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HJ 885-2018

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 885-2018'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 885-2018 (HJ885-2018)
Description (Translated English) (Pollution source source calculation technical guide steel industry)
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Date of Issue 2018-03-27
Date of Implementation 2018-03-27
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Ecology and Environment Announcement No. 2 of 2018

HJ 885-2018
Technical guidelines of accounting method for pollution source intensity -- Iron and steel industry
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Technical Guidelines for Strong Sources of Pollution Sources Steel Industry
Technical guidelines of accounting method for pollution source intensity
-Iron and steel industry
Published on.2018-03 -27
2018-03 -27 Implementation
Ministry of Ecology and Environment released
iHJ 885 -.2018
Content
Foreword...ii
1 Scope...1
2 Normative references...1
3 Terms and Definitions...2
4 Pollution source accounting procedures... 2
5 Strong source of waste gas pollution source...4
6 Wastewater pollution sources strong accounting...11
7 Noise source strong accounting...13
8 Solid waste source strong accounting...13
9 Management requirements...14
Appendix A (normative appendix) Principles for selecting strong methods for accounting for sources of pollution in the steel industry...15
Appendix B (informative appendix) Reference Table for Desulfurization and Denitrification Treatment Facilities of Typical Iron and Steel Enterprises...19
Appendix C (informative appendix) Calculation of the amount of waste gas from the steel industry...21
Appendix D (informative) Reference Table for Mass Contamination of Particulate Matter and Nitrogen Oxide in the Iron and Steel Industry...22
Appendix E (informative appendix) Table of particulate matter discharge coefficient of steel industry sintering and iron making process...23
Appendix F (informative appendix) Ammonia nitrogen pollutant discharge coefficient and typical control measures in the steel industry...24
Appendix G (informative) Noise source and source of steel industry and noise reduction effect of control measures...25
Appendix H (informative) The amount of solid waste generated by the steel industry...27
Appendix I (informative appendix) Steel industry source strength accounting results and related parameter list form...28
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, China
Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution, Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution
Law on Pollution Prevention and Control, Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes, etc., to improve the construction project environment
Influencing the evaluation of the technical support system, guiding and standardizing the strong accounting work of the pollution sources of the iron and steel industry, and formulating this standard.
This standard specifies exhaust gas pollutants, wastewater pollutants, noise, solids in the environmental impact assessment of steel industry construction projects.
Waste source strong accounting procedures, accounting method selection principles and main contents, accounting results, etc.
Appendix A of this standard is a normative appendix, and Appendix B~ Appendix I is an informative appendix.
This standard is the first release.
This standard is formulated by the Environmental Impact Assessment Department and the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection (now the Ministry of Ecology and Environment).
This standard is mainly drafted by. Environmental Engineering Evaluation Center of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research Institute, Hebei Province
Lian Energy Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on March 27,.2018.
This standard has been implemented since March 27,.2018.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
1 pollution source source strong accounting technology guide steel industry
1 Scope of application
This standard stipulates the principles, contents and requirements for the selection procedures and methods for the strong accounting of sources of pollution in the iron and steel industry.
This standard is applicable to the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source and existing in the environmental impact assessment of steel industry construction projects.
Source strength accounting of engineering pollution sources.
This standard is applicable to source and power accounting under normal and abnormal conditions in the steel industry, and is not applicable to sudden leaks, fires,
Sources are accounted for in the event of an explosion or other accident.
This standard applies to the main production of sintering/pellets, iron making, steel making, hot rolling and cold rolling (including pickling and coating)
Cheng and raw material preparation, oxygen production, lime and other public auxiliary production processes, such as exhaust gas, wastewater, noise, solid waste source,
Not suitable for ferrous metal mining, ferroalloy smelting, electroslag furnace smelting, and coke, semi-coke (blue carbon) production process.
The boiler source strength of GB 13223 is calculated according to HJ 888; the boiler source of GB 13271 is executed according to the source of pollution.
Strong accounting technology guide boiler" for accounting.
2 Normative references
The contents of this standard refer to the following documents or their terms. The latest version of the undated reference document
Applicable to this standard.
GB 13223 Standard for emission of atmospheric pollutants from thermal power plants
GB 13271 Boiler Air Pollutant Emission Standard
GB 13456 Water Industry Pollutant Emission Standard
GB 16171 Coking Chemical Industry Pollutant Emission Standard
GB 28662 Iron and steel sintering, pellet industry air pollutant emission standards
GB 28663 Emission Standard for Air Pollutants in Ironmaking Industry
GB 28664 Emission Standard for Air Pollutants in Steelmaking Industry
GB 28665 Rolling steel industry air pollutant discharge standards
GB 50406 Steel Industry Environmental Protection Design Code
GB/T 16157 Determination of particulate matter in fixed pollution source exhaust gas and sampling method of gaseous pollutants
HJ 2.1 General Outline of Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Projects
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Atmospheric Environment
2HJ 2.4 Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines Acoustic Environment
HJ 75 Fixed Pollution Source Flue Gas (SO2, NOx, Particulate Matter) Emissions Continuous Monitoring Technical Specification
HJ 76 Technical requirements and testers for continuous monitoring system for fixed pollution source flue gas (SO2, NOx, particulate matter)
HJ 708 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Steel Construction Project
HJ 878 Self-monitoring technical guide for sewage disposal units Steel industry and coking chemical industry
HJ .2019 Technical specification for steel industry wastewater treatment and reuse engineering
HJ/T 2.3 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Surface Water Environment
HJ/T 91 Surface Water and Wastewater Monitoring Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications for Operation and Assessment of HJ/T 355 Water Pollution Source Online Monitoring System (Trial)
HJ/T 356 Water Pollution Source Online Monitoring System Data Validity Discrimination Technical Specification (Trial)
HJ/T 373 Technical Specifications for Quality Assurance and Quality Control of Fixed Pollution Source Monitoring (Trial)
HJ/T 397 Fixed Source Exhaust Gas Monitoring Technical Specification
HJ 884 Guidelines for the Guidelines for Sources of Pollution Sources
HJ 888 Pollution Source Power Accounting Technical Guide
HJ □□-20□□ Pollution Source Power Accounting Technical Guide Boiler
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Fe-bearing dust and sludge
Refers to the dedusting and wastewater treatment of steel enterprises in the process of raw material preparation, sintering, pelleting, iron making, steel making and steel rolling.
Iron-containing solid waste obtained after treatment.
3.2
Gas total sulfur content total sulfur in gasline
Refers to the total mass of all sulfur elements in a unit volume of gas, including inorganic sulfur, organic sulfur and so on.
4 Accounting procedures and method selection principles
4.1 Accounting procedures
The strong source accounting procedures include pollution source identification and pollutant determination, accounting methods and parameter selection, source strength accounting,
3 Accounting results, etc. See HJ 884 for details. Identification of pollution sources and determination of pollutants should also comply with HJ 2.1, HJ 2.2, HJ/T
2.3, HJ 2.4, HJ 708 and other technical guidelines and related emission standards.
The discharge of pollutants should include normal and abnormal conditions (including sintering machine (pellet equipment) start-up, exhaust gas)
Governance facility failure) Pollutant emissions in both cases.
4.2 Principles of accounting methods
4.2.1 General requirements
Strong source accounting methods include material balance algorithm, analogy method, pollution production coefficient method, sewage coefficient method and actual measurement method, etc.
The methods for calculating the source of each pollution source are selected in the order specified in Appendix A.
4.2.2 Exhaust gas
a) New (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source
Particulate matter is preferentially accounted for by the analogy method, followed by the blowdown coefficient method.
Sulfur dioxide and fluoride are preferentially calculated using the material balance algorithm, followed by analogy.
Nitrogen oxides are accounted for using an analogy method.
The other feature factor source strong accounting method selects the priority order as the material balance algorithm and the analogy method.
The unorganized source of exhaust gas is accounted for by analogy or other feasible methods.
b) Existing engineering pollution sources
The organized source strength of the exhaust gas is preferentially calculated by the actual measurement method, and the second particle is calculated by the analogy method, sulfur dioxide and fluorine.
The material is calculated by the material balance algorithm, the nitrogen oxides are calculated by the analogy method, and the other characteristic factors are used to calculate the source.
The priority order selected is the material balance algorithm and the analogy method. When using the actual method to calculate the source strength, the HJ 878 and the sewage unit row
Pollution permits require automatic monitoring of pollution factors, and only effective automatic monitoring data can be used for accounting; for HJ
878 and pollutant discharge permit for pollutant discharge units do not require automatic monitoring of pollution factors, and priority is given to automatic monitoring data.
Manual monitoring of data was used.
The unorganized source of exhaust gas is accounted for by analogy or other feasible methods.
4.2.3 Waste water
a) New (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source
The strong source of pollution is preferably accounted for by the analogy method, and the second is calculated by the discharge coefficient method.
b) Existing engineering pollution sources
The source of pollution is prioritized by the actual measurement method, followed by the analogy method. When using the actual method to calculate the source strength,
4HJ 878 and pollutant discharge permit for pollutant discharge units require automatic monitoring of pollution factors, and only effective automatic monitoring can be used.
Data is calculated; pollution factors such as HJ 878 and pollutant discharge units are not required to be automatically monitored.
Automatic monitoring data was used, followed by manual monitoring of data.
4.2.4 Noise
a) New (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source
The strong source of pollution is calculated using the analogy method.
b) Existing engineering pollution sources
The strong source of pollution source is based on the actual measurement method, followed by the analogy method.
4.2.5 Solid waste
a) New (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source
The strong source of pollution is calculated by the pollution coefficient method first, followed by the analogy method.
b) Existing engineering pollution sources
The strong source of pollution is calculated by the actual measurement method, and then by the analogy method and the pollution coefficient method.
5 Strong source of waste gas pollution source
5.1 Material Balance Algorithm
5.1.1 General requirements
The material balance algorithm is applicable to the source calculation of sulfur dioxide, fluoride, hydrogen chloride and the like generated in the steel production process.
5.1.2 Sulfur dioxide
5.1.2.1 Sintering machine head flue gas (balloon roasting flue gas)
Sintering head flue gas and pellet roasting flue gas pollution source sulfur dioxide source is strongly calculated according to formula (5-1).
5( ) ( ) ( 10 ) ( ) 2 1100 100 100 100 100 100
Nnn nm f fl pd
Iii fg i
Iiii
 m                                                                    
(5-1)
Where. D--the amount of sulfur dioxide emissions during the accounting period, t;
Im -- the amount of the i-th iron-containing raw material used in the accounting period, t;
Ims -- the sulfur content of the i-th iron-containing raw material during the accounting period, %;
If -- the i-th solid fuel usage during the accounting period, t;
Ifs -- the sulfur content of the i-th solid fuel during the accounting period, %;
5ifg -- the i-th gas usage during the accounting period, 104m3;
Ifgs - the total sulfur content of the i-th gas in the accounting period, mg/m3;
Ifl -- the amount of the i-th flux and other excipients used during the accounting period, t;
Ifls -- the sulfur content of the i-th flux and other excipients during the accounting period, %;
P--the yield of sintered ore (pellet ore) during the accounting period, t;
Ps -- the sulfur content of the sintered ore (pellet ore) during the accounting period, %;
d -- the amount of dust ash collected during the accounting period, t;
Ds -- the sulfur content of dust removal ash during the accounting period, %;
--Desulfurization efficiency, %.
When the flue gas of the sintering machine head uses the material balance algorithm to calculate the sulfur dioxide source, the iron-containing raw materials should consider the iron oxide scale and the iron-containing dust.
Mud and blast furnace return mine.
For the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source accounting for sulfur dioxide source, raw materials, solid fuels and products, etc.
The quantity, sulfur content and total sulfur content of the gas may be related to the design data. If there is no relevant data in the design data, the data may be passed.
Obtained by the analogy method; for the existing engineering pollution sources, the source of sulfur dioxide is calculated, and the raw materials, raw materials, solid fuels and products are imported and exported.
The quantity, sulfur content and total sulfur content of the gas shall be taken from the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period, and the weighted level of its use
Mean value, if some raw materials such as raw materials, fuels, and products are indeed impossible to detect, the correlation number can be obtained by analogy.
according to. The desulfurization efficiency of the flue gas desulfurization facility can be referred to Appendix B. For the first-time exhaust gas desulfurization treatment technology, it should be provided.
Materials such as pilot data prove its efficiency.
5.1.2.2 Blast furnace hot blast stove flue gas, rolling steel heat treatment furnace flue gas, etc.
Blast furnace hot blast stove flue gas, rolling steel heat treatment furnace flue gas and continuous casting billet cutting flue gas and other gas pollution sources
Equation (5-2) is used for accounting.
( 10 ) 2 1 100i
i fg
D fg s 
         (5-2)
Where. D--the amount of sulfur dioxide emissions during the accounting period, t;
Ifg -- the amount of the i-th gas used in the accounting period, 104m3;
Ifgs - the total sulfur content of the i-th gas in the accounting period, mg/m3;
--Desulfurization efficiency, %.
For the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source accounting for sulfur dioxide source, gas consumption, total sulfur content can be designed
Relevant data, such as no relevant data in the design data, can be obtained by analogy; accounting for existing engineering pollution sources
The sulfur source is strong, and the total sulfur content of the gas should be the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period, and the weighted average of its usage.
6 If some fuels are indeed impossible to detect, the relevant data can be obtained by analogy. Desulfurization efficiency of flue gas desulfurization facilities
Referring to Appendix B, for the first-time exhaust gas desulfurization treatment technology, materials such as pilot test data should be provided to prove its effectiveness.
rate.
5.1.2.3 Lime kiln/dolomite kiln roasting flue gas
The source of sulfur dioxide in the lime kiln/dolomite kiln roasting flue gas source is strongly calculated according to formula (5-3).
5( ) ( 10 ) 2 1100 100 100 100 100
n nf pm d
Ii fg
 s s m    s m    s s    s s    s     s                                
(5-3)
Where. D--the amount of sulfur dioxide emissions during the accounting period, t;
M--the amount of limestone/dolomite used during the accounting period, t;
Ms -- the sulfur content of limestone/dolomite during the accounting period, %;
If -- the i-th solid fuel usage during the accounting period, t;
Ifs -- the sulfur content of the i-th solid fuel during the accounting period, %;
Ifg -- the i-th gas usage during the accounting period, 104m3;
Ifgs - the total sulfur content of the i-th gas in the accounting period, mg/m3;
P--calcium/light burnt dolomite production during the accounting period, t;
Ps -- the sulfur content of lime/light burnt dolomite during the accounting period, %;
d -- the amount of dust ash collected during the accounting period, t;
Ds -- the sulfur content of dust removal ash during the accounting period, %;
--Desulfurization efficiency, %.
For the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source accounting for sulfur dioxide source, raw materials, solid fuels and products, etc.
The quantity, sulfur content and total sulfur content of the gas may be related data in the design data. If there is no relevant data in the design data, the class may be passed.
Obtained by the method; for the existing engineering pollution sources, the amount of sulfur dioxide source, the amount of raw materials, solid fuels and products, etc.
The sulfur content and the total sulfur content of the gas shall be taken from the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period and the weighted average of the usage amount.
If some raw materials, fuels, and products are not tested, the relevant data can be obtained by analogy.
5.1.3 Fluoride
5.1.3.1 Sintering machine head flue gas (balloon roasting flue gas)
Sintering head flue gas and pellet roasting flue gas pollution source fluoride (in F) source strength is calculated according to formula (5-4).
( ) ( ) ( ) 1100 100 100 100 100 100
Nn nm f fl pd
FF 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
In the formula. D--the amount of fluoride (in F) during the accounting period, t;
Im -- the amount of the i-th iron-containing raw material used in the accounting period, t;
imF - the fluorine content of the i-th iron-containing raw material during the accounting period, %;
If -- the i-th solid fuel usage during the accounting period, t;
ifF - the fluorine content of the i-th solid fuel in the accounting period, %;
Ifl -- the amount of the i-th flux and other excipients used during the accounting period, t;
iflF -- the fluorine content of the i-th flux and other excipients during the accounting period, %;
P--the yield of sintered ore (pellet ore) during the accounting period, t;
pF - fluorine content of sintered ore (pellet ore) during the accounting period, %;
d -- the amount of dust ash collected during the accounting period, t;
dF -- the dust removal rate of dust in the accounting period, %;
 - removal efficiency, %.
For the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source accounting for fluoride (in F) source strength, raw materials, products and solid fuel
The quantity of the ingress and egress items, the fluorine content may be related data in the design data, and if there is no relevant data in the design data, the analogy may be obtained.
Obtained by law; accounting for fluoride (in F) source strength, raw materials, products and solid fuels for existing engineering pollution sources
The fluorine content of the output should be taken from the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period, and the weighted average of its use, such as part of the original
When the entry and exit of auxiliary materials, fuels and products are indeed impossible to detect, the relevant data can be obtained by analogy.
5.1.3.2 Electroslag metallurgical waste gas
Electroslag metallurgy waste gas pollution source fluoride (in F) source strength using the material balance algorithm for calculation, according to formula (5-5)
Carry out accounting.
( ) (1 )100 100 100
Pm FFD mp       (5-5)
Where. D--the amount of fluoride (in F) during the accounting period, t;
M--the amount of fluorine slag used in the accounting period, t;
mF - fluorine content in fluorine-based slag, %;
P--the amount of fluorine-based slag remaining in the accounting period, t;
pF - the fluorine content in the remaining fluorine-based slag during the accounting period, %;
 - removal efficiency, %.
For the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project pollution source accounting for fluoride (in F) emissions, fluorine slag usage, fluorine
The fluorine content in the slag, the amount of residual fluorine slag and the fluorine content in the residual fluorine slag can be obtained from relevant data in the design data.
No relevant data in the 8 data can be obtained by analogy. Accounting for fluoride (in F) emissions from existing engineering sources
The amount of fluorine in the fluorine-based slag and the fluorine content in the residual fluorine-based slag should be the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period, and
The weighted average of the amount of use; if some of the raw materials and products are not able to be tested, the analogy can be used.
Get relevant data.
5.1.4 Acid balance
The cold rolling process is balanced according to the type of acid used. Taking hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid as an example, the acid balance can be according to formula (5-6).
Calculation.
-6( 10 ) (1 )100 100 100 100 100
a wa w xr rr rD a wa wx            (5-6)
Where. D--the amount of hydrogen chloride or fluoride emissions during the accounting period, t;
A--the amount of hydrochloric acid or hydrofluoric acid used during the accounting period, t;
Ar - the content of hydrogen chloride and fluoride in hydrochloric acid or hydrofluoric acid during the accounting period, %;
Wa--the amount of waste acid produced during the accounting period, t;
War -- the content of hydrogen chloride or fluoride in waste hydrochloric acid or waste hydrogen fluoride in the accounting period, %;
W--the amount of wastewater generated during the accounting period, m3;
Wr - the content of hydrogen chloride or fluoride in the wastewater during the accounting period, mg/L;
X--the amount of other materials containing hydrogen chloride or fluoride (such as sour mud, products, etc.) during the accounting period, t;
Xr -- the content of hydrogen chloride or fluoride in other materials during the accounting period, %;
 -- The purification efficiency of the control measures, %.
Calculate hydrogen chloride, fluoride source, hydrochloric acid or hydrofluoric acid, waste acid, wastewater, etc. for new (reconstruction, expansion) construction pollution sources
The quantity of inlet and outlet, hydrogen chloride and fluoride content may be related to the design data. If there is no relevant data in the design data,
Obtained by analogy; accounting for hydrogen chloride, fluoride source, hydrochloric acid or hydrofluoric acid, waste acid, waste for existing engineering pollution sources
The content of hydrogen chloride or fluoride in the water should be taken from the relevant data in the test report during the accounting period, and the weighted average of its use
Values, such as some raw materials and products, such as the import and export items can not be detected, the relevant data can be obtained by analogy.
5.2 Analogy
Relevant information on exhaust gas sources (including feasibility studies, preliminary documents and monitoring reports) using the same or similar characteristics
Report, etc., determine the relevant parameters of pollutant concentration, exhaust gas volume, treatment efficiency, etc.
Quantity or amount of emissions, or a method of directly determining the amount or amount of pollutant produced per unit time.
The same or similar characteristics refer to the original fuel composition, product, process, scale, pollution control measures, management level, etc.
Same or similar.
9 Relevant parameters such as the amount of exhaust gas, concentration of pollutants, and efficiency of treatment determined by analogy can also refer to Appendix B.
Appendix C, Appendix D is determined.
5.3 Measurement method
5.3.1 Using automatic monitoring system data accounting
The exhaust gas pollution source that installs the automatic waste gas monitoring system and is connected with the environmental protection department shall be effective in complying with relevant regulations.
Line monitoring data accounts for the source of exhaust pollutants.
The source of exhaust gas pollutants is calculated according to formula (5-7).
(10)
n -
D q
    (5-7)
Where. D--the amount of pollutants discharged during the accounting period, t;
I-the measured mass concentration of the first hour in the standard state, mg/m3;
Iq -- the first hour of exhaust emissions under standard conditions, m3/h;
n--The discharge time of pollutants during the accounting period, h.
The online monitoring data shall be used to calculate the source intensity of exhaust pollutants, and all hourly average data in the accounting period shall be used for calculation.
Count. CEMS measurement and installation location, daily operation management, comparison monitoring, calibration and inspection, data review and processing should
Meet the requirements of HJ 75, HJ 76, HJ/T 373.
5.3.2 Using manual monitoring data accounting
CEMS unmonitored pollutants or pollution sources without CEMS are monitored by law enforcement monitoring and sewage disposal units.
Manually monitor the data and calculate the source of the pollutants. When using manual monitoring data to calculate the source of pollutants, the accounting period should be used.
All manual monitoring data is accounted for. Except for law enforcement monitoring, the production load of all other manual monitoring periods should not be low.
The average production load during the current monitoring and the previous monitoring cycle, and the production load comparison results.
The source of exhaust gas pollutants is calculated according to formula (5-8).
( )
D hn

  
 
(5-8)
Where. D--the amount of pollutants discharged during the accounting period, t;
I - the mass concentration of the measured hourly monitoring of the i-th monitoring under standard conditions, mg/m3;
Iq -- the first hour of monitoring the hourly exhaust emissions under standard conditions, m3/h;
n--The number of effective monitoring data during the accounting period, dimension one;
H--the discharge time of pollutants during the accounting period, h.
The sampling position, sampling frequency, analysis method and data review of manual monitoring shall comply with GB 28662 and GB 28663.
GB 28664, GB 28665 and other steel industry pollutant discharge standards and GB/T 16157, HJ/T 373, HJ/T 397, etc.
Test the requirements of the specification. The monitoring frequency of the self-monitoring by the pollutant discharge unit shall meet the relevant standards and norms promulgated by the state and local governments.
Environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals.
5.3.3 Other requirements
When using automatic monitoring data and manual monitoring data to calculate the source of exhaust gas pollutants, the production during monitoring should also be recorded simultaneously.
Operating parameters of the device, such as material dosage, product production, fuel consumption, power consumption, fan air volume,
Motor current, etc.
5.4 Drainage coefficient method
The blowdown coefficient method can be calculated according to formula (5-9).
10D M    (5-9)
Where. D--the discharge amount of a certain pollutant during the accounting period, t;
M -- the output of a certain process or production facility during the accounting period, 104t;
-- pollutant discharge coefficient, kg/t.
Sintering heads and tails pollution sources of iron and steel enterprises, as well as the discharge coefficient of particulate matter in the iron ore field pollution source, see Appendix
E. For reference to the discharge coefficient of other exhaust gas pollution sources, refer to the “National Pollution Source Survey Industrial Pollution Source Production and Discharge Coefficient Manual” (
The latest version is subject to the value.
5.5 Abnormal operating conditions
a) Sintering machine (pellet equipment) boot
Sintering machine (pellet equipment) using semi-dry/dry flue gas desulfurization process cannot be normal due to desulfurization system at startup
Operation, there will be abnormal operating conditions. For the determination of the emission source strength of the abnormal working conditions in this scenario, new (reconstruction, expansion) construction
The sulfur dioxide source of the process pollution source is calculated by the material balance algorithm, and the desulfurization efficiency is taken as 0, and the calculation is performed according to the formula (5-1);
The source of nitrogen and nitrogen oxides is calculated by analogy method; the source of fluoride is calculated by the material balance algorithm, and the core is calculated according to formula (5-4).
Calculated; the existing engineering pollution source is calculated by the actual measurement method. For the determination of the discharge time of abnormal working conditions, the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction
The process pollution source is accounted for by the analogy method, and the existing project pollution sources are valued according to the actual occurrence time.
b) Dust collector failure
The abnormal operation of the dust collector refers to the abnormal operation of the electric field of the electrostatic precipitator, the damage of the filter bag of the bag filter, and the like.
The rate is reduced, resulting in abnormal discharge of pollutants. Install CEMS pollution source, strong source of non-normal operating conditions
It is calculated by the actual measurement method; the pollution source of CEMS and new (reconstruction and expansion) construction projects is not installed, and the source of non-normal working conditions is strong.
Calculated by analogy.
c) Desulfurization facility failure
An abnormality in the desulfurization facility leads to a decrease in the efficiency of desulfurization, which causes abnormal discharge of pollutants. Install CEMS
The source of pollution, the source of non-normal working conditions is calculated by the actual measurement method; the CEMS and the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project are not installed.
The source of pollution and the source of non-normal working conditions are preferentially calculated by the material balance algorithm, and are calculated according to formula (5-1), followed by accounting.
Analogy accounting.
d) Denitration facility failure
An abnormality in the denitration facility leads to a decrease in the efficiency of denitrification, resulting in abnormal discharge of pollutants. Install CEMS
The source of pollution, the source of non-normal working conditions is calculated by the actual measurement method; the CEMS and the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project are not installed.
Sources of pollution, sources of emissions under abnormal conditions are calculated using an analogy method.
6 Wastewater pollution sources strong accounting
6.1 Analogy
Determine the concentration of pollutants, the amount of wastewater, and the treatment by using relevant data of wastewater sources with the same or similar characteristics.
Relevant parameters such as efficiency and efficiency, and then calculate the amount of pollutants produced per unit time or emissions, or directly determine the unit time of pollutants.
A method of generating quantities or emissions.
The same or similar characteristics refer to products, processes, scale, water use, water consumption, pollution control measures, management level
The same or similar.
In the process of calculating the relevant parameters to calculate the discharge of wastewater pollutants per unit time by analogy method, the new (reconstruction, expansion) construction project
The relevant parameters of the source of pollution can also be based on the design text and feasibility study in accordance with the requirements of GB 50406, HJ .2019 and other specifications.
The report is determined.
6.2 Measurement method
6.2.1 Using automatic monitoring system data accounting
The wastewater pollution source that installs the automatic wastewater monitoring system and is connected with the environmental protection department shall be effective in complying with relevant regulations.
The line monitoring data accounts for the source of wastewater pollutants.
The source of wastewater pollutants is calculated according to formula (6-1).
(10)
n -
D q
    (6-1)
Where. D--the amount of pollutants discharged during the accounting period, t;
I -- the i-day emission mass concentration, mg/L;
Iq -- the i-day wastewater discharge, m3/d;
N--the discharge time of pollutants during the accounting period, d.
The online monitoring data shall be used to calculate the source intensity of wastewater pollutants, and all daily average data in the accounting period shall be used for calculation.
Count. Determination and installation location of wastewater automatic monitoring system, daily operation management, comparison monitoring, calibration and inspection, data review
The nuclear and treatment shall comply with the requirements of HJ/T 355, HJ/T 356 and HJ/T 373.
6.2.2 Using manual monitoring data accounting
The pollution source of the unmonitored pollutants or the unmounted wastewater automatic monitoring system of the automatic wastewater monitoring system is adopted by law enforcement supervision.
Manual monitoring data such as self-monitoring by the measuring and discharging units, and accounting for the source of wastewater pollutants.
The source of wastewater pollutants is calculated according to formula (6-2).
( )
D dn

  
 
(6-2)
Where. D--the amount of pollutants discharged during the accounting period, t;
I -- the average daily emission mass concentration of the i-th monitoring, mg/L;
Iq -- the i-th monitoring daily wastewater discharge, m3/d;
n--The number of effective monitoring data during the accounting period, dimension one;
D--the discharge time of pollutants during the accounting period, d.
The manual monitoring data shall be used to calculate the source strength of the pollutants, and all manual monitoring data in the accounting period shall be used for calculation.
Manually monitored sampling position, sampling frequency, analysis method, and data review shall comply with GB 13456, GB 16171, etc.
Emission standards and requirements for monitoring specifications such as HJ/T 91 and HJ/T 373. The monitoring frequency of self-monitoring by the pollutant discharge unit shall be met.
National and local standards, norms, environmental impact assessment documents and their approvals.
When using automatic monitoring data and manual monitoring data to calculate the source of wastewater pollutants, the waste before quenching and tempering should also be recorded separately.
The source of water, the amount of water, the concentration of pollutants, etc.
6.3 Drainage coefficient method
The blowdown coefficient method can be calculated according to formula (6-3).
D=M ×  ×10-2 (6-3)
Where. D--the discharge amount of a certain pollutant during the accounting period, t;
M -- the output of a certain process or production facility during the accounting period, 104t;
 - pollutant discharge coefficient, g/t;
The emission coefficient of ammonia nitrogen pollutants in the iron and steel industry and the effect of typical wastewater treatment can be referred to Appendix F, other wastewater pollutants.
The discharge coefficient can refer to the “National Pollution Source Survey Industrial Pollution Source Production and Discharge Coefficient Manual” (whichever is the latest version).
For the first time, the wastewater pollution control technology should provide materials such as pilot test data to prove its efficiency.
7 Noise source strong accounting
The strong source of noise is calculated by analogy and actual measurement.
The analogy method is based on analogous models, similar equipment, and noise sources with the same noise control measures.
The measured or analog data determines the source of the noise source. Analogy measurement should be based on relevant noise measurement standards and technical specifications,
Noise source strength (including A weighting and octave band) under normal operating conditions is measured, and the analog value is used as the noise source.
Source strength; analog data is the technology of the same type of equipment by collecting literature, research reports, and meeting the relevant national product quality standards.
Information such as technical specifications/technical agreements, source strength in analog data is strong as a noise source. Equipment model is not timed, steel
The source noise of industrial noise and the noise reduction effect of control measures can be found in Appendix G.
The actual measurement method should be based on the relevant noise measurement technical specifications, and the actual noise generation equipment under the normal operating conditions of the iron and steel enterprises should be implemented.
Tested as a source of noise.
8 Solid waste source strong accounting
8.1 General requirements
The solid waste source is calculated by the pollution yield coefficient method, the analogy method and the actual measurement method.
8.2 Pollution coefficient method
The pollution yield coefficient method can be calculated according to formula (8-1).
D=M × ×104 (8-1)
Where. D--the amount of solid waste generated during the accounting period, t;
M -- the output of a certain process or production facility during the accounting period, 104t;
 - The amount of solid waste generated per unit of product, t/t.
The amount of solid waste generated by the unit of the steel industry can be found in Appendix H. For special purpose converters such as vanadium-reducing converters,
Dephosphorization converters, stainless steel converters, etc. do not apply to the relevant content in Appendix H.
8.3 Measurement method
According to the solid waste account recorded by the iron and steel enterprises after the actual measurement of solid waste, the source of solid waste is determined. Solid waste account
Record the classification, production, collection, storage, transfer, utilization and disposal of solid waste.
8.4 Analogy
By analogy with the same or similar products, scale, process, pollution control measures, management level, raw fuel composition
The source of pollution accounts for the amount of solid waste generated.
9 Management requirements
9.1 During the process of source strength accounting, the work procedure, source strength identification, accounting method and parameter selection should meet the requirements. If it exists
His effective source strength accounting method can also be used to calculate the source of pollutants.
9.2 Technical materials for strong source of pollution (including data, parameter selection, calculation process, etc.) should be saved
The original record is archived for future reference.
9.3 When the monitoring data is used, the sampling location, the instrument and method of sampling analysis, and the validity of the data are used.
Quality assurance and quality control of monitoring shall comply with relevant regulations.
9.4 See Appendix I for the specific format of the source strength calculation results.
Appendix A
(normative appendix)
Principles for selecting strong accounting methods for pollution sources in the iron and steel industry
Table A.1 List of strong accounting methods for sources of waste gas pollution in the steel industry
Process pollution source pollutant
Prioritization of accounting methods
New (reform, expansion) construction pollution
Source existing engineering pollution source
Raw material preparation
Receiving facility, for
Material facilities, broken
Screening facility, transfer
Station
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Sintered pellet
Pellet dry
Dry facility
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Sintering machine head
Particulate matter 1. analogy method 2. blowdown coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
SO2 material balance algorithm 1. measured method 2. material balance algorithm fluoride
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method dioxins
Pellet roasting
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 material balance algorithm 1. measured method 2. material balance algorithm fluoride
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Sintering machine tail particle 1. Analogy method 2. Sewage coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Other production facilities
Particle ratio analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Semi-dry/dry method
Flue gas desulfurizer
Artistic sintering machine
Boot is abnormal
Working condition discharge
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm
2. Analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogic fluoride
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Dioxin analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Ironmaking
Hot air stove
Particulate matter 1. analogy method 2. blowdown coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
SO2 material balance algorithm 1. actual measurement method 2. material balance algorithm
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Blast Furnace Iron Field Particles 1. Analogy Method 2. Sewage Discharge Coefficient Method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Blast furnace top
Material facility particulate matter analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Process pollution source pollutant
Prioritization of accounting methods
New (reform, expansion) construction pollution
Source existing engineering pollution source
Blast furnace ore grain particles 1. Analogy method 2. Sewage coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Underground silo particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Pulverized coal preparation
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Other production facilities
Particle-like analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Steel making
Mixed iron furnace
Station and hot metal preheating
Processing facility
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Converter
Gas)
Analogy method
2. Sewage coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Converter (secondary smoke
Gas) analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Converter (three times smoke
Gas) analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Refining furnace particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Continuous casting blank cutting
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Steel slag treatment
Particle-like analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Electric furnace particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analog method dioxins
Electroslag metallurgy
Fluoride
Material balance algorithm
2. Analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
Other production facilities
Particle-like analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Hot rolling
Heat treatment furnace
Particulate matter 1. analogy method 2. blowdown coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Mill and other
Production facilities
Particle analog method 1. actual measurement method 2. analog oil mist
Cold rolling heat treatment furnace
Particulate matter 1. analogy method 2. blowdown coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
Process pollution source pollutant
Prioritization of accounting methods
New (reform, expansion) construction pollution
Source existing engineering pollution source
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Mill and other
Production facilities
Particle analog method 1. actual measurement method 2. analog oil mist
Pickling unit
Fluoride, hydrogen chloride,
Nitric acid mist, sulfuric acid mist,
Chromic acid mist
Material balance algorithm
2. Analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
Waste acid recycling equipment
Fluoride, acid mist
(HCl, nitric acid mist,
Sulfuric acid mist, etc.)
Analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Coating unit
Chromic acid mist, benzene, toluene,
Xylene, non-methane total
Hydrocarbons, etc.
Analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Lime/white
Marble
Lime/dolomite
Particle analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
SO2 1. Material balance algorithm 2. Analogy method
Actual measurement method
2. Material balance algorithm
3. Analogy
NOx analogy method 1. actual measurement method 2. analogy method
Other production facilities
Particle-like analogy
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
Unorganized source of emissions
Particulate matter, SO2
H2S, NH3, fluorination
Matter, nitric acid mist, sulfuric acid
Fog, chromic acid mist, benzene,
Toluene, xylene, non
Methane total hydrocarbons, etc.
Analogy method
2. Other feasible methods
Analogy method
2. Other feasible methods
Note. When the existing engineering pollution sources are strongly accounted for, when there are multiple pollution sources of the same type in the same enterprise, the actual measurement method should be preferred.
His pollution source can be compared with similar measured pollution source data for source strong accounting.
Table A.2 Selection of strong accounting methods for sources of pollution of steel industry wastewater, noise and solid waste
Pollution source pollutant
Prioritization of accounting methods
New (reform, expansion) construction pollution
Source existing engineering pollution source
Waste water
Workshop row
Or total
Drain a
pH, suspended solids (SS), chemistry
Oxygen demand (CODCr), ammonia nitrogen,
Total phosphorus, total nitrogen, petroleum, and
Phenol, cyanide, sulfide,
Fluoride, total zinc, total iron, total
Copper, total arsenic, hexavalent chromium, total chromium,
Total cadmium, total nickel, total mercury
Analogy method
2. Sewage coefficient method
Actual measurement method
2. Analogy
noise
Various winds
Machine, water
Pump, empty
press,
Crusher
Equal noise
Noise leve...
Related standard: HJ 884-2018    HJ 886-2018
Related PDF sample: HJ 630-2011    GB/T 32355.5-2015