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HJ 638-2012

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 638-2012'
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HJ 638-2012English339 Add to Cart Days<=3 Ambient air. Determination of phenolic compounds by high performance liquid chromatography HJ 638-2012 Valid HJ 638-2012
HJ 638-2012Chinese15 Add to Cart <=1-day [PDF from Chinese Authority, or Standard Committee, or Publishing House]

   

BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 638-2012 (HJ638-2012)
Description (Translated English) Ambient air. Determination of phenolic compounds by high performance liquid chromatography
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z15
Classification of International Standard 13.040.20
Word Count Estimation 13,133
Quoted Standard HJ/T 55; HJ/T 194
Drafting Organization Changchun Municipal Environmental Monitoring Center Station
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environment Protection
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 16 of 2012;
Summary This standard specifies the determination of phenolic compounds in ambient air by high performance liquid chromatography. This standard applies to the ambient air 12 kinds of phenolic compounds determination (specific assay components see Appendix A). Thi

HJ 638-2012
Ambient air.Determination of phenolic compounds by high performance liquid chromatography
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Determination of ambient air phenolic compounds
High performance liquid chromatography
Ambient air- Determination of phenolic compounds
By high performance liquid chromatography
Published on.2012-02-29
2012-06-01 implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Content
Foreword. II
1 Scope 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Principle of the method 1
4 interference and elimination..1
5 reagents and materials..1
6 instruments and equipment..2
7 samples..3
8 Analysis step 3
9 Calculation and representation of results 4
10 Precision and Accuracy 5
11 Quality Assurance and Quality Control.5
12 Waste treatment 5
Appendix A (normative appendix) method detection limit and lower limit of determination 6
Summary of the precision and accuracy of the Appendix B (informative) method
Foreword
To implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China and the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution
This standard is formulated to ensure human health and to regulate the determination of phenolic compounds in ambient air.
This standard specifies high performance liquid chromatography for the determination of phenolic compounds in ambient air.
This standard is the first release.
Appendix A of this standard is a normative appendix, and Appendix B is an informative appendix.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard is mainly drafted by. Changchun Environmental Monitoring Center Station.
This standard is verified by. Shenyang Environmental Monitoring Center Station, Dalian Environmental Monitoring Center, Jilin Province Environmental Monitoring Center
Station, Harbin Environmental Monitoring Center Station, Jilin Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center and Jilin Province Product Quality Supervision and Inspection
hospital.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on February 29,.2012.
This standard has been implemented since June 1,.2012.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Determination of phenolic compounds in ambient air - High performance liquid chromatography
Warning. Phenolic compounds are toxic substances. The preparation of samples should be carried out in a fume hood. Operators should avoid them.
Avoid direct contact with skin and clothing.
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies high performance liquid chromatography for the determination of phenolic compounds in ambient air.
This standard applies to the determination of 12 phenolic compounds in ambient air (see Appendix A for specific determination components). This standard does not
Suitable for the determination of phenolic compounds in granules.
When the sampling volume is 25L, the detection limit of this method is 0.006~0.039 mg/m3, and the lower limit of determination is 0.024~0.156.
Mg/m3; When the sampling volume is 75L, the detection limit of this method is 0.002~0.013mg/m3, and the lower limit of determination is 0.008~
0.052 mg/m3. See Appendix A for details.
2 Normative references
The contents of this standard refer to the following documents or their terms. For undated references, the valid version is appropriate.
Used in this standard.
HJ/T 55 Technical Guidelines for Unorganized Emissions of Air Pollutants
HJ/T 194 Technical Specifications for Manual Air Quality Monitoring
3 Principle of the method
The gaseous phenolic compounds collected by XAD-7 resin are eluted with methanol and separated by high performance liquid chromatography. UV detection
Detector or diode array detector detection, qualitative time of retention, quantified by external standard method.
4 interference and elimination
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, trichlorobenzene, tetrachlorobenzene, benzopyrene, aniline, nitrobenzene, etc. in ambient air
The determination of phenolic compounds does not cause interference, and other interferents can be replaced by changing the column or changing the proportion of the mobile phase.
The target is separated.
5 reagents and materials
Analytical purification reagents in accordance with national standards were used for analysis unless otherwise stated; the experimental water was phenol-free water, liquid
The chromatographic test showed no interference peaks.
5.1 Non-phenolic water. It should be stored in a glass bottle. When using it, avoid contact with rubber products (rubber plugs or latex plugs, etc.).
It can be prepared in accordance with 5.1.1 or 5.1.2.
5.1.1 Add 0.2g of activated carbon powder activated at.200 ° C for 30 min per liter of distilled water, shake it thoroughly, and place it.
At night, filter with double-layer medium speed filter paper.
5.1.2 Add sodium hydroxide to make the distilled water weakly alkaline, and add potassium permanganate until the solution is purple-red, and move into the all-glass distiller.
The medium is heated and distilled, and the effluent is collected for use.
5.2 Methanol. HPLC grade.
5.3 Acetonitrile. HPLC grade.
5.4 Acetone. Excellent grade.
5.5 Standard stock solution. ρ=1000mg/L
Accurately weigh phenol, 2-methylphenol, 3-methylphenol, 4-methylphenol, 1,3-benzenediol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,6-di
0.050 g of methylphenol, 1-naphthol, 2-naphthol, 2,4,6-trinitrophenol, 2,4-dinitrophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol
In a 50 ml volumetric flask, make up to volume with methanol (5.2) and mix. Store in a 4 ° C refrigerator. Or buy a commercially available certified standard directly
Solution.
5.6 Standard use solution. ρ=100mg/L
Measure 1.0 ml of standard stock solution (5.5) in a 10 ml volumetric flask, dilute to volume with methanol (5.2), and mix. Ice at 4 ° C
Saved in the box.
5.7 XAD-7 Resin. 40~60 mesh
Soak it in acetone (5.4) for 12h, then put it into Soxhlet extractor and extract it with methanol (5.2) for 16h, then put it in vacuum.
Volatilize to dryness in the dryer.
5.8 Glass fiber filter
Placed in a muffle furnace at 350 ° C for 4 h, cooled and then washed with methanol (5.2), the punch is cut vertically into 8 mm
The diameter of the disc is placed in a desiccator for later use.
5.9 Glass wool
Each of acetone (5.4) and methanol (5.2) was washed 2 to 3 times, and placed in a vacuum desiccator for use.
5.10 V-shaped wire
6 Instruments and equipment
6.1 Sampler. The flow range is 0.1~1.0L/min with an accuracy of 0.05L/min.
6.2 Sampling tube. inner diameter 6mm, outer diameter 8 mm, length 11cm
Preparation method. as shown in Figure 1, fill a small amount of glass wool (5.9) 2 cm at the end of the sampling tube A, then add 100
Mg XAD-7 adsorbent (5.7), followed by a little glass wool and 75 mg XAD-7 adsorbent (5.7) and a little glass
Glass wool (5.9), finally put a glass fiber filter (5.8) from the A end, compact with a glass rod, and then use a V-shaped wire (5.10)
Fixed, closed at both ends with a Teflon cap.
Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the glass sampling tube structure
A--the front end of the sampling tube, 2cm long; B--the rear end of the sampling tube, 4.5cm long;
1--glass wool; 2-100 mg XAD-7, 2 cm long; 3-75 mg XAD-7, 1.5 cm long;
4--glass fiber filter; 5-V wire
6.3 High Performance Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC). with UV detector or diode array detector.
6.4 Column. C18 column, 4.60mm × 150mm, particle size 5.0μm, or other equivalent column.
6.5 Soxhlet extractor. 250ml.
6.6 Muffle furnace.
6.7 Vacuum dryer.
6.8 Common instruments and equipment used in general laboratories.
7 samples
7.1 Sample collection
The position of the sampling point, the sampling frequency, the placement of the sampler, and the sampling record are related to HJ/T 55 and HJ/T 194.
Provisions.
7.1.1 The sampler should be calibrated before sampling. At the sampling site, connect the B end of a sampling tube to the air sampler.
Adjust sampler flow, this sample tube is only used for flow regulation.
7.1.2 Connect the B end of the sampling tube to the sampler. The inlet end of the sampling tube is vertically downward, and the flow rate is recorded. The sampling flow rate is 0.2~.
0.5L/min, the sampling time is determined according to the actual situation.
7.1.3 Record the sample flow after the sampling is completed. The sampling tube was removed and the ends were closed with a Teflon cap.
7.2 Preservation of samples
At the end of the sampling, the sampling tube is placed in a closed container and brought back to the laboratory. If it cannot be measured in time, it should be avoided below 4 °C
Light preservation, measured within 14 days.
7.3 Preparation of samples
The sampling tube was returned to room temperature, and 5 ml of methanol (5.2) was gradually added from the B end to rinse, and the eluent naturally flowed out from the A end.
When the eluate was collected in a 2 ml brown volumetric flask to near the mark, the collection was stopped and then the volume was adjusted to the mark with methanol (5.2).
7.4 Preparation of blank samples
7.4.1 Transportation blank
At least one transport blank sample should be taken with each sample taken. Bring the sample tube prepared in the same batch to the sampling site, no
Unpacking, after sampling, put it in a closed container and bring it back to the lab. A blank sample was prepared in the same manner as in 7.3.
7.4.2 Laboratory blank
Laboratory blank samples were prepared in the same laboratory as in the same procedure as in 7.3.
7.5 penetration test
Connect two sampling tubes in series, one end of one sampling tube (front tube) and one end of another sampling tube (rear tube) with hose
Connect, the B end of the other sampling tube is connected to the sampler to record the sampling flow rate and time. The suction of the XAD-7 adsorbent in the front tube
With efficiency (%), calculate according to formula (1).
1 × = MM
MK (1)
In the formula.
K--the adsorption efficiency of the front tube, %;
M1--the amount of sample of the front tube, mg;
M2--Sampling amount of the back tube, mg.
8 Analysis steps
8.1 Reference chromatographic conditions
Mobile phase. 20% acetonitrile/80% water (V. V) 45% acetonitrile/55% water (V. V) 80 acetonitrile
/20% (V.V), reserved for 5 min;
7.5min 2.0min
Detection wavelength. 223 nm;
Flow rate. 1.5 ml/min;
Injection volume. 10.0 μl;
Column temperature. 25 ° C.
8.2 Calibration
8.2.1 Preparation of the standard series
Measure 0μl, 50μl, 100μl,.200μl, 500μl, 1000μl standard use solution (5.6) in 10ml capacity
In a bottle, make up to volume with methanol (5.2) and mix. Formulated to a concentration of 0mg/L, 0.5mg/L, 1.0mg/L, 2.0mg/L, 5.0mg/L
And a standard series of 10.0mg/L.
8.2.2 Drawing of the calibration curve
The 10.0μl standard series is taken from the low concentration to the high concentration, and injected into the high performance liquid chromatograph according to the reference chromatographic strip.
(8.1) is measured, the chromatographic response is the ordinate, and the phenolic compound concentration (mg/L) is plotted on the abscissa.
Quasi-curve. The calibration curve correlation coefficient r is greater than or equal to 0.999. The reference chromatogram of the phenolic compound is shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2 Standard chromatogram of phenolic compounds
1--2,4-dinitrophenol; 2--2,4,6-trinitrophenol; 3-1,3-benzenediol; 4-phenol;
5--3-methylphenol; 6--4-methylcresol; 7--2-methylcresol; 8-4-chlorophenol;
9--2,6-dimethylphenol; 10--2-naphthol; 11--1-naphthol; 12--2,4-dichlorophenol
8.3 Determination
Measure 10.0 μl of sample (7.3) according to the reference chromatographic conditions (8.1), record retention time and peak height
(or peak area).
8.3.1 Qualitative analysis
Qualitative according to the retention time of the standard chromatogram of phenolic compounds.
8.3.2 Quantitative analysis
The concentration of phenolic compounds in the samples was quantified using an external standard method.
8.4 Blank test
A 10.0 μl blank sample (7.4) was weighed and measured according to the reference chromatographic conditions (8.1).
9 Calculation and representation of results
9.1 Calculation of results
The concentration of phenolic compound ρ (mg/m3) in the ambient air sample was calculated according to formula (2).
mA
Min
V×= ρρ (2)
In the formula.
Ρ--the concentration of phenolic compounds in the sample, mg/m3;
1-1--Check the concentration of phenolic compounds from the calibration curve, mg/L;
V1--eluent volume to volume, ml;
Vs--the sampling volume under standard conditions (101.3 kPa, 273.2 K), L.
9.2 Results representation
When the measurement result is less than 1 mg/m3, the result is retained three decimal places; when the measurement result is greater than or equal to 1 mg/m3, the knot is
If you keep three significant digits.
10 Precision and accuracy
10.1 Precision
Uniformity of phenolic compounds (concentration near the lower limit of determination, 0.32 mg/m3 and 0.64 mg/m3) in six laboratories
The samples were measured and the relative standard deviations in the laboratory were. 0.08% to 8.4%; the relative standard deviations between laboratories were.
0.21% to 3.8%; the repeatability limit range is. 0.003mg/m3 to 0.043mg/m3; the reproducibility limit range is. 0.004mg/m3~
0.039 mg/m3.
10.2 Accuracy
The six laboratories performed the spiked analysis on the actual samples, and the spiked amount was 2.0 μg. The standard addition recovery range was.
85.0% to 93.4%.
The precision and accuracy data are detailed in Appendix B.
11 Quality Assurance and Quality Control
11.1 The deviation of the flow before and after the collection should be less than 5%, otherwise it should be re-acquired.
11.2 At least one laboratory blank and transport blank shall be determined for each batch of samples, and the results shall be lower than the method detection limit.
11.3 At least 10% of parallel samples should be determined for each batch of samples. When the number of samples is less than 10, at least one parallel double should be determined.
As such, the relative deviation of the results of two parallel measurements should be less than or equal to 10%.
11.4 Each batch of samples should be tested at least once, and the adsorption efficiency of the front tube should be greater than or equal to 80%.
12 Waste treatment
Phenolic compounds are toxic substances. All used waste liquids during the experiment cannot be dumped at will and should be disposed of properly.
Appendix A
(normative appendix)
Method detection limit and lower limit of measurement
When the sampling volume is 25L and 75L respectively, the detection limit and lower limit of the method are shown in Appendix A.1.
Schedule A.1 Method detection limit and lower limit of measurement Unit. mg/m3
Serial number Chinese name English name
Detection limit measurement lower limit detection limit lower limit
25L 75L
1 phenol phenol 0.028 0.112 0.009 0.036
2-methylphenol
Phenol) 2-Methylphenol 0.029 0.116 0.010 0.040
3-methylphenol
Phenol) 3-Methylphenol 0.019 0.076 0.007 0.028
4-methylphenol
Phenol) 4-Methylphenol 0.017 0.068 0.006 0.024
5 1,3-benzenediol 1,3-Dihydroxybenzene 0.027 0.108 0.009 0.036
6 2,6-dimethylphenol 2,6-xylenol 0.039 0.156 0.013 0.052
7 4-chlorophenol 4-chlorophenol 0.029 0.116 0.010 0.040
8 2-naphthol 2-naphthol 0.006 0.024 0.002
9 1-naphthol 1-naphthol 0.025 0.100 0.008 0.032
10 2,4,6-trinitrophenol 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol 0.022 0.088 0.007 0.028
11 2,4-Dinitrophenol 2,4-Dinitrophenol 0.019 0.076 0.006 0.024
12 2,4-Dichlorophenol 2,4-Dichlorophenol 0.021 0.084 0.008 0.032
Appendix B
(informative appendix)
Method of precision and accuracy summary
The sampling volume is 25L, and six laboratories have measured three uniform samples of different concentrations and measured the actual samples.
The product was subjected to spike analysis and the precision and accuracy results are shown in Table B.1.
Summary of the precision and accuracy of the method in Schedule B.1
name
average value
(mg/ m3) laboratory interior phase
Standard deviation
(%)
Laboratory room
Relative standard
deviation(%)
Repeatability limit r
(mg/ m3)
Reproducibility limit
(mg/ m3)
average value
(mg/ m3) blank sample spike
Recovery rate(%)
Actual sample spike recovery
(scaling amount 2.0μg) (%)
%p
Sampling volume
25L
Sampling volume
25L
phenol
0.12 2.67~5.05 2.22 0.012 0.013 0.16 97.7
90.8 0.32 2.82~5.38 0.970 0.033 0.031 0.40 97.5
0.64 1.48~2.87 0.236 0.038 0.035 0.80 95.2
2-methyl
phenol
0.12 1.10~4.69 2.14 0.011 0.013 0.16 97.2
88.8 0.32 1.42~5.86 1.47 0.033 0.033 0.40 97.6
0.64 1.48~2.85 0.484 0.036 0.034 0.80 96.9
3-methyl
phenol
0.08 2.59 - 0.006 - 0.16 98.5
95.0 0.32 1.89 - 0.017 - 0.40 97.9
0.64 1.11 - 0.020 - 0.80 97.8
4-methyl
phenol
0.08 2.02 - 0.006 - 0.16 98.6
95.0 0.32 2.83 - 0.025 - 0.40 98.5
0.64 1.57 - 0.028 - 0.80 98.8
1,3-benzene
Diphenol
0.08 2.77~8.38 3.82 0.011 0.013 0.16 97.6
88.2 0.32 0.717~4.12 1.40 0.029 0.030 0.40 97.8
0.64 0.205~2.88 0.721 0.033 0.032 0.80 96.8
2,6-two
Methylbenzene
0.16 2.34~6.70 1.40 0.019 0.018 0.16 98.5
86.1 0.32 2.29~3.66 1.02 0.028 0.027 0.40 98.2
0.64 1.45~2.41 0.463 0.035 0.033 0.80 96.9
4-chloro
phenol
0.12 2.15~5.02 1.63 0.012 0.013 0.16 98.4
87.0 0.32 2.97~5.18 0.950 0.034 0.032 0.40 97.7
0.64 1.37~2.79 0.592 0.037 0.035 0.80 95.2
2-naphthol
0.024 3.41~6.45 0.905 0.003 0.004 0.16 97.3
85.0 0.32 1.96~4.72 0.761 0.033 0.031 0.40 97.9
0.64 1.60~2.60 0.359 0.039 0.036 0.80 96.5
1-naphthol
0.12 2.55~6.61 1.93 0.016 0.016 0.16 96.5
85.6 0.32 2.74~4.11 0.567 0.032 0.029 0.40 97.8
0.64 1.44~2.98 0.214 0.040 0.037 0.80 95.8
2,4,6-three
Nitro
phenol
0.08 0.840~7.58 3.17 0.008 0.011 0.16 97.7
93.4 0.32 2.21~4.13 1.35 0.026 0.027 0.40 97.0
0.64 1.46~3.56 0.274 0.043 0.039 0.80 96.5
2,4-dinitrogen 0.08 2.28 - 0.006 - 0.16 93.3 97.5
name
average value
(mg/ m3) laboratory interior phase
Standard deviation
(%)
Laboratory room
Relative standard
deviation(%)
Repeatability limit r
(mg/ m3)
Reproducibility limit
(mg/ m3)
average value
(mg/ m3) blank sample spike
Recovery rate(%)
Actual sample spike recovery
(scaling amount 2.0μg) (%)
%p
Sampling volume
25L
Sampling volume
25L
Phenol 0.32 3.05 - 0.025 - 0.40 95.7
0.64 1.48 - 0.025 0.80 95.4
2,4-dichloro
phenol
0.08 3.11 - 0.006 - 0.16 101.5
91.2 0.32 2.06 - 0.017 - 0.40 98.3
0.64 1.46 - 0.025 - 0.80 98.8
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