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GB/T 40258-2021 PDF in English


GB/T 40258-2021 (GB/T40258-2021, GBT 40258-2021, GBT40258-2021)
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GB/T 40258-2021: PDF in English (GBT 40258-2021)

GB/T 40258-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 19.020
CCS Q 81
Evaluation Method for Corrosion Resistance of
Hollow Fibre Membrane to Chemical Cleaning Agent
ISSUED ON: MAY 21, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Evaluation Method ... 6
Appendix A (Normative) Test on Bubble Point Pressure and Bursting Strength
of Hollow Fiber Membrane ... 14
Appendix B (Informative) Example of Test Report on Evaluation of Corrosion
Resistance of Hollow Fibre Membrane to Chemical Cleaning Agent ... 16
Evaluation Method for Corrosion Resistance of
Hollow Fibre Membrane to Chemical Cleaning Agent
1 Scope
This Document specifies the evaluation method for the corrosion resistance of hollow
fibre membranes to acidic, alkaline, and oxidizing chemical cleaning agents.
This Document is applicable to the evaluation of the corrosion resistance of hollow
fibre microfiltration membranes and hollow fibre ultrafiltration membranes to acidic,
alkaline, and oxidizing chemical cleaning agents. The evaluation of the corrosion
resistance of other forms of membranes to chemical cleaning agents can be
implemented by reference.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this Document. For the
dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this
Document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the
amendments) is applicable to this Document.
GB/T 1227 Accurate Pressure Gauge
GB/T 6682 Water for Analytical Laboratory Use - Specification and Test Methods
GB/T 32095.3-2015 Performance and Test Methods of Non-Stick Surface of
Domestic Metal Utensils for Household Food - Part 3: Test Specification of
Corrosion Resistance
GB/T 32360-2015 Test Methods for Ultrafiltration Membranes
GB/T 32361-2015 Test Methods for Pore Size Properties of Membrane Filters -
Bubble Point and Mean Flow Pore Test
GB/T 38908-2020 Test Methods for Chlorine Resistance Performance of
Household Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Elements
GB/T 38949-2020 Determination of Pore Size for Porous Membranes - Standard
Particle Method
3.6 Pure water flux
The volume of pure water passing through the membrane per unit area and unit time
at a certain pressure and temperature.
[Source: CJ/T 530-2018, 3.9]
3.7 Retention
It indicates the ability to remove specific components.
[Source: GB/T 32360-2015, 3.7]
3.8 Bubble point pressure
The critical pressure when the first bubble appears and leads to continuous bubbles.
[Source: GB/T 32361-2015, 3.1]
3.9 Bursting strength
Applying fluid pressure perpendicular to the membrane surface on the membrane
surface, the critical pressure when the membrane begins to burst.
[Source: HY/T 233-2018, 3.4]
4 Evaluation Method
4.1 Principle
At a certain temperature, the hollow fibre membrane sample is sealed and immersed
in a certain concentration of acidic or alkaline or oxidizing chemical cleaning agent
solution for a certain period of time; and compare the change rate of the performance
indicators (including breaking elongation force, elongation at breaking, pure water flux,
retention, bubble point pressure and bursting strength, etc.) of the membrane sample
before and after immersion; according to the range of the value of the change rate of
performance indicators, evaluate the category of corrosion resistance of the hollow
fibre membrane to the corresponding chemical cleaning agent.
4.2 Test conditions
Test environment temperature: (20±2) °C; test water temperature for pure water flux
and retention: (25.0±0.5) °C.
4.3 Reagents
Unless otherwise specified, only use analytical reagents.
b) Take out the soaked sample; and check the integrity of the sample again
according to the inspection pressure specified in 4.5. If the integrity of the sample
is unqualified, it is classified as Class-IV. If the integrity is qualified, continue with
the following test procedures;
c) Take 70 pieces of blank samples, of which 50 pieces of samples are tested for
their breaking elongation force and elongation at breaking according to the
provisions of HY/T 213-2016. 5 pieces of samples are tested for the pure water
flux according to the provisions of 5.1 of GB/T 32360-2015. 5 pieces of samples
are tested for retention according to the provisions of 5.2 in GB/T 32360-2015 or
Clause 6 a) ~ g) in GB/T 38949-2020. 10 pieces of samples are tested for bubble
point pressure and bursting strength according to the provisions of Appendix A;
d) The soaked test sample is rinsed by water for several times until the pH value of
the cleaning water is 6.5~7.5;
e) Take 70 pieces of test samples, and test their breaking elongation force,
elongation at breaking, pure water flux, retention, bubble point pressure and
bursting strength according to the same methods as procedure c);
f) Respectively take 5 groups of blank samples and test samples for parallel test;
and respectively calculate the average breaking elongation forces 𝐿0̅̅ ̅ and ̅, the
average elongations at breaking 𝐸0̅̅ ̅ and ̅, and the average pure water fluxes of
𝐹0̅̅ ̅ and ̅, the average retentions 𝑅0̅̅ ̅ and ̅, the average bubble point pressures
𝑝0̅̅ ̅ and ̅, and average bursting strengths 𝐵0̅̅ ̅ and ̅ of the blank samples and test
samples. According to the formulas (1) ~ (6) in 4.7 to calculate the change rage
of performances of test samples against the blank samples.
4.6.2 Corrosion resistance to alkaline chemical cleaning agents
The test procedures for evaluating the corrosion resistance of the hollow fibre
membrane to alkaline chemical cleaning agents are as follows:
a) Airtightly soak a test sample in a sodium hydroxide aqueous solution for 24h;
b) Perform tests and calculations according to procedures b), d), e), and f) in 4.6.1.
4.6.3 Corrosion resistance to oxidizing chemical cleaning agents
The test procedures for evaluating the corrosion resistance of the hollow fibre
membranes to oxidizing chemical cleaning agents are as follows:
a) Soak a test sample in an aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution for 24h in an
airtight manner and avoid light;
b) Perform tests and calculations according to procedures b), d), e), and f) in 4.6.1.
ΔF – change rate of pure water flux, in %;
𝐹0̅̅ ̅ – average pure water flux of blank samples, in L/(m
2•h);
̅ – average pure water flux of test samples, in L/(m2•h).
4.7.4 Change rate of retention
The change rate of retention ΔR is calculated according to Formula (4):
Where:
ΔR – change rate of retention, in %;
𝑅0̅̅ ̅ – average retention of blank samples, in %;
̅ – average retention of test samples, in %.
4.7.5 Change rate of bubble point pressure
The change rate of bubble point pressure Δp is calculated according to Formula (5):
Where:
Δp – change rate of bubble point pressure, in %;
𝑝0̅̅ ̅ – average bubble point pressure of blank samples, in MPa;
̅ – average bubble point pressure of test sample, in MPa.
4.7.6 Change rate of bursting strength
The change rate of bursting strength ΔB is calculated according to Formula (6):
Where:
ΔB – changer rate of bursting strength, in %;
𝐵0̅̅ ̅ – average bursting strength of blank samples, in MPa;
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.