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GB/T 3093-2021 (GB/T3093-2021)

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GB/T 3093-2021English220 Add to Cart 0--3 minutes. Auto-delivery. High-pressure seamless steel tubes for diesel engine Valid


GB/T 3093-2021: PDF in English (GBT 3093-2021)
GB/T 3093-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.140.75
CCS H 48
Replacing GB/T 3093-2002
High-pressure seamless steel tubes for diesel engine
(ISO 8535-1:2016, Diesel engines - Steel tubes for high-pressure fuel injection
pipes - Part 1: Requirements for seamless cold-drawn single-wall tubes, NEQ)
ISSUED ON: APRIL 30, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: NOVEMBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 Classification and code ... 7
5 Order contents ... 8
6 Size, shape, weight and allowable deviation ... 8
7 Technical requirements ... 11
8 Test method ... 14
9 Inspection rules ... 15
10 Packaging, marking and quality certificate ... 16
High-pressure seamless steel tubes for diesel engine
1 Scope
This document specifies the classification and code, order content, size, shape,
weight and allowable deviation, technical requirements, test methods,
inspection rules, packaging, marking and quality certificates of high-pressure
seamless steel tubes for diesel engine.
This document applies to cold-drawn (rolled) seamless steel tubes (hereinafter
referred to as "steel tubes") which are used for the manufacture of high-
pressure oil tubes of the diesel engine injection system.
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the indispensable clauses
of this document through normative references in the text. For dated references,
only the version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for
undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable
to this document.
GB/T 222, Permissible tolerances for chemical composition of steel products
GB/T 223.5, Steel and iron - Determination of acid-soluble silicon and total
silicon content - Reduced molybdosilicate spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.9, Iron, steel and alloy - Determination of aluminium content -
Chrom azurol S photometric method
GB/T 223.12, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy - The
sodium carbonate separation-diphenyl carbazide photometric method for the
determination of chromium content
GB/T 223.14, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy - The N-
benzoy-N-phenylhydroxylamine extraction photometric method for the
determination of vanadium content
GB/T 223.23, Iron, steel and alloy - Determination of nickel content - The
dimethylglyoxime spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.26, Iron, steel and alloy - Determination of molybdenum content -
The thiocyanate spectrophotometric method
GB/T 17395, Dimensions, shapes, masses and tolerances of seamless steel
tubes
GB/T 20066, Steel and iron - Sampling and preparation of samples for the
determination of chemical composition
GB/T 20123, Steel and iron - Determination of total carbon and sulfur content
Infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace (routine
method)
GB/T 20124, Steel and iron - Determination of nitrogen content - Thermal
conductimetric method after fusion in a current of inert gas
GB/T 20125, Low-alloy steel - Determination of multi-element contents -
Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric method
GB/T 30062, Terminology of steel pipes and tubes
YB/T 5293, Metallic materials - Forging test
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 30062 are applicable to this
document.
4 Classification and code
4.1 The steel tubes are classified as follows according to their use:
a) Class A: for diesel engines and maintenance tubing of general
requirements;
b) Class B: for diesel engines of high-precision requirements;
c) Class C: for diesel engine injection pump test bench or other special
requirements.
4.2 The classification and code of steel tubes, according to dimensional
accuracy, are as follows:
a) Ordinary grade PA;
b) Higher grade PC.
4.3 When steel tubes are delivered according to their performance codes, they
are divided into 1 ~ 6, a total of 6 classes (see Table 5).
of the fixed length of the steel tube is +15 0 mm; each incision of the double length
shall have a margin of 5 mm ~ 10 mm.
6.4 Bending
The steel tube shall have practical straightness; its bending shall not be greater
than 1.0 mm/400mm; there shall be no local deformation.
6.5 End shape
The end faces of both ends of the steel tube shall be perpendicular to the axis
of the steel tube; the cut burrs shall be removed.
6.6 Weight
6.6.1 Steel tubes can be delivered according to the actual weight or the
theoretical weight. The theoretical weight per meter of steel tube is calculated
according to GB/T 17395 (the density of steel is 7.85 kg/dm3).
6.6.2 According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the
supplier and the buyer, and indicated in the contract, the allowable deviation
between the actual weight and the theoretical weight of the delivered steel tube
is:
a) Single steel tube: ±10%;
b) Each batch of steel tubes with a minimum of 10t: ±7.5%.
6.7 Example of designation
Example 1: The steel tube, of which the performance is grade 2, the outer
diameter is 6 mm, the inner diameter is 2 mm, the use is class B, of ordinary
precision, and is delivered in normal length, is marked as:
2-D6×d2-PA-B-PA-GB/T 3093-2021
Example 2: The steel tube, of which the designation is Q355NE, the outer
diameter is 10 mm, the inner diameter is 3 mm, the use is class C, of high-grade
precision, and is delivered in normal length, is marked as:
Q355NE-D10×d3-C-PC-GB/T 3093-2021
7 Technical requirements
7.1 Designation and chemical composition
7.6.1 The steel tubes shall be subjected to a hydraulic test one by one. The test
pressure is calculated according to Formula (1); the maximum test pressure is
20 MPa. Under the test pressure, the voltage stabilization time shall be no less
than 5 s; the steel tube shall not leak.
Where:
p – test pressure, in megapascals (MPa);
S – calculated wall thickness of the steel tube, in millimeters (mm);
R – allowable stress, which is 60% of the upper yield strength that is specified
in Table 4 and Table 5, in megapascals (MPa);
D – nominal outer diameter of the steel tube, in millimeters (mm).
7.6.2 The supplier may use eddy current testing to replace the hydraulic test. In
eddy current testing, the acceptance grade shall meet the requirements of E4H
or E4 in GB/T 7735-2016.
7.7 Non-metallic inclusions
The non-metallic inclusions of steel tubes are graded according to the method
A in GB/T 10561-2005; the fine and coarse grades of A, B, C, and D inclusions
shall not be greater than 1.5 respectively.
7.8 Surface quality
There shall be no cracks, folds, breaks, delamination, scars, rust and scale on
the inner and outer surfaces of the steel tube. These defects shall be completely
removed; the actual wall thickness at the cleaning site shall not be less than
92% of the calculated wall thickness.
7.9 Inner surface cleanliness
The inner surface of the steel tube shall be clean; there shall be no impurities
or coatings that affect the processing and use performance. Dry and clean
compressed air of no less than 0.8 MPa shall be used to sweep the inner
surface of the steel tube one by one. During acceptance, solid or liquid
substances shall not be blown out.
8 Test method
8.1 Sampling for chemical composition analysis of steel tubes shall comply with
the rules of GB/T 20066. For chemical composition analysis, usually comply
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2021-06-30, modified on 2021-06-30, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT3093-2021