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GB/T 18801-2022 (GB/T18801-2022)

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GB/T 18801-2022: PDF in English (GBT 18801-2022)

GB/T 18801-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.030
CCS Y 62
Replacing GB/T 18801-2015
Air cleaner
空气净化器
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 12, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4
1 Scope ... 7
2 Normative references ... 8
3 Terms and definitions ... 8
4 Classification and model naming ... 11
5 Requirements ... 13
5.1 Particulate matter cleaning ... 13
5.2 Cleaning of gaseous pollutants ... 14
5.3 Microorganism removal ... 15
5.4 Standby power ... 15
5.5 Noise ... 15
5.6 Cleaning energy efficiency ... 16
5.7 Other properties ... 16
6 Test conditions ... 16
6.1 General conditions ... 16
6.2 Measuring instruments ... 17
6.3 Test chamber ... 17
6.4 Test prototype ... 17
6.5 Target pollutant ... 18
7 Test methods ... 18
7.1 Particulate matter cleaning ... 18
7.2 Cleaning of gaseous pollutants ... 19
7.3 Microbial removal ... 19
7.4 Standby power ... 19
7.5 Noise ... 19
7.6 Cleaning energy efficiency ... 20
7.7 Other properties ... 20
8 Inspection rules ... 21
8.1 Inspection classification ... 21
8.2 Exit-factory inspection ... 21
8.3 Type inspection ... 22
8.4 Inspection sample processing ... 23
9 Marks, instructions for use, packaging, transportation and storage ... 23
9.1 Marks ... 23
9.2 Instructions for use ... 24
9.3 Packaging ... 25
9.4 Transport and storage ... 25
Annex A (normative) Test method for clean air delivery rate of particulate matter ... 26
Annex B (informative) Calculation method for applicable area ... 32
Annex C (normative) Test method for cumulate clean mass of particulate matter ... 36
Annex D (informative) Conversion method for cleaning life of particulate matter ... 39
Annex E (normative) Test method for clean air delivery rate of gaseous pollutants .. 42
Annex F (normative) Test method for cumulate clean mass of gaseous pollutants ... 48
Annex G (informative) Conversion method for cleaning life of gaseous pollutants .. 51
Annex H (normative) Test method for virus removal performance ... 54
Annex I (informative) Test method for allergen removal performance ... 64
Annex J (informative) Test method for odor removal performance ... 68
Annex K (informative) Test method for auto mode cleaning performance ... 71
Annex L (informative) Test method for performance of air duct type cleaning device
... 75
Annex M (informative) Test method for wearable cleaner performance ... 79
Annex N (informative) Test method for simulated secondary odor ... 83
Annex O (informative) Dynamic balance test method (de-ozone) ... 89
Bibliography ... 95
Air cleaner
1 Scope
This document specifies the terms and definitions, classification and model
nomenclature, requirements, test conditions, test methods, inspection rules, marks,
instructions for use, packaging, transportation and storage of air cleaners.
NOTE 1: The air cleaners involved in this document include independent air cleaning appliances
and various air cleaning modules.
This document applies to the household and similar air cleaners (hereinafter referred to
as "the cleaners") that have the function of removing one or more of the above-
mentioned target pollutants such as particulate matter, gaseous pollutants,
microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses), odors and allergens.
This document is applicable to but not limited to the cleaners with the following
working principles: filter type, adsorption type, complex type, chemical catalytic type,
photocatalytic type, electrostatic type, plasma type, composite type.
NOTE 2: A composite cleaner refers to the cleaner that uses two or more cleaning principles to
remove one or more air pollutants.
The following products can be implemented with reference to this document:
- Small, portable cleaners, passenger car cleaners;
- Air duct type cleaning device and other similar cleaners;
- Other products with air cleaning function.
NOTE 3: For example, air conditioners, dehumidifiers, fresh air fans, fans, humidifiers, heaters and
vacuum cleaners.
This document does not apply to:
- Cleaners designed for industrial use;
- Cleaners used in special environments of corrosive and explosive gases (such as
dust, steam and gas);
- Cleaners designed for medical use.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 191, Packaging and storage marks
GB/T 1019, General requirements for the package of household and similar
electrical appliances
GB/T 2828.1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes - Part 1: Sampling
schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
GB/T 2829, Sampling procedures and tables for periodic inspection by attributes
(apply to inspection of process stability)
GB/T 4214.1-2017, Test method for noise of household and similar electrical
appliances - General requirements
GB 4706.1, Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1: General
requirements
GB 4706.45, Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Particular
requirements for air-cleaning appliances
GB/T 5296.2-2008, Instructions for use of products of consumer interest - Part 2:
Household and similar electrical appliances
GB/T 18883, Standards for indoor air quality
GB 19489, Laboratories - General requirements for biosafety
GB 21551.3, Antibacterial and cleaning function for household and similar
electrical appliances - Particular requirements of air cleaner
GB/T 35758-2017, Household electrical appliances - Measurement of standby
power
QB/T 5364-2019, Requirement and evaluation method of test chamber for air
cleaner
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
The operation mode that under no human operation, relies on sensors, algorithms to
automatically adjust the running gear.
3.5.4 off mode(s)
When the power supply unit of the cleaner is connected to the mains power supply,
there is no standby mode, network mode or active mode, and any mode in which the
state is continuous.
NOTE: An indicator that only informs the user that the cleaner is in the off position is included in
the category of off mode(s). For mode and function guidance, see Annex A of GB/T 35758-2017.
[Source: GB/T 35758-2017, 3.5, modified]
3.5.5 non-network standby mode(s)
Any mode that when the cleaner is connected to the main power supply, there is no
network connectivity function, and one or more of the following user-oriented functions
or protection functions are provided, and it is continuous.
- Other modes (including active mode on or off) can be triggered by triggering
remote switches (including remote control), internal sensors, timers;
- Information or status display including a clock;
- Basing on sensor capabilities.
NOTE: For mode and function guidance, see Annex A of GB/T 35758-2017. A timer is a clock
function (with or without a display) that performs a regularly scheduled task (such as a switch) and
works continuously.
[Source: GB/T 35758-2017, 3.6, modified]
3.5.6 network standby mode(s)
The mode in which the cleaner is connected to mains power and at least one of the
network functions has been activated (such as restarting by network command or
complete network communication), but the main function has not been activated.
NOTE: This mode cannot be used if the network function is not enabled and/or not connected to
the network. Network functions can be triggered by preset command sets or network request
responses. "Network" as used in this document includes communications between two or more
independently powered devices or products. A network does not contain one or more controls for a
single product. A network mode may include one or more standby functions.
[Source: GB/T 35758-2017, 3.7, modified]
3.6 standby power
The corresponding power consumption of the cleaner in off, standby, and network
modes.
NOTE: The unit is watts (W).
3.7 total decay
Under the specified space and conditions, due to the joint action of natural decay and
cleaning operation, the concentration of target pollutants in the air is reduced.
NOTE: Natural decay refers to the reduction of the concentration of target pollutants in the air due
to non-human factors such as settlement, agglomeration, surface deposition, chemical reaction and
air exchange under specified space and conditions.
3.8 clean air delivery rate; CADR
The parameter of the cleaning ability of the cleaner for the target pollutants (particulate
matter and gaseous pollutants) under the specified test conditions. It indicates the rate
at which the cleaner provides clean air.
NOTE: The unit is cubic meter per hour (m3/h).
3.9 cumulate clean mass; CCM
The parameter of the cleaner’s cumulative cleaning capacity against target pollutants
(particulate matter and gaseous pollutants) under specified test conditions. It indicates
the total mass of the target pollutants accumulated for cleaning treatment when the
measured value of the clean air rate of the cleaner decays to 50% of the initial value.
NOTE: The unit is milligram (mg).
3.10 cleaning energy efficiency; η
The amount of clean air produced per unit power consumption by the cleaner in rated
mode.
NOTE: The unit is cubic meter per watt hour [m3/(W·h)].
4 Classification and model naming
4.1 Classification
4.1.1 Classification according to cleaning principle
b) The test power supply is a single-phase AC sine wave. The fluctuation range of
voltage and frequency shall not exceed ±1% of the rated value;
c) The tested prototype shall be tested in the rated mode or other modes that need to
be tested according to the usage method specified in the instructions for use;
d) Before the test, check that the target pollutant generation, measurement and
recording equipment shall be in normal use.
6.2 Measuring instruments
6.2.1 General measuring instruments
The test general measuring instruments shall meet the following requirements:
a) The electrical measuring instruments used for type tests, except for those specified
specifically, shall have an accuracy of not less than level 0.5. It shall not less than
level 1.0 for the exit-factory test;
b) Thermometer: the maximum allowable error is ±0.5℃;
c) Hygrometer: the maximum allowable error of relative humidity is ±2%;
d) Chronograph instrument: the maximum allowable error is ±1s/24h.
6.2.2 Special measuring instruments
For different test contents, special measuring instruments shall meet the requirements
of the corresponding appendix.
6.3 Test chamber
If there is no special regulation, the test chamber shall meet the requirements of 3m3,
10m3, 30m3 and 81m3 test chambers specified in QB/T 5364-2019.
6.4 Test prototype
6.4.1 Working mode setting
Unless otherwise specified, the test shall be carried out in the rated mode of the cleaner.
If the cleaner has no rated mode, the highest gear is turned on by default for testing.
NOTE: For products, whose cleaning function is an auxiliary function, such as air conditioners,
dehumidifiers and fresh air fans, it is only necessary to start the rated mode of the cleaning function
according to the instruction manual or turn on the highest gear for testing.
6.4.2 Placement position
The placement of the test prototype shall meet the following requirements.
a) 3m3 test chamber
If the height of the air outlet is less than 400mm, it shall be placed on a table with
a height of 400mm. If the height of the air outlet is greater than or equal to 400mm,
it shall be placed on the ground.
b) 10m3, 30m3, 81m3 test chambers
Center position: Floor type (on the ground), desktop type (700mm above the
table), wall-mounted type (the lower edge is 1800mm from the ground).
Other models not specified above, if not specified, are classified according to the
height of the air outlet. When the height of the air outlet is less than 700mm, put
the cleaner on the table for the test. When the height of the air outlet is greater
than or equal to 700mm, the cleaner is placed on the ground for the test.
6.5 Target pollutant
For different tests, the target pollutants shall meet the corresponding requirements. See
the corresponding tests for details.
7 Test methods
7.1 Particulate matter cleaning
7.1.1 Clean air rate
The test method of particle clean air rate shall be carried out according to Annex A.
NOTE: See Annex B for the calculation method of the clean air rate corresponding to the applicable
area.
7.1.2 Cumulate clean mass
The test method for the cumulate clean mass of particulate matter shall be carried out
in accordance with Annex C.
NOTE: See Annex D for the conversion method of particle cleaning life.
GB/T 4214.1-2017.
7.6 Cleaning energy efficiency
7.6.1 Input power
Connect the cleaner to the electrical parameter test instrument. Turn on the power. The
instrument enters the measurement state. After the cleaner has been running stably in
the rated mode for at least 30min, start reading the measured value.
Within 30min after starting to read the measured value, the measured power change is
less than 1%. The measured value can be read directly as the rated power.
If the measured power changes during this period is not less than 1%, the measurement
shall be continued for another 60min. Divide the integral value of power consumption
during this period by the test time to calculate the average power, which shall be the
input power.
7.6.2 Calculation of cleaning energy efficiency
The cleaning energy efficiency of the cleaner is calculated according to formula (1):
Where,
η - Cleaning energy efficiency, in cubic meter per watt hour [m3/(W·h)];
Q - Measured value of clean air rate, in cubic meter per hour (m3/h);
P - Measured value of input power, in watts (W).
NOTE: If the cleaner has other separable functions, the input power P when calculating the cleaning
energy efficiency only considers the sum of the power values consumed when the cleaning function
is realized.
7.7 Other properties
7.7.1 Allergen removal performance
See Annex I for the test method and evaluation requirements of the cleaner’s allergen
removal performance.
7.7.2 Odor removal performance
See Annex J for the test method and evaluation requirements of the odor removal
performance of the cleaner.
7.7.3 Cleaning performance in auto mode
See Annex K for the cleaning performance test method and evaluation requirements of
the auto mode of the cleaner.
7.7.4 Cleaning performance of air duct type cleaning device
See Annex L for the performance test method and evaluation requirements of the air
duct type cleaning device installed in the air duct.
7.7.5 Performance of wearable cleaners
See Annex M for wearable cleaner performance test methods and evaluation
requirements.
7.7.6 Simulating secondary odors
See Annex N for the test method and evaluation requirements of the simulated
secondary odor of the cleaner.
7.7.7 Dynamic balance test (deozone performance)
See Annex O for dynamic balance test methods and evaluation requirements.
8 Inspection rules
8.1 Inspection classification
The inspection of the cleaner is divided into exit-factory inspection and type inspection.
8.2 Exit-factory inspection
8.2.1 Mandatory inspection items for exit-factory inspection
All cleaners that are formally proposed for delivery shall undergo exit-factory
inspection.
The mandatory inspection items of the exit-factory inspection are No. 1 to No. 3 in
Table 4.
8.2.2 Spot inspection items for exit-factory inspection
The sampling inspection of the cleaner when it leaves the factory is carried out
1) Particulate matter;
2) Gaseous pollutants (single component, mixed component);
3) Microorganisms (test strains or viruses);
4) Other pollutants.
b) Clean air rate (CADR), shall indicate the corresponding target pollutants and test
conditions.
NOTE: Examples of target pollutants: formaldehyde, toluene, styrene, etc. Examples of test
conditions: single component loading, mixed component loading, etc.
c) Cumulate clean mass of particulate matter.
d) Cumulate clean mass of gaseous pollutants (standard selection), indicating the
corresponding target pollutants and test conditions (single component, mixed
component).
e) Noise.
f) Low noise mode (if available).
g) Removal of microbes and other features (if any).
h) Consumable replacement reminder.
i) If it is used in an environment contaminated by pathogenic microorganisms, there
shall be necessary prompts and warning signs.
j) Other working modes and instructions.
9.2 Instructions for use
The instructions for use of cleaner shall meet the requirements of GB/T 5296.2-2008.
In addition to the contents specified in 9.1, it shall at least include:
a) Name, model and other performance indicators of the cleaner;
b) Installation and use requirements, maintenance and maintenance precautions;
c) Names of accompanying attachments;
d) List of common faults and solutions, after-sales service items;
e) Manufacturer's name and address;
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.