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GB/T 42102-2022 PDF in English


GB/T 42102-2022 (GB/T42102-2022, GBT 42102-2022, GBT42102-2022)
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GB/T 42102-2022: PDF in English (GBT 42102-2022)

GB/T 42102-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
CCS Y 57
Amusement park safety - On-site safety inspection
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 12, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 12, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 4
4 General requirements ... 5
4.1 Safety inspection documents... 5
4.2 Inspection plan and program ... 6
4.3 Inspection time ... 7
4.4 Inspection personnel and inspection tools ... 9
4.5 Inspection focus and methods ... 10
5 Implementation of safety inspection ... 11
5.1 Inspection preparation and on-site work procedures ... 11
5.2 Process management ... 12
5.3 Handling of problems found ... 14
5.4 Safety inspection opinions and rectification and closure ... 15
6 Other management requirements ... 16
6.1 Summary and analysis ... 16
6.2 Inspection discipline ... 16
6.3 Archives and databases ... 17
Appendix A (Normative) Safety inspection item list and related examples ... 18
Amusement park safety - On-site safety inspection
1 Scope
This document stipulates the general requirements, safety inspection implementations, and
other management requirements for on-site safety inspection of the amusement park.
This document applies to all levels of on-site safety inspections carried out by the amusement
park and its superior units. It also serves as a reference for tourist attractions.
2 Normative references
The following documents are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable
for its application. For dated references, only the version corresponding to that date is applicable
to this document; for undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is
applicable to this document.
GB 39800.1, Specification for the provision of personal protective equipment - Part 1:
General requirement
GB/T 42101, Amusement park safety - General requirements
GB/T 42103, Amusement park safety - Risk identification and assessment
GB/T 42104, Amusement park safety - Safety management system
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 42101 and GB/T 42103, as well as the following,
are applicable to this document.
3.1 Regular safety inspection
Regular inspections of the nature of supervision that is carried out by organizations at all levels
of the amusement park and safety management agencies in accordance with the relevant
documents of the unit’s safety management system or the items and contents specified in the
safety inspection plan.
3.2 Routine inspection
Technical inspections – such as daily inspections, weekly inspections, and monthly inspections
– that is carried out by business departments and teams of the amusement park on equipment,
j) safety inspection work quality control;
k) safety inspection data analysis and work summary requirements;
l) information management of safety inspection process and inspection results;
m) safety inspection file management.
4.1.3 In order to effectively standardize the safety inspection work, in the general safety
inspection operation guidance documents and specific safety inspection work guidance
documents, list various special or professional safety inspection item lists in detail. For the on-
site safety inspection carried out by the superior unit of the amusement park, on-site safety
inspection item lists shall also be formulated. The safety inspection item list shall meet the
following requirements:
a) Inspection items and requirements shall be listed in accordance with relevant regulations,
which shall also meet the general safety requirements and specific safety requirements
of GB/T 42101;
b) According to the business activities involved in the inspected object, items shall be
selected and supplemented according to GB/T 42101 and GB/T 42103;
c) When a specific safety requirement involves many aspects, such as equipment and
facilities, its inspection item list can be refined by total item and sub-item, so as to give
specific inspection items.
See Appendix A for examples of safety inspection item lists for the specific safety inspection.
4.1.4 The safety inspection item lists shall be regularly revised in light of the actual situation.
The safety inspection item lists shall be revised in time when it cannot meet the safety
inspection needs of the specific period, specific situation, or specific business department and
team, or when new regulations and standards are promulgated.
4.2 Inspection plan and program
4.2.1 The safety inspection work shall be carried out in such a way that an annual on-site safety
inspection plan is formulated, and the key fields, key areas and key items of the annual on-site
safety inspection, as well as the frequency and inspection time of the on-site safety inspection,
are listed
4.2.2 Comprehensive safety inspection, specific safety inspection and routine safety inspection
shall be combined with each other to form a differentiated complementarity. When multiple
general safety requirements and specific safety requirements in GB/T 42101 are involved,
comprehensive safety inspection shall be carried out first; for a certain safety field or specialty,
safety management focus, special period or specific situation, specific safety inspection shall
be carried out first. The comprehensive safety inspection can be completed at one time, or in a
certain period of time when it is decomposed into multiple specific safety inspections.
4.2.3 The regular safety inspection carried out by organizations at all levels of the amusement
park and the safety management agency shall ensure that regular inspections of different areas
or objects are carried out at different time intervals, and regular inspections of all safety
management objects are completed within a certain period. In addition, it is also necessary to
formulate an inspection plan based on the problems found and the rectification requirements of
the on-site safety inspection, and promote the implementation of the rectification work through
the regular safety inspection.
4.2.4 For the comprehensive safety inspection involving many aspects and a large scale, or
where specific inspection requirements are added, the safety inspection team can formulate a
targeted on-site safety inspection plan based on the characteristics of the inspected object, so as
to enhance the pertinence and effectiveness of the safety inspection. The inspection plan shall
include but shall not be limited to the following:
a) inspection purpose, object and scope;
b) inspection time, steps and progress;
c) inspection tasks and responsible persons;
d) revised safety inspection item list (safety inspection items should be conducive to finding
problems and facilitating data management);
e) key points of the inspection;
f) inspection measures, modes and methods;
g) inspection work requirements and cooperation inspection requirements;
h) information required for the inspection;
i ) arrangements for the first meeting and the last meeting;
j) tools required for the inspection and personal protection requirements.
4.3 Inspection time
4.3.1 The time limit for various on-site safety inspections shall be implemented according to
the annual on-site safety inspection plan of the amusement park. On-site safety inspection time
shall meet the following requirements:
a) In view of the effective implementation of general safety requirements and specific safety
requirements of GB/T 42101, a comprehensive and systematic comprehensive safety
inspection shall be carried out at least once a year;
b) Specific safety inspections for different safety fields and different safety professions
should be carried out at least once a quarter, covering the key safety fields and
professions involved every year;
i ) when a specific safety inspection is required in a certain safety field (profession) or topic;
j) when it is required by relevant national or local government departments and higher-level
units;
k) when other situations that require safety inspection occur.
For situations a) and b), the revised amusement park safety management system documents and
their implementation effects shall be reviewed as key points.
4.3.3 For amusement parks with a large number of types and quantities of special equipment
and complex safety technical issues, external experts may be invited or professional consulting
service agencies may be entrusted to carry out professional safety inspections every year.
4.4 Inspection personnel and inspection tools
4.4.1 For on-site safety inspection, a safety inspection team shall be established. The
comprehensive safety inspection of the amusement park shall be led by the main person in
charge of the amusement park; the specific safety inspection shall be led by the person in charge
of safety of the amusement park or other special safety person in charge, or the person in charge
of the safety management agency. The comprehensive safety inspection or specific safety
inspection carried out by the departmental organization of the amusement park shall be led by
the head of the department who assumes “one post with two responsibilities”.
Note: “One post with two responsibilities” refers to the business responsibility and
corresponding safety responsibility undertaken by the heads of organizations at all levels.
4.4.2 Safety inspection personnel shall have relevant work experience and ability in the safety
field (profession) to be inspected, and be familiar with safety inspection work requirements,
inspection methods and safety inspection documents.
4.4.3 Safety inspection personnel shall wear personal protective equipment in accordance with
the requirements of GB 39800.1. Where there are specific safety or sanitation requirements for
the environment of the safety inspection site, the physical fitness and condition of the safety
inspection personnel shall meet the requirements; for example, high-altitude safety inspection
personnel shall not have acrophobia, and food safety inspection personnel shall not have
diseases that hinder food safety.
4.4.4 A video camera or camera to record the on-site conditions shall be carried during the
inspection; measuring tools and testing instruments – such as combustible gas concentration
detectors, electroscope pens, multimeters, thermometers – shall also be carried according to the
technical characteristics of the inspection work. Measuring tools and testing instruments shall
be in good condition and function normally, and shall be within the validity period of
measurement traceability.
4.5 Inspection focus and methods
4.5.1 Organizations at all levels of amusement parks are the main bodies that assume safety
responsibilities. The performance of safety management duties, safety inspections and patrols,
and daily inspections of important equipment and facilities and important buildings (structures)
of the heads of organizations at all levels that undertake “one post with two responsibilities”
shall be considered as the main objects of on-site safety inspections. The quality and effect – of
safety management and supervision activities implemented, and regular safety inspection
carried out by the safety management agency – shall also be one of the focuses of the on-site
safety inspection carried out by the main person in charge of the amusement park or the superior
unit.
4.5.2 The on-site safety inspection shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant safety
inspection item list, focusing on the physical safety conditions such as important site
environment, important buildings (structures), important equipment and facilities that may
cause personal injury accidents, as well as safety management and control of important
operational activities such as important operations, peak passenger flow and large-scale
activities, the investigation and management of accident hazards, and the management and
control of major safety risks.
Note: Major safety risks refer to the level 1 safety risks and level 2 safety risks specified in
GB/T 42103.
4.5.3 On-site safety inspection methods are mainly carried out by means of on-the-spot
observation and inspection, macro-inspection, key spot check, data consultation, personnel
inquiry, witness of important operations, meeting exchanges and discussions, etc., and when
necessary, professional inspection or testing, personnel safety management knowledge or
practical safety skills assessment.
4.5.4 On-site safety inspection is supplemented by review of safety management system
documents. The review of the safety management system documents during the on-site safety
inspection is mainly carried out when it is found that there are serious, common, and typical
safety problems in the relevant business departments and teams inspected, and when similar
accidents occur repeatedly or hidden dangers (safety problems) found in previous inspections
recur. The soundness and implementation of the safety responsibility system, the soundness of
safety management system documents, and the effectiveness of implementation shall be
reviewed traceable to the source, to urge it to improve a certain aspect of work from the root
cause, and further improve the safety management system.
4.5.5 When it is found in the on-site safety inspection that there are many systematic safety
problems in various aspects of the amusement park, indicating that its safety management
system is not sound and perfect, the amusement park shall carry out self-inspection and self-
correction of the safety management system, and then carry out specific review of safety
management system documents or carry out review of safety management system.
and on-site safety inspection item list.
c) Major accident potentials, if found in the safety inspection, shall be handled according to
the procedures of “confirmation, record, report, notification”.
d) The inspection team internally communicates the inspection findings.
e) Hold a work meeting after the inspection, where the inspection team notifies all inspection
findings to the amusement park, puts forward rectification requirements or suggestions,
and forms the meeting minutes. Amusement parks may state their opinions on the
preliminary results of the inspection.
5.1.7 The on-site safety inspection carried out by the amusement park should be carried out
according to the following procedures:
a) Formulate and publish safety inspection notices and plans (if any), and inform the
inspection plan, safety inspection items and key points, modes, methods, random
inspection ratio, inspection schedule, inspection cooperation requirements, etc.;
b) Carry out on-site safety inspection according to the determined procedures and on-site
safety inspection item list;
c) Hold a work meeting after the inspection, to notify all inspection findings, put forward
rectification requirements or suggestions, and form the meeting minutes.
5.2 Process management
5.2.1 To carry out on-site safety inspection, the on-site work safety risk identification, risk
notification and safety condition confirmation of the inspected object shall be carried out first.
When the on-site safety conditions are not met, which may cause injury to inspectors, the
inspection team shall not carry out on-site safety inspections.
5.2.2 Consulting documents shall be carried out before and during the on-site safety inspection.
The inspected amusement park or its business departments and teams shall provide the
following documents for inspection personnel to review:
a) legitimacy documents (administrative license, registration, application for approval and
construction, inspection and acceptance, regular inspection, testing and calibration, etc.)
and relevant personnel qualification certificates and other legitimacy documents;
b) the improvement and implementation of the post responsibility system for inspection
focuses or major problems found;
c) the soundness and implementation of the safety management system documents
applicable to the on-site inspection object;
d) the soundness and implementation of relevant operation guidance documents;
e) the comprehensiveness, authenticity and timeliness of relevant safety ledger or database
information;
f) relevant records (operation, equipment and facility operation, routine inspection and
maintenance records, etc.);
g) service entrustment contracts, work records and reports of outsourced testing and
maintenance units;
h) training and examination materials for important practitioners;
i ) analysis and processing data of faults and accidents;
j) information on safety management activities (safety responsibility statement, safety
meeting records or minutes and implementation status, on-site safety inspections at all
levels, regular safety inspection records, list of safety problems such as rectification and
closure, unresolved problems, summary of problems found in safety inspections and
trend analysis, safety risk identification and control, investigation and governance of
potential accident, etc.).
5.2.3 When the superior unit of the amusement park conducts an on-site safety inspection, it
should first inspect the on-site inspection objects to find out the environmental conditions and
key conditions of the on-site safety inspection objects.
5.2.4 For safety inspection item list or inspection plan regulations, or where on-site observation
requires physical inspection or testing for the problems found (on-site inspection of safety
protection device performance and sensitivity), after confirming that the amusement park
inspection and testing operation guidance document is valid, retest and correct according to its
documents, or witness the relevant personnel of the amusement park to carry out inspection,
testing or test according to this operation guidance document, and compare the recorded results
with their previous work records.
5.2.5 Inspection personnel witness important operations, conduct inquiries to relevant
personnel, and assess the amusement park or its related business departments and team leaders,
management personnel, and various operating personnel for their job responsibilities,
familiarity of relevant safety management system documents (especially operation guidance,
etc.), and whether they have related capabilities on management and operation (operation, self-
inspection and maintenance, emergency response, etc.), and compare with the on-site
observation and physical inspection during the on-site safety inspection. When witnessing
important operations on site, it shall be carried out as much as possible without affecting normal
operations.
5.2.6 When it is found in the on-site safety inspection that the interviewees have different
opinions, where many departments and personnel are involved, or where the problem is
universal, a special meeting shall be held for discussion or centralized examination and
assessment.
a) Confirmation. A major accident hazard, if found in the on-site inspection and testing
results, shall be confirmed by more than two inspectors or by the person in charge of the
inspection team.
b) Record. The hidden dangers of accidents and safety problems found in the inspection
shall be recorded truthfully, accurately and completely (including written records, video
and audio records, and inquiry records); the photos shall be marked with date and time,
location, name and location of venues (equipment and facilities) and defect size of parts
and physical objects, as well as necessary text description.
c) Report. For major safety issues that are typical and require investigation by the
amusement park or its business departments and teams, they shall also be reported to the
main person in charge of the amusement park so that typical case investigations can be
carried out in a timely manner.
d) Notification. According to the severity of the problem, when on-the-spot improvement
(when safety cannot be guaranteed before or during the elimination of hidden dangers of
the accident, relevant personnel shall be evacuated from the dangerous area), or time-
limited rectification is required, some projects (equipment and facilities) shall be
temporarily suspended or inactivated.
5.3.2 For the handling of general safety issues found on site, oral notices and records shall be
made; for major safety issues found on site, written notices of correction and handling shall be
made. In case of emergency, a verbal notice can be given at the scene first, and a written notice
shall be issued at the end of the inspection on the same day.
5.3.3 For major accident hazards, the person in charge of the inspection team shall immediately
report to the main person in charge of the amusement park and put forward handling opinions
(suggestions). The amusement park shall formulate and implement a management plan for
major accident hazards. The content of the management plan shall include the objectives and
tasks of the management, the methods and measures adopted, the implementation of funds and
materials, the institutions and personnel responsible for the management, the time limit and
requirements of the management, and the safety measures and emergency plans, etc. Where the
major accident hazards are eliminated, production and operation can only be resumed after
examination and approval.
5.3.4 The violations of command and operation found in the safety inspection shall be stopped
immediately, and issued with written or audio or video witness materials depending on the
severity.
5.4 Safety inspection opinions and rectification and closure
5.4.1 After the on-site work is completed, the inspection team shall submit safety inspection
summary form and inspection opinions.
5.4.2 For the safety inspection led by the main person in charge of the amusement park, the
minutes of the last meeting can be regarded as inspection opinions.
5.4.3 After the on-site safety inspection is completed, according to the seriousness of hidden
dangers and the urgency of solving them, the person in charge of the inspected amusement park
or related organizations shall promptly decide the person responsible for the rectification, the
time limit for rectification and relevant resources. For typical safety problems, the “three
investigations and three corrections” shall be completed on schedule, and materials to prove the
completion of rectification shall be submitted to the inspection team.
5.4.4 The person in charge of the inspection team shall follow up on the rectification progress
and completion of the problems found in the inspection, and supervise the thorough rectification
and closure of the problems. For those that have reached the rectification deadline, it shall be
confirmed whether the rectification work has been completed. For the completion of
rectification of major safety risks, personnel shall be sent to review on site. For the rectification
of general safety issues (including guardianship measures taken), inspection personnel can
confirm the rectification materials, or conduct on-site confirmation during the subsequent safety
inspection process.
6 Other management requirements
6.1 Summary and analysis
6.1.1 After the on-site safety inspection work is completed, the inspection work carried out
shall be summarized, to summarize and analyze the safety inspection data, common problems
and typical cases, as well as the deficiencies in this safety inspection work, and measures to
improve the follow-up inspection work shall be taken in a targeted manner.
6.1.2 Various inspection findings in different periods, different stages, different inspection
categories, and different inspected objects shall be regularly summarized – finding out the
essence through phenomenon – so as to continuously adjust safety inspection items, types,
objects, key points and modes, as well as methods.
6.2 Inspection discipline
6.2.1 For documents that need to be kept confidential and sensitive information, the inspection
personnel shall abide by the confidentiality regulations.
6.2.2 Irrelevant personnel and personnel with business competition or conflicts shall not be
brought in when carrying out on-site safety inspections.
6.2.3 Safety inspection personnel shall abide by the work discipline and timetable of the
amusement park.
6.2.4 Hazardous chemical warehouses, power equipment areas (transformer rooms, high and
low voltage power distribution rooms, generator rooms, etc.) and important equipment rooms
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.