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GB/Z 40842-2021: PDF in English (GBZ 40842-2021)
GB/Z 40842-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 17.140.50
CCS L 13
General technical requirements for electrolarynx
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 11, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 11, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Technical requirements ... 6
5 Inspection methods ... 7
6 Inspection rules ... 10
7 Marks and labels ... 11
8 Inspection report ... 12
9 Packaging, transportation, and storage ... 12
General technical requirements for electrolarynx
1 Scope
This document specifies the technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules,
marks, labels, packaging, transportation, and storage of the electrolarynx.
This document applies to the production, use, and distribution of the electrolarynx. It is
suitable for patients who have received laryngectomy and lost vocal function due to
diseases, accidents, and other reasons.
2 Normative references
The following documents contain the provisions which, through normative reference in
this document, constitute the essential provisions of this document. For the dated
referenced documents, only the versions with the indicated dates are applicable to this
document; for the undated referenced documents, only the latest version (including all
the amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial marking for handling of goods
GB 9706.1 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirements for basic
safety and essential performance
GB/T 10111 Generation of random numbers and procedures applied to sampling
inspection for product quality
GB/T 14710 The environmental requirement and test methods for medical electrical
equipment
GB/T 16886.5-2017 Biological evaluation of medical devices - Part 5: Tests for in
vitro cytotoxicity
GB/T 16886.10-2017 Biological evaluation of medical devices - Part 10: Tests for
irritation and skin sensitization
YY 0505 Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-2: General requirements for safety -
Collateral standard: Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements and tests
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1 electrolarynx
A voice recovery device powered by a battery.
Note: It can transmit the vibrating sound signal to the pharynx through the patient’s neck tissue, and the
signal is modulated by the upper part of the vocal tract to form an electronic artificial laryngeal voice at
the lip end; it belongs to the speech compensation rehabilitation aids.
3.2 external electrolarynx
A voice recovery device whose vibration device is located outside the body, and the
vibration signal is transmitted to the oral cavity through the neck tissue or the sound
transmission tube.
3.3 Internal electrolarynx
A voice recovery device whose vibration device is located in the body, and the vibration
signal directly forms in the mouth.
3.4 vibrating membrane
A component of an electrolarynx, which can be pressurized by electromechanical
control and cause vibration and sound.
3.5 volume adjuster
A device that can adjust the sound intensity of an electrolarynx.
3.6 pitch adjuster
A device that can adjust the vibration frequency of a vibrating membrane.
3.7 laser measuring micro-displacement instrument
An instrument that can directly measure the vibration frequency of a vibrating
membrane.
3.8 vibration measuring instrument
An instrument that uses mechanical means, optical means, vibration sensors, etc. to
measure the vibration amplitude, acceleration, speed, and frequency of objects.
Note: The vibration measurement accuracy should be less than 100 μm, and the measurement range
4.3.2 After the test sample is subjected to the button life test according to the method
specified in 5.3.2, the fundamental frequency of the sample shall not exceed ±10% of
the fundamental frequency before the test.
4.4 Packaging requirements
The test sample (with packaging) shall be able to work normally after being tested
according to the method in 5.4.
4.5 Environmental adaptability
The environmental test of the electrolarynx shall meet the requirements of GB/T 14710.
4.6 Biological evaluation
4.6.1 In vitro cytotoxicity
Cytotoxicity shall be less than grade 2.
4.6.2 Skin irritation
The primary irritation score shall be less than 1.
4.6.3 Delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction
There shall be no delayed-type hypersensitivity.
4.7 Electrical safety and electromagnetic compatibility
The test results shall meet the requirements of GB 9706.1 and YY 0505.
5 Inspection methods
5.1 Inspection methods for appearance and structure
The method can be visual inspection and touch detection, which shall meet the
requirements of 4.1.
5.2 Performance test method
5.2.1 Sound pressure level
5.2.1.1 Install the test sample on the fixture and place the sound level meter at a distance
of 1000 mm in front of it (see Figure 1).
5.2.1.2 Apply a certain contact pressure to the control switch of the test sample to
generate sound.
5.3.1 Service life test method
Install the test sample on the fixture, so that it can simulate the button action in the
normal working mode; press once every 5 s and hold for 3 s; operate intermittently, and
control the button with a load value of greater than 30 N; the “press + release” counts
as once, and repeat it for 3×104 times. After the test, the sample shall meet the
requirements of 4.3.1.
5.3.2 Button life test method
Use different samples of the same batch for the test; after turning off the power supply
or taking out the battery, install the test sample on the fixture, and load the button
pressure of greater than 30 N cyclically; the frequency shall be less than or equal to 1
Hz, and the number of tests shall be greater than or equal to 1×105 times. After the test,
the sample shall meet the requirements of 4.3.2.
5.4 Packaging test
Drop the packaged test sample freely onto the cement floor from a height of 1000 mm;
carry out 2 times tests for each of the 6 surfaces. After the test, the sample shall meet
the requirements of 4.4.
5.5 Environmental test
The test shall be carried out according to the relevant provisions in GB/T 14710, and
the results shall meet the requirements of 4.5.
5.6 Biological evaluation test
5.6.1 In vitro cytotoxicity
Take the cell complete medium as the extraction medium, according to the ratio of 0.2
g/mL, and extract for 24 h under the condition of (37±1) ℃; the test shall be carried out
according to the liquid extraction method specified in GB/T 16886.5-2016. The results
shall meet the requirements of 4.6.1.
5.6.2 Skin irritation
The test shall be carried out in accordance with the primary skin irritation method
specified in GB/T 16886.10-2017, and the results shall meet the requirements of 4.6.2.
5.6.3 Delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction
Take normal saline and vegetable oil as the extraction medium respectively, according
to the ratio of 0.2g/mL, and extract for (72±2) h under the condition of (37±1) ℃; the
test shall be carried out according to the maximum dose method specified in GB/T
16886.10-2017, and the results shall meet the requirements of 4.6.3.
If any performance required by electrical safety does not qualify, such as the
protectiveness to continuity of the earthed circuit, insulation diagram, and withstand
voltage performance, or if two or more of the other performances do not qualify, then
the type inspection is judged as failed; if one of the other performances does not qualify,
it is allowed to recheck multiple selected prototypes for the re-inspection of the
unqualified item (if there is only one prototype, it is allowed to be repaired); if the result
is still unqualified, then the type inspection is judged as failed.
7 Marks and labels
7.1 The following information shall be marked in the appropriate position of an
electrolarynx:
a) Manufacturer’s name, trademark;
b) Product name and model;
c) Product number or date of manufacture;
d) Supply voltage;
e) The fundamental frequency range over which the product operates;
f) The medical device registration certificate number or filing document number.
7.2 There shall be a certificate of quality in the packing box, and the certificate of
quality shall contain the following contents:
a) Name of the manufacturer;
b) Product name and model;
c) Date of inspection;
d) Product number;
e) Inspector code;
f) The word “Qualified”.
7.3 The large packing box of the electrolarynx shall have the following contents:
a) Manufacturer’s name, factory address, postal code, and telephone;
b) Product name, model, and registered trademark;
c) The medical device registration certificate number or filing document number,
......

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/Z 40842-2021 (GB/Z40842-2021)
Description (Translated English) General technical requirenments for electrolarynx
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard L13
Classification of International Standard 17.140.50
Word Count Estimation 9,969
Date of Issue 2021-10-11
Date of Implementation 2021-10-11
Drafting Organization National Rehabilitation Assistive Devices Research Center, National Rehabilitation Assistive Devices Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing Yusheng Innovation Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Dafukang Assistive Device Technology Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee for Disabled Rehabilitation and Special Equipment (SAC/TC 148)
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 12 of 2021
Proposing organization Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration