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HJ 1085-2020

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 1085-2020'
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HJ 1085-2020English199 Add to Cart Days<=3 Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Alcohol products and beverage manufacturing industry Valid HJ 1085-2020
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 1085-2020 (HJ1085-2020)
Description (Translated English) Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Alcohol products and beverage manufacturing industry
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 10,149
Date of Issue 1/6/2020
Date of Implementation 4/1/2020
Drafting Organization China National Environmental Monitoring Station
Administrative Organization Ministry of Ecology and Environment

HJ 1085-2020
Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Alcohol products and beverage manufacturing industry
Attached National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic of China
Technical guide for self-monitoring of sewage units
Wine and beverage manufacturing
Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources
-Alcohol products and beverage manufacturing industry
2020-01-06 released
2020-04-01 implementation
Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Contents
Foreword ... ii
1 Scope ... 1
2 Normative references ... 1
3 Terms and definitions ... 1
4 General requirements for self-monitoring ... 2
5 Monitoring plan development ... 2
6 Information logging and reporting ... 5
7 Other ... 6
Foreword
In order to implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China"
National Air Pollution Control Law, Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Environmental Noise Pollution, and Measures for the Administration of Emission Permits (Trial),
Guide and standardize the self-monitoring work of wine and beverage production and sewage discharge units to formulate this standard.
This standard specifies the general requirements for self-monitoring, the establishment of monitoring programs, information recording and
The basic content and requirements of the report.
This standard is issued for the first time.
This standard is proposed and organized by the Department of Eco-Environment Monitoring, the Department of Regulations and Standards of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
The main drafting organizations of this standard. Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei Province Ecological Environment Monitoring Center, Hebei Green Food Office
room.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 06, 2020.
This standard will be implemented as of April 01, 2020.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Sewage Unit Self-Monitoring Technical Guide for Wine and Beverage Manufacturing
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general requirements for self-monitoring, the establishment of monitoring programs, information recording and
The basic content and requirements of the report.
This standard applies to water, air pollutants, noise, and its surrounding environment discharged by the wine and beverage manufacturing sewage units.
Quality impact monitoring.
The self-monitoring requirements of self-provided thermal power generating units (plants) and supporting power boilers are based on
Guidelines for Thermal Power Generation and Boilers "(HJ 820).
2 Normative references
The content of this standard refers to the following documents or clauses therein. For undated references, the valid version is
Used in this standard.
GB 19821 Pollutant emission standard for beer industry
GB 27631 Water Pollutant Emission Standard for Fermented Alcohol and Liquor Industry
HJ 2.3 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Surface Water Environment
HJ 442 Specifications for Environmental Monitoring in Coastal Waters
HJ 610 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Groundwater Environment
HJ 819 Technical Guidelines for Self-monitoring of Sewage Units
HJ 820 Technical Guideline for Self-monitoring of Sewage Units
HJ/T 91 Technical specifications for surface water and sewage monitoring
HJ/T 164 Technical Specifications for Groundwater Environmental Monitoring
HJ/T 166 Technical Specifications for Soil Environmental Monitoring
National Hazardous Waste List
3 terms and definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB 19821, GB 27631 and the following apply to this standard.
3.1
Alcohol products manufacturing industry
Refers to the manufacture of alcohol, white wine, beer and its special malt, rice wine, wine, fruit wine, formulated wine and other wines.
3.2
Beverage manufacturing industry
Refers to fruit and vegetable juice and fruit and vegetable juice beverages, milk-containing beverages and vegetable protein beverages, carbonated beverages, bottled (canned) drinking water,
Of beverages, tea drinks and other beverages.
3.3
Direct discharge
The act of a pollutant discharge unit directly discharging water pollutants into a water body.
3.4
Indirect discharge
The act of a pollutant discharge unit discharging water pollutants into a public sewage treatment system.
3.5
Rainwater outlet
Refers to discharge outlets that discharge natural precipitation directly outside the plant boundary, directly or through facilities such as trenches, canals, or pipelines.
4 General requirements for self-monitoring
Pollutant discharge units should find out their own pollution sources, pollutant indicators and potential environmental impacts, formulate monitoring plans, and set up
And maintain monitoring facilities, carry out self-monitoring in accordance with the monitoring plan, do quality assurance and quality control, record and maintain monitoring
Data, and publicize the monitoring results to the society according to law.
5 Monitoring plan development
5.1 Wastewater discharge monitoring
5.1.1 Monitoring points
Sewage discharge units should set monitoring points at the total waste water discharge and rainwater discharge outlets. Domestic sewage is discharged into the external environment separately.
Monitoring points need to be set up at domestic sewage discharge outlets.
5.1.2 Monitoring indicators and frequency
The wastewater discharge monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of the sewage unit are implemented in accordance with Table 1.
Table 1 Wastewater discharge monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency
Sewage list
Bit level
monitor
Point
Monitoring indicators
Monitoring frequency
Remark
Direct emissions indirect emissions
Key row
Dirty unit
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Flow, pH,
COD, ammonia
Automatic monitoring
Applicable to all alcoholic beverages
Total phosphorus month (daily/automatic monitoring) of sewage generating unita
Quarterly (day/automatic monitoring
Measured) a
Total nitrogen month (day/automatic monitoring) b
Quarterly (day/automatic monitoring
Test) b
Sewage list
Bit level
monitor
Point
Monitoring indicators
Monitoring frequency
Remark
Direct emissions indirect emissions
Suspended matter
COD
Month quarter
Key row
Dirty unit
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Chroma month quarter
Suitable for fermented alcohol and liquor
Manufacture of sewage units, other sewage
Pollution unit is the selected test item
Dirty life
Water discharge
Flow, pH,
COD, ammonia
Automatic monitoring-suitable for all wine and beverage systems
Sewage production unit
Total Phosphorus Month (Day/Automatic Monitoring) a-
Total nitrogen month (day/automatic monitoring) b-
Applicable to all alcoholic beverages
Sewage production unit
Suspended matter
COD
month-
Rain drain
Let go
Suspended matter, chemical needs
Oxygen
Month c
Non-focus
Sewage list
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Flow, pH,
Suspended matter
Chemical oxygen demand, chemistry
Oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen,
Total nitrogen and total phosphorus
Quarter half year
Applicable to all alcoholic beverages
Sewage production unit
Chroma quarter half year
Suitable for fermented alcohol and liquor
Manufacture of sewage units, other sewage
Pollution unit is the selected test item
Dirty life
Water discharge
Flow, pH,
Suspended matter
Chemical oxygen demand, chemistry
Oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen,
Total nitrogen and total phosphorus
Quarter-
Applicable to all alcoholic beverages
Sewage production unit
Note 1. The municipal and above-level eco-environmental departments with districts explicitly require the installation of automatic monitoring equipment for pollutant indicators, and must adopt automatic monitoring.
Note 2. If the monitoring result has exceeded the standard record, the monitoring frequency should be appropriately increased.
a The total phosphorus control area of water environment quality and the key pollutant discharge units in key industries such as nitrogen and phosphorus emission shall be monitored automatically.
b In the water environment quality, the total emission control area and key pollutant discharge units in key industries such as nitrogen and phosphorus emissions, the minimum monitoring frequency of total nitrogen is implemented daily.
Yes, after the technical specifications of automatic monitoring are released, automatic monitoring must be adopted.
c Monitor monthly when there is flowing water discharged from the rainwater outlet. If there is no abnormal situation in the monitoring for one year, it can be relaxed to carry out monitoring once a quarter.
5.2 Exhaust emission monitoring
5.2.1 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, indicators and frequencies
5.2.1.1 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of each production process shall be implemented in accordance with Table 2.
5.2.1.2 For multiple pollution sources or production equipment sharing one exhaust cylinder, the monitoring points can be arranged on the common exhaust cylinder. when
When the exhaust gas combined exhaust pipe with different emission control requirements is implemented, it should be monitored before the exhaust gas is mixed; if the monitoring point is only
It can be installed on the mixed exhaust cylinder. The monitoring index should cover the monitoring index of the corresponding pollution source or production equipment.
The frequency measurement is performed strictly.
Table 2 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency
Remarks on the monitoring frequency of monitoring point monitoring index
Storage and transportation of raw materials, broken (powder), peeled (shell),
Drying, screening, etc.
Gas treatment facility discharge
Particulate matter for half a year
Suitable for storage and transportation of raw and auxiliary materials,
Peeling (shell), drying, screening, etc.
Sewage discharge unit involving particulate matter emissions
Quarters of non-methane total hydrocarbons at exhaust facilities such as drying facilities
Suitable for product drying process involving volatility
Production process of organic emissions
Odor discharge facilities
Odor concentration, ammonia a,
Hydrogen sulfide a
Suitable for sewage disposal units with biological and chemical wastewater treatment for half a year
Note. The monitoring must monitor the exhaust emission parameters synchronously according to the corresponding monitoring analysis methods and technical specifications.
a Determine the monitoring indicators based on the environmental impact assessment document and its approval.
5.2.2 Monitoring points, indicators and frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions
The monitoring points, indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions are implemented in accordance with Table 3.
Table 3 Monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions
Remarks on the monitoring frequency of monitoring point monitoring index
Factory boundary
Odor concentration a applies to all sewage units for half a year
Non-methane total hydrocarbons for half a year
Suitable for volatile organic compounds involved in the production process
Discharge unit
Particulate matter for half a year
Applicable to storage and transportation of raw and auxiliary materials, breaking (powder), peeling
(Shell), drying, screening and other production processes involve particles
Production process
Ammonia for half a year
Suitable for sewage discharge with ammonia refrigeration system or liquid ammonia storage tank
unit
Hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are suitable for sewage disposal units with biochemical sewage treatment for half a year
Note 1. If there are environmental sensitive points in the surrounding area or the monitoring results exceed the standard, the monitoring frequency should be appropriately increased.
Note 2. Meteorological parameters must be monitored simultaneously for fugitive exhaust gas monitoring.
a Determine whether to monitor other malodorous pollutants based on the environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals, raw and auxiliary materials, and production processes.
5.3 Monitoring of factory boundary environmental noise
The setting of the environmental noise monitoring points at the factory boundary should follow the principles in HJ 819. The main consideration is Table 4.
Cloth situation. The environmental noise at the factory boundary shall be monitored at least once every quarter. If there are sensitive spots in the surrounding area, the monitoring frequency shall be increased.
Table 4 Main noise sources that should be paid attention to at the boundary of plant environmental noise
Noise source equipment
Production workshop and supporting facilities Crushing equipment, screening equipment, large fans, refrigerators, water pumps, etc.
Wastewater treatment aeration equipment, fans, pumps, etc.
5.4 Monitoring of surrounding environmental quality impact
5.4.1 Pollutant emission standards, environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals [only available after January 1,.2015 (inclusive)
If there is a clear requirement from the pollutant discharge unit approved by the environmental impact assessment or other environmental management policies, it shall be implemented as required.
5.4.2 If there is no clear requirement, the sewage disposal unit may monitor the surrounding surface water, seawater, groundwater and soil according to the actual situation.
Measurement. For wastewater discharge units that directly discharge surface water and seawater, refer to HJ 2.3, HJ/T 91, HJ 442 and acceptance
Water environment management requires the setting of monitoring sections and monitoring points; sewage units conducting groundwater and soil monitoring can follow HJ
610, HJ/T 164, HJ/T 166 and groundwater and soil environment management requirements set monitoring points.
5.5 Other requirements
5.5.1 In addition to the pollutant indicators in Tables 1 to 4, the pollutant indicators in 5.5.1.1 and 5.5.1.2 should also be included in the monitoring
Index range, and refer to Table 1 to Table 4 and HJ 819 to determine the monitoring frequency.
5.5.1.1 Pollutant discharge permits, implemented pollutant discharge (control) standards, environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals [only
Pollutant discharge units that have received environmental impact assessment approval after January 1,.2015 (inclusive), and relevant environmental management regulations clearly specify
The desired pollutant index.
5.5.1.2 The pollutant discharge unit is determined according to the raw and auxiliary materials, production process, intermediate and final product types, and monitoring results during the production process.
For actual discharge, the pollutant index in the national toxic and hazardous substance list or the related pollutant priority list, or
Indicators of toxic pollutants.
5.5.2 The monitoring frequency of each indicator can be increased according to the determination principle of monitoring frequency in HJ 819 on the basis of meeting this standard.
Monitoring frequency.
5.5.3 Sampling methods, monitoring analysis methods, monitoring quality assurance and quality control shall be implemented in accordance with HJ 819.
5.5.4 The preparation and change of the monitoring plan shall be implemented in accordance with HJ 819.
6 Information recording and reporting
6.1 Information records
6.1.1 Monitoring information record
Manual monitoring records and automatic monitoring operation and maintenance records are performed in accordance with HJ 819.
6.1.2 Requirements for Recording the Operational Status of Production and Pollution Treatment Facilities
Sewage discharge units should record their production and operation conditions of pollution control facilities in detail. They should also refer to the following in daily production.
Record relevant information, and organize it into a ledger for future reference.
6.1.2.1 Production operation status record
According to the types of wine and beverage products, record the following relevant information for each production batch.
a) the amount of raw and auxiliary materials;
b) Production of intermediate products and final products, output rate and material balance;
c) Fresh water withdrawal, water consumption, electricity consumption, etc .;
d) Operation and usage records of the main production equipment and facilities used.
6.1.2.2 Record of operation status of wastewater treatment facilities
Record daily wastewater treatment, reuse, reuse, discharge, sludge production (record moisture content), wastewater treatment
The name and amount of the chemical used, the amount of electricity used, etc .; record the operation, failure and maintenance of wastewater treatment facilities.
6.1.2.3 Record of operation status of exhaust gas treatment facilities
Record daily the name and amount of consumables such as adsorbents and filter materials used for exhaust gas treatment, and record the operation of exhaust gas treatment facilities
Operation, failure, and maintenance.
6.1.3 General industrial solid waste and hazardous waste record requirements
Record daily production, comprehensive utilization, disposal, and storage of general industrial solid waste;
Relevant requirements of environmental management, and record daily the amount of hazardous waste generated, comprehensive utilization, disposal, storage, transfer and its specifications.
Body whereabouts. See Table 5 for general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste generation.
Table 5 Sources of general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste
Category Generate Unit Solid Waste
General industrial solid waste
Production workshop, wastewater/exhaust gas treatment
Facilities, etc.
Raw and auxiliary materials and surplus waste generated during processing, waste packaging materials,
Slag, waste cellar mud, waste lees and waste straw, etc .;
Waste dust/slag, waste filter bag; water treatment sludge (performed according to local management requirements)
OK) etc.
Hazardous Waste
Production workshop, laboratory, exhaust gas
Processing facilities, etc.
Packages of waste activated carbon, waste mineral oil and mineral oil-containing waste and chemical reagents
Contents, containers, etc.
Note. Whether the waste activated carbon is a hazardous waste is defined by the project environmental impact assessment and approval. Other hazardous wastes that may be generated are
List of Hazardous Wastes "or the nationally recognized standards and methods for hazardous wastes.
6.2 Information report, emergency report, information disclosure
Follow HJ 819.
7 other
Except for the contents specified in this standard, other contents shall be implemented in accordance with HJ 819.
Related standard:   HJ 1083-2020  HJ 1084-2020
   
 
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