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DL/T 468-2019 (DL/T468-2019)

Chinese standards (related to): 'DL/T 468-2019'
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DL/T 468-2019English789 Add to Cart 5 days Guide on type selection and application for power boiler fans DL/T 468-2019 Valid DLT 468-2019
DL/T 468-2004EnglishRFQ ASK 6 days Guide on type selection and application for power boiler fans DL/T 468-2004 Obsolete DLT 468-2004
DL 468-1992EnglishRFQ ASK 3 days (Power boiler fan selection and use of guidelines) DL 468-1992 Obsolete DL 468-1992

Standard ID DL/T 468-2019 (DL/T468-2019)
Description (Translated English) Guide on type selection and application for power boiler fans
Sector / Industry Electricity & Power Industry Standard (Recommended)
Word Count Estimation 34,368
Date of Issue 2019-06-04
Date of Implementation 2019-10-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) DL/T 468-2004
Regulation (derived from) Natural Resources Department Announcement No. 7 of 2019

DL/T 468-2019: PDF in English (DLT 468-2019)
DL/T 468-2019
Guide to selection and application of boiler fans for power plants
ICS 27.060.01
J 72
People's Republic of China Electric Power Industry Standard
Replace DL/T 468-2004
Guidelines for Selection and Use of Fans for Power Station Boilers
2019-06-04 released
2019-10-01 implementation
Issued by National Energy Administration
Table of contents
1 Scope...1
2 Normative references...1
3 Terms and definitions...1
4 Design requirements for fans...4
5 Fan selection...5
6 Fan operation...8
7 Fan noise...9
8 Test and acceptance of fan...9
9 Fan system design...11
Appendix A (informative appendix) Necessary information for fan selection...25
Appendix B (Informative Appendix) Necessary information for evaluating fan design...28
Appendix C (Informative Appendix) Calculation of Humid Air Standard Density...34
This standard is drafted in accordance with GB/T 1.1-2009 "Guidelines for Standardization Part 1.Standard Structure and Writing Rules".
Please note that certain contents of this standard may involve patents. The issuing organization of this standard does not bear the responsibility for identifying these patents.
This standard replaces DL/T 468-2004 "Guidelines for Selection and Use of Fans for Power Station Boilers". This standard is compared with DL/T 468-2004, except
The main technical content changes are as follows.
-Revised Chapter 3 "Terms and Definitions", the definitions of blower and induced draft fan;
-Added Chapter 3 "Terms and Definitions", the definition of the stall safety factor of axial flow fans;
--- Added Chapter 3 "Terms and Definitions", definitions of basic air volume, basic pressure and selection conditions;
-The title of Chapter 4 "Design Requirements for Fans" is revised;
-Deleted Chapter 4 "Design Requirements for Fans", related content about fan manufacturing requirements;
-Revised the title of Chapter 5 "Van Type Selection";
--- Added Chapter 5 "Fan Selection", giving out the original data requirements for fan selection;
-Modified Chapter 5 "Fan Selection", the requirements on the selection of fan speed;
-Modified Chapter 5 "Selection of Fans", the requirements on the number of fans selected;
-Modified Chapter 5 "Fan Selection", the requirements on fan adjustment methods;
-Modified Chapter 5 "Fan Selection", the requirements on the stall safety factor of the axial flow fan;
-Deleted Chapter 6 "Installation of Fans" of the original standard;
--The serial number of Chapter 7 of the original standard has been revised to 6, and the serial numbers of subsequent chapters have been extended;
-Modified Chapter 6 "Fan Operation", the requirements for operating parameter control.
This standard was proposed by the China Electricity Council.
This standard is under the jurisdiction of the Power Plant Boiler Standardization Technical Committee (DL/T C08).
Drafting organization of this standard. Xi'an Thermal Power Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Drafters of this standard. Liu Jiayu, Dong Kangtian, Yan Hong, Zheng Jin.
The opinions or suggestions during the implementation of this standard are fed back to the Standardization Management Center of China Electricity Council (No. 2 Baiguang Road, Beijing)
One, 100761).
Guidelines for Selection and Use of Fans for Power Station Boilers
1 Scope
This standard specifies the basic requirements for the selection, use, and layout design of fan inlet and outlet ducts for power station boiler fans.
This standard applies to the blower, induced draft fan, primary fan, exhaust fan (pulverized coal fan), flue gas recirculation fan,
The booster fan of the flue gas desulfurization device and the sealed fan for the coal mill. Other small fans for boilers such as ignition fan, cooling fan, SCR
The dilution fan of the denitration system can be used as reference.
This standard does not apply to oxidation fans of desulfurization systems and high-pressure fluidized fans of circulating fluidized bed boilers.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated reference documents, only the dated version applies to this document.
For undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 1236 Industrial ventilators use standardized ducts for performance testing (IDT ISO 5801..1997)
GB/T 2888 Noise measurement method for fans and Roots blowers
GB/T 3235 Ventilator basic type, size parameter and performance curve
GB/T 3947 Acoustic terms
GB/T 10178 Field Performance Test of Industrial Ventilator (IDT ISO 5802.2001)
GB/T 17774 Industrial Ventilator Dimensions
GB/T 19075 Industrial Ventilator Vocabulary and Type Definition
GB 50660 Design Code for Large and Medium-sized Thermal Power Plants
DL/T 469 Field Performance Test of Power Station Boiler Fan
DL/T 5121 Technical specification for design of smoke, wind and pulverized coal pipelines in thermal power plants
DL/T 5145 Technical Regulations for Design and Calculation of Pulverizing System in Thermal Power Plants
DL 5190.2 Technical Code for Power Construction Construction Part 2.Boiler Unit
JB/T 4358 Centrifugal fan for power station boiler
JB/T 4362 Axial fan for power station
JB/T 6891 Technical conditions of muffler for fan
JB/T 8689 Ventilator vibration detection and its limits
JB/T 8690 Noise limit of industrial fans
Technical conditions of JB/T 8822 high temperature centrifugal fan
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
A fan that supplies the air required for the fuel combustion of the boiler. Arranged before the boiler air preheater. Send air sucked from the atmosphere into the air
The preheater, after being heated to the design temperature, is used as the secondary air of the boiler for the direct-blowing pulverizing system and is directly sent into the boiler furnace through the burner;
For the silo-type pulverizing system, part of it is used as the secondary air of the boiler, which is directly sent to the boiler furnace through the burner, and the other part enters the pulverized coal
The preparation system is used as a desiccant, and then, or used as primary air to transport pulverized coal into the furnace through the burner (exhausted gas powder delivery system), or as a third
The air is sent into the furnace through the burner (hot air powder feeding system). Large-scale boiler adopts medium-speed coal mill or double-inlet and double-outlet steel ball coal mill with positive pressure direct blowing system
The powder system is equipped with a high-pressure cooling primary fan. If the primary fan draws air from the outlet of the blower, the blower supplies the total air required by the boiler
There are also those designed to inhale air from the atmosphere. At this time, the blower only supplies the secondary air of the boiler, also known as the secondary fan.
Induced draft fan (IDF)
Installed after the boiler dust collector, the boiler combustion products (flue gas) are sucked out from the tail of the boiler and sent into the denitrification system and dust removal system
The booster fan of the desulfurization system is a fan that is discharged into the atmosphere from the chimney through the desulfurization system after the pressure is increased, also called a suction fan. If there is no booster fan,
The resistance of the entire flue gas system from the boiler furnace to the chimney outlet is overcome by the induced draft fan (commonly known as the two-in-one induced draft fan).
Primary fan (PF)
A fan that supplies the primary air required for the fuel combustion of the boiler. According to its installation position in the system, there are cold primary fans and hot primary fans
Cold primary fan
Installed before the boiler air preheater, the air sucked from the atmosphere or the cold air duct at the outlet of the blower is heated by the air preheater and then sent
It is sent to the primary fan of the pulverizing system.
Hot primary fan
Installed after the boiler air preheater, the hot air heated by the boiler air preheater is sent to the direct blowing pulverizing system or only
The primary fan that sends pulverized coal into the boiler.
Powder exhaust fan exhauster
The fan used in the pulverized coal preparation system to transport desiccant and pulverized coal. Mainly used in the intermediate storage bin type powder system, installed in the fine powder
After the device. Also known as pulverized coal fan.
Flue-gas recirculating fan
Take a part of the flue gas from the front of the air preheater after the economizer, the lower part of the furnace, after the electric dust removal, the outlet of the induced draft fan, etc., and transport it into the pot
Furnace cold ash hopper or upper part of the furnace, used to adjust the boiler steam temperature; or sent to the inlet of the coal mill to adjust the temperature or oxygen content of the fan.
Flue gas desulfurization booster fan (FGDP fan or BUF)
DL/T 468-2018
A fan installed behind the induced draft fan to overcome the resistance of the flue gas desulfurization system.
Seal air fan
Fans that supply air for sealing in medium-speed coal mills, double-inlet and double-outlet steel ball coal mills and coal feeders. The sealed fan can be directly from the atmosphere
Inhale air, or from the outlet duct of the blower or primary fan.
A1 inlet plane and inlet area of fan
Take the interface at the upstream end of the air conveying device as the fan inlet plane. Usually, take the inlet of the casing (the fan with the air intake box takes the air intake box)
The total flow area of the (flange) plane is used as the fan inlet area.
A2 outlet plane and outlet area of fan
The interface at the beginning of the downstream section of the air conveying device is taken as the fan outlet plane. Generally, the total area of the plane of the outlet (flange) of the casing is taken as the wind
Machine exit area.
Stall safety factor of axial flow fans
This standard indicates the amount of stall margin of axial flow fan, expressed by k (see 5.6.4).
Fan system
In order to convey air or gas from one or more places to another or more places, the fans and the equipment on the conveying path and a series of air ducts and pipes
A system composed of roads, bends and branch pipes.
System characteristic curves
The system characteristic curve is an illustration of the resistance of a certain system to the characteristic of volume flow.
System effect
The influence of system layout on fan performance is called system effect. The performance of the ventilator is affected by its inlet and outlet connecting pipes. If even
Improper connection, uneven airflow at the inlet, and vortex at the inlet of the ventilator will change the aerodynamic characteristics of the ventilator and reduce the ventilator
System effect loss
The decrease in fan pressure caused by system effects.
DL/T 468-2018
Base flow
The fan flow required for the maximum continuous evaporation of the boiler calculated according to the design coal type.
Base pressure
The total resistance of the fan system when the boiler is operating with the maximum continuous evaporation calculated by the design coal type.
Selection condition (TB condition) test block
The maximum continuous operating conditions that the fan should reach when the selection requires.
Specific A sound level (LSA)
The A sound level is the A sound level per unit flow rate and unit fan pressure.
4 Design requirements of the fan
4.1 General requirements
4.1.1 The design of the fan should meet the requirements of GB/T 3235 and GB/T 17774.
4.1.2 The design and manufacture of centrifugal fans should meet the requirements of JB/T 4358.
4.1.3 The design and manufacture of axial fans shall comply with the requirements of JB/T 4362.
4.1.4 The natural vibration frequency of the fan impeller (or blade) should avoid the speed frequency of the impeller and its multiplication frequency below 10 times and other dangerous frequencies, such as
The passing frequency of blades is the speed (fans that adopt speed adjustment include all speeds within the speed adjustment range) and the number of blades (including rotor blades).
And the product of the front and rear adjustment of the impeller or the guide blade), the high-amplitude airflow pulsation frequency, etc.
4.1.5 For fans with variable speed adjustment, calculation of torsional vibration of the shaft system shall be carried out to prevent the occurrence of shaft system torsional vibration.
4.1.6 The fan should be equipped with necessary automatic alarm and protection devices (such as bearing temperature, oil cut, vibration and stall surge of axial fan, etc.).
4.1.7 Fans that suck from the atmosphere (such as blowers and primary fans) should be equipped with imported mufflers. The design and manufacture of the mufflers should comply with JB/T
The provisions of 6891.
4.2 Design requirements
4.2.1 The designed inlet air temperature of the hot primary fan is 250°C, and the maximum allowable inlet air temperature does not exceed 400°C. The air is densely dusty.
The degree does not exceed 100mg/m3.Its design should comply with the regulations of JB/T 8822.
4.2.2 The flue gas system upstream of the induced draft fan is equipped with a low-temperature economizer system, and the inlet temperature of the induced draft fan is about 90℃, which is corrosive.
Reliable anti-corrosion measures should be taken for the flow part of the fan.
4.2.3 The design of the exhaust fan (pulverized coal fan) requires that the conveyed medium is air containing pulverized coal. The pulverized coal content of the steel ball mill
The exhaust gas of the bin-type pulverizing system is not more than 80g/m3, and for the negative pressure direct-blowing pulverizing system, it is 300g/m3~800g/m3.Its designed inlet gas temperature
The temperature is 700℃, and the maximum allowable inlet gas temperature is 150℃. The casing and impeller should be based on the wear characteristics of coal (see DL/T for the wear index
5145) Take anti-wear measures, and the service life of its impeller is not less than 8000h.
4.2.4 The design of the flue gas recirculation fan requires that the transported medium is hot flue gas with an ash content of not more than 20g/m3 and a temperature of not more than 400℃. its
The volute and the impeller should take appropriate anti-wear measures; the bearing should be equipped with special heat insulation and cooling devices, and its service life should not be less than 8000h.
The flue gas recirculation machine without speed control device should be equipped with a cranking device.
4.2.5 The design of the sealed fan shall adopt noise reduction measures. For sealed fans that directly suck in air from the atmosphere, they should be equipped with inlet filters and inlets and outlets.
5 Selection of fan
5.1 Raw data that should be provided for selecting the fan
The original data that should be provided for selecting a wind turbine include at least the following.
a) Local atmospheric conditions.
1) Atmospheric pressure;
2) Dry and wet air temperature;
3) Relative humidity of air.
b) Boiler thermal calculation and aerodynamic calculation results;
c) Fan parameters of the boiler under various typical working conditions.
1) Flow rate (air volume, flue gas volume);
2) The total resistance of the fan inlet side system (that is, the total pressure of the fan inlet) and the corresponding dynamic pressure of the fan inlet air duct section;
3) The total resistance of the system on the outlet side of the fan (that is, the total pressure at the outlet of the fan);
4) The total resistance of the wind (smoke) system (ie the pressure of the fan, formerly called the total pressure of the fan);
5) Medium temperature;
6) The standard density of the medium (the air medium is the standard density of the local moist air; the flue gas medium is the standard density of the wet smoke at the fan inlet
d) The annual operating hours of the unit under different loads.
5.2 Determination of fan selection parameters
5.2.1 The basic air volume is determined according to the following requirements.
a) For the fans of newly-built boilers, the basic air volume shall be determined according to the relevant regulations of GB 50660.
b) For the retrofitted fan that has been put into operation, the basic air volume needs to be determined by field tests. No less than three test conditions (in the high, medium, and
Under three low loads), and convert the test results to the flow rate under the maximum continuous evaporation capacity (BMCR) of the boiler.
5.2.2 The basic wind pressure is determined according to the following requirements.
a) For the fan of a newly built boiler, the basic air pressure is calculated according to the relevant regulations of GB 50660, and the calculated fan system resistance
Liyi refers to the actual operating value of the same type of unit to determine whether adjustment is needed.
b) For the retrofitted fan that has been put into operation, the basic wind pressure is determined by field test (the wind pressure test should be carried out simultaneously with the flow test, and
Collect the resistance of the main equipment and related pipelines in the system through the DCS system). Measure and/or pass SIS when necessary
The system collects and checks the inlet and outlet pressure values of the fan when the unit is fully loaded in the past year. The corresponding system (including
The resistance changes caused by the modification of other equipment in the system. And convert it to the maximum continuous evaporation capacity (BMCR) of the boiler
The total resistance of the system is determined as the basic wind pressure for fan selection.
5.2.3 Air volume and wind pressure margin are selected according to the following requirements.
a) For the fan of a newly-built boiler, the margin of flow and pressure should be selected within the range of relevant regulations in GB 50660.
b) Transformation of fans that have been put into operation, fan flow rate and pressure margin, should consider the climatic conditions during the test period and the local summer and winter seasons before the change.
Determined on the basis of factors such as differences, boiler equipment and flue gas system operating conditions, unit load factor and coal quality change range;
It can also be selected within the specified range of GB 50660.
5.3 Selection of fan speed, number and type
5.3.1 Selection of fan speed. Generally, a 4-pole motor (1490r/min) should be used for the primary fan; a 4-pole or 6-pole motor should be used for......