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HJ 560-2010 English PDF

HJ 560-2010_English: PDF (HJ560-2010)
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HJ 560-2010English519 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Cleaner production standard. Tanning industry (Sheep and goat leather) Obsolete HJ 560-2010


BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 560-2010 (HJ560-2010)
Description (Translated English) Cleaner production standard. Tanning industry (Sheep and goat leather)
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z63
Classification of International Standard 13.020
Word Count Estimation 13,194
Date of Issue 2010-02-01
Date of Implementation 2010-05-01
Quoted Standard GB 7466-1987; GB 7478-1987; GB 7479-1987; GB 11914-1989; GB 14554-1993; GB 18597; GB 18599; GB 20400-2006; GB/T 2589; GB/T 24001; GB/T 18885 -2009; GB/T 19942-2005; HJ/T 70-2001; HJ/T 83-2001; HJ/T 92; HJ/T 132-2003; HJ/T 195-2005; QB/T 2720-2005
Drafting Organization China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection announcement No. 10 of 2010
Summary This standard applies to tanning industry (sheep leather) production enterprises clean production requirements. This standard will be cleaner production indicators are divided into six categories, namely, the production technology and equipment requirements, resource and energy utilization index, product index, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of treatment), waste recycling and environmental management requirements. This standard applies to tanning industry (sheep leather) production of cleaner production audit, clean production potential and opportunities for judgment and performance assessment of cleaner production and cleaner production performance disclosure system for environmental impact assessment and environmental emissions permits management system.

Standards related to: HJ 560-2010

HJ 560-2010
Cleaner production standard.Tanning industry (Sheep and goat leather)
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Issued on.2010-02-01
2010-05-01 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
People's Republic of China Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
2010, No. 10
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Cleaner Production Promotion Law," to protect the environment, improve enterprise
Industry clean production levels, are now approved "clean production standard copper smelting industry" and other three criteria as national environmental standards, and to publish.
Standard name, numbered as follows.
First, clean production standard copper smelting industry (HJ 558-2010);
Second, the clean production standard copper electrolysis industry (HJ 559-2010);
Above standard since May 1, 2010 implementation, published by the China Environmental Science Press, standard content in website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection
Special announcement.
February 1, 2010
Table of Contents
Preface ..iv
1. Scope ..1
2 Normative references ..1
3 Terms and Definitions .1
4 normative technical requirements ..2
5 Data collection and calculation methods 5
Example 6 Standard .7
Appendix A (normative) 24 kinds of carcinogenic aromatic amines 8
Foreword
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Cleaner Production Promotion Law," to protect the environment for tanning
Industrial production enterprises to carry out clean production to provide technical support and guidance, the development of this standard.
This standard provides the basis to achieve the national and local environmental pollutant discharge standards, according to current industry technology, equipment and level
Management level, leather industry sheep leather production general requirements for cleaner production. The standard three levels, a representative of the international advanced clean production water
Flat, two representatives of the domestic advanced level of clean production, three representatives of the domestic basic level of clean production. As technology continues to progress and development,
This standard will be revised in due course.
Appendix A of this standard is a normative appendix.
This standard is the first release.
This standard is developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science, Technology organization.
This standard was drafted. China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, Hebei Xinji Dong Ming Industrial Group Co.
The company, Zhejiang Haining Spring leather limited liability company.
This standard MEP February 1, 2010 for approval.
This standard since May 1, 2010 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Cleaner production standard leather industry (sheep leather)
1 Scope
This standard applies to the tanning industry (sheep leather) general requirements for the production of cleaner production. This standard clean production indicators divided into six categories,
Namely, the production technology and equipment requirements, resource and energy usage targets, product index, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of treatment), waste recycling Lee
With indicators and environmental management requirements.
This standard applies to the tanning industry (sheep leather) manufacturer of clean production examination, judgment of the potential and opportunities for clean production and clean
Production performance assessment and clean production performance disclosure system for environmental impact assessment and environmental management systems and other emission permits.
2 Normative references
The standard content of the following documents cited in the articles. For undated references, the effective version applies to this standard.
GB 7466-87 Determination of total chromium in water quality
GB 7478-87 Water quality - Determination of ammonium distillation and titration
GB 7479-87 Water quality - Determination of ammonium Nessler's reagent colorimetric
GB 11914-89 Determination of Chemical Oxygen Demand Quality dichromate method
GB 14554-93 stench pollutant emission standards
GB 18597 Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard
GB 18599 general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site pollution control standards
GB 20400-2006 Leather and Fur harmful substances
GB/T 2589 General Principles of comprehensive energy consumption calculation
GB/T 24001 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use
GB/T 18885-2009 ecological textile technical requirements
GB/T 19942-2005 Leather and Fur - Chemical tests - Determination of banned azo
HJ/T 70-2001 Wastewater with High Chlorine chlorine determination of COD correction method
HJ/T 83-2001 Water adsorbable organic halogens (AOX) by ion chromatography
HJ/T 92 water pollutant total emissions monitoring technical specifications
Determination of HJ/T 132-2003 high chloride wastewater COD potassium iodide alkaline potassium permanganate
Determination of HJ/T 195-2005 Quality ammonia gas phase molecular absorption spectrometry
QB/T 2720-2005 Leather Chemical Experiment chromium oxide (Cr2O3) Determination
"Pollution automatic monitoring and management approach" (SEPA Order No. 28)
"Clean Production Audit Interim Measures" (National Development and Reform Commission, the State Environmental Protection Administration Order No. 16 of 2004)
3 Terms and Definitions
3.1 Cleaner production cleaner production
Refers constantly taken to improve the design and use of clean energy and raw materials, the use of advanced technology and equipment, improve management, utilization
And other measures to reduce pollution at source, improve resource utilization efficiency, reduce or avoid production of production, services and products to use during Pollutants
Health and emissions, in order to reduce or eliminate human health and the environment.
3.2 pollutant indicator (prior to the end of the process) pollutants generation indicators (before end-of-pipe treatment)
That pollutants producing coefficient, refers to the production unit (or processing) process, the amount of pollutants generated (before the end of the process). This standard is
Water pollutant indicator Leather and solid waste indicators. Water pollutants indicators, including the volume of effluent sewage treatment plant inlet and pollution
It was the type of unit product amount or concentration of pollutants. Leather solid waste indicator is the skin type of solid waste generated during the whole tanning process
The sum of the material, including leather wastes containing chromium, chromium-free leather waste, excluding sewage sludge generated.
3.3 raw leather hides and skins for tanning industry
The basic raw material leather taken from a variety of animals (mainly cattle) leather, including leather has been treated with preservatives or without pre-tanning process, also
Including wet blue leather.
3.4 Nature Zhang nature pieces
One kind hides the number of units of measurement, the number of sheets without splitting or conversion of natural animal skin.
3.5 chrome-free leather waste skins and leather wastes without chrome
Various chromium-free leather tanning class of solid waste generated during the production of raw materials such as leather waste residue to the fleshy, hairy, bare skin wastes.
Chromium means trivalent chromium.
3.6 tanning agent tanning agents
Can go into the skin tissue, but also change the nature of the skin, so the skin has become soft, good flexibility, strength, water resistance, heat resistance,
Corrosion, chemical stability of the leather material.
3.7 tanning tanning
Leather tanning and protein combination, the nature of the process of fundamental change, that is, by the skin into leather.
3.8 wet blue leather wet blue
After the blue-green chrome tanned wet leather.
3.9 wastes containing chromium leather skins and leather wastes with chrome
Various chromium leather tanning class of solid waste generated in the production process, such as chrome tanning dander after shaving, trimming the corners more than expected, buffing powder
Dust and the like. Chromium means trivalent chromium.
3.10 Finishing finishing
Finishing agent with concealing modifications referred to in the leather surface.
3.11 sheep leather sheep and goat leather
Sheepskin leather raw hides tanned from the processing.
4 normative technical requirements
4.1 index rating
This standard gives the leather industry (sheep leather) production process cleaner production level three technical indicators.
A. the international advanced level of clean production;
Class 2. domestic advanced level of clean production;
Three. clean domestic production of basic levels.
4.2 index requirements
Tanning Industry (sheep leather) cleaner production index requirements in Table 1.
Table 1 tanning industry (sheep leather) cleaner production index requirements
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
First, the production technology and equipment requirements
1. Raw hides and skins preserved
50% of the amount of work using fresh Piga
(Cryopreservation) - -
The remaining 50% use of environment-friendly
Additives deposited using environmentally friendly additive Collection
Salt accounts for the remaining 50% of the fresh skin
20% or less by mass of
Salt accounts for all the fresh skin quality
20%
Salt accounts for 20% of all fresh skin quality
the following
Tumble desalination, recycling of salt -
CONTINUED
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
2. Hair removal, hair saving liming sulfur-free hair removal, no sodium sulfide liming, waste recycling
Less sulfur protect hair removal, less sodium sulfide
Liming, waste recycling insurance hair removal, less sodium sulfide liming
3. Demineralization, softening method no less ammonium salts law
4. Pickling, tanning
No pickling salt-free pickling, chrome tanning
Waste pickling, chrome-less chrome
Tanning, tanning pickling recycling waste
After tanning liquid circulation final emissions
System waste containing chromium trioxide
Less than 500 mg/L (General
Liquid ratio)
Pickling salt-free pickling, chrome tanning
Waste pickling, chrome-free tanning or less,
Recycling pickling tanning waste,
Tanning waste after the final cycle emissions
Liquid chromium oxide content of less than
500 mg/L (conventional liquid ratio)
Pickling salt, no less chrome tanning, volleyball
Put tanning liquor containing chromium trioxide
Less than 500 mg/L (conventional liquid ratio)
5. Retanning 100% high absorption, environment-friendly retanning agent
More than 90% high absorption ring
Environmental friendly retanning agent
More than 80% of highly absorbent, environmentally friendly
Complex tanning agent
6. Dyeing 100% high-absorbing dye, without ammonia salt recipe, do not use internationally banned azo dyes
and a chromium mordant
Dyes and other toxic materials, does not contain perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)
7. Greasing
100% high high absorption properties
High binding biodegradable fatliquor not
Halogen-containing compounds, excluding
There perfluorooctane sulfonate
(PFOS)
More than 90% of the high absorption properties of high
Closed combination degradable fatliquor
Halogen-free organic compounds, not
Containing perfluorooctane sulfonate
(PFOS)
More than 80% of high high high absorption properties
Fatliquor combination degradable, non-organic
Halogen compound does not contain PFOS
Sulfonate (PFOS)
8. Finishing
100% water-based coating trim
Material does not contain PFOS
Salt (of PFOS), without the use of formaldehyde,
Without using harmful heavy metal pigments
90% water-based coating trim
Material does not contain PFOS
Salt (of PFOS), without the use of formaldehyde,
Without using harmful heavy metal pigment paste
More than 80% water-based coating materials, not
Containing perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS),
Do not use formaldehyde, do not use harmful heavily
Genus pigment paste
Second, the use of resources and energy indicators
1. Scale enterprises in the processing of natural sheepskin b 100 Wan Chang (included)
2. Leather rate (of finished leather/leather raw materials)/(m2/m2) ≥0.99 ≥0.95 ≥0.85
3. Unit quantity of water/(m3/m2) ≤0.15 ≤0.27 ≤0.3
4. Comprehensive energy consumption per unit of product (equivalent of standard coal) /
(Kg/m2) ≤1.8 ≤2.4 ≤3.0
Third, the product index
1. Biodegradable or recyclable packaging material
2. Product qualification rate /% ≥99 ≥98
3. The content of harmful substances in the finished leather products harmful substances shall comply with GB 20400-2006 and GB/T 18885-2009 requirements
Fourth, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of the process)
1. Wastewater
Amount of wastewater generated per unit of product /
(M3/m2) ≤0.12 ≤0.20 ≤0.27
Unit product COD
(COD) generation/(g/m2) ≤150 ≤300 ≤400
The amount of ammonia produced per unit of product /
(G/m2) ≤30 ≤40 ≤60
The total amount of chromium produced per unit of product /
(G/m2) ≤0.3 ≤0.5 ≤0.6
2. solid
waste
Leather solid waste per unit of product produced
Health quantity/(kg/m2) ≤0.4 ≤0.6 ≤0.8
CONTINUED
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
Fifth, the indicator for waste recycling
1. Industrial water recycling rate /% ≥80 ≥50 ≥30
2. Chrome-free leather waste recycling utilization rate /% ≥99 ≥98
3. Chromium containing leather waste recycling utilization rate /% ≥85 ≥80 ≥70
Sixth, environmental management
1. Environmental laws and regulations on environmental standards in line with national and local laws, regulations, emissions reach national, local, industry emission standards, total control and discharge permit management requirements
2. The organization set up a special environmental management agencies and professional management personnel to carry out work related to environmental protection and clean production
3. Environmental Audit
Establishment and effective operation of environmental management system in accordance with GB/T 24001, ring
Environmental management manual, procedures and work documents are available through the environment
Management System Certification. In accordance with the "Clean Production Audit Interim Measures," the
Required to complete the clean production audits, improve the management of clean production
Institutions, and continue to carry out clean production
Environmental management system is sound, the original records
And statistical data complete and effective. Strict
The rules of the production process
Environmental factors are controlled, the establishment of relevant
Side management programs, cleaner production audit system
Degree and environmental management system, solid
Body waste (especially hazardous waste) have
Rigorous treatment regime. Accordance with the "Clean
Production Audit Interim Measures "requirements Ends
Became cleaner production audits, improve
Clean production management mechanism and continuously open
Exhibition Cleaner Production
4. production process
Environmental Management
The amount of raw materials and impose a strict quality test, measurement control measures, there are raw materials quality inspection system and raw material consumption quota management system, product qualification rate assessment
Use of production equipment, Victoria
Protection, maintenance management system has a sound management system, and strictly enforced
There are specific management system for major equipment
Degrees, and strictly enforced
Production of process water, electricity,
Gas Management
All aspects of the installation are measured measuring instruments, and strict quantitative
Examination System
The main aspects of measuring instruments were installed
Measurement, and to develop a quantitative assessment system
Environmental protection facilities management record operating data and establish environmental archives all data requirements complete real and effective
Pollution monitoring system
In accordance with the "pollution automatic monitoring and management approach", install automatic monitoring equipment emissions. Establishment of enterprises
Industry emissions monitoring system and carry out daily monitoring of pollutant treatment and discharge standards. Daily monitoring system shall be
In normal operation, monitoring data real and effective, and in accordance with the sampling results
Integrated plant environment
Piping, equipment without leaking, reliable safeguards; all kinds of people, materials including human activity area,
Regional stockpiling goods, dangerous goods, which are clearly marked; plant drainage implement decontamination triage, rain and sewage diversion; for
Wastewater treatment is difficult to achieve tanning liquid waste separate collection and treatment, for the production of pollution that might arise during
Pollutants discharged or is not conducive to the health of workers is part of the process have appropriate environmental protection measures for the stench, noise
Sound, etc. To set the effective control of the facility, and shall meet the requirements of the relevant standards; the factory area by the hard road
Processing; plant in the region set up trash, do Nissan Nissin
5. Solid waste treatment and disposal
According to the national list of hazardous waste solid waste were identified, in accordance with the general waste for proper GB 18599
Treatment of hazardous waste in accordance with GB 18597 harmless disposal. We shall draw up and above the county level to
Fang people's government environmental protection administrative departments of the record of hazardous waste management plan (including the reduction of hazardous waste
The amount and harmfulness of measures and hazardous waste storage, use, disposal measures), to the county level and above
People's government environmental protection administrative departments for hazardous waste type, quantity, flow direction, storage, office
Home and other relevant information. Should produce hazardous waste for collection, storage, transportation, use, disposal, intended to develop
External accident prevention measures and emergency plans, and to local governments above the county level environmental protection administrative
For the record
6. Stakeholders Environmental Management of raw material suppliers, manufacturers collaborators, related services lodge environmental management
NOTE. a banned azo dyes means of internationally banned carcinogenic aromatic amines may contain or produce (see Appendix A) dye.
b of this standard is not a cross-sectional layer of sheepskin.
5 Data collection and calculation methods
5.1 Sampling and Monitoring
Sheep leather tannery pollutant emissions monitoring frequency, sampling time and other requirements, according to national regulations related to pollution monitoring technology
Fan predetermined execution.
Monitoring methods are shown in Table 2, in accordance with the implementation of traffic monitoring HJ/T 92.
Table 2 wastewater pollutant indicators Sampling and Analysis Methods
Project type pollution measuring point Sampling and Analysis Methods
Water pollution
Cod
(COD)
Wastewater treatment is provided
Shi ago
Water quality - Determination of chemical oxygen demand dichromate method (GB 11914-89)
High chloride wastewater COD measuring chlorine correction method (HJ/T 70-2001)
High chloride wastewater COD determination of alkaline potassium permanganate (HJ/T 132-2003)
Ammonia (NH3-N)
Water quality Determination of ammonium - Distillation and titration method (GB 7478-87)
Water quality - Determination of ammonium Nessler's reagent colorimetric method (GB 7479-87)
Water quality - Determination of ammonia gas phase molecular absorption spectrometry (HJ/T 195-2005)
Determination of total chromium in water quality of total chromium (GB 7466-87)
Note 1. The average concentration of pollutants should be calculated for each weighted average of the measured concentration of the wastewater flow.
Note 2. GB 11914-89 COD value applies containing greater than 30 mg/L of water samples, water samples for the upper limit of the undiluted 700 mg/L, containing not apply
Chloride concentrations greater than 1 000 mg/L (diluted) containing brine; 20 000 mg/L of high chloride wastewater HJ/T 70-2001 for chloride ion content of less than
Chemical oxygen demand (COD) determination method detection limit of 30 mg/L; HJ/T 132-2003 for chloride ion content of up to tens of milligrams per ten thousands
Determination of chemical oxygen demand increased chlorine wastewater (COD), mainly used to determine the high-water immersion chlorine wastewater chemical oxygen demand (when chloride ion content greater than
20 000 mg/L), the minimum detection limit was 0.20 mg/L, the upper limit of the determination is 62.5 mg/L.
Leather solid waste in the order of various processes throughout the production cycle, from raw hide into a batch production began, one by one count each station
Leather production amount of solid waste generated sequence were used to detect the moisture content of various skin type of solid waste, in terms of absolute dry weight, and in accordance with chrome-free
Leather and chrome leather waste waste metering, respectively. All types of skin type of solid waste generated in each process to collect all the attention, can not have losses. Supervise
Monitoring shall monitor a production cycle, cleaner production monitoring shall be identified or evaluated to monitor two production cycles. If necessary, can be detected chromium-containing leather waste
The chromium content detection methods reference QB/T 2720-2005 execution.......
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