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GB/T 18801-2008 PDF in English


GB/T 18801-2008 (GB/T18801-2008, GBT 18801-2008, GBT18801-2008)
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GB/T 18801-2008: PDF in English (GBT 18801-2008)

GB/T 18801-2008
GB
ICS 97.030
Y 62
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing GB/T 18801-2002
Air Cleaner
空气净化器
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 30, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. SEPTEMBER 01, 2009
Jointly issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection
and Quarantine (GAQSIQ);
Standardization Administration Committee (SAC) of the
People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Product Classification ... 6
5 Technical Requirements ... 7
6 Test Method ... 10
7 Inspection Rules ... 15
8 Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 16
Appendix A ... 18
Appendix B ... 20
Appendix C ... 22
Foreword
This standard is the revision to GB/T 18801-2002 "Air Cleaner".
This standard replaces GB/T 18801-2002 "Air Cleaner".
Compared with GB/T 18801-2002, the main differences of this standard are as follows.
- Add not applicable apparatus types in the scope;
- Add the terms and definitions - 3.4 "Clean efficiency", 3.5 "Total clean efficiency", and
3.10 "Air pollutant";
- Add 5.6.2.1 “the grading of the clean efficiency of solid pollutants of air cleaner”;
- Add 5.6.2.2 “the grading of the clean efficiency of gaseous pollutants of air cleaner”;
- Add 5.6.2.3 “the grading of the total clean efficiency of air pollutants of multifunctional
air cleaner”;
- Add 6.2.1, 6.2.2, and 6.2.3 about accuracy of instruments and equipment;
- Add 6.8.2, 6.8.3, and 6.8.4.
Appendix A and Appendix B of this standard are normative. Appendix C is informative.
This standard was proposed by the China National Light Industry Council.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Household Appliances
Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 46).
Drafting organizations of this standard. China Household Electric Appliance Research Institute,
Beijing Yadu Technology Co., Ltd., National Household Appliances Quality Supervision
Testing Center, and Midea Group Co., Ltd.
Main drafting staffs of this standard. Ma Dejun, Lu Jianguo, Chen Hui, Song Liqiang, Zeng Li,
Zhu Yan, Sun Peng, and Liu Wuquan.
This standard was first-time issued in September 2002. This time is the first revision to GB/T
18801-2002.
Air Cleaner
1 Scope
This standard specifies terms & definitions, classification, technical requirements, testing
methods, inspection rules, marking, packing, transport, and storage of air cleaner.
This standard is applicable to air cleaner with single-phase rated voltage 220V or three-phase
rated voltage 380V for household and similar usage. And it is also applicable to air cleaner used
by non-professional in public places.
This standard is not applicable to.
― Air cleaner special for automobile purpose;
― Air cleaner special for industrial purpose;
― Air cleaner used in the specific environment places at where corrosive and explosion
gases (like dust, vapor and gasses) are often generated;
― Air cleaner for medical purpose.
2 Normative References
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute
provisions of this standard. For dated reference, subsequent amendments (excluding
corrigendum) or revisions of these publications do not apply. However, the parties who enter
into agreement according to these specifications are encouraged to study whether the latest
editions of these references are applicable. For undated references, the latest editions of the
documents are applicable.
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods (GB/T 191-2008, ISO
780. 1997, MOD)
GB/T 1019 General requirements for the package of household and similar electrical
appliances
GB/T 2828.1 Sampling Procedures for Inspection by Attributes - Part 1. Sampling
Schemes Indexed by Acceptance Quality Limit (AQL) for Lot-by-lot
Inspection (GB/T 2828.1-2003, ISO 2859-1. 2003, IDT)
GB/T 2829 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Periodic Inspection by Attributes
(Apply to Inspection of Stability for Productive Process)
GB/T 4214.1-2000 Acoustics - Household and similar electrical appliances - Test code for
determination of airborne acoustical noise - Part 1. General requirements
(IEO 60704-1. 1997, EQV)
GB 4706.45 Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Particular
requirements for air-cleaning appliances (GB 4706.45-1999, IEC 60335-2-
65. 2005, IDT)
GB 5296.2 Instructions for use of products of consumer interest - Part 2. Household and
similar electrical appliances
GB/T 13306 Plates
GB/T 18883-2002 Indoor air quality standard
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
Air cleaner
It refers to an electrical device with a certain capacity to remove solid pollutant and gaseous
pollutant in indoor air.
3.2
Multifunctional air cleaner
It refers to an air cleaner that can remove 2 or more types of gaseous pollutants.
3.3
Clean air delivery rate (CADR)
It refers to the parameter that indicates the cleaning capacity of an air cleaner, expressed by the
clean air delivery rate in unit time (CADR), represented in letter Q, in unit of cubic meter per
hour (m3/h).
3.4
Clean efficiency (Efficiency of clean)
It refers to the clean air delivery rate per unit power consumption of an air cleaner, expressed
by "η", in unit of cubic meter per hour watt (m3/h·W).
3.5
Total clean efficiency (Total efficiency of clean)
It refers to the sum of the clean air delivery rate, with various air pollutants removed, generated
by per unit power consumption of a multifunctional air cleaner, expressed by "ηz", in unit of
cubic meter per hour watt (m3/h·W).
3.6
Natural decay
It refers to the reduction of the concentration of the pollutants in air, caused by the natural
phenomena such as settlement, agglomeration and superficial deposit in test chamber.
Calculate the correlation coefficient R2 according to the requirements in Appendix B. R2
shall be larger than or equal to 0.98.
6.5.3 Calculation of clean air delivery rate of air cleaner to remove gaseous pollutant
The clean air delivery rate of air cleaner to remove gaseous pollutant is calculated according to
Formula (2).
6.6 Cleaning life span test
6.6.1 Place the air cleaner to be tested on test table at the middle of the test chamber
(Appendix A) (except vertical-type air cleaner). Adjust the air cleaner to the test-required
working state. Inspect the running condition id it is normal. Then close the switch located
outside of the test chamber.
6.6.2 Test the clean air delivery rate of an air cleaner to remove solid pollutant or gaseous
pollutant according to the requirements of 6.4 or 6.5. And record it as the initial value.
6.6.3 Start the atmospheric control device. Make the indoor temperature and relative humidity
to the specified state. Start the circulating fan. Connect solid pollutant or gaseous pollutant
generator with a pipe passing through the test chamber wall. The generated pollutants can be
absorbed into the air eddy stirred by the circulating fan. The pollutant concentration in the test
chamber shall be kept within 100 times of the value specified in GB/T 18883. And the
concentration change shall be kept within 10% of the mean value during the cleaning life span
test.
6.6.4 Start the air cleaner to be tested. Record the time as the starting time (t=0). After the air
cleaner runs for a reasonable time, test the clean air delivery rate of the air cleaner to remove
solid pollutant or gaseous pollutant till the clean air delivery rate decreases to 50% of the initial
value.
6.6.5 Shut down the air cleaner and record the temperature and relative humidity in the test
chamber during the test.
6.6.6 The cleaning life span is calculated according to Appendix B. And it shall meet the
requirements of 5.4.
6.7 Trial run
After powered, the air cleaner is operated according to the requirements of the manufacturer's
instructions. And it shall meet the requirements of 5.2.
6.8 Noise test
6.8.1 The noise of the air cleaner shall be tested under the normal operating conditions and at
the maximal air volume. The acoustical surrounding, test conditions, and testing instruments
shall meet the relevant requirements in GB/T 4214.1-2000.
6.8.2 The operation and location of air cleaner shall meet the requirements of Chapter 6 in
GB/T 4214.1-2000.
C.4.1.5 Shut down the circulating fan.
C.4.1.6 Do cleaning regularly (see C.5).
C.4.2 Long term shut-down
C.4.2.1 Complete the operations of C.4.1.1, C.4.1.2, and C.4.1.3.
C.4.2.2 Turn-off all power sources.
C.4.2.3 Turn-o...
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Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.