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GB/T 18159-2019 PDF in English


GB/T 18159-2019 (GB/T18159-2019, GBT 18159-2019, GBT18159-2019)
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GB/T 18159-2019: PDF in English (GBT 18159-2019)

GB/T 18159-2019
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
Y 57
Replacing GB/T 18159-2008
Specifications of amusement rides coaster category
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2019
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 7 
4 General rules ... 8 
5 Technical requirements ... 9 
5.1 Basic requirements... 9 
5.2 Machinery and structure ... 13 
5.3 Riding system ... 17 
5.4 Electrical system and control system ... 18 
5.5 Emergency rescue system ... 21 
5.6 Surface protection ... 21 
5.7 Whole equipment ... 21 
6 Inspection, testing and test requirements ... 22 
6.1 Basic requirements... 22 
6.2 Mechanical structure ... 24 
6.3 Riding system ... 24 
6.4 Electrical system and control system ... 25 
6.5 Emergency rescue system ... 26 
6.6 Surface protection testing... 27 
6.7 Whole equipment ... 27 
7 Accompanying documents, marks, packaging, transportation and storage 30 
7.1 Accompanying documents, marks ... 30 
7.2 Packaging, transportation and storage ... 30 
Annex A (informative) Examples of common heavy shafts (pin shafts) and
important welds ... 32 
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 18159-2008 “Specifications of Amusement Rides
Coaster Category”. Compared with GB/T 18159-2008, in addition to editorial
modifications, the main technical changes are as follows:
- modified the scope;
- added the requirements for running speed error;
- added the requirements for connection bolt calculation;
- modified the requirements for design load value;
- modified the impact coefficient;
- added the requirements for material;
- added the requirements for column and track deformation;
- added the requirements for redundant safety structure of vehicle connector;
- added the requirements for gear train shock absorption measures;
- added the requirements for vehicle safety envelope;
- added the requirements for transmission system impact coefficient;
- added the requirements for main connection form;
- modified the safety factor of traction wire rope and traction chain;
- added the requirements for electrical safety functions and their demand
levels;
- added the requirements for paint coating;
- added non-reverse test;
- added vehicle speed testing;
- added acceleration testing;
- added column and track deformation testing;
- added interlocking testing;
Specifications of amusement rides coaster category
1 Scope
This Standard specifies general rules, technical requirements, inspection,
testing and test requirements, accompanying documents, marks, packaging,
transportation and storage for amusement rides coaster category.
This Standard is applicable to amusement rides coaster category.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 191, Packaging and storage marks
GB/T 755-2008, Rotating electrical machines - Rating and performance
GB/T 1032, Test procedures for three-phase induction motors
GB/T 1447, Fiber-reinforced plastics composites - Determination of tensile
properties
GB/T 1449, Test method for flexural properties of glass fiber-reinforced
plastics
GB/T 1451, Test method for the Charpy impact resistance of glass fiber-
reinforced plastics
GB/T 3805-2008, Extra-low voltage (ELV) - Limit values
GB 4706.1, Household and Similar Electrical Appliances - Safety - Part 1:
General Requirements
GB/T 5226.1, Electrical safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of
machines - Part 1: General requirements
GB 8408-2018, Large-scale amusement device safety code
GB/T 8923 (all parts), Mapping requirements for the natural disaster remote
sensing thematic maps
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB/T
20306 as well as the followings apply.
3.1 single train roller coaster series
the amusement rides coaster category designed as that the operating condition
is that there is a single train or a group of trains running on the same track
3.2 multi train roller coaster series
the amusement rides coaster category designed as that there are two groups
or more groups of single train or trains running on the same track
3.3 splash
the amusement rides coaster category that after the passenger device is lifted,
it inertially slides into the water (waterway) along the track, is decelerated by
the water resistance, and the passenger device is driven by the water to run
along the waterway in the water
3.4 powered U-shape roller coaster series
the amusement rides coaster category that, a roller coaster that is driven by a
driving device and inertia to drive a passenger device during operation, its body
is equipped with driving device, there is only one trolley on each track to
reciprocate back and forth along the track during operation
3.5 wooden roller coaster
the amusement rides coaster category of which the supporting structure is
mainly wood material
3.6 launch coaster
the amusement rides coaster category that enables the passenger device to
obtain a large initial kinetic energy in a short time through external power driving
NOTE: The driving device of launch coaster is generally linear motor, pneumatic device,
hydraulic device, flywheel energy storage device and other equipment.
3.7 non-continuous rail roller coaster
the amusement rides coaster category that, after the passenger device leaves
the platform and maintenance area, during the running process, the normal
operation of the vehicle body on the track is realized through local movement
and rotation of the track
maximum allowable deformation of the track between the two supports is 1/300
(excluding the deformation of the support). For roller coaster track and support
with a speed greater than or equal to 50km/h, under normal operating
conditions, the maximum allowable deformation is 1/500; the maximum
allowable deformation of the track between the two supports is 1/500 (excluding
the deformation of the support).
5.1.17 For the vehicle connector redundant insurance structure, the impact
factor is not less than 2, and the safety factor is not less than 2.
5.1.18 The uniform load of the personnel activity area shall be taken as follows:
a) General area for passengers on and off the passenger platform, stairs,
entrance and exit station: 3.5kN/m2;
b) Non-open areas such as maintenance platforms and evacuation platforms:
1.5kN/m2.
5.1.19 For amusement rides coaster category, when the steel track of roller
coaster adopts round pipe, the track wall thickness shall not be less than 4mm.
When the track uses welded pipe, the elongation at break of the material shall
be greater than 40%. There shall be no cracking defects in the weld after the
track is formed.
5.1.20 The trajectory shall be designed as smooth. It shall not cause excessive
impact during vehicle operation.
5.1.21 The braking system shall adopt normally closed brake. Leave enough
brake allowance. The most unfavorable braking conditions shall be considered
when calculating. The braking acceleration shall transit smoothly. Prevent
shock. The maximum acceleration during braking is not more than 1.5g.
5.1.22 When the speed is greater than 36km/h, the gear train shall have shock
absorption measures.
5.1.23 Roller coaster is in the taxiing area. When the vehicle speed is greater
than or equal to 2.5m/s, no obstacles are allowed within the safety envelope of
the vehicle and no part of the human body can touch the running wheels of the
vehicle body. The vehicle safety envelope refers to the space where the
standard human body leans on the seat to stretch the body, the fingertips and
toes sweep the maximum range and extends 100mm outward when the
pressure bar allows, as shown in Figure 1. Where, the size of the standard
human body corresponds to the male body size of 99 percentile of GB/T 10000.
5.2 Machinery and structure
5.2.1 The design of the transmission system shall ensure safe operation. In the
event of failure of the system, the vehicle shall be in a safe state. There shall
be no obvious skidding when amusement rides coaster category starts. The
transmission mechanism shall operate normally.
5.2.2 When the transmission system is designed, the impact coefficient shall be
selected according to Table 2 based on the maximum lifting speed.
5.2.3 Pull the traction wire rope and traction chain of roller coaster upwards
along the track. After considering the appropriate impact coefficient according
to the requirements of 5.1, the ratio of the minimum breaking load to the
maximum load shall not be less than 5.
5.2.4 When using gear and rack drive, it shall comply with relevant gear and
rack standards. The contact spot requirements and measurement methods for
gear meshing are in accordance with GB 50231.
5.2.5 When using belt drive, its assembly requirements meet the requirements
of GB 50231. The belt shall be properly tensioned. There shall be no obvious
deviation. The guiding device shall be flexible and reliable.
5.2.6 When using steel wire rope and chain drive, the tension shall be moderate.
When using wire rope for lifting, there shall be a device to prevent the wire rope
from over-winding, skipping and slack.
5.2.7 The lifting and transmission system shall be stable and reliable. There
shall be no abnormal shock and vibration. The installation accuracy shall meet
the requirements of GB 50231.
5.2.8 Reasonable lubrication measures shall be provided for lifting chains and
steel wire ropes. Set up corresponding waste oil collection device to prevent
pollution of equipment and the environment.
5.2.9 The motor, reducer and coupling shall be installed well. The co-axiality
and end gap of the two shafts of the coupling shall meet the relevant regulations
of GB 50231.
5.2.10 The vehicle connector shall have a reasonable structure and flexible
rotation. It shall be equipped with secondary safety device.
5.2.11 For roller coaster and launch coaster that are towed along a slope or
vertically upward, when there is a safety risk or the speed of the vehicle is
uncontrollable, there shall be a device to prevent the vehicle from going
backward.
5.2.12 For the train system that is composed of multi trains, if a non-reverse
5.2.22 The track support spacing shall be reasonably configured. Pillars shall
not bear external loads other than those specified in the design documents.
5.2.23 The track shall not have abnormal shaking.
5.2.24 The height difference of the moving track of non-continuous rail roller
coaster shall not be more than 1mm.
5.2.25 Non-destructive testing shall meet the following requirements:
a) The important shafts of amusement rides coaster category (see Annex A)
shall undergo 100% magnetic particle (or penetration) flaw detection
during manufacture. Important shafts with a diameter greater than 30mm
shall undergo 100% ultrasonic flaw detection during manufacture. It shall
specify reasonable testing standards, cycles and ratios for the equipment
in use.
b) The important welds of amusement rides coaster category (see Annex A)
shall undergo magnetic particle inspection (or penetrant inspection) during
manufacture. Level I welds shall be ultrasonically inspected during
manufacture. It shall specify reasonable testing standards, cycles and
ratios for the equipment in use.
c) Visual inspection, ultrasonic inspection, magnetic particle inspection,
penetrant inspection, radiographic inspection methods and requirements
shall be implemented in accordance with GB/T 34370.
5.2.26 Effective anti-corrosion measures shall be adopted for important parts of
roller coaster.
5.2.27 Reliable waterproof, leak-proof and rust-proof measures shall be
adopted for parts that will come into contact with water during operation. If water
leakage has a safety impact on the equipment, anti-leakage measures shall be
taken. Effective anti-corrosion measures shall be adopted for the hull of splash
and parts in contact with water.
5.2.28 The basic quality requirements shall meet the requirements of GB 50202
and GB 50204. The foundation shall not have any abnormal phenomena such
as uneven settlement, cracking and loosening that affect the normal operation
of amusement rides.
5.2.29 Mobile foundation shall meet the requirements of equipment bearing
capacity. The base frame shall meet the requirements of equipment for anti-
skid.
5.2.30 Generally, auxiliary rails or hanging devices shall be installed to facilitate
vehicle maintenance.
buttons shall meet the requirements of GB/T 5226.1.
5.4.7 The sensor protection selected by the safety protection device shall meet
the requirements of 4.4.5 in GB/T 28265-2012.
5.4.8 When the altitude of the place where the device is used exceeds 1000m,
the motor capacity shall be verified according to GB/T 755. When it exceeds
2000m, power distribution and protection devices shall be verified.
5.4.9 In any running state of roller coaster, when the power supply is suddenly
cut off, the equipment shall enter a "safe" state.
5.4.10 For amusement rides coaster category with the design acceleration in
zone 4 and zone 5 and equipped with safety lever, it shall ensure that the safety
lever is closed and locked and the equipment starts interlocking. The position
testing or locking testing of the safety lever shall be convenient for the operator
to test its effectiveness. Or test its effectiveness by the control system.
5.4.11 Insulation resistance, grounding resistance and lightning protection
devices shall meet the requirements of the standard. The measurement method
is implemented in accordance with GB 4706.1, GB/T 1032 and GB 50065. The
safety voltage shall meet the relevant regulations of GB/T 3805-2008.
5.4.12 The electricity collector shall meet the following requirements:
a) The electricity collector and the trolley wire shall be in good contact and
meet the current capacity requirements. The slider seat shall be flexible
and reliable and have sufficient compensation capabilities. Trolley wires
shall be made of wear-resistant materials. The joint shall be flat and
properly tightened.
b) The exposed electricity collector shall be waterproof or have waterproof
function to meet the requirements for use in exposed situations.
5.4.13 Decorative lighting shall meet the following requirements:
a) A safe voltage not greater than 50V shall be used for the decorative
lighting voltage easily accessible to passengers.
b) When a non-safe voltage is used for decorative lighting voltage that is not
easily accessible to passengers, leakage circuit breaker protection device
shall be used.
c) The electrical control system of decorative lighting and other auxiliary
facilities shall be independent of the electrical control system of the
equipment body.
5.4.14 The electrical connection used in the vehicle shall adopt a cable
5.5 Emergency rescue system
5.5.1 Under sudden power failure or emergency stop conditions, emergency
rescue work shall be carried out to avoid long-term detention of passengers.
The rescue process shall ensure the safety of passengers. Prevent secondary
risks.
5.5.2 When the equipment is in the emergency stop condition, the automatic
running mode shall be cleared automatically. Automatically stop all sports that
affect safety. After the emergency stop is reset, there shall be no movement that
affects safety.
5.5.3 Safety walkways shall be provided in areas along the track where vehicles
may stop unexpectedly or used for maintenance. Otherwise, there shall be
measures to guide passengers. Passenger evacuation measures shall meet
the requirements of safe and effective evacuation of passengers at any position
in the lifting section or along the track where accidental stopping of vehicles
may occur.
5.6 Surface protection
5.6.1 Appropriate surface protection measures shall be taken for the metal
structure of amusement rides coaster category, such as anti-rust paint, hot (dip)
galvanizing or use of stainless steel materials.
5.6.2 Structural parts such as vehicle body and track shall be sprayed (shot)
blasted to remove rust, to reach level Sa2 in GB/T 8923. The remaining
components shall reach level Sa2 or St2 (manual rust removal). The paint
surface shall be uniform, detailed, bright, complete and consistent in color.
There shall be no defects such as roughness, leaking paint, wrong paint,
wrinkles, pinholes and severe sagging. It is recommended that the total
thickness of the paint film is not less than 80μm. The adhesion of paint film shall
meet the first-class quality requirements specified in GB/T 9286-1998.
5.6.3 When it uses hot (dip) galvanizing for surface protection of metal
structures, the hot (dip) galvanized layer shall meet the requirements of GB/T
13912.
5.7 Whole equipment
5.7.1 The whole amusement equipment shall be in good appearance, without
damage.
5.7.2 The overall operation of amusement rides coaster category shall be
normal. Starting and braking shall be stable and reliable. No crawling, abnormal
vibration, shock, heat and noise are allowed. The action of the braking device
shall be coordinated and reliable to ensure that the vehicle enters the station
equipment characteristics. The inspection plan shall include inspection, testing
and test of machinery and structures, loading systems, electrical control
systems, emergency rescue systems, and complete machines.
6.1.2 Each product shall be inspected, detected and tested according to the
inspection plan after installation and commissioning. It can only be delivered for
use after all inspection items are accepted.
6.1.3 According to different structure, operation mode and test purpose,
inspection, testing and test items may be increased or decreased.
6.1.4 The test conditions shall meet the following requirements:
a) The wind speed during the open-air test shall not be greater than 8m/s.
b) Unless there are special requirements, the test environment temperature
shall be -5°C~35°C. The relative humidity shall not be greater than 85%.
When there are special requirements for operating environment
temperature and humidity, it shall add the test under the most unfavorable
temperature and humidity conditions.
c) The error between the test load and its design load value shall be within
±5%.
6.1.5 Before the test, the amusement rides shall be in normal technical
condition, to ensure the correctness of the test results.
6.1.6 Before the test, check the mechanical structure, the loading system, the
electrical control system of the amusement rides, the parts, components and
their connection methods in the emergency rescue equipment and facilities, the
fastening degree of the fasteners, and the lubrication seal of each lubrication
point degree, which shall be consistent with the design.
6.1.7 The test of FRP shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of
GB/T 1447, GB/T 1449 and GB/T 1451.
6.1.8 After the test, the parts with problems or doubts shall be inspected. Identify
the causes of the problems found and take measures in time. Make detailed
records. It may use text and photographs to record.
6.1.9 After each inspection, an inspection report shall be prepared. The
inspection report shall contain at least the following information:
a) Inspection time and place;
b) Equipment name, number, main technical parameters;
c) Inspection basis;
6.3.2 Idle stroke test of safety lever
After the safety lever is compressed and locked, use a caliper to measure the
amount of travel at the end. The maximum swimming amount shall be less than
35mm.
6.3.3 Compacting force test of safety lever
For safety lever with automatic compaction, respectively select the safety lever
at the highest position, the middle position and the lowest position. Use a
dynamometer to measure the compacting force of the safety lever. The value,
for adults, is not greater than 150N; for children, it is not greater than 80N.
6.3.4 Locking device test of safety lever
When the safety lever is closed and locked, apply a force of 500N to the
passenger armrest position. The direction of the force shall be perpendicular to
the connection of the safety lever rotation arm. The safety lever and its locking
device shall be effective. There shall be no obvious deformation or damage.
According to the requirements of GB 8408, when there are two locking devices,
each locking device shall function independently. Each type of safety lever test
is not less than 3. Test each set of locking devices not less than 3 times.
6.3.5 Manual opening test of safety lever
According to the test method specified in design, simulate the case that safety
lever is in the failure of automatic opening device, the safety lever shall be
opened manually. Test each set of safety levers not less than 3 times.
6.3.6 Load test of braided type sliding equipment
Hoist 7500N of load to the braided type sliding equipment. Leave it still for 5min.
Visually inspect it. The sliding equipment shall not be damaged.
6.3.7 Distance between the end of safety lever and the restriction surface
in the minimum closed position
Put the safety lever to the lowest position to close and lock. Measure the
distance between the end of the safety lever and the restriction surface (refer
to Figure 2 and Figure 3). Measure 3 times and take the average value.
6.4 Electrical system and control system
6.4.1 Interzone interlocking test
Multi train roller coaster, in the zone where only single (train) vehicle is allowed
to run, simulate that there are vehicles occupying this zone (may through
artificially simulated signals, line short circuit, vehicle placement). The rest
vehicles are not allowed to enter this zone.
6.4.2 Emergency stop button test
Respectively test the function of each emergency stop button in the lifting
(launching) section and the sliding section. Press the emergency stop button.
The vehicle shall stop at the set safe position. After resetting the button, the
vehicle shall remain in the original position.
6.4.3 Speed interlocking test of launch roller coaster
Simulate that it does not reach the set launch speed. Check the interlocking
system. It shall act as designed.
6.4.4 Track alignment interlocking test of non-continuous rail roller
coaster
Simulate that it does not reach the position of the set alignment accuracy. Check
the interlocking system. It shall act as designed.
6.4.5 Interlocking function test of lifting platform or mobile platform
For amusement rides coaster category that uses lifting platform or mobile
platform, simulate maloperation of lifting platform or mobile device. Test
whether the interlock control function is effective. Test not less than 3 times.
6.4.6 Safety interlocking control function test of safety lever closing,
locking and equipment start
According to the test method specified in design, simulate the closing and
locking of safety lever. The safety interlock control function shall be consistent
with the design. Test each set of safety levers not less than 3 times.
6.5 Emergency rescue system
6.5.1 The emergency rescue inspection shall at least include the rescue devices
under various foreseeable working conditions in the plan, the effectiveness and
timeliness of rescue measures.
6.5.2 Under full load conditions, respectively trigger emergency stop function or
power-off function in lifting section and sliding section. Simulate emergency
rescue. All passengers shall be rescued to a safe area within 1h.
6.5.3 The equipment with backup power supply, under the operating conditions
allowed by the design, switches to backup power supply. The capacity of
backup power supply shall meet the requirements of emergency rescue.
Disconnect the normal power supply system. Use emergency rescue backup
power. The equipment can work according to the set function or implement
6.7.3.1 No-load test
6.7.3.1.1 Perform manual and automatic tests separately. Test more than 3
times each.
6.7.3.1.2 Conduct continuous operation test 1h according to actual working
conditions.
6.7.3.2 Full-load test
Load according to the design rated value. Conduct continuous operation test
according to actual working conditions, not less than 8h per day. The cumulative
running test for continuous trouble-free operation shall not be less than 80h.
6.7.3.3 Offset load test
The offset load test shall be loaded according to 1/2 times the rated load of the
actual working condition. The load shall be concentrated on one side of the seat
or carriage and the front and rear ends of the pulley. Continuously test 1h
according to actual working conditions.
6.7.4 Testing of acceleration
When amusement rides coaster category is under rated load, offset load and
full load conditions, measure each working condition at least 3 times. The
maximum value of each working condition is the average value of the maximum
value of 3 measurements.
6.7.5 Lifting speed
Use a steel tape to mark a length in the lifting section, s. Use a stopwatch to
measure the time when the vehicle body passes through this distance, t. Then
the lifting speed can be calculated as v=s/t.
6.7.6 Stress testing
6.7.6.1 The first amusement rides coaster category with a speed greater than
72km/h shall be subjected to stress test. The tested structure includes but is
not limited to the following:
a) Support: According to the calculation report, select at least 3 locations with
larger stress values for measurement.
b) Track: According to the calculation report, select at least 3 locations with
larger stress values for measurement.
c) Vehicle body: For typical locations such as wheel frame, car body frame,
seat frame, car body connector, at least one location shall be selected for
factor value given by GB 8408.
7 Accompanying documents, marks, packaging,
transportation and storage
7.1 Accompanying documents, marks
7.1.1 The following random documents shall be included at least before product
delivery. They shall be placed in the control cabinet packaging box or the host
packaging box:
a) Product conformity certificate;
b) Product maintenance instructions and maintenance drawings;
c) List of spare parts and easy-to-be-worn parts;
d) Certificates and manuals of main purchased parts;
e) List of special tools and instruments (if any);
f) Mobile amusement rides coaster category shall be accompanied by
disassembly instructions.
7.1.2 Amusement rides coaster category shall be equipped with nameplates in
prominent positions. The content of the nameplate shall at least include the
name of manufacturer, manufacturing address, equipment name, production
license number, equipment level, equipment model, product number,
manufacturing date, main technical parameters (capacity of people, number of
vehicles (ships), track height, maximum speed and design service life of whole
machine].
7.2 Packaging, transportation and storage
7.2.1 The packaging of products and their parts and components of amusement
rides coaster category shall meet the relevant regulations of GB/T 191 and
GB/T 13384.
7.2.2 In disintegration transportation, the joints of disassembled parts shall have
clear corresponding permanent marks and numbers. Wire connectors shall be
numbered.
7.2.3 The exposed processing surface shall be treated with rust prevention.
7.2.4 The mass, center of gravity, and hanging points of large parts and
packaging boxes shall be marked. Indicate the piece number.
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.