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GB/T 28817-2022 PDF in English


GB/T 28817-2022 (GB/T28817-2022, GBT 28817-2022, GBT28817-2022)
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GB/T 28817-2022: PDF in English (GBT 28817-2022)

GB/T 28817-2022
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.070
CCS K 82
GB/T 28817-2022 / IEC/TS 62282-7-1:2017
Replacing GB/T 28817-2012
Single cell test methods for polymer electrolyte fuel cell
(PEFC)
[IEC/TS 62282-7-1:2017, Fuel cell technologies - Part 7-1: Test methods - Single cell
performance tests for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC), IDT]
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 General safety considerations ... 12 
5 Cell components ... 12 
5.1 General ... 12 
5.2 Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) ... 13 
5.3 Gasket ... 13 
5.4 Flow plate ... 13 
5.5 Current collector ... 13 
5.6 Clamping plate (pressure plate) ... 14 
5.7 Clamping hardware ... 14 
5.8 Temperature-control device ... 14 
6 Cell assembly ... 15 
6.1 Assembly procedure ... 15 
6.2 Cell orientation and gas connections ... 15 
6.3 Gas tightness check ... 15 
7 Test station ... 16 
7.1 Minimum equipment requirement ... 16 
7.2 Schematic diagram ... 16 
7.3 Maximum variation in test station controls (inputs to test) ... 17 
8 Measurement ... 18 
8.1 Instrument accuracy ... 18 
8.2 Measuring instruments and measuring methods ... 18 
8.3 Measurement units ... 21 
9 Gas composition ... 21 
9.1 Fuel composition ... 21 
9.2 Oxidant composition ... 22 
10 Test preparation ... 22 
10.1 Standard test conditions ... 22 
10.2 Ambient conditions ... 23 
10.3 Data sampling rate ... 23 
10.4 Repeatability and reproducibility ... 23 
10.5 Number of test samples ... 23 
10.6 Gas tightness check of gas circuit with inert or test gas ... 23 
10.7 Initial conditioning and stable state check ... 23 
10.8 Shutdown ... 24 
10.9 Reconditioning ... 24 
11 Basic performance test methods ... 24 
11.1 General ... 24 
11.2 Polarization curve tests ... 25 
11.3 Steady-state test ... 27 
11.4 Long-term operation test ... 27 
11.5 Voltammetry ... 28 
11.6 IR measurement ... 34 
11.7 Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) ... 35 
12 Applied performance test methods ... 37 
13 Test report ... 39 
13.1 General ... 39 
13.2 Report items ... 39 
13.3 Test data description ... 40 
13.4 Description of measurement conditions ... 40 
13.5 Test cell parameter description ... 40 
Annex A (Informative) Flow plate ... 42 
Annex B (Informative) Cell component alignment ... 44 
Annex C (Informative) Gas tightness test ... 45 
Annex D (Informative) Initial conditioning ... 47 
Annex E (Informative) Shutdown ... 49 
Annex F (Informative) Reconditioning ... 50 
Annex G (Informative) Polarization curve test supplement ... 51 
Annex H (Normative) Applied performance tests ... 53 
Annex I (Informative) Polarization curve test report ... 70 
Annex J (Informative) Polarization curves in heliox ... 76 
Annex K (Informative) Test report for subzero start test ... 77 
Annex L (Informative) Start/stop cycling test supplement ... 78 
Annex M (Informative) Load cycling supplement ... 79 
Foreword
This document is drafted in accordance with GB/T 1.1-2020 "Directives for
standardization - Part 1: Rules for the structure and drafting of standardizing
documents".
This document replaces GB/T 28817-2012 "Single cell test methods for polymer
electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC)". Compared with GB/T 28817-2012, the main technical
changes are as follows:
- Add the terms and definitions of "Catalyst layer" and "Electrolyte" (see 3.4 and
3.9);
- Delete the content of gas diffusion layer (GDL) in the cell composition (see 5.3 of
the 2012 edition);
- Modify the requirements for hydrogen purity (see 9.1.1; 9.1.1 of the 2012 edition);
- Delete limiting current test, diffusion gain test, gas stoichiometry test, temperature
effect test, pressure effect test, humidity effect test, fuel composition test, start/stop
cycling test, load cycling test, overload test, and impurity influence test (see
11.4~11.11 and 11.13~11.15 of the 2012 edition);
- Add “Applied performance test methods” (see Clause 12);
- Add “Applied performance tests”, “Polarization curves in heliox”, and “Test report
for subzero start test” (see Annexes H, J, and K).
This document is identical to IEC/TS 62282-7-1:2017 "Fuel cell technologies - Part 7-
1: Test methods - Single cell performance tests for polymer electrolyte fuel cells
(PEFC)". The document type is adjusted from ISO technical specification to China's
national standard.
The following editorial changes have been made to this document:
- Change the standard name to "Single cell test methods for polymer electrolyte fuel
cell (PEFC)";
- To facilitate the use of the standard, add notes to Clause 1 "Scope";
- To facilitate the use of the standard, change Annex C’s name "Leak test" to "Gas
tightness test".
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be
the subject of patent rights. The issuing authority of this document shall not be held
responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
Single cell test methods for polymer electrolyte fuel cell
(PEFC)
1 Scope
This document covers assemblies, test station setup, measuring instruments and
measuring methods, performance test methods, and test reports for PEFC single cells.
Note: The polymer electrolyte fuel cell single cell fuel specified in this document is gaseous
hydrogen.
This document is used for evaluating the following three items:
a) the performance of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for PEFCs;
b) materials or structures of other components of PEFCs;
c) the influence of impurities in fuel and in air on the cell performance.
Note: This document is only applicable to proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Other polymer
electrolyte fuel cells can refer to the test content of this document.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents, through normative references in this text,
constitute indispensable provisions of this document. Among them, for dated references,
only the edition corresponding to that date applies to this document. For undated
references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
ISO/TS 14687-2 Hydrogen fuel - Product specification - Part 2: Proton exchange
membrane (PEM) fuel cell applications for road vehicles
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
Anode
Electrode (3.8) at which the oxidation of fuel (3.11) takes place.
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.