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GB 1886.348-2021 PDF in English


GB 1886.348-2021 (GB1886.348-2021) PDF English
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GB 1886.348-2021: PDF in English

GB 1886.348-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard - Food additives -
Trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate
ISSUED ON: FEBRUARY 22, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: AUGUST 22, 2021
Issued by: National Health Commission of PRC;
State Administration for Market Regulation.
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 3 
2 Chemical name, molecular formula, relative molecular mass ... 3 
3 Technical requirements ... 3 
Appendix A Testing method ... 5 
National food safety standard - Food additives -
Trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate
1 Scope
This standard applies to the food additive trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate,
which is prepared by reaction, using the disodium dihydrogen pyrophosphate
or phosphoric acid (including wet-process phosphoric acid) and sodium
hydroxide as raw materials.
2 Chemical name, molecular formula, relative
molecular mass
2.1 Chemical name
Trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate, trisodium pyrophosphate, trisodium
diphosphate
2.2 Molecular formula
Na3HP2O7·nH2O (n = 0 or 1)
2.3 Relative molecular mass
Anhydrous trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate: 243.93 (According to 2018
international relative atomic mass)
Monohydrate trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate: 261.94 (According to
2018 international relative atomic mass)
3 Technical requirements
3.1 Sensory requirements
Sensory requirements shall meet the requirements of Table 1.
Table 1 -- Sensory requirements
Appendix A
Testing method
A.1 General provisions
When the reagents and water, which are used in this standard, are not specified,
they all refer to the analytically pure reagents and the grade 3 water, which are
specified in GB/T 6682. For the standard solutions used in the test, standard
solutions for impurity determination, preparations and products, which are not
specified otherwise, they are prepared in accordance with GB/T 601, GB/T 602,
GB/T 603. For the solution which is used in the test, it refers to the aqueous
solution, when the solvent is not specified.
A.2 Identification test
A.2.1 Reagents and materials
A.2.1.1 Nitric acid solution: 1 + 1.
A.2.1.2 Quinmolybdenone solution.
A.2.2 Analytical procedures
A.2.2.1 Identification of pyrophosphate
Weigh 0.1 g of specimen. Place it in a beaker. Add 100 mL of nitric acid solution.
Stir to dissolve it. The resulting solution is test solution A. Measure 0.5 mL of
test solution A. Add it dropwise into 30 mL of quinmolybdenone solution. The
resulting solution is test solution B. Heat the remaining test solution A, at 95 °C,
for 10 min. Take 0.5 mL of this solution. Add it dropwise into 30 mL of
quinmolybdenone solution. The resulting solution is test solution C.
Judgment: Test solution C immediately forms a yellow precipitate, while test
solution B does not.
A.2.2.2 Identification of sodium ions
Weigh 1 g of specimen. Place it in a beaker. Add 20 mL of water to dissolve it.
Dip a platinum wire ring in hydrochloric acid. Burn it to colorless on the flame.
Dip the test solution. Burn it on the flame. The flame shall be bright yellow.
A.3 Determination of trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate content
(calculated as burn-dry basis)
A.3.1 Method summary
The mass fraction, w1, of the content of trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate
(calculated on the burn-dry basis), is calculated according to formula (A.1).
Where:
0.0122 - The mass of anhydrous trisodium monohydrogen diphosphate,
which is equivalent to 1 mL of 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide standard titration
solution, in grams (g);
c - The concentration of sodium hydroxide standard titration solution, in
moles per liter (mol/L);
V1 - The volume of the sodium hydroxide standard titration solution, which is
consumed by the titration test solution, in milliliter (mL);
m - The mass of the specimen, in grams (g);
x1 - Loss on ignition, %;
50/500 - Conversion factor.
Take the arithmetic mean of the parallel determination results as the
determination result. The absolute difference between the two parallel
determination results is not more than 0.3%.
A.4 Determination of water insoluble
A.4.1 Instruments and equipment
A.4.1.1 Electric heating drying box.
A.4.1.2 Electronic balance, which has an accuracy of 0.001 g.
A.4.1.3 Glass sand crucible (pore size of filter plate is 5 μm ~ 15 μm).
A.4.2 Analytical procedures
Weigh 20 g of specimen, accurate to 0.001 g. Place it in a 400 mL beaker. Add
200 mL of water and heat to dissolve. While it is hot, use a glass sand crucible,
that has been dried to constant weight at 105 °C ± 2 °C, to filter it. Use hot water
to wash it 10 times (approximately 20 mL of water consumed each time). Dry it
to constant weight at 105 °C ± 2 °C.
A.4.3 Result calculation
The mass fraction, w2, of water-insoluble is calculated according to formula
A.7 Determination of lead
A.7.1 Reagents and materials
A.7.1.1 Hydrochloric acid.
A.7.1.2 Nitric acid.
A.7.1.3 Trichloromethane.
A.7.1.4 Sodium hydroxide solution: 250 g/L.
A.7.1.5 Ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate solution (APDC): 20 g/L, filter
before use.
A.7.1.6 Lead standard solution: 1 mL of solution contains 0.010 mg of lead (Pb).
Pipette 1.00 mL of lead standard solution, which was prepared according to
HG/T 3696.2. Place it in a 100 mL volumetric flask. Use water to dilute it to the
mark. Mix well. This solution is prepared before use.
A.7.1.7 Grade 2 water: It meets the requirements of GB/T 6682-2008.
A.7.2 Instruments and equipment
Atomic absorption spectrometer: It is equipped with lead hollow cathode lamp.
A.7.3 Analytical method
A.7.3.1 Preparation of test solution
Weigh 10.0 g of sample (accurate to 0.01 g). Place it in a 150 mL beaker. Add
30 mL of water and a minimum amount of hydrochloric acid to dissolve the
specimen. Add another 1 mL of hydrochloric acid, to ensure that the specimen
is dissolved. Heat and boil for a few minutes. Cool it down. Use water to dilute
it to 100 mL. Use sodium hydroxide solution to adjust the pH of the solution to
1.0 ~ 1.5. Transfer the solution quantitatively to a 250 mL separatory funnel.
Use water to dilute it to about 150 mL. Add 2 mL of ammonium pyrrolidine
dithiocarbamate solution (APDC). Mix it. Use chloroform to extract twice. Add
20 mL each time. Collect the extract in a 50 mL beaker. Evaporate on a boiling
water bath to almost dryness. Add 3 mL of nitric acid to the residue. Heat to
almost dryness. Then add 0.5 mL of nitric acid and 10 mL of water. Heat to
make it remains 3 mL ~ 5 mL. Transfer the nitrated extract to a 10 mL volumetric
flask. Use water to dilute to the mark. Shake well.
A.7.3.2 Preparation of blank test solution
Take 30 mL of water. Place it in a 150 mL beaker. Add 1 mL of hydrochloric acid.
The following operation is the same as "Heat and boil for a few minutes. Cool it
......
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.