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HJ 2048-2015: PDF in English
HJ 2048-2015
Technical specifications for soft drink production wastewater treatment
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People 's Republic of China
Technical specification for wastewater treatment of beverage manufacturing
2015-11-20 release
2016-1-1 implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Preface 1
1 Scope of application
2 normative reference documents
3 Terms and Definitions
4 Wastewater water and water quality
5 General requirements
6 process design
7 Major process equipment and materials
8 Detection and Process Control 16
Major auxiliary works
10 Labor safety and occupational health.19
Construction and Acceptance
12 Operation and maintenance 21
In order to implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution,
Management of the construction and operation of the management, prevention and control of environmental pollution, environmental protection and human health, the development of this standard.
This standard specifies the technical requirements for the design, construction, acceptance and maintenance of beverage manufacturing wastewater treatment engineering.
This standard is a guiding standard.
This standard is the first release.
This standard is organized by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science and Technology Standards Division.
The main drafting of this standard. Jinan City Environmental Protection Planning and Design Institute, Shandong Province Environmental Protection Science Research and Design Institute.
The Environmental Protection Department of this standard approves on November 20,.2015.
This standard has been implemented since January 1,.2016.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Technical specification for wastewater treatment of beverage manufacturing
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the technical requirements for the design, construction, acceptance, operation and maintenance of the beverage waste treatment project.
This standard applies to the beverage manufacturing wastewater treatment project, as environmental impact assessment, feasibility study, design, construction,
Installation, commissioning, acceptance, operation and maintenance management of the technical basis.
2 normative reference documents
The contents of this standard refer to the terms of the following documents. For those who do not specify a date, the valid version applies to this
GB 3096 "Acoustic Environmental Quality Standard"
GB 4284 "Pollutant Control Standard for Agricultural Sludge"
GB 7251 "low-voltage switchgear and control equipment"
GB 8978 "Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard"
GB 10789 "Beverage General"
GB 12348 "Industrial enterprises boundary environmental noise emission standards"
GB 12523 "Environmental noise emission standards for construction sites"
GB/T 12801 "production process safety and health requirements of the General Regulations"
GB 14554 "Odor Pollutant Discharge Standard"
GB 15562.1 "Environmental protection graphic mark - discharge port (source)"
GB 18484 "Hazardous Waste Incineration Pollution Control Standard"
GB 18597 "Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard"
GB 18598 "Hazardous Waste Landfill Pollution Control Standard"
GB 18599 "General industrial solid waste storage, disposal site pollution control standards"
GB/T 18920 "Urban Wastewater Recycling Urban Miscellaneous Water Quality"
GB/T 19837 "urban water supply and drainage UV disinfection equipment"
GB 50009 "Building Structure Load Specifications"
GB 50014 "Outdoor Drainage Design Code"
GB 50015 "Building water supply and drainage design specifications"
GB 50016 Code for Fire Protection in Building Design
GB 50019 "Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning Design Code"
GB/T 50033 "architectural lighting design standards"
GB 50034 "architectural lighting design standards"
GB 50037 "Building Ground Design Code"
GB 50046 "Code for Design of Corrosion Protection for Industrial Buildings"
GB 50052 "Design for Power Distribution System"
GB 50053 "10KV and below substation design specifications"
GB 50054 "Low Voltage Distribution Design Code"
GB 50055 "General Electric Equipment Power Distribution Design Code"
GB 50057 "Building lightning protection design specifications"
GB 50069 "Water supply and drainage engineering structure design specifications"
GB 50093 "automatic instrument engineering construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50108 "Underground Engineering Waterproof Technical Specification"
GB 50141 "Water supply and drainage structure construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50168 "electrical installation of cable engineering construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50169 "Electrical installation installation grounding device construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50187 "General Layout Design for Industrial Enterprises"
GB 50204 "concrete structure construction quality acceptance"
GB 50208 "Underground waterproofing project quality acceptance"
GB 50222 "Building interior decoration design fire safety norms"
GB 50231 "General specification for construction and acceptance of mechanical equipment installation works"
GB 50236 "field equipment, industrial pipeline welding construction specifications"
GB 50243 "ventilation and air conditioning construction quality acceptance norms"
GB 50254 "electrical installation installation of low-voltage electrical construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50257 "Electrical installation installation works explosion and fire hazard environment electrical installation and acceptance of norms"
GB 50268 "water supply and sewer pipeline construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50275 "fan, compressor, pump installation engineering construction and acceptance of norms"
GB 50334 "urban sewage treatment plant engineering quality acceptance"
GB/T 50335 "Code for design of wastewater reuse project"
GB J141 "Code for construction and acceptance of water supply and drainage structures"
GB J 22 "Code for Design of Mine Roads"
GB J 87 "Noise Control Design Code for Industrial Enterprises"
GB Z 1 "Industrial enterprise design health standards"
GB Z 2 "Workplace Hazardous Occupational Exposure Limits"
CECS 97 "Blasting Aeration System Design Code"
CECS 162 "Water supply and drainage instrument automation control engineering construction and acceptance procedures"
CJJ 60 "Technical Regulations for Operation, Maintenance and Safety of Urban Wastewater Treatment Plants"
CJ/T 388 "General technical conditions for decanter for water supply and drainage"
HJ/T 15 "Environmental protection products technical requirements Ultrasonic open channel sewage flow meter"
HJ/T 91 "Technical specifications for surface water and wastewater monitoring"
HJ/T 92 "Technical Specifications for Monitoring Total Water Pollutants"
HJ/T 96 "pH water quality automatic analyzer technical requirements"
HJ/T 101 "ammonia nitrogen water quality automatic analyzer technical requirements"
HJ/T 242 "Technical requirements for environmental protection products Belt presses for sludge dewatering"
HJ/T 245 "Technical requirements for environmental protection products Suspension packing"
HJ/T 246 "Environmental Protection Products Technical Requirements Suspension Filler"
HJ/T 247 "Environmental protection product technical requirements Vertical axis mechanical surface aeration device"
HJ/T 250 "environmental protection products technical requirements rotary fine grille"
HJ/T 251 "Environmental protection products technical requirements Roots blower"
HJ/T 252 "environmental protection products in the technical requirements, microporous aerator"
HJ/T 261 "Technical requirements for environmental protection products Pressure dissolved air flotation device"
HJ/T 262 "Technical Requirements for Environmental Protection Products Grid Cleaner"
HJ/T 263 "Environmental Protection Products Technical Requirements Jet Aeration"
HJ/T 265 "Environmental protection products technical requirements scraper"
HJ/T 266 "Environmental protection products technical requirements suction machine"
HJ/T 272 "Environmental protection products Technical requirements Chemical method Chlorine dioxide disinfectant generator"
HJ/T 277 "Environmental protection products technical requirements Rotary Decanter"
HJ/T 278 "environmental protection products technical requirements single-stage high-speed aeration centrifugal blower"
HJ/T 279 "Environmental protection products technical requirements push-flow diving mixer"
HJ/T 281 "environmental protection products technical requirements diffuse aerator"
HJ/T 282 "Environmental protection products technical requirements shallow pool flotation device"
HJ/T 283 "Environmental protection products technical requirements Van filter press and plate and frame filter press"
HJ/T 335 "environmental protection products technical requirements sludge concentration belt dehydration machine"
HJ/T 336 "environmental protection products technical requirements submersible sewage pump"
HJ/T 337 "Environmental protection products technical requirements Biological contact oxidation complete sets of devices"
HJ/T 354 "Water pollution source on-line monitoring system acceptance technical specifications (Trial)"
HJ/T 369 "Technical requirements for environmental protection products Dosing device for water treatment"
HJ/T 377 "environmental protection products technical requirements chemical oxygen demand (CODcr) water quality on-line automatic monitoring instrument"
HJ .2007 "Technical specification for sewage flotation treatment engineering"
HJ .2009 "Biological contact oxidation process sewage treatment engineering technical specifications"
HJ .2013 "upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor sewage treatment engineering technical specifications"
HJ .2015 "Water Pollution Control Engineering Technical Guidelines"
NY/T 1220.1 "Biogas Engineering Technical Specification Part 1. Process Design"
NY/T 1220.2 "Biogas Engineering Technical Specification Part 2. Gas Supply Design"
Regulations on the Safety Management of Dangerous Chemicals (Decree No. 591 of the State Council of the People's Republic of China)
"Construction project (project) completion and acceptance method" (National Planning Commission Construction [1990] No. 1215)
"Standardization of sewage outfall technical requirements (Trial)" (State Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Monitoring [1996] No. 470)
Measures for the Administration of Acceptance of Environmental Protection for Completion of Construction Projects (State Environmental Protection Administration Decree No. 13)
"Administrative Measures for Automatic Monitoring of Pollution Sources" (State Environmental Protection Administration Decree No. 28)
3 terms and definitions
The terms in the General Principles of Beverages (GB 10789) and the following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 beverage
After the quantitative packaging, for direct drinking or water to drink, the ethanol content does not exceed the mass fraction of 0.5% of the system
Goods, not including drinking drugs.
Integrated wastewater
Refers to the process of beverage manufacturing process waste water, cleaning wastewater and sewage generated by enterprises.
3.3 process wastewater
Refers to the process of beverage manufacturing process of the wastewater generated by the unit.
Cleaning wastewater
Refers to the cleaning of beverage packaging containers, production equipment and pipelines, production plant waste generated.
Refers to the enterprise canteen, bathroom, bathroom and other sewage generated.
3.6 pretreatment pretreatment
Refers to a separate treatment prior to treatment, in order to achieve integrated wastewater treatment process water load or minimum water quality requirements and a separate
deal with.
Primary treatment
Refers to the precipitation, air floatation and other solid-liquid separation measures as the main body of the primary purification process to reduce the follow-up treatment process load.
3.8 secondary treatment secondary treatment
Refers to the subsequent treatment of waste water treatment process, the main use of structures or specific environment of the biological (mainly micro
Biological) to remove dissolved or suspended organic matter in water.
3.9 Advanced treatment advanced treatment
Refers to the waste water by a level, two treatment, in order to achieve the corresponding standard requirements and further take the waste water purification
Water and Water Quality
4.1 Wastewater water
4.1.1 The amount of integrated waste water can be calculated as follows
QY = ΣNiαi = βQ (1)
QY - Integrated waste water (m
/ D);
Q - enterprise water consumption (m3/d), according to the production and living water quota to determine;
Ni - daily output of various products (t/d);
Αi - the amount of wastewater generated by various types of products (m
/ T), according to Table 1 value;
Β - according to the enterprise water consumption calculation of comprehensive waste water reduction coefficient, should be based on production technology and water supply and drainage facilities
Equality factors to determine, generally take 80% to 90%.
4.1.2 Maximum day when the maximum amount of waste water is equal to the maximum daily average waste water (integrated wastewater) and the coefficient of variation of the product, change
The coefficient should be determined according to the production and waste discharge.
Q max = kQY/24 ‥ (2)
Q max - the maximum daily maximum waste water (m
/ H);
QY - Integrated waste water (m
/ D);
K - change coefficient.
4.2 Wastewater quality
4.2.1 The method of on-site sampling shall be taken to determine the quality of the wastewater, including.
A) integrated wastewater quality can be based on the production process of wastewater discharge of water quality sampling results, determined by weighting;
It can also be determined according to the water quality test results of the total discharge of wastewater.
B) Water quality sampling shall comply with the requirements of HJ/T 91.
C) The new enterprise's wastewater treatment project can be compared with the existing production scale and the same kind of production technology enterprise water quality situation
To determine the quality of wastewater.
D) No test and analog data, the wastewater quality can refer to the data in Table 1 value.
Table 1 Beverage Manufacturing Integrated Wastewater Quality
Types of Beverage Major Wastewater Generation
Wastewater in the concentration of various pollutants in the unit product
Wastewater generation
Volume (m3/t)
Carbonated drinks
(Soft drinks)
Filling the bottle of water, flushing water, broken bottles
Drink and syrup tank flushing water as well as equipment
And ground flushing water.
650 to 3000 320 to 1800 4 to 30 1.0 to 2.5
Juice and juice
vegetable juice
Raw material pretreatment, beating, juice and dip
Mention, enrichment, sterilization; all kinds of production containers,
Equipment and ground flushing water; some middle
Product excretion and filling workshop leakage
Part of the product; factory sewage.
1700 ~ 3700 1200 ~ 2900 5 ~ 25 5 ~ 26
3 protein drink
Container, pipe, equipment, processing surface
Cleaning wastewater, production workshop, field
Cleaning and worker hygiene
Raw waste water, lost in production
Dairy products.
900 to.2000.200 to 1300 10 to 80 2 to 5
Container, pipe, equipment, processing surface
Cleaning wastewater, production workshop, field
Cleaning and worker hygiene
Raw waste water, lost in production
plant protein.
4 packaged drinking water
Workshop, equipment, industrial equipment console cleaning
And disinfection of waste water, workers hygiene water
The resulting waste water.
< 30 - - 6 ~ 15
5 tea beverage equipment, pipe internal cleaning and raw water filtration
The resulting concentrated water.
600 to 2500 300 to 1400 5 to 35 0.5 to 5
6 Coffee Drinks 600 ~ 2500 300 ~ 1400 6 ~ 38 0.5 ~ 6
7 plant drinks
Equipment, pipeline internal cleaning, raw water filtration
Produce concentrated water and raw material pretreatment wastewater.
800 ~ 2200 - 5 ~ 30 2 ~ 5
8 flavor drinks
Equipment, piping internal cleaning and raw water filtration
The resulting concentrated water.
800 ~ 1700 - 5 ~ 35 2 ~ 11
Special purpose drink
Equipment, piping internal cleaning and raw water filtration
The resulting concentrated water.
700 ~.2000 - 6 ~ 35 1 ~ 10
10 solid beverages
Equipment internal cleaning, concentration process drainage and
Circulating cooling water drain.
800 to 4000 400 to 1780 10 to 40 2 to 10.5
5 General requirements
5.1 General provisions
5.1.1 beverage production enterprises should be from the production, treatment and discharge of waste water to control the whole process, the use of cleaner production technology, to mention
High resources, energy efficiency, reduce the amount of pollutants generated and emissions, do good construction (building) building anti-seepage measures, prevention
polluted environment.
5.1.2 Engineering design should refer to this standard, but also in line with the relevant national standards and technical specifications.
5.1.3 Construction should be based on the production situation and development planning as the basis, implement the national industrial policy and industry pollution prevention and control technology
Policy, co-ordination and decentralization, existing and new (expansion, change) to build the relationship.
5.1.4 A reasonable design life should be designed and should be consistent with the main building design standards.
5.1.5 The discharge of water quality shall comply with the environmental impact assessment document and the relevant emission standards.
5.1.6 Sewage treatment plant (station) during the operation of the malodorous gas emissions should be consistent with GB 14554 and other relevant environmental standards.
5.1.7 Noise discharge during the construction and operation of the sewage treatment plant (station) shall comply with GB 12523, GB 3096 and GB 12348
Of the provisions of the building facilities within the noise source control should be consistent with the relevant provisions of GB J 87.
5.1.8 Wastewater discharge port construction should be "sewage outfall standardization of technical requirements (Trial)" provisions of the implementation;
Should be implemented according to GB 15562.1; continuous monitoring of pollutant discharge equipment installation should be "pollution source automatic monitoring management approach"
carried out.
5.2 Engineering composition
5.2.1 Governance works include the main project, auxiliary engineering and operation and management facilities.
5.2.2 The main project includes. wastewater pretreatment system, primary treatment system, secondary treatment system, depth treatment system, pollution
Mud handling system.
5.2.3 Auxiliary works include. electrical automation, water supply and drainage, fire, heating and ventilation, air conditioning, inspection and process control, green
And so on.
5.2.4 operation and management facilities include. office space, analytical laboratories, maintenance workshops and so on.
5.3 Construction scale
5.3.1 The construction scale should be based on the water quality, water quality and expected changes in the enterprise; the existing enterprise wastewater treatment
Cheng should be based on measured data, new (expansion, change) to build enterprises can use analog or material accounting method.
5.3.2 Pretreatment The construction scale shall be matched with the production scale of the relevant production unit and shall be designed according to the maximum production load.
5.3.3 The construction scale of the integrated wastewater treatment project shall meet the following requirements.
A) adjust the pool before the wastewater treatment structure according to the maximum daily maximum flow design;
B) the control tank and the subsequent waste water treatment structure according to the maximum daily average flow design;
C) The sludge treatment system is designed for maximum daily average sludge volume.
5.4 Plant (station) location and total layout
5.4.1 Treatment plant (station) location and overall layout should be consistent with the overall planning of enterprises and to meet the environmental impact assessment review
Such as the requirements of the approval documents.
5.4.2 Plant (station) site selection, plane and vertical design, general map transport, pipeline synthesis and greening arrangement should be based on the composition of the project
And meet the requirements of GB 50187, GB 50014 and industry standards.
5.4.3 Treatment plant (station) The total layout should be based on the structure of the structure and processing requirements, combined with terrain, climate and
Geological conditions and other factors, determined by the technical and economic comparison.
5.4.4 The layout of each processing unit should be compact and reasonable, to meet the construction of the building, equipment installation, pipeline laying, operation
Test, maintenance management and other requirements, and should leave room for equipment replacement and upgrading, taking into account the largest equipment into and out
5.4.5 reserve the site by the size of the long-term total processing and pay attention to the convergence between the near future.
5.4.6 Process flow, the vertical design of the processing unit should make full use of the site topography, in line with the drainage smooth, reduce energy consumption, flat
Such as earthwork and other requirements.
5.4.7 Between the wastewater treatment station and the office living area should be set up green belt.
5.4.8 Storag...

Standard ID HJ 2048-2015 (HJ2048-2015)
Description (Translated English) Technical specifications for soft drink production wastewater treatment
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z05
Word Count Estimation 22,247
Date of Issue 2015-11-20
Date of Implementation 2016-01-01
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Environment Announcement 2015 No.74