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QC/T 1160-2022: PDF in English (QCT 1160-2022)

QC/T 1160-2022
QC
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.020
CCS T 40
Guidelines on evaluation of whole vehicle manufacturing
green factory in automobile industry
ISSUED ON: APRIL 08, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2022
Issued by: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 6
1 Scope ... 7
2 Normative references ... 7
3 Terms and definitions ... 8
4 Basic requirements ... 9
5 Infrastructure ... 12
6 Management system ... 13
7 Energy and resource input ... 15
8 Products ... 16
9 Environmental emissions ... 16
10 Performance ... 17
11 Evaluation ... 19
Appendix A (Normative) Calculation method of green factory performance index ... 21
Appendix B (Normative) Evaluation indicators of green factory ... 25
References ... 37
Guidelines on evaluation of whole vehicle manufacturing
green factory in automobile industry
1 Scope
This document specifies the terms and definitions, basic requirements, infrastructure,
management system, energy and resource input, products, environmental emissions,
performance, evaluation methods, etc. of the guidelines on evaluation of whole vehicle
manufacturing green factory in automobile industry.
This document is applicable to the evaluation of whole vehicle manufacturing green
factory in automobile industry.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the essential provisions of this
document through normative references in the text. Among them, for dated references,
only the version corresponding to the date applies to this document; for undated
references, the latest version (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB 8978 Integrated wastewater discharge standard
GB 12348 Emission standard for industrial enterprises noise at boundary
GB 14554 Emission standards for odor pollutants
GB 16297 Comprehensive emission standard of air pollutants
GB 17167 General principle for equipping and managing of the measuring
instrument of energy in organization of energy using
GB 18597 Standard for pollution control on hazardous waste storage
GB 18599 Standard for pollution control on the non-hazardous industrial solid waste
storage and landfill
GB/T 19001 Quality management systems - Requirements
GB/T 19515 Road vehicles - Recyclability and recoverability - Calculation method
GB/T 23331 Energy management systems - Requirements with guidance for use
GB/T 24001 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for
use
GB 24409 Limit of harmful substances of vehicle coatings
GB 24789 General rules for equipping and managing of the water measuring
instrument in water-use organization
GB/T 30512 Requirements for prohibited substances on automobiles
GB/T 32150 General guideline of the greenhouse gas emissions accounting and
reporting for industrial enterprises
GB/T 32327-2015 Guide for evaluating industrial wastewater treatment and reuse
technology
GB/T 33460 Specifications for compiling dismantling manual of end-of-life
vehicles
GB/T 33761-2017 General principles for green product assessment
GB/T 36132-2018 General principles for assessment of green factory
GB/T 37393 Digital factory - General technical requirements
GB 37822 Standard for fugitive emission of volatile organic compounds
GB/T 45001 Occupational health and safety management systems - Requirements
with guidance for use
GB 50033 Standard for daylighting design of buildings
GB 50034 Standard for lighting design of buildings
GB/T 50353 Standard measurement for construction area of building
GB/T 50878 Evaluation standards for green industrial buildings
QC/T 1157-2022 Method of calculating comprehensive energy consumption for unit
output of automobile products
ISO 14001 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for
use
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
business processes;
d) Ensure that the resources required for green factory construction, operation and
maintenance are available;
e) Communicate the importance of effective green manufacturing and the
importance of meeting green factory requirements;
f) Ensure that the factory achieves the expected results of its green manufacturing;
g) Guide and support employees to contribute to the effectiveness of the green
factory;
h) Promote continual improvement;
i) Support other relevant management personnel to demonstrate leadership, within
their area of responsibility.
4.3.2 It shall be ensured that the responsibilities and authorities of relevant roles are
assigned and communicated within the factory. Assigned responsibilities and
authorities shall include at least the following:
a) Ensure that factory construction, operation, maintenance meet the requirements
of this document;
b) Collect and maintain the evidence, that the factory meets the green factory
evaluation requirements;
c) Report to top management on green factory performance, including green
manufacturing performance.
4.4 Requirements for the factory
4.4.1 There shall be a green factory management organization, which is responsible for
the system construction, implementation, assessment, rewards related to green
manufacturing; establish a target responsibility system.
4.4.2 There shall be medium and long-term plans for green factories, as well as annual
goals, indicators, implementation plans. The above plans, objectives, indicators,
programs shall be feasible; the indicators shall be clear and quantifiable.
4.4.3 The concept and knowledge of green manufacturing shall be disseminated;
employees shall be provided with education and training on green manufacturing-
related knowledge on a regular basis; the results of education and training shall be
evaluated.
5 Infrastructure
5.1 Architecture
5.1.1 The buildings of whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile
industry shall obtain certificates of land use rights, construction land planning permits,
environmental impact assessment approvals, construction project planning permits, etc.
5.1.2 It shall comply with the "three simultaneous" system (i.e., "it shall be designed,
constructed, put into production and use simultaneously"), which is stipulated in
national laws and regulations, such as environmental protection law, labor law, safety
production law, occupational disease prevention law and fire protection law; provide
relevant acceptance and evaluation reports.
5.1.3 The dangerous goods warehouse, toxic and harmful operation room, waste
treatment room of green factories in the automotive industry, that produce pollutants,
shall be set up independently.
5.1.4 The floor of the painting workshop for the pre-treatment of automobiles and the
electrophoresis process shall be subject to anti-leakage treatment.
5.1.5 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
save materials, energy, water, land, renewable energy in construction, from the aspects
of building materials, building structure, lighting, greening and site, renewable
resources and energy utilization. It shall conform to the evaluation criteria of GB/T
50878.
5.1.6 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
adopt multi-floored buildings.
5.2 Lighting
5.2.1 The artificial lighting of the factory area and each room or place of the whole
vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall comply with the
provisions of GB 50034.
5.2.2 Natural light and other energy-saving measures shall be used. The natural light
rate should not be lower than the level specified in GB 50033. The lighting in different
places shall be designed in different levels; the lighting in public places shall take
measures, such as partitioning, grouping, timing automatic dimming.
5.3 Device used
5.3.1 Enterprises shall phase out high-energy-consuming outdated electromechanical
equipment, within a time limit. Enterprises need to provide a list of high-energy-
consuming outdated electromechanical equipment and an equipment elimination
6.1.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
pass the third-party certification of GB/T 19001.
6.1.3 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
pass the third-party certification of the automotive quality management system. Refer
to IATF 16949, for the third-party certification standards of the automobile quality
management system.
6.2 Occupational health and safety management system
6.2.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall
establish, implement, maintain an occupational health and safety management system,
that meets the requirements of GB/T 45001.
6.2.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
comply with the third-party certification, which is stipulated in GB/T 45001.
6.3 Environmental management system
6.3.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall
establish, implement, maintain an environmental management system, that meets the
requirements of GB/T 24001.
6.3.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
comply with the third-party certification, which is specified in GB/T 24001.
6.4 Energy management system
6.4.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall
establish, implement, maintain an energy management system, that meets the
requirements of GB/T 23331.
6.4.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
comply with the third-party certification, which is specified in GB/T 23331.
6.5 Social responsibility report
The annual social responsibility report is publicly available.
6.6 Corporate green development report
Enterprises belonging to whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile
industry should prepare a green development report for automobile industry enterprises
every year, disclosing the green practices of the factory in design, procurement,
manufacturing, logistics, sales, recycling and other links in the previous year. It shall
be available through public channels.
7 Energy and resource input
7.1 Energy input
7.1.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall have
an energy management center, including at least the management organization structure,
infrastructure, management platform.
7.1.2 It has carried out energy audit or industrial energy-saving diagnosis within five
years; obtained relevant certificates or reports.
7.1.3 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
adopt intelligent control systems, such as CIMS, MES, ERP, SCM; carry out digital
workshop construction in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 37393; carry out
intelligent manufacturing; improve production efficiency; reduce energy consumption
per unit of product.
7.1.4 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
adopt energy-saving and consumption-reducing measures, such as smart micro-grids.
7.1.5 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should use
renewable energy (solar energy, wind energy, etc.), to replace non-renewable energy.
7.2 Resource input
7.2.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should use
recyclable materials instead of non-recyclable materials, in terms of packaging
materials.
7.2.2 It has implemented or planned to reduce the use of hazardous substances and
chemicals; meanwhile established an implementation plan.
7.2.3 In the past three years, there should be two years, where the ratio of the actual
annual production capacity of the automobile factory to the annual design production
capacity is higher than 70%.
7.3 Purchasing
7.3.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall have
information traceability requirements for supplier access, requiring suppliers to upload
material data information through the industry information platform. The new energy
vehicle manufacturers shall also meet the requirements for separate management of
battery manufacturers, requiring the supplier to provide relevant information, such as
battery code traceability, battery disassembly, dismantling, storage.
7.3.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall put
The emission of air pollutants, such as paint mist, organic waste gas, fume generated in
the production workshop of the whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in
automobile industry, shall comply with the provisions of GB 16297, GB 14554, local
atmospheric emission requirements.
9.2 Water pollutants
Degreasing cleaning wastewater, phosphating cleaning wastewater, electrophoresis
cleaning wastewater, paint spray wastewater, emulsion wastewater from engine
workshops, comprehensive wastewater from other workshops, overflow drainage from
circulating water systems such as refrigeration stations and air compressor stations shall
comply with the provisions of GB 8978 and local wastewater discharge requirements.
9.3 Solid waste
The facilities and sites, for the storage and disposal of solid waste, which are generated
by whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry, should comply
with the provisions of GB 18599 and GB 18597, as well as the local solid waste disposal
requirements. If the factory cannot handle it by itself, it should transfer the solid waste
to a treatment plant, which has corresponding capabilities and qualifications for
treatment.
9.4 Noise at factory boundary
The environmental noise emission, at the factory boundary of the whole vehicle
manufacturing green factory in automobile industry, shall comply with the provisions
of GB 12348 and the local noise emission requirements. The stamping workshop shall
be equipped with noise reduction equipment and facilities; the ambient noise level in
the workshop complies with the relevant provisions of the Occupational Health Law,
meanwhile provide the relevant certification materials.
9.5 Greenhouse gases
9.5.1 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should
adopt GB/T 32150 or applicable standards or norms, to verify and report the greenhouse
gas emissions within their factory boundaries; disclose the verification results to the
public.
9.5.2 The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry should use
the accounting results, to improve their greenhouse gas emissions and establish
improvement schemes and plans.
10 Performance
10.1 General requirements
Factories shall calculate or evaluate their performance, based on the following methods
provided in this document; use the results for performance improvement. when
applicable, each performance index shall at least meet the industry access requirements;
the comprehensive performance index shall reach the advanced level of the industry.
10.2 Intensification of land use
10.2.1 The factory shall use the method in Appendix A.2, to calculate the floor area
ratio of the factory building. According to the requirements in the "Control indicators
for industrial project construction land". The factory floor area ratio of the
transportation equipment manufacturing industry should not be lower than 0.7.
10.2.2 The factory shall use the method in Appendix A.3, to calculate the production
capacity per unit land area. The production capacity per unit land area for passenger
vehicles should not be less than 0.2 vehicles/square meter.
10.3 Harmless raw materials
10.3.1 The selection of steel and non-metallic materials shall comply with the
provisions of GB/T 30512.
10.3.2 The limit value of hazardous substances, in vehicle paints, shall comply with the
provisions of GB 24409. It should take measures, to replace the used coatings with
alternative raw materials that comply with the "Catalogue of toxic and hazardous raw
materials (products) substitutes encouraged by the State (2016 edition)"; calculate the
green paint usage rate (ε), according to the formula in Appendix A.4.
10.4 Clean production
10.4.1 The CODcr production per unit area of the coating process, the total phosphorus
production, the hazardous waste production is calculated, in accordance with the
requirements of the "Cleaner production evaluation index system for the coating
industry". The VOCs emission per unit painted area of the vehicle model shall be
calculated, according to the formula in Appendix A.5.
10.4.2 The CODcr production per unit area of the coating process shall be less than or
equal to 10 g/m2.
10.4.3 The total phosphorus production per unit area of the coating process shall be less
than or equal to 0.3 g/m2.
10.4.4 The generation of hazardous waste per unit area of the coating process shall be
less than or equal to 140 g/m2.
10.4.5 The VOCs emission per unit painted area of passenger cars shall be less than or
equal to 20 g/m2. The VOCs emission per unit painted area of truck driving warehouses
shall be less than or equal to 35 g/m2. The VOCs emission of the painted area of trucks
and vans shall be less than or equal to 55 g/m2. The VOCs emission of the unit painting
area of passenger cars and automobile chassis shall be less than or equal to 80 g/m2.
10.5 Waste recycling
10.5.1 The factory shall calculate the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid
waste in whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry, according
to the formula in Appendix A.6. The comprehensive utilization rate of solid waste
should be greater than or equal to 70%.
10.5.2 The factory shall calculate the wastewater reuse rate of the whole vehicle
manufacturing green factory in automobile industry, according to the formula in
Appendix A.7. The wastewater reuse rate should be greater than or equal to 70%.
10.6 Low-carbon energy
The factory shall use the formula in Appendix A.8, to calculate the comprehensive
energy consumption per unit of automobile products; use the formula in Appendix A.9
to calculate the carbon emissions per unit of automobile products.
11 Evaluation
11.1 Evaluation indicators
The whole vehicle manufacturing green factory in automobile industry shall be
evaluated, according to the indicators in Appendix B.
11.2 Evaluation methods
11.2.1 Participating green factories shall meet the requirements of mandatory items.
Those that do not meet the requirements shall not participate in the selection of green
factories.
11.2.2 The green factory evaluation shall be carried out by an independent third-party
organization.
11.2.3 The organization, which implements the evaluation, shall check the report
documents, statistical statements and original records; carry out discussions with
relevant personnel according to the actual situation; collect evaluation evidence by
means of on-site surveys, sample surveys, etc.; ensure the integrity and accuracy of the
evidence.
11.2.4 The organization implementing the evaluation shall analyze the evaluation
evidence and calculate the score, based on the evaluation indicators. The scoring items
Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q5, Q6 of each of the six indicators are summed and calculated,
according to the actual scores of the scoring items of the indicators, to obtain the final
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Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.