2002, ISO 105-F05:2001, MOD)
GB/T 7568.6 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Specification for Silk Adjacent
Fabric (GB/T 7568.6-2002, ISO 105-F06:2000, MOD)
GB/T 7568.7 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Standard Adjacent Fabrics - Part
7: Multifiber (GB/T 7568.7-2008, ISO 105-F10:1989, MOD)
GB/T 13765 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Specification for Standard
Adjacent Fabric of Linen and Ramie
GB/T 32598 Textile - Tests for Color Fastness - Method for the Instrumental
Assessment of Staining of Adjacent Fabrics (GB/T 32598-2016, ISO 105-
A04:1989, MOD)
GB/T 32616 Textiles - Tests for Color Fastness - Instrumental Assessment of
Change in Color for Determination of Grey Scale Rating (GB/T 32616-2016, ISO
105-A05:1996, MOD)
3 Principle
Use a piece of textile specimen to make combined specimen with two pieces of single
fiber lining fabrics and one pieces of multi-fiber lining fabric; dip it into the sodium
chloride solution; extrude excessive solution and place it in middle of the two plates of
the test device; so that it can withstand the specified pressure. The specimen and lining
fabric shall be dried separately. Use the grey scale or instrument to assess the
discoloration of the specimen and staining of the lining fabric.
4 Equipment and Materials
4.1 Test device
It consists of a pair of stainless-steel-frame and a 5kg-weighted heavy punch with a
bottom size of 60mm×115mm; and attached with glass plate or acrylic resin plate with
size of 60mm×115mm×1.5mm. When clamping the combined specimen with size of
(40±2)mm×(100±2)mm in between the plates, so that the combined specimen can
withstand the pressure of (12.5±0.9)kPa. The test device shall ensure that the pressure
that the combined specimen withstands after the heavy punch is removed shall remain
unchanged.
If the size of the combined specimen is not (40±2)mm×(100±2)mm; the nominal
pressure that the heavy punch applied to the specimen shall be (12.5±0.9)kPa.
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2019-11-02, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT5714-2019