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GB/T 36560-2018 (GB/T36560-2018)

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GB/T 36560-2018: PDF in English (GBT 36560-2018)

GB/T 36560-2018
Specifications for technical documentation for the conformity demonstration of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances
ICS 13.020.50
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Restricted use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products
Compliance Certificate Technical Document Specification
(IEC 63000.2016, Technical documentation for theassessmentof
Hazardous substances, IDT)
2018-07-13 released.2019-02-01 implementation
State market supervision and administration
China National Standardization Administration issued
Foreword III
Introduction IV
1 range 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and Definitions 1
4 Technical Documents 1
4.1 Overview 1
4.2 Contents of Technical Documents 1
4.3 Information on materials, parts and/or components 2
4.3.1 Tasks undertaken by the manufacturer 2
4.3.2 Determining the required information 2
4.3.3 Collecting information 3
4.3.4 Evaluation Information 3
4.3.5 Review Technical Documentation 3
Reference 4
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard uses the translation method equivalent to IEC 63000.2016 "Technical documents for the evaluation of the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products".
The documents of our country that have a consistent correspondence with the international documents referenced in this standard are as follows.
---GB/T 26125-2011 Six restricted substances for electrical and electronic products (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyls)
Determination of ethers (IEC 62321.2008, IDT);
---GB /Z 26668-2011 Electrical and Electronic Products Material Declaration (IEC 62474CDV..2010, NEQ).
This standard has made the following editorial changes.
--- Change the name of this standard to the "Technical Document Specification for the Compliance Certificate for the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products" to adapt to this standard.
--- Added application examples for "manufacturers" and "exemptions" to suit our industry practices (see notes in 3.2 and 4.2).
This standard is proposed and managed by the Environmental Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC297) of the National Electrical and Electronic Products and Systems.
This standard was drafted. Jiangsu Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of the People's Republic of China, China Quality Certification Center, Shenzhen Metrology Quality Inspection
Institute of Measurement, China Electronics Technology Standardization Institute, China Information and Communication Research Institute, European Electrical and Electronics Industry Office, Huawei Technologies Limited
the company.
The main drafters of this standard. He Chonghui, Ma Qiju, Deng Jie, Chen Zeyong, Xing Weibing, Lu Chunyang, Wang Xu, Fu Maijin.
Regulations and/or customer restrictions on the use of certain substances in electrical and electronic products. Therefore, manufacturers are required to provide their products in accordance with
These substances are limited to the required certification materials.
Since these restrictions are based on parts or homogeneous materials, manufacturers of electrical and electronic products are unlikely to have all the materials in the finished product.
All are tested. However, manufacturers can work with their suppliers to conduct compliance controls and develop technical documentation to prove their products.
Compliance. This has been widely recognized by industry and government regulators.
The purpose of this standard is to specify the technology that the manufacturer needs to prepare to declare that its products meet the requirements of the corresponding global restricted substances.
Document specification.
Restricted use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products
Compliance Certificate Technical Document Specification
1 Scope
This standard specifies the technical documentation required by the manufacturer to declare that its products meet the requirements of the corresponding restricted substances.
This standard does not apply to the preparation of the manufacturer's management system documentation.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this article.
Pieces. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
IEC 62321 (all parts) Determination of certain substances in electrical products (Determination ofcertainsubstancesinelec-
IEC 62474.2012 Material declaration for the electrical industry and products for the electrical industry (Materialdeclarationforproductsof
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
For standardized application of terms, the ISO and IEC terminology database addresses are listed below.
Restricted substance restrictedsubstance
A substance that is restricted in use in products, parts, parts or materials.
Manufacturer manufacturer
A natural person or legal person who produces or invites a person to design or produce a product and sell it under his name or trademark.
Note. In some cases, the importer or distributor is also identified as the manufacturer.
Supplier supplier
The organization that supplies the manufacturer's materials, parts, and/or components.
4 Technical documents
4.1 Overview
The manufacturer shall prepare technical documentation to demonstrate that its electrical and electronic products meet the requirements for restricted substances (see 4.2 and 4.3).
4.2 Contents of the technical documentation
The technical documentation should include at least the following.
--- Overview of the product.
Note 1. The description of the product and its intended use are among the factors that determine whether the product is exempt (if any).
Note 2. Exemptions are sometimes referred to as exception requirements.
--- Documents based on materials, parts and/or components (see 4.3).
--- Describes the correspondence between the materials, parts and/or components in the product and the technical documents identified in 4.3.
--- Establish a list of standards and/or other technical specifications on which the technical documents identified in 4.3 are based or referenced.
4.3 Information on materials, parts and/or components
4.3.1 The tasks undertaken by the manufacturer
The manufacturer shall undertake the following four tasks.
--- Determine the information required (see 4.3.2);
--- Collect information (see 4.3.3);
--- Evaluate the quality and credibility of the information and decide whether to include it in the technical documentation (see 4.3.4);
---Ensure that the technical documentation continues to be effective (see 4.3.5).
Figure 1 shows the process of establishing a technical document.
Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the technical document establishment process
4.3.2 Determining the required information
In order to determine the type of technical documentation required for materials, parts and/or components, the manufacturer shall also evaluate the following.
a) the possibility of restricted substances in materials, parts or components;
b) The credibility of the supplier.
Materials added during the production process should also be evaluated (eg solder, paint, adhesives, etc.).
When evaluating the possibility of the restricted substance [see 4.3.2a)], the manufacturer can use technical judgment, just as some substances are impossible.
Exist in certain materials (for example, organic matter cannot be present in metals). These technical judgments should be based on technical resources in the electrical and electronic industry.
Literature studies of materials/parts used in materials, or electrical and electronic products. In addition, information that manufacturers can use is.
---The types of materials commonly used in parts or components;
--- A historical record of the possibility of restricted substances in various materials.
When conducting supplier credibility evaluation [see 4.3.2b)], the manufacturer can apply.
--- Previous evaluation of supplier management;
--- Past supplier inspection or audit results.
Note. This evaluation and its associated procedures can be part of the quality management system (or its equivalent).
4.3.3 Collecting information
Based on the evaluation results, the manufacturer shall collect the following documents relating to materials, parts and/or components.
a) supplier declarations and/or contractual agreements, such as.
--- Supplier's statement confirms that the content of the restricted substances in specific materials, parts or components is within the allowable range and identifies
Exemptions applicable;
--- Sign the contract to confirm that the maximum content of the restricted substances in all materials, parts or parts meets the manufacturer's specifications;
--- Supplier declarations or contractual agreements should cover specific materials, parts and/or components, or materials within a specified range,
Parts and/or parts.
b) Material declaration.
--- Material declaration, providing specific substance content information and identifying any applicable exemptions;
--- The content of the material declaration should meet the requirements of the substance to be declared given in 4.2.3 of IEC 62474.2012.
Note. The use of these material declaration standards helps to ensure consistency and cost-effectiveness of information transfer in the supply chain.
c) Analyze test results.
--- Analytical testing based on or in accordance with IEC 62321 (all parts).
4.3.4 Evaluation Information
The documents collected in accordance with 4.3.3 shall be evaluated to determine the quality and credibility of the documents and the manufacturer shall establish an evaluation procedure.
Note 1. IEC TR62476 provides a framework for the assessment of restricted substances in electrical and electronic products using internationally recognized standards, tools and industry practices.
In accordance with the evaluation process, the manufacturer should evaluate the source and content of all documents collected to determine compliance with materials, parts or components.
Restricted substance requirements.
Note 2. When assessing the source and content of the document, consideration may be given to such things as the source of the document, the contact information, the duties and dates of the nominee or signatory.
Through the assessment, the manufacturer will determine whether these documents provide sufficient evidence of compliance for inclusion in the technical documentation.
If a document has been evaluated.
--- believe that there is sufficient quality and credibility, manufacturers should include it in the technical documentation;
--- think that there is not enough quality or credibility, the manufacturer should determine what further measures need to be taken (possible measures)
This includes requesting additional information from suppliers or direct analysis and testing).
4.3.5 Review technical documentation
The manufacturer should.
--- Periodically review the documents contained in the technical documentation to ensure that they continue to be valid;
--- Ensure that the technical documentation contains all changes to individual materials, parts or components and meets the requirements of 4.3.3.
[1] GB/T 19001-2016 Quality Management System Requirements (ISO 9001.2015, IDT)
[2] GB/T 23686-2009 Environmentally Awareness Design Guidelines for Electrical and Electronic Products (IEC 62430 CDV..2007, IDT)
[3] GB/T 24001-2016 Environmental Management System Requirements and Use Guide (ISO 14001.2015, IDT)
[4] GB /Z 30374-2013 Guidelines for the Evaluation of Restricted Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products (IEC /T R62476.2010, IDT)
[5] IEC 62542.2013 Environmentalstandardizationforelectricalandelectronicproductsand
[6] EN50581.2012 Technicaldocumentationfortheassessmentofelectricalandelectronic
People's Republic
National standard
Restricted use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products
Compliance Certificate Technical Document Specification
China Standard Press Publishing
First edition, July.2018
Pricing. 21 yuan
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.