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HJ 1084-2020

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 1084-2020'
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HJ 1084-2020English199 Add to Cart Days<=3 Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Food manufacturing industry Valid HJ 1084-2020
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 1084-2020 (HJ1084-2020)
Description (Translated English) Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Food manufacturing industry
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 10,187
Date of Issue 1/6/2020
Date of Implementation 4/1/2020
Drafting Organization China National Environmental Monitoring Station
Administrative Organization Ministry of Ecology and Environment

HJ 1084-2020
Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources--Food manufacturing industry
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic of China
Technical guide for self-monitoring of sewage units
Food manufacturing
Self-monitoring technology guidelines for pollution sources
-Food manufacturing industry
2020-01-06 released
2020-04-01 implementation
Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Contents
Foreword ... ii
1 Scope ... 1
2 Normative references ... 1
3 Terms and definitions ... 1
4 General requirements for self-monitoring ... 2
5 Monitoring plan development ... 2
6 Information logging and reporting ... 5
7 Other ... 6
Foreword
In order to implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China"
National Air Pollution Control Law, Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Environmental Noise Pollution, and Measures for the Administration of Emission Permits (Trial),
Guide and standardize the self-monitoring work of food processing industry sewage discharge units to formulate this standard.
This standard sets out the general requirements for self-monitoring by the food processing industry's sewage discharge units, the development of monitoring programs, information recording and reporting.
The basic content and requirements of the report.
This standard is issued for the first time.
This standard is proposed and organized by the Department of Eco-Environment Monitoring, the Department of Regulations and Standards of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
The main drafting organizations of this standard. Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei Province Ecological Environment Monitoring Center, Hebei Green Food Office
room.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 06, 2020.
This standard will be implemented as of April 01, 2020.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Guideline for self-monitoring of sewage units
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general requirements for self-monitoring by food manufacturing and sewage discharge units, the formulation of monitoring programs, information recording and reporting.
Basic content and requirements.
This standard applies to water, air pollutants, noise, and environmental quality of food discharge units.
Impact monitoring. Does not apply to food and feed additive manufacturing sewage units.
The self-monitoring requirements for self-provided thermal power generating units (plants) and supporting power boilers are in accordance with
"South Thermal Power Generation and Boiler" (HJ 820).
2 Normative references
The content of this standard refers to the following documents or clauses therein. For undated references, the valid version is
Used in this standard.
GB 13457 Water Pollutant Discharge Standard for Meat Processing Industry
GB 19430 citric acid industrial water pollutant discharge standard
GB 19431 MSG Industry Pollutant Emission Standard
GB 25462 Water Pollutant Discharge Standard for Yeast Industry
HJ 2.3 oooo Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Surface Water Environment
HJ 442. Specifications for Environmental Monitoring in Coastal Waters
HJ 610 .Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Groundwater Environment
HJ 819. Technical Guidelines for Self-monitoring of Sewage Units
HJ 820. Technical Guidelines for Self-monitoring of Sewage Units Thermal Power Generation and Boilers
HJ/T 91 Technical specifications for surface water and sewage monitoring
HJ/T 164 Technical Specifications for Groundwater Environmental Monitoring
HJ/T 166 Technical Specifications for Soil Environmental Monitoring
National Hazardous Waste List
3 terms and definitions
GB 13457, GB 19430, GB 19431, GB 25462 and the following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Food manufacturing industry
Food manufacturing includes baked goods manufacturing, candy, chocolate and candied fruit manufacturing, convenience food manufacturing, dairy product manufacturing,
Canned food manufacturing, condiments, fermented products manufacturing and other food manufacturing.
3.2
Direct discharge
The act of a pollutant discharge unit directly discharging water pollutants into a water body.
3.3
Indirect discharge
The act of a pollutant discharge unit discharging water pollutants into a public sewage treatment system.
3.4
Rainwater outlet
Refers to discharge outlets that discharge natural precipitation directly outside the plant boundary, directly or through facilities such as trenches, canals, or pipelines.
4 General requirements for self-monitoring
Pollutant discharge units should find out their own pollution sources, pollutant indicators and potential environmental impacts, formulate monitoring plans, and set up
And maintain monitoring facilities, carry out self-monitoring in accordance with the monitoring plan, do quality assurance and quality control, record and maintain monitoring
Data, and publicize the monitoring results to the society according to law.
5 Monitoring plan development
5.1 Wastewater discharge monitoring
5.1.1 Monitoring points
Sewage discharge units should set monitoring points at the total waste water discharge and rainwater discharge outlets. Domestic sewage is discharged into the external environment separately.
Monitoring points need to be set up at domestic sewage discharge outlets.
5.1.2 Monitoring indicators and frequency
The wastewater discharge monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of the sewage unit are implemented in accordance with Table 1.
Table 1 Wastewater discharge monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency
Sewage list
Bit level
monitor
Point
Monitoring indicators
Monitoring frequency
Remark
Direct emissions indirect emissions
Key row
Dirty unit
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Flow, pH, Chemistry
Oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen
Automatic monitoring
Suitable for all food manufacturing rows
Dirty unit
Total phosphorus
Month (Day/Auto-Monitor)
Measured) a
Quarterly (day/automatic monitoring
Measured) a
Total nitrogen
Month (Day/Auto-Monitor)
Test) b
Quarterly (day/automatic monitoring
Test) b
Suspended matter, five-day biochemistry
oxygen demand
Month quarter
Chroma month quarter
Suitable for condiments and fermented products
Dirty unit
Sewage list
Bit level
monitor
Point
Monitoring indicators
Monitoring frequency
Remark
Direct emissions indirect emissions
Key row
Dirty unit
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Animal and vegetable oil month quarter
Suitable for dairy products manufacturing, instant food
Manufacturing, canned meat and poultry, and
Sewage production unit for aquatic product manufacturing
Coliform group months months quarter
Suitable for meat and poultry cans
Dirty unit
Dirty life
Water discharge
Flow, pH, Chemistry
Oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen
Automatic monitoring-
Suitable for all food manufacturing rows
Dirty unit
Total phosphorus
Month (Day/Auto-Monitor)
Measured) a
Total nitrogen
Month (Day/Auto-Monitor)
Test) b
Suspended matter, five-day biochemistry
oxygen demand
month-
Animal and vegetable oil month-
Applicable to sewage with staff canteens
unit
Rain drain
Let go
COD, suspension
Month c
Suitable for all food manufacturing rows
Dirty unit
Non-focus
Sewage list
Total wastewater
exhaustion hole
Flow, pH, suspension
Biochemical aerobic
Quantity, COD,
Ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, total nitrogen
Quarter half year
Suitable for all food manufacturing rows
Dirty unit
Chroma quarter half year
Suitable for condiments and fermented products
Dirty unit
Animal and vegetable oils
Suitable for dairy products manufacturing, instant food
Manufacturing, canned meat and poultry, and
Sewage production unit for aquatic product manufacturing
Coliform bacteria
Suitable for meat and poultry cans
Dirty unit
Dirty life
Water discharge
Flow, pH, suspension
Biochemical aerobic
Quantity, COD,
Ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, total nitrogen
Quarter-
Suitable for all food manufacturing rows
Dirty unit
Animal and vegetable oil quarter-
Applicable to sewage with staff canteens
unit
Note 1. The municipal and above-level eco-environmental departments with districts explicitly require the installation of automatic monitoring equipment for pollutant indicators, and must adopt automatic monitoring.
Note 2. If the monitoring result has exceeded the standard record, the monitoring frequency should be appropriately increased.
a The total phosphorus control area of water environment quality and the key pollutant discharge units in key industries such as nitrogen and phosphorus emission shall be monitored automatically.
b In the water environment quality, the total emission control area and key pollutant discharge units in key industries such as nitrogen and phosphorus emission, the minimum monitoring frequency of total nitrogen is daily
Implementation. After the technical specifications of automatic monitoring are released, automatic monitoring shall be adopted.
c Monitor monthly when there is flowing water discharged from the rainwater outlet. If there is no abnormal situation in the monitoring for one year, it can be relaxed to carry out monitoring once a quarter.
5.2 Exhaust emission monitoring
5.2.1 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, indicators and frequencies
5.2.1.1 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, indicators and minimum detection frequency of each production process shall be implemented in accordance with Table 2.
5.2.1.2 For multiple pollution sources or production equipment sharing one exhaust cylinder, the monitoring points can be arranged on the common exhaust cylinder. when
When the exhaust gas combined exhaust pipe with different emission control requirements is implemented, it should be monitored before the exhaust gas is mixed; if the monitoring point is only
It can be installed on the mixed exhaust cylinder. The monitoring index should cover the monitoring index of the corresponding pollution source or production equipment.
The frequency measurement is performed strictly.
Table 2 Organized exhaust emission monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency
Remarks on the monitoring frequency of monitoring point monitoring index
Particulate matter treatment facility
exhaustion hole
Particulate matter for half a year
Suitable for storage and transportation of raw and auxiliary materials
Dried, sieved and dried, granulated, packed, etc.
Particulate matter production process
Exhaust from hot blast stove, heating furnace, etc.
Canister or exhaust treatment facility exhaust
Let go
Particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen
Oxide
Suitable for the production process with hot blast stove and heating furnace for half a year
Waste of drying facilities such as fluidized bed
Air vent
Non-methane total hydrocarbons for half a year
Suitable for product and its by-product drying process involving volatilization
Production process of organic emissions
Fume exhaust treatment facilities
Let go
Fume, non-methane total hydrocarbons for half a year
Suitable for frying, frying, grilling, baking, etc.
Emission production process
Odor gas waste gas treatment equipment
Discharge port
Odor concentration, ammonia a, sulfur
Hydrogen a, trimethylamine a, dimethyl di
Thioether a, methyl sulfide a, methyl sulfide
Alcohol a
Quarter
Suitable for canned foods such as aquatic products
Work, there are exhaust pipes for the collection and purification of malodorous exhaust gas
Exhaust emissions from production processes or wastewater treatment facilities
Note. The monitoring must monitor the exhaust emission parameters synchronously according to the corresponding monitoring analysis methods and technical specifications.
a Determine the monitoring indicators based on the environmental impact assessment document and its approval.
5.2.2 Monitoring points, indicators and frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions
The monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions shall be implemented in accordance with Table 3.
Table 3 Monitoring points, monitoring indicators and minimum monitoring frequency of fugitive exhaust emissions
Remarks on the monitoring frequency of monitoring point monitoring index
Factory boundary
Odor concentration a applies to all sewage units for half a year
Non-methane total hydrocarbons for half a year
Applicable to pollutant discharge lists involving volatile organic compounds in the production process
Particulate matter for half a year
Applicable to raw materials (powder) crushing, peeling (shell), screening and products
Sewage units that involve particulate matter discharge, such as screening and spray granulation processes
Ammonia for half a year is suitable for sewage units with ammonia refrigeration system or liquid ammonia storage tank
Hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are suitable for sewage disposal units with biochemical sewage treatment for half a year
Note 1. If there are environmental sensitive points in the surrounding area or the monitoring results exceed the standard, the monitoring frequency should be appropriately increased.
Note 2. Meteorological parameters must be monitored simultaneously for fugitive exhaust gas monitoring.
a Determine whether to monitor other malodorous pollutants based on the environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals, raw and auxiliary materials, and production processes.
5.3 Monitoring of factory boundary environmental noise
The setting of the environmental noise monitoring points at the factory boundary follows the principles in HJ 819, and washing machines, crushers, dehydrators,
Dryer, screening equipment, cutting machine, mixer, fine grinder, water washing equipment, spray granulator, spray dryer, fluidization
The distribution of strong noise equipment such as beds, large exhaust fans, coolers, vacuum pumps, refrigerators, and packaging machines in the plant area. plant
The monitoring points and frequency of environmental noise in the industry shall be implemented in accordance with Table 4. If there are sensitive points in the surrounding area, the monitoring frequency shall be increased.
Table 4 Monitoring point, monitoring index and minimum frequency of environmental noise at the factory boundary
Remarks on the monitoring frequency of monitoring point monitoring index
Equivalent continuous A sound level around the corporate boundary quarter applicable to all food manufacturing units
5.4 Monitoring of surrounding environmental quality impact
5.4.1 Pollutant emission standards, environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals [only available after January 1,.2015 (inclusive)
If the pollutant discharge unit approved by the environmental impact assessment] or other environmental policies have clear requirements, they shall be implemented as required.
5.4.2 If there is no clear requirement, the sewage unit can monitor the surrounding surface water, seawater, groundwater and soil according to the actual situation.
For wastewater discharge units that directly discharge surface water and seawater, refer to HJ 2.3, HJ/T 91, HJ 442 to set up monitoring sections.
And monitoring points; sewage units that conduct groundwater and soil monitoring can be set up in accordance with
Set monitoring points.
5.5 Other requirements
5.5.1 In addition to the pollutant indicators in Tables 1 to 4, the pollutant indicators in 5.5.1.1 and 5.5.1.2 should also be included in the monitoring indicator range.
And refer to Tables 1 to 4 and HJ 819 to determine the monitoring frequency.
5.5.1.1 Pollutant discharge permits, implemented pollutant discharge (control) standards, environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals [only
Pollutant discharge units that have obtained environmental impact assessment approval after January 1,.2015 (inclusive), and relevant environmental management regulations clearly specify
The desired pollutant index.
5.5.1.2 The pollutant discharge unit is determined according to the raw and auxiliary materials, production process, intermediate and final product types, and monitoring results during the production process.
For actual emissions, the pollutant indicators in the National Toxic and Hazardous List or Priority Control Pollutants List,
Indicators of toxic pollutants.
5.5.2 The monitoring frequency of each indicator can meet the requirements of this standard, and the monitoring frequency can be improved according to the principle of determining the monitoring frequency in HJ 819.
Test frequency.
5.5.3 Sampling methods, monitoring analysis methods, monitoring quality assurance and quality control shall be implemented in accordance with the relevant requirements of HJ 819.
5.5.4 The preparation and change of the monitoring plan shall be implemented in accordance with HJ 819.
6 Information recording and reporting
6.1 Information records
6.1.1 Requirements for monitoring information recording
Manual monitoring records and automatic monitoring operation and maintenance records are performed in accordance with relevant requirements such as HJ 819.
6.1.2 Requirements for Recording the Operational Status of Production and Pollution Treatment Facilities
Pollutant discharge units should record their production and operation conditions of pollution control facilities in detail. The daily production should refer to the following records
Relevant information is organized into a ledger and kept for future reference.
6.1.2.1 Production operation status record
According to the type of food production, record the following relevant information for each production batch.
a) the amount of raw and auxiliary materials;
b) Production of intermediate products and final products, output rate and material balance;
c) Fresh water withdrawal, water consumption, electricity consumption, etc .;
d) Operation and usage records of the main production equipment and facilities used.
6.1.2.2 Record of operation status of wastewater treatment facilities
Record daily wastewater treatment volume, discharge volume, recycled water volume, sludge generation volume (record moisture content),
Name and dosage of medicine, blower power, etc .; record operation, failure and maintenance of wastewater treatment facilities.
6.1.2.3 Record of operation status of exhaust gas treatment facilities
Record daily the name and amount of consumables such as adsorbents and filter materials used for exhaust gas treatment, and record the operation of exhaust gas treatment facilities
Operation, failure, and maintenance.
6.1.3 General industrial solid waste and hazardous waste record requirements
Record daily production, comprehensive utilization, disposal, and storage of general industrial solid waste;
Relevant requirements of environmental management, and record daily the amount of hazardous waste generated, comprehensive utilization, disposal, storage, transfer and its specifications.
Body whereabouts.
See Table 5 for general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste generation.
Table 5 Sources of general industrial solid waste and hazardous waste
Category Generate Unit Solid Waste
General industrial solid waste
Production workshop, wastewater/exhaust gas treatment
Facilities, etc.
Raw materials and surplus waste, waste packaging materials, furnaces generated during processing
Slag, etc .; waste dust/slag collected from waste gas treatment, waste filter bag; water treatment sludge (root
According to local management requirements)
Hazardous Waste
Production workshop, laboratory, exhaust gas
Processing facilities, etc.
Packaging of waste activated carbon, waste mineral oil and waste containing mineral oil and chemical reagents
Objects, containers, etc.
Note. Whether the waste activated carbon is a hazardous waste is defined by the project environmental impact assessment and approval. Other hazardous wastes that may be generated are
"Waste List" or national standards for identification of hazardous waste.
6.2 Information report, emergency report, information disclosure
In accordance with HJ 819 regulations.
7 other
In addition to the content specified in this standard, other content shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of HJ 819.
Related standard:   HJ 1083-2020  HJ 1085-2020
   
 
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