HOME   Cart(1)   Quotation   About-Us Tax PDFs Standard-List
Powered by Google-Search & Google-Books www.ChineseStandard.net Database: 189759 (18 Feb 2024)

GB/T 12817-2021 (GB/T12817-2021)

Chinese standards (related to): 'GB/T 12817-2021'
Standard IDContents [version]USDSTEP2[PDF] delivered inStandard Title (Description)See DetailStatusGoogle Book
GB/T 12817-2021English259 Add to Cart 3 days General technical specification for railway passenger car GB/T 12817-2021 Valid GBT 12817-2021
GB/T 12817-2004English140 Add to Cart 0-9 seconds. Auto delivery. General technical specification of railway passenger car GB/T 12817-2004 Obsolete GBT 12817-2004
GB/T 12817-1991English399 Add to Cart 3 days General technical specifications for passenger cars on rallways GB/T 12817-1991 Obsolete GBT 12817-1991


   
BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 12817-2021 (GB/T12817-2021)
Description (Translated English) General technical specification for railway passenger car
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard S50
Classification of International Standard 45.060.20
Word Count Estimation 14,162
Date of Issue 2021-03-09
Date of Implementation 2021-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 12816-2006; GB/T 12817-2004
Drafting Organization CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicle Co., Ltd., Standard Metrology Institute of China Academy of Railway Sciences Group Co., Ltd., CRRC Qingdao Sifang Rolling Stock Research Institute Co., Ltd., CRRC Qingdao Sifang Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., CRRC Tangshan Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., CRRC Nanjing Puzhen Vehicle Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Railway Administration
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 3 of 2021
Proposing organization National Railway Administration
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, National Standardization Administration


GB/T 12817-2021: PDF in English (GBT 12817-2021)
GB/T 12817-2021
General technical specification for railway passenger car
ICS 45.060.20
S50
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replace GB/T 12817-2004, partly replace GB/T 12816-2006
General technical conditions for railway passenger cars
Released on 2021-03-09
2021-10-01 implementation
State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration
Issued by the National Standardization Management Committee
Table of contents
Foreword Ⅲ
1 Scope 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and definitions 2
4 Basic requirements 2
5 Material requirements 4
6 Structure and performance of each part 4
7 Coating, logo 8
8 Inspection methods and inspection rules 8
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) The limit deviation of the main dimensions of the car body steel structure and the limit of unevenness on the outer surface 9
General technical conditions for railway passenger cars
1 Scope
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, basic requirements, material requirements, structure and performance, painting, marking,
Inspection methods and inspection rules.
This standard is applicable to new general-purpose railway passenger cars with standard gauges with a maximum operating speed of not more than.200km/h. Special vehicles, maintenance
Cars, test cars, international passenger cars, etc. can be used as reference.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated reference documents, only the dated version applies to this article
Pieces. For undated reference documents, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB 146.1 Standard gauge railway locomotive and rolling stock limits
GB/T 699 High-quality carbon structural steel
GB/T 700 carbon structural steel
GB/T 1591 Low-alloy high-strength structural steel
GB/T 3280 stainless steel cold-rolled steel plate and strip
GB/T 3880 (all parts) General industrial aluminum and aluminum alloy plates and strips
GB/T 4549 (all parts) Railway vehicle vocabulary
GB/T 5599 Specification for Dynamic Performance Evaluation and Test Appraisal of Locomotives and Rolling Stock
GB/T 12818 Inspection and test rules for railway passenger cars after assembly
GB 18045 Safety glass for railway vehicles
GB/T 21414 Provisions for the protection of electric hazards of locomotives and rolling stock for railway applications
GB/T 24338.4 Rail Transit Electromagnetic Compatibility Part 3-2.Locomotive and Rolling Stock Equipment
GB/T 25022 Locomotive and rolling stock vehicle end electrical communication (control) connector
GB/T 25023 Power Connector for Locomotive and Rolling Stock
GB/T 25119 Rail Transit Locomotive and Rolling Stock Electronic Device
GB/T 32587 DC600V power supply system for passenger trains
GB/T 32595 Electric Control Cabinet for Railway Passenger Cars and EMUs
GB/T 37333 General technical requirements for barrier-free facilities in railway passenger cars and EMUs
TB/T 456.1 Automatic coupler buffer device for rolling stock Part 1.Requirements for loading
TB/T 456.2 Automatic coupler buffer device for rolling stock Part 2.Automatic coupler and accessories
TB/T 456.3 Automatic coupler buffer device for rolling stock Part 3.Hook tail frame
TB/T 1490 Locomotive and rolling stock bogies, passenger car bogies
TB/T 1720 Water Supply Device for Railway Passenger Cars and EMUs
TB/T 1759 Railway Passenger Car Wiring Rules
TB/T 1802 Water tightness test method for railway vehicles
TB/T 1804 Air-conditioning unit for railway vehicles
TB/T 1961 Railway vehicle buffer
TB/T 1979 Atmospheric corrosion resistant steel for railway vehicles
TB/T 2226 Centralized Axle Temperature Alarm for Railway Passenger Cars
TB/T 2231.1-2017 Railway Vehicle Braking System Part 1.Passenger Cars
Structural Design of TB/T 2640 Railway Passenger Car Fire Protection
TB/T 2704 Railway Passenger Cars and EMU Electric Heaters
TB/T 2917.1 Railway Passenger Cars and EMU Lighting Part 1.General Requirements
TB/T 2942 General technical requirements for steel castings for rolling stock
TB/T 2977 Grounding protection of metal parts of railway vehicles
TB/T 3009 Anti-skid device for locomotive brake system
TB/T 3061 Battery for rolling stock
TB/T 3094 Rolling Stock Windshield
TB/T 3107 Railway Passenger Car Unit Type Combined Window
TB/T 3108 Railway Passenger Car Sliding Door
TB/T 3138 Technical requirements for flame retardant materials for rolling stock
TB/T 3139 Locomotive interior materials and indoor air harmful substances limit
TB/T 3143 Close-connected coupler buffer device for rolling stock
TB/T 3216 Plateau Railway Passenger Car Oxygen Supply System
TB/T 3246 (all parts) Design guidelines for rolling stock and its parts bolted connection
TB/T 3250 EMU seal design and test specification
TB/T 3260 (all parts) Aluminum and aluminum alloy for EMU
TB/T 3338 Railway passenger car and EMU stool collection device
TB/T 3414 EMU emergency lighting
TB/T 3417 Railway passenger car and EMU flaps, pedals and handrails
TB/T 3502 Railway Passenger Car and EMU Modal Test Method and Evaluation
TB/T 3548 General Rules for Strength Design and Test Appraisal of Locomotives and Rolling Stock
TB/T 3549.1 Specification for Strength Design and Test Appraisal of Locomotives and Rolling Stock Bogies Part 1.Bogie Frames
TB/T 3550.1 Specification for Strength Design and Test Appraisal of Locomotives and Rolling Stock Car Body Part 1.Passenger Car Body
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions defined in GB/T 4549 (all parts) apply to this document.
4 Basic requirements
4.1 The design and manufacture of vehicles and their parts and components shall comply with this standard, relevant standards, and the drawings and technical documents approved in accordance with the prescribed procedures.
Regulations.
4.2 The maximum operating speed of the vehicle shall not exceed.200km/h.
4.3 The vehicle boundary should meet the requirements of GB 146.1.
4.4 The vehicle should be able to pass a curve with a minimum radius of 145m when connected. The bicycle should be able to pass a curve with a minimum radius of 100m when maneuvering.
4.5 For vehicles in the non-restricted operating area, the operating ambient temperature is -40°C to 40°C. Special use section vehicles on the plateau line, the use of the ring
The ambient temperature is -45℃~40℃.
4.6 Vehicles in the non-restricted service section, the altitude is not greater than 2500m. Special vehicles on the plateau line, with an altitude of 2500m~
5100m.
4.18 The design of the fire protection structure of the vehicle shall comply with the requirements of TB/T 2640 and related documents.
4.19 The allowable limit of formaldehyde in passenger car indoor air is not more than 0.10mg/m3; the limit of total organic volatiles in the air is less than 0.6mg/m3.
Limits of other hazardous substances shall comply with the relevant regulations of TB/T 3139.
4.20 Passenger cars should be equipped with axle temperature alarm devices and comply with TB/T 2226.
4.21 The grounding protection measures of the metal parts of the vehicle should comply with the regulations of TB/T 2977, and the protection of electrical hazards should comply with the regulations of GB/T 21414.
Regulations.
4.22 All electrical equipment, wires and cables on the vehicle should take corresponding anti-mold, anti-insect and anti-rodent measures.
4.23 The fixed equipment installed on the vehicle should be firmly installed, and the movable parts should move flexibly without jamming. Bolt connection should meet
The provisions of TB/T 3246 (all parts).
4.24 Parts that need to be overhauled and replaced should be easy to disassemble and assemble, and should be versatile and interchangeable.
4.25 The fastening and suspension parts under the vehicle should be prevented from loosening and falling off, and safety lifting devices should be installed when necessary.
4.26 Plateau passenger cars should be equipped with an oxygen supply system, and the oxygen supply system should comply with TB/T 3216.
4.27 The barrier-free facilities of passenger cars shall meet the requirements of GB/T 37333.
4.28 As the front and rear vehicles, safety protection devices at the rear of passenger trains shall be installed.
4.29 For passenger cars with a maximum operating speed of.200km/h, the airtightness of the vehicle should meet the requirements of TB/T 3250.
4.30 The sealing performance of the vehicle shall meet the water tightness requirements in TB/T 1802.
5 Material requirements
5.1 High-quality carbon structural steel should meet the requirements of GB/T 699, carbon structural steel should meet the requirements of GB/T 700, low-alloy high-strength structure
The structural steel should meet the requirements of GB/T 1591, and the material of weathering steel should meet the requirements of TB/T 1979.Steel castings shall comply with TB/T 2942
Provisions. The material of stainless steel for vehicles shall comply with GB/T 3280.
5.2 Various aluminum and aluminum alloy materials used in vehicles should comply with the requirements of GB/T 3880 (all parts) and TB/T 3260 (all parts).
5.3 Other ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, wood, rubber, engineering plastics, ceramics, glass, glass fiber reinforced plastics and other non-metallic materials used in vehicles shall comply with
Comply with the provisions of the corresponding standards, or meet the requirements of technical documents that have been negotiated between the supplier and the demander and approved in accordance with the prescribed procedures.
5.4 The flame-retardant requirements of non-metallic materials shall meet the requirements of TB/T 3138.The limit of harmful substances in the decoration materials of the vehicle should meet
The provisions of TB/T 3139.
5.5 Vehicle coatings should comply with relevant standards and regulations.
6 Structure and performance of each part
6.1 Body
6.1.1 The steel structure of the car body is an all-metal integral load-bearing structure, and its strength and rigidity should meet the requirements of TB/T 3550.1.
6.1.2 The design of the steel structure of the car body should meet the anti-corrosion requirements, and the corrosion-resistant materials should be used for the corrosion-resistant parts, and the water vapor should be prevented from entering the structure.
Ministry’s measures.
6.1.3 The roof steel structure is provided with necessary installation holes as required, and the movable roof cover added should be tightly waterproof, according to the TB/T 1802 regulations.
The water tightness test must be carried out and there should be no leakage.
6.1.4 The limit deviation of the main dimensions of the car body steel structure and the limit of unevenness on the outer surface shall comply with the provisions of Appendix A.
6.1.5 The interior of the car body should adopt a wood-less and non-wood structure, and the wood structure should be treated with fire and anti-corrosion treatment.
6.1.6 The interior structure of the vehicle body and its components should be firmly installed to facilitate maintenance, disassembly and installation. The internal structure should have sufficient strength
The connection should take necessary noise reduction measures to avoid abnormal noise during operation. There should be no obvious bumps or scratches on the interior surface,
The surface unevenness limit should meet the following requirements.
---The surface unevenness limit of the end wall panel, side wall panel, partition wall panel, and flat roof panel after installation is not more than 2mm per meter length;
---After installing the floor in the car, the surface unevenness limit is not more than 3mm per meter length.
6.1.7 The installation of the heat insulation material of the car body should be tight, firm and level.
6.2 Doors and windows
6.2.1 The windows of passenger cars shall meet the requirements of TB/T 3107.
6.2.2 Non-air-conditioned passenger cars shall adopt movable windows. Air-conditioned passenger cars should use fixed windows, and should be equipped with escape windows and appropriate amount of movable windows.
6.2.3 The windows of passenger cars are made of hollow glass; the light-transmitting windows of the luggage room of the luggage car and the post room of the postal car are made of single-layer glass.
6.2.4 Frosted windows are used for the bathroom windows, with protective railings, and the hollow side surface of the window glass in the lower half of the washroom and kitchen windows should be frosted
deal with.
6.2.5 All windows should be installed firmly. The movable window can be opened flexibly, closed tightly, and the lock function is good.
6.2.6 The doors of the vehicle adopt folding doors, swing doors, sliding doors, sliding doors (including manual and automatic), etc., and the setting of each door should be convenient for people in emergency situations.
Evacuation of personnel. The sliding plug door shall comply with the regulations of TB/T 3108.
6.2.7 The structure of the doors and windows should be convenient for glass replacement.
6.2.8 The doors and windows of the car should be made of safety glass, which meets the requirements of GB 18045; the glass of the window should be installed tightly and firmly, and suitable for meeting the car.
Changes in pressure; the windproof and waterproof functions of each seal should be good.
6.2.9 When the door and movable window are in the open or closed position, they should be equipped with stop and lock devices.
6.3 In-car equipment
6.3.1 The internal equipment of the vehicle such as seats, sleepers, luggage racks, kitchen equipment, etc. shall comply with relevant standards, regulations and technologies approved in accordance with the prescribed procedures.
Document requirements.
6.3.2 Each vehicle shall be equipped with fire extinguishers, safety hammers and other safety protection facilities in accordance with regulations.
6.3.3 The equipment in the vehicle that directly serves passengers should be safe and convenient to use. When necessary, signs and instructions should be provided. Passengers not allowed
The touched equipment should have warning signs.
6.3.4 The design of the interior of the vehicle should conform to the principles of ergonomics, and fully consider the personal safety of the crew and passengers.
6.4 Coupler buffer device and car body external equipment
6.4.1 The vehicle shall adopt an automatic coupler buffer device or a close-connected coupler buffer device. The close-coupled coupler should be able to pass through the transition coupler and the automatic
The coupler is connected.
6.4.2 The automatic coupler buffer device shall comply with TB/T 456.1, TB/T 456.2, TB/T 456.3, TB/T 1961 and related technical documents
Provisions. After the assembly is completed, the three-state and anti-jumping performance of the coupler should be good.
6.4.3 The close-coupled coupler buffer device shall comply with the requirements of TB/T 3143 and related technical documents.
6.4.4 A windshield should be installed at the vehicle's connecting parts, and the windshield should comply with TB/T 3094.The distance between the windshield and the rail surface is 1333mm, and the folding shed
The distance between the windshield and the rail surface is 1283mm.
6.4.5 At the side door of the platform, stepped pedals and handrails for getting on and off the vehicle are provided as needed. The flap should be installed firmly and open and close flexibly. Flap,
The pedals and handrails shall comply with the regulations of TB/T 3417.Waterproof eaves shall be provided above the side doorway or on both sides of the roof.
6.4.6 On the outer end wall of the vehicle, set up an escalator to board the roof as required. The escalator should be equipped with a stainless steel anti-climbing box to prevent non-workers from climbing.
6.4.7 A roof car seat shall be provided at the end of the bolster or within 2m of the inner side of the center line of the bolster, with 4 seats on each side of the vehicle. Anchor seats should be provided for passenger cars across the sea.
6.5 Bogie
The bogie should comply with TB/T 1490 and relevant technical documents.
6.6 Braking device
6.6.1 The vehicle should be equipped with an automatic brake device and a hand brake device.
6.7.6 Under any climatic conditions (including rain), air-conditioned passenger cars should not have water entering the air duct and passenger compartment, and should meet the following sanitary conditions.
Claim.
---The volume fraction of carbon dioxide in the guest room air is not more than 0.15%;
---The dust content per cubic meter of air in the passenger compartment does not exceed 1mg.
6.7.7 The air supply system should take noise reduction measures to reduce air supply noise; the air supply outlet should avoid direct blowing on passengers.
6.7.8 The soft seat compartments of passenger cars should adopt the form of adjustable air volume.
6.7.9 Passenger cars with a maximum operating speed of.200km/h shall have emergency ventilation functions.
6.8 Water supply and sanitary installation
6.8.1 In addition to special regulations, passenger cars should be equipped with cold water and boiling water supply devices, and warm water supply devices can also be added. Electric water boiler, warm water
The device should comply with relevant regulations.
6.8.2 The total capacity of the clean water tank. not less than 1000L for soft-seat cars and hard-seat cars; no less than 400L for luggage, postal and power generation cars; no small dining cars
At 1200L.
6.8.3 The water tanks on and off the vehicle should be equipped with overflow pipes, water injection pipes and water level display devices. The outer surface of the water tank should be protected from condensation
heat insulation.
6.8.4 Passenger cars should ensure that the water tanks and pipelines are not frozen in normal operation at the lowest ambient temperature, and cold-proof layers and anti-freezing devices should be provided when necessary.
6.8.5 The floor of toilets, washrooms and dining car kitchens should be provided with blocked drains, and the electric water boiler should be provided with drains; the vehicle should be in a stationary state.
Avoid draining water onto bogies, undercarriage suspensions and steel rails when in a state.
6.8.6 Other requirements of the water supply device shall comply with the provisions of TB/T 1720.
6.8.7 The stool collection device of passenger cars shall meet the requirements of TB/T 3338.
6.9 Car electrical equipment
6.9.1 Passenger cars should be equipped with power supply devices, power transmission and distribution devices and auxiliary safety devices. Auxiliary safety devices include axle temperature alarm device, emergency shutdown
Electric buttons and insulation monitoring devices should be equipped with pyrotechnic alarm devices, driving safety monitoring an......