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GB/T 14845-2007 PDF in English

GB/T 14845-2007 (GB/T14845-2007, GBT 14845-2007, GBT14845-2007)
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GB/T 14845-2007: PDF in English (GBT 14845-2007)

GB/T 14845-2007
ICS 77.150.50
H 64
Replacing GB/T 14845-1993
Titanium Sheet for Plate Heat Exchangers
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword... 3
1 Scope... 4
2 Normative References... 4
3 Requirements... 5
4 Test Methods... 7
5 Inspection Rules... 8
6 Packaging, Marking, Transportation and Storage... 9
7 Contents of Order Form (or Contract)... 10
Titanium Sheet for Plate Heat Exchangers
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the classification, requirements, test methods, inspection rules and
markings, packaging, transportation, storage and contract content of titanium plates for plate
heat exchangers.
This Standard applies to the cold (warm) stamped titanium plate for heat transfer plate of plate
heat exchanger.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding
corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard; however, parties who reach an
agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest versions of these
documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document applies.
GB/T 228 Metallic Materials – Tensile Testing at Ambient Temperature
GB/T 232 Metallic Materials – Bend Test
GB/T 3620.2 Titanium and Titanium Alloys - Permissible Variations of Chemical
Composition for Wrought Product Analysis
GB/T 4156 Metals - Cupping Testing Method (Thickness 0.2~2mm)
GB/T 4698 (all parts) Methods for Chemical Analysis of Titanium Sponge, Titanium and
Titanium Alloys
GB/T 6394 Metal – Methods for Estimating the Average Grain Size
GB/T 8180 Wrought Titanium and Titanium Alloy Products Packing Marking Transporting
and Storing
metallic or non-metallic inclusions, etc.
3.6.3 The surface of the plate is allowed to exist the local defects not exceeding half thickness
tolerance such as scratches, pocked spots, indentation, pits, etc.; but the minimum thickness
shall be guaranteed.
3.6.4 The scrapper or #120 multi-leaf grinding wheel to remove the local defects along the
rolling direction; and polish the treatment place. The thickness of the plate after treatment shall
be no less than the minimum allowable thickness.
3.6.5 When there are special requirements on the surface quality, it shall be indicated on the
contract and through the negotiation between the supplier and the purchaser.
4 Test Methods
4.1 Arbitration analysis method of chemical compositions
The arbitration analysis for the chemical compositions of the product shall be carried out as per
the provisions of GB/T 4698.
4.2 Test method of mechanical properties
The tensile test at ambient temperature shall be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 228.
The specimen of the tensile test shall comply with the provisions on size of P1 specimen.
4.3 Test method of process performance
The bending test shall be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 232 (using the 15mm-wide
specimen; and the bending diameter shall be three times of the plate thickness).
The cupping test shall be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 4156 (the punching diameter
shall be 20mm).
4.4 Measurement method of unevenness
The unevenness of the plate is determined by the maximum trough between the plate surface
on the inspection platform and a ruler placed in any direction of the plate. Its value is calculated
according to Formula (1).
L - the distance between the two contact points between the plate surface and the ruler, in mm;
H - The maximum vertical distance with L corresponding plate surface and ruler, in mm.
4.5 Measurement method of size
The size of the plate is measured with a measuring tool of corresponding precision. The
thickness of the plate is measured at a place no less than 100 mm from the top corner and no
less than 10 mm from the edge.
4.6 Determination method of the grain size
The determination of the grain size shall be carried out as per the provisions of GB/T 6394.
4.7 Inspection method of the appearance quality
The appearance quality of the plate shall be visually inspected.
5 Inspection Rules
5.1 Inspection and acceptance
5.1.1 The plates shall be inspected by the quality inspection department of the supplier to ensure
that the product quality conforms to the provisions of this Standard; and a quality certificate
shall be filled in.
5.1.2 The purchaser shall inspect the received products according to the provisions of this
Standard. If the inspection result is inconsistent with the provisions of this Standard and the
order contract, it shall be submitted to the supplier in written; and the supplier and the purchaser
shall negotiate to resolve it. Objections belonging to surface quality and dimensional deviation
shall be raised within one month from the date of receipt of the product; and objections
belonging to other properties shall be raised within three months from the date of receipt of the
product. If arbitration is required, both the supplier and the purchaser shall jointly conduct
arbitration sampling.
5.2 Batching
Plates shall be submitted for inspection in batches. Each batch shall consist of products of the
same designation, melting furnace number, specification, manufacturing method, state and the
same heat treatment furnace number.
5.3 Inspection items
Each batch of plates shall be inspected for chemical compositions, dimensional deviation,
mechanical properties, process performances, grain size and appearance quality.
5.4 Sampling location and sampling quantity
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.