HOME   Cart(1)   Quotation   About-Us Tax PDFs Standard-List
Powered by Google-Search & Google-Books www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189759 (26 Nov 2023)

GB 1589-2016 (GB1589-2016)

Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inName of Chinese StandardStatus
GB 1589-2016English85 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto-delivery. Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for motor vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles Valid

Buy with 99+ currencies (Euro, RMB, JPY, KRW...): GB 1589-2016
Chinese: GB 1589-2016

GB 1589-2016: PDF in English

GB 1589-2016
ICS 43.020
T 04
Replacing GB/T 1589-2004
Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for motor
vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles
ISSUED ON. JULY 26, 2016
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 6 
2 Normative references ... 6 
3 Terms and definitions ... 6 
4 Requirements ... 10 
5 Implementation of standards ... 16 
Appendix A (Normative) Rules on dimension measurement ... 17 
APPENDIX B (Normative) Measurement method of vehicle channel circle and
outward swaying value ... 22 
All the technical contents of this standard are mandatory.
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard replaces GB 1589-2004 “Limits of dimensions, axle load and
masses for road vehicles”. As compared with GB 1589-2004, except for
editorial changes, the main technical changes are as follows.
- CHANGE the standard name into “Limits of dimensions, axle load and
masses for motor vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles”;
- MODIFY the scope of Chapter 1;
- ADD the reference to GB/T 17350 in Chapter 2;
- In Chapter 3, ADD the definitions of vehicle length, vehicle width, vehicle
height, tri-wheel vehicle, low-speed goods vehicle, fence goods
vehicle/trailer, drop slide vehicle/trailer, platform goods vehicle/trailer,
dump goods vehicle/trailer, low deck semi-trailer, long nose towing vehicle,
long nose articulated vehicle, center axle trailer, center axle trailer of car
carrier, center axle trailer train of car carrier, passenger/car trailer
combination, goods road train, special motor vehicle, oilfield special vehicle,
semi-trailer wheelbase, front fitting radius of semi-trailer, air suspension;
- MODIFY the limits of vehicle dimensions (4.1.1), which is divided into two
limits. the maximum limit of the dimensions of a fence type, drop slide type,
platform type, dump goods vehicle/trailer (Table 1), AND the maximum limit
of the dimensions of other motor vehicles, trailer and vehicle combination
(Table 2);
- MODIFY the requirements for unilateral extension of the indirect field of
view (SEE;
- MODIFY the distance between the rear axle of the vehicle and the front
axle of the towing trailer, which shall be not less than 3000mm (SEE;
- ADD the requirements for semitrailer towing vehicle and semi-trailers (SEE
- CHANGE the assembled axle (SEE 4.2.2) into the axle group (SEE Table
- MODIFY the measurement method of the round and outward swaying value
of the vehicle channel (SEE Appendix B).
This standard was jointly proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information
Technology, the Ministry of Transport, AND the Ministry of Public Security of the
People's Republic of China.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Automotive
Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114).
The responsible drafting organizations of this standard. China Automotive
Technology Research Center, Ministry of Transport Highway Science Research
Institute, Ministry of Public Security Traffic Management Science Research
The participating drafting organizations of this standard. China First Automobile
Group Corporation, Dongfeng Motor Corporation, Shanghai Automotive Group
Co., Ltd., China Heavy Vehicle Group Co., Ltd., Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd.,
Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., CIMC
Vehicle (Group) Co., Ltd., AND Tianjin Raul Industry Co., Ltd.
This Standard replaces the standard previously issued as follows.
- GB 1589-1979, GB 1589-1989, GB 1589-2004
Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for motor
vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles
1 Scope
This standard specifies the limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for motor
vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles.
This standard applies to the motor vehicles, trailers and combination vehicles
used on roads.
This standard does not apply to the following vehicles.
- Special vehicles equipped for military, armed police and public security;
- Double articulated passenger cars operating on limited roads.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For
the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable
to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including
all the amendments) are applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 3730.1 Motor vehicles and trailers – Types – Terms and definitions
GB/T 3730.2 Road vehicles – Masses – Vocabulary and codes
GB/T 3730.3 Motor vehicles and towed vehicles – Dimensions of vehicles –
Terms and definitions
GB/T 17350 Terms marks and designation for special purpose vehicles and
special trailers
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions as defined in GB/T 3730.1, GB/T 3730.2, GB/T
3730.3, GB/T 17350 and the following apply to this document.
It refers to the goods vehicle/trailer the cargo loading structure of which is
drop slide, including the drop slide vehicle/trailer equipped with vehicle
mounted lifting gear, BUT excluding the goods vehicle/trailer equipped with
automatic dumping devices.
Platform goods vehicle/trailer
It refers to the goods vehicle/trailer the cargo loading floor of which is flat
panel structure without drop slide.
Dump goods vehicle/trailer
It refers to the goods vehicle/trailer the cargo loading structure of which is
drop slide with automatic dumping device.
Low deck semi-trailer
It refers to the semi-trailer which is used to transport the large object which
cannot be disassembled. It mainly has the following structural and technical
- The nominal cross-section width of the tire shall not exceed 8.25 inches
OR not exceed 245 mm;
- The connection with the towing vehicle is in gooseneck type;
- Use low-cargo platform (the height of the cargo platform bearing surface
above the ground is not more than 1150 mm).
Long nose towing vehicle
It refers to the semi-trailer towing vehicle meeting the following conditions
- More than half of the engine body is located in front of the forefront point
of the front windshield;
- The center of the steering wheel is located behind of the quarter of the
total length of the vehicle's cab (entire vehicle head);
Special motor vehicle
It refers to the vehicles which are equipped with special equipment or
apparatus AND used to special operations in design and manufacture,
excluding those mainly used for the purposes of carrying persons or goods.
Oilfield special vehicle
It refers to the special motor vehicles used for oil and gas field exploration,
development and other engineering operations, AND the total mass of which
is below 1.2 times of the unladen mass. The oilfield special vehicle in this
standard is the dedicated workover rig, drilling rig, fracturing truck,
continuous tube operation vehicle, continuous oil pumping rod operation
vehicles, cementing vehicles, sand trucks, fracturing pipe vehicles, logging
vehicles, and liquid nitrogen pump vehicles, etc.
Semi-trailer wheelbase
It refers to the horizontal distance between the drawbar pin center axis of the
semi-trailer and the horizontal geometric centerline of the non-steering axle
Front fitting radius of semi-trailer
It refers to the distance from the drawbar pin axis of the semi-trailer to the
front end of the semi-trailer and farthest point of the drawbar pin axis in the
horizontal plane.
Air suspension
It refers to the suspension system for which the damping effect from the air
spring accounts for 75% or above of the overall damping effect.
4 Requirements
4.1 Dimension requirements
f The carriage length limit is 8000 mm (except for the center axle trailer train of car carrier).
g The length limit of the long nose articulated vehicle is 18100 mm.
h The maximum length limit of center axle trailer train of car carrier is 22000 mm.
4.1.2 Other requirements for dimensions The unilateral extension of the vehicle's view field device shall not
exceed the vehicle width of 250 mm. The top window and ventilator, etc. of the vehicle shall, when opened,
not exceed the vehicle height by 300 mm. The distance between the rear axle of the vehicle and the front axle of
the drawbar trailer shall not be less than 3000 mm.
4.1.3 Requirements for semi-trailer towing vehicles and semi-trailers The front fitting radius of semi-trailer shall not be more than 2040 mm. The horizontal distance from the central axis of the semi-trailer drawbar
pin to the rear end of the semi-trailer length shall not exceed 12000 mm (except
for the semi-trailers carrying 45 ft containers). The height of the saddle of the semi-trailer towing vehicle carrying the
standard container (the height of the center posit...
(Above excerpt was released on 2016-12-24, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GB1589-2016