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GB/T 40031-2021 PDF in English


GB/T 40031-2021 (GB/T40031-2021, GBT 40031-2021, GBT40031-2021)
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GB/T 40031-2021: PDF in English (GBT 40031-2021)

GB/T 40031-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 31.020
L 10
Determination of polychlorinated naphthalenes in
electrical and electronic products - Gas
chromatography-mass spectrometry method
ISSUED ON: APRIL 30, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: NOVEMBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Principle ... 4 
4 Reagents or materials ... 5 
5 Instruments ... 5 
6 Sample preparation ... 6 
7 Test steps ... 6 
8 Test data processing ... 8 
9 Limit of detection ... 9 
10 Precision and recovery rate ... 9 
11 Test report ... 9 
Annex A (informative) Total ion current chromatogram of polychlorinated
naphthalene reference materials ... 11 
Annex B (normative) Qualitative and quantitative characteristic ions of
polychlorinated naphthalene reference materials ... 12 
Determination of polychlorinated naphthalenes in
electrical and electronic products - Gas
chromatography-mass spectrometry method
WARNING -- PERSONNEL USING THIS STANDARD SHALL HAVE
PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN FORMAL LABORATORY WORK. THIS
STANDARD DOES NOT POINT OUT ALL POSSIBLE SAFETY ISSUES. THE
USER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR TAKING APPROPRIATE SAFETY AND
HEALTH MEASURES AND ENSURING COMPLIANCE WITH THE
CONDITIONS STIPULATED BY RELEVANT NATIONAL LAWS AND
REGULATIONS.
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method to
determine the polychlorinated naphthalene content in electronic and electrical
products.
This Standard applies to the determination of polychlorinated naphthalene in
polymer materials of electronic and electrical products.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB/T 26125, Electrical and electronic products - Determination of six
regulated substances (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium,
polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers)
SJ/T 11692, Guideline of sample disjointment for testing certain restricted
substances in electrical and electronic products
3 Principle
Use toluene as the extractant for Soxhlet extraction to sample. The extraction
liquid is purified by a silica gel solid phase extraction cartridge. Use gas
6 Sample preparation
Split electronic and electrical products according to SJ/T 11692. According to
GB/T 26125, conduct sample preparation of separated homogeneous polymer
materials. The sample can be broken to less than 5mm by tailoring, cutting and
so on. Then use a freezing grinder (see 5.4) to grind to the maximum particle
size not greater than 0.5mm. Put it into a clean container after mixing evenly.
Store dry at room temperature.
7 Test steps
7.1 Extraction
7.1.1 Soxhlet extraction device (see 5.2) shall be cleaned with toluene (see 4.1)
before use. If necessary, use toluene (see 4.1) for pre-extraction to clean the
system.
7.1.2 Accurately weigh 0.1g~0.5g of sample (to the nearest of 0.1mg). Place in
the extraction sleeve. The sleeve mouth can be covered with glass wool. Add
about 60mL of toluene (see 4.1) to the matching flask (see 5.2). Install the
Soxhlet extraction device (see 5.2). Heat for extraction. Each cycle is about
2min~3min. Extract at least 2h. After extraction, after the extract is cooled to
room temperature, transfer to a 100mL volumetric flask. Use toluene (see 4.1)
to set the volume to the scale. If there are too many impurities in the extract,
the extract can be concentrated to 2mL~3mL with a rotary evaporator (see 5.3).
Then transfer to a silica gel solid phase extraction cartridge (see 4.5). Use 30mL
of toluene (see 4.1) to rinse the cartridge 5-6 times. Combine the eluates and
transfer them to a 100mL volumetric flask. Use toluene (see 4.1) to set volume
to the scale.
NOTE: For samples that are soluble in toluene, it may select other Soxhlet extraction
organic solvent systems that can dissolve polychlorinated naphthalene and do not dissolve
the sample.
7.2 Test
7.2.1 Working conditions of gas chromatography-mass spectrometer
The test result depends on the instrument used. It is impossible to give general
parameters for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. The set
parameters shall ensure that the measured component and other components
can be effectively separated during chromatographic analysis. The following
parameters prove to be feasible for the test:
a) Capillary column: stationary phase 5% phenyl-polymethylsiloxane,
If the response value of the polychlorinated naphthalene in the sample solution
exceeds the linear range of the instrument detection, the sample solution shall
be diluted with toluene and re-injected for detection.
NOTE: Annex B gives the qualitative and quantitative characteristic ions of polychlorinated
naphthalene reference materials.
7.2.4 Blank test
Conduct the blank test with the specimen.
8 Test data processing
8.1 Calculation of single polychlorinated naphthalene content in sample
Calculate the content of single polychlorinated naphthalene in the sample
according to formula (1):
Where,
Xi - The content of single polychlorinated naphthalene in the sample, in
milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg);
Ci1 - The mass concentration of the sample solution calculated from the
calibration curve, in micrograms per liter (μg/L);
Ci0 - The mass concentration of the blank solution calculated from the
calibration curve, in micrograms per liter (μg/L);
V - The final constant volume set of sample solution, in milliliters (mL);
N - The dilution factor of sample solution;
m - The sample mass, in grams (g).
8.2 Calculation of the total polychlorinated naphthalene content in sample
Calculate the content of total polychlorinated naphthalene in the sample
according to formula (2):
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.