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HJ 512-2009 English PDF

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HJ 512-2009English289 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Cleaner production standard. Lead smelting industry Valid HJ 512-2009


BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 512-2009 (HJ512-2009)
Description (Translated English) Cleaner production standard. Lead smelting industry
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z61
Classification of International Standard 13.100
Word Count Estimation 11,11
Date of Issue 2009-11-13
Date of Implementation 2010-02-01
Quoted Standard GB/T 2589; GB/T 16157-1996; GB/T 24001; HJ/T 56-2000; HJ/T 57-2000; HJ/T 425-2008
Drafting Organization Changsha Research Institute of Nonferrous Metallurgy Design
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 59 of 2009
Summary This standard specifies the crude lead smelting industry, the general requirements for cleaner production. This standard will lead smelting industry clean production indicators are divided into six categories, namely, the production technology and equipment requirements, resource and energy utilization index, product index, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of treatment), waste recycling and environmental management requirements. This standard applies to crude lead smelting enterprises cleaner production audit, clean production potential and opportunities for judgment and performance assessment of cleaner production and cleaner production performance disclosure system for environmental impact assessment, permit and other environmental management system.

Standards related to: HJ 512-2009

HJ 512-2009
Cleaner production standard.Lead smelting industry
HJ
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Clean production standard rough lead smelting industry
Cleaner production standard
--Lead smelting industry
Released on.2009-11-13
2010-02-01 Implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
No. 59 of.2009
To protect the environment and improve enterprises in order to implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Cleaner Production Promotion.
The level of clean production in the industry is now approved by the “Clean Production Standards, Crude Lead Smelting Industry” and other two standards as national environmental protection standards.
cloth.
The standard name and number are as follows.
Second, the clean production standard lead electrolysis industry (HJ 513-2009)
The above standards have been implemented since February 1,.2010 and published by the China Environmental Science Press. The standard content can be found on the website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Special announcement.
November 13,.2009
Content
Foreword..iv
1 Scope..1
2 Normative references..1
3 Terms and Definitions.1
4 Normative technical requirements..2
5 Data acquisition and calculation method 4
6 Standard implementation.6
Foreword
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China" and the "Clean Production Promotion Law of the People's Republic of China", protect the environment, and lead
Refining industrial enterprises provide technical support and guidance for clean production, and develop this standard.
This standard stipulates that on the basis of meeting national and local pollutant discharge standards, according to current industry technology, equipment level and management water
General requirements for cleaner production in flat and crude lead smelting enterprises. This standard is divided into three levels, one level represents the international advanced level of cleaner production, two
Representing the advanced level of domestic clean production, the third level represents the basic level of domestic clean production. With the continuous advancement and development of technology, this standard will
Revise timely.
This standard is the first release.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard was drafted. Changsha Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research Institute, China Academy of Environmental Sciences.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on November 13,.2009.
This standard has been implemented since February 1,.2010.
This standard is interpreted by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Iv
Clean production standard rough lead smelting industry
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the general requirements for cleaner production in rough lead smelting enterprises. This standard divides the clean production indicators of the crude lead smelting industry into six categories.
That is, production process and equipment requirements, resource and energy utilization indicators, product indicators, pollutant production indicators (before end treatment), waste recycling
Use indicators and environmental management requirements.
This standard applies to the clean production audit of crude lead smelting production enterprises, the judgment of clean production potential and opportunity, and the performance of cleaner production.
The assessment and clean production performance announcement system is also applicable to environmental management systems such as environmental impact assessment and discharge permits.
2 Normative references
The terms in the following documents become the terms of this standard by reference to this standard. Valid versions of undated references
Applicable to this standard.
GB/T 2589 General rules for comprehensive energy consumption calculation
GB/T 16157-1996 Determination of particulate matter in fixed pollution source exhaust gas and sampling method of gaseous pollutants
GB/T 24001 Environmental Management System Requirements and User Guide
HJ/T 56-2000 Determination of sulphur dioxide in fixed source s
HJ/T 57-2000 Determination of sulfur dioxide in fixed source exhaust gases
HJ/T 425-2008 Technical Guidelines for the Development of Cleaner Production Standards
"Guidelines for Access to Lead and Zinc Industry" (National Development and Reform Commission Announcement No. 13 of.2007)
Interim Measures for Clean Production Audit (National Development and Reform Commission, State Environmental Protection Administration Order No. 16)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 cleaner production cleaner production
Refers to continuous improvement of design, use of clean energy and raw materials, adoption of advanced process technology and equipment, improvement of management, and comprehensive utilization
And other measures to reduce pollution from the source, improve resource utilization efficiency, reduce or avoid the production of pollutants in production, service and product use.
Health and emissions to mitigate or eliminate harm to human health and the environment.
3.2 Cleaner production standard cleaner production standard
Refers to the principle of life cycle analysis, from production process and equipment, resource and energy utilization, products, pollutant generation, waste recycling
And six aspects of environmental management, giving staged indicators to the clean production level of the industry, guiding the company's clean production and pollution
Process control.
Note. Quoted from HJ/T 425 Technical Guidelines for Cleaner Production Standards.
3.3 pollutant generation indicators (before end treatment) pollutants generation indicators (before end-of-pipe treatment)
That is, the coefficient of pollution generation refers to the amount of pollutants produced before the production (or processing) of a unit product (before end treatment). Including unit products
Indicators such as the amount of carbon dioxide produced and the amount of particulate matter produced per unit of product.
3.4 crude lead smelting lead smelting
The process of producing crude lead with lead concentrate or lead-zinc mixed concentrate as the main raw material.
3.5 Mercury (Arsenic) contained in sulfuric acid (Arsenic) contained in sulfuric acid
The amount of mercury (arsenic) in the sulfuric acid product of the flue gas smelting enterprise of the crude lead smelting enterprise is calculated by mass fraction.
4 Normative technical requirements
4.1 Indicator classification
This standard gives the three-level technical indicators for the clean production level of the production process of the crude lead smelting industry.
Level 1. International advanced level of cleaner production;
Level 2. advanced level of domestic clean production;
Level 3. The basic level of domestic cleaner production.
4.2 Indicator requirements
See Table 1 for the technical requirements for clean production of crude lead smelting enterprises.
Table 1 Technical requirements for clean production of crude lead smelting industry
Clean production index level
First, the production process and equipment requirements
Production process
1.1 Smelting process
Caveset furnace, oxygen bottom blowing lead
Direct (QSL), Caldo furnace, etc.
Lead smelting process
Shuikoushan (SKS) lead smelting method + blast furnace,
Oxygen-rich top blowing furnace + blast furnace
Blast sintering machine sintering - blast
Furnace reduction smelting process, sealing
Blast furnace smelting (ISP) process
Lead smelting process
1.2 Acid-making process Two-shift two-suction acid, low-concentration sulfur dioxide acid-making process Single contact, two-turn two-suction or other acid-making process
2. Equipment
2.1 Scale Single Series > 50,000 t/a
2.2 Automatic Control System
Computer controlled feeding and smelting
Process, with furnace temperature, pressure,
Vibration, gas composition, exhaust flow
Online monitoring and alarms such as rate
Device, high level of automation
Computer controlled feeding and smelting process, with key parameters such as furnace temperature and pressure
Number of online monitoring, high level of automation
2.3 Collection and treatment of exhaust gas The furnace body is sealed and has measures to prevent exhaust gas from escaping. Exhaust gas collection and purification device at a location prone to waste gas unorganized emissions
2.4 Storage and transportation of powdered materials adopt closed storage, storage warehouses are equipped with ventilation facilities; closed transportation
2.5 Residual heat utilization device has waste heat recovery device such as waste heat boiler
Second, resource and energy utilization indicators
1. Total lead recovery rate /% ≥97 >96
2. Gold into crude lead rate /% ≥ 96
3. Silver into lead ratio /% ≥ 95
4. Total sulfur utilization rate /% ≥96 ≥95 >94
Two turns and two suctions ≥99.8 ≥99.6
5. Sulfur dioxide conversion rate /% low concentration of oxygen
Sulfuric acid ≥99.5 ≥99
≥99
6. Fresh water consumption per unit product/(t/t) ≤ 10 ≤ 15 ≤ 25
7. Comprehensive energy consumption per unit of product (equivalent to standard coal
Calculation)/(kg/t) ≤ 450
Third, product indicators
1. Mercury content in sulfuric acid /% 0.001 0.01 -
2. Arsenic content in sulfuric acid /% 0.000 1 0.005 -
Fourth, the pollutant production index (before the end treatment)
1. The amount of wastewater produced per unit of product/(t/t) ≤ 4 ≤ 8 ≤ 12
Continued
Clean production index level
Acid tail gas ≤ 2 ≤ 4 ≤ 8 2. Sulfur dioxide per unit product
Production amount/(kg/t) Other ≤ 2 ≤ 4 ≤ 8
3. The amount of particulate matter produced per unit product/(kg/t) ≤ 1.5 ≤ 3.0 ≤ 5.0
V. Waste recycling and utilization indicators
1. Industrial water reuse rate /% ≥98 ≥95 ≥90
2. Comprehensive utilization rate of solid waste /% ≥90 ≥80 ≥60
Sixth, environmental management requirements
1. Environmental laws, regulations and standards comply with national and local environmental laws and regulations, and pollutant discharge meets national and local emission standards, total amount control and discharge permit management requirements.
2. The organization has a sound environmental management agency and professional environmental management personnel.
There are specialized environmental management agencies and special
Environmental management staff
Have a basic environmental management agency
And full-time environmental managers
3. Environmental audit
In accordance with the "clean production audit temporary office
The Law completed the clean production audit.
Complete cleaning production management machine
Construction and continuous clean production;
Established and valid in accordance with GB/T 24001
Operational environmental management system, environmental management
Handbook, program files and working papers
Complete
Audited in accordance with the Interim Measures for Clean Production Audit; Environmental Management
The system is sound, the original records and statistics are complete and effective.
4. Solid waste management
Properly dispose of general waste, such as lead dust, waste calomel, blast furnace yellow residue, acid sludge, sewage treatment slag, etc.
The hazardous waste shall be disposed of in a harmless manner in accordance with relevant requirements. Formulate and provide local environmental protection to local people's governments at or above the county level
The administrative department shall record the hazardous waste management plan (including measures to reduce the amount and harmfulness of hazardous waste generation).
And hazardous waste storage, utilization and disposal measures, to the local environmental protection administration of the local people's government at or above the county level
The competent department shall report the relevant types of hazardous waste generation, production, flow, storage and disposal. Targeting danger
Production, collection, storage, transportation, utilization, disposal of hazardous waste, development of accident prevention measures and emergency
Plan and report to the local environmental protection administrative department of the local people's government at or above the county level
Quality inspection for all raw and auxiliary materials
Institutional and consumption quota management system has quality inspection system and consumption quota management system for major raw and auxiliary materials
All production processes have operating procedures, and the main positions have work instructions.
The main production process has operating rules
Cheng, key positions have homework guidance
Test the energy consumption and water consumption of each process
Nuclear, production process can be graded
Test on energy consumption and water consumption of main processes
Nuclear, production process can be graded and evaluated
The environmental protection facilities are in normal operation, and there are no running, rushing, dripping or leaking phenomena.
Warning signs, clean production environment
Raw material processing, intermediate material crushing, sintering, smelting, loading and unloading, etc., all of which generate dust, are equipped with gas gathering,
Pollution control measures such as dust removal and recycling
For the kiln feed port, the slag outlet, the sintering head, the tail, etc., which are prone to produce unorganized emissions of sulfur dioxide,
Gas collection and treatment equipment should be equipped
The main source of pollution is installed by the national phase.
Automatic monitoring of qualified inspections
system
The key pollution source is installed with automatic supervision that has passed the test of the relevant state departments.
Control system
Environmental management procedures during start-up and shutdown
New, modified and expanded project management and acceptance procedures
Have an environmental monitoring and management system, record operational data and establish environmental protection files; and formulate corporate environmental risk plans
5. Production process environmental management
Establish a regular emergency of major risk accidents
The exercise system establishes a major risk accident emergency warning system
6. Safety and environmental protection requirements in the process of packaging, transportation, loading and unloading of raw and auxiliary materials in the relevant environmental management service agreement
5 data acquisition and calculation methods
5.1 sampling
The pollutant production index refers to the concentration or total amount of pollutants before the pollutant enters the terminal treatment facility, and the sampling point should be set at the end.
Entrance to the facility. The sampling and monitoring of the indicators of this standard shall be carried out in accordance with the national standard monitoring method, as shown in Table 2.
Table 2 Method for determination of pollutants
Contaminant project method standard measurement point location
The particles are placed in the discharge port according to GB/T 16157-1996.
Implementation of sulfur dioxide in accordance with HJ/T 56-2000 in accordance with HJ/T 57-2000
The acid tail gas is the end of the second suction tower,
His exhaust gas is before the desulfurization device
a The collection device of the particulate matter is connected to the main equipment, and the collected particulate matter is reused as a raw material, and the discharge concentration can be regarded as the generated concentration.
5.2 Calculation method
5.2.1 Total lead recovery
In the crude lead smelting process, the ratio of the amount of metal lead entering the crude lead smelting to the total amount of lead in the raw material is calculated according to formula (1).
Pb
Pb
Pb
100%
= × (1)
Where. RPb--total lead recovery, %;
PPb--the amount of metal lead entering the crude lead smelting products (crude lead, zinc oxide soot, copper matte, etc.), t/a;
SPb - lead content in raw materials, t/a.
5.2.2 Gold (silver) into the crude lead rate
In the crude lead smelting process, the ratio of gold (silver) entering the crude lead product to the total amount of gold (silver) in the raw material is calculated according to formula (2).
100%
= × (2)
Where. RG--gold (silver) into the crude lead rate, %;
PG--the amount of gold (silver) entering the crude lead product, t/a;
SG--the amount of gold (silver) in the raw material, t/a.
5.2.3 Total sulfur utilization
The utilization rate of sulfur in raw materials in the process of crude lead smelting through various recovery methods, and the total amount of sulfur recovered
Including the low concentration of sulfur dioxide in the exhaust gas, through the treatment and recovery of production by-products, excluding the sulfur entering the water quenching slag, the waste generated by the end treatment of the exhaust gas
The slag and tail gas discharged into the environment are calculated according to formula (3).
100%
= × (3)
Where. RS - total sulfur utilization rate, %;
PS--the total amount of sulfur recovered during the crude lead smelting process, t/a;
SS - the amount of sulfur in the raw material, t/a.
5.2.4 Sulfur dioxide conversion rate
The ratio of sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide in the flue gas of the acid conversion system, the second to the second acid and the low sulfur dioxide
Calculated according to formula (4).
Ee
SS
QN
⎛ ⎞×= − ×⎜ ⎟×⎝ ⎠
100% (4)
Where. NS--sulfur dioxide conversion rate, %;
Ρe--acid conversion of imported flue gas sulfur dioxide mass concentration (standard state), g/m3;
Qe--acid conversion conversion of imported flue gas flow (standard state), m3/h;
ρS--acid conversion conversion flue gas sulfur dioxide mass concentration (standard state), g/m3;
QS--acid conversion conversion flue gas flow (standard state), m3/h.
5.2.5 Fresh water consumption per unit of product
Refers to the amount of fresh water used for production per ton of crude lead, calculated according to formula (5).
VV
= (5)
Where. Vi--ton crude lead fresh water consumption, t/t;
V--A certain measurement time (more than one month, the same below), the total amount of fresh water used in the whole process of crude lead production, t;
Q--The crude lead production of the enterprise within the same measurement time, t.
5.2.6 Comprehensive energy consumption per unit of product
Refers to the comprehensive energy consumption expressed in units of crude lead production, calculated according to formula (6).
1 000 EE
×= (6)
Where. Ei--unit comprehensive energy consumption (calculated as standard coal), kg/t;
E--The total energy consumption (calculated as standard coal) obtained after comprehensive calculation of the amount of energy consumed in a certain measurement time, t;
Q--The crude lead production of the enterprise within the same measurement time, t.
Note. The comprehensive energy consumption mainly includes primary energy (such as coal, oil, natural gas, etc.), secondary energy (such as steam, electricity, etc.) and energy consumption directly for production.
Working fluid (such as cooling water, compressed air, etc.), but does not include energy consumption for power consumption (such as power generation, boilers, etc.). Specific comprehensive energy consumption according to
GB/T 2589 calculation.
5.2.7 Wastewater production per unit of product
Refers to the entire crude lead production process (including the flue gas furnace blowing system), the amount of wastewater produced by the production unit of crude lead, calculated according to formula (7).
WW
= (7)
Where. Wi--ton crude lead wastewater production, t/t;
W--the amount of wastewater generated in the whole process of crude lead production in a certain measurement time, t;
Q--The crude lead production of the enterprise within the same measurement time, t.
5.2.8 Sulfur dioxide production per unit of product
Refers to the amount of sulfur dioxide produced by the production unit of crude lead in the entire crude lead production process (before end treatment), the separation of acid tail gas and other waste
Two parts of gas. The acid tail gas is measured by the amount of sulfur dioxide in the flue gas (before the tail suction device) after acid production; the others include drying, sintering, melting, and smoke.
The amount of sulphur dioxide produced by all other sulphur dioxide generation points. Calculated according to formula (8).
SS
= (8)
Where. Si--ton crude lead sulfur dioxide production, kg/t;
S--In a certain measurement time, the production of acid tail gas and other waste gas sulfur dioxide in the whole process of crude lead production, kg;
Q--The crude lead production of the enterprise within the same measurement time, t.
5.2.9 The amount of particulate matter produced per unit of product
Refers to the whole crude lead production process, the amount of particulate matter produced by the crude lead in the production unit is synthesized as a raw material by the particulate matter collected by the terminal treatment facility.
The amount of particulate matter produced is measured by the amount of emissions after treatment. Calculated according to formula (9).
DD
= (9)
Where. Di--ton of crude lead particulate matter production, kg/t;
D--In a certain measurement time, the amount of particulate matter produced in the whole process of crude lead production, kg;
Q--The crude lead production of the enterprise within the same measurement time, t.
5.2.10 Industrial water reuse rate
Refers to the ratio of reused water to total water use in the entire crude lead production process, calculated according to formula (10).
W 100%
VR
VV
= × ri
(10)
Where. RW--water reuse rate, %;
Vr--Repeated water consumption in the whole process of crude lead production within a certain measurement time, including net circulating water, turbid circulating water, reuse water and others
Reuse water, m3;
Vi--In the same measurement time, the total amount of fresh water is taken in the whole process of crude lead production, m3.
5.2.11 Comprehensive utilization of solid waste
Refers to the solid waste generated in the entire crude lead production process, and the company adopts measures to comprehensively utilize the proportion of the total amount of production,
The ratio is calculated according to equation (11).
R 100%
PR
= ×
(11)
Where. RR - comprehensive utilization of solid waste, %;
PR--Enterprise annual solid waste utilization, t/a;
SR--The total amount of solid waste generated in the whole process of crude lead production in the same year, t/a.
6 Standard implementation
This standard is supervised and implemented by the environmental protection administrative department of the people's government at or above the county level.
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