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HJ 514-2009 English PDF

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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 514-2009 (HJ514-2009)
Description (Translated English) Cleaner production standard. Hotel
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z68
Classification of International Standard 13.020
Word Count Estimation 11,132
Date of Issue 2009-11-30
Date of Implementation 2010-03-01
Quoted Standard GB/T 11914; GB 18580; GB 18581; GB 18582; GB 18583; GB 18584; GB 18585; GB 18586; GB 18587; GB 18597; GB 18599; GB 50015; GB 50034; GB 50189; GB/T 2589; GB/T 12452; GB/T 24001; HJ/T 91; HJ/T 399; CJ 164
Drafting Organization China Light Industry Cleaner Production Centre
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 63 of 2009
Summary This standard specifies the hotels and restaurants industry clean production requirements. This standard hotels and restaurants industry clean production standard indicators into four categories, namely equipment requirements, resource and energy use indicators, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of treatment) and environmental management requirements. This standard applies to hotels and cleaner production audit, clean production potential and opportunities for judgment and performance assessment of cleaner production and cleaner production performance disclosure system for environmental impact assessment, permit management, environmental management systems.

Standards related to: HJ 514-2009

HJ 514-2009
Cleaner production standard.Hotel
HJ
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Posted 2009-11-30
2010-03-01 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
People's Republic of China Ministry of Environmental Protection
announcement
2009 No. 63
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Cleaner Production Promotion Law," to protect the environment, improve enterprise
Industry clean production levels, are now approved "clean production standard hotels and restaurants industry" as national environmental standards, and to be published.
Standard name, numbered as follows.
The standard since March 1, 2010 implementation, published by the China Environmental Science Press, standard content in website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection
Special announcement.
November 30, 2009
Table of Contents
Preface ..iv
1. Scope ..1
2 Normative references ..1
3 Terms and Definitions .1
4 normative technical requirements ..2
5 Data collection and calculation methods 4
6 .6 implementation of standards
Foreword
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Cleaner Production Promotion Law," to protect the environment, to the hotel
Hotel industry to carry out clean production to provide technical support and guidance, the development of this standard.
This standard provides the basis to achieve the national and local emission standards, according to current industry technology, equipment and management
Horizontal, hotels and restaurants industry clean production - General requirements. This standard is divided into three levels, a representative of the international advanced level of clean production, two representatives
Domestic advanced level of clean production, three representatives of the domestic basic level of clean production. As technology continues to progress and development, the standard will be timely
Amendments.
This standard is the first release.
This standard was proposed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science and Technology Standards Department.
This standard was drafted. China Light Industry Cleaner Production Center, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences.
This standard MEP November 30, 2009 for approval.
This standard since March 1, 2010 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
iv
Cleaner production standard hotels and restaurants sector
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general requirements for hotels and restaurants industry cleaner production. This standard hotels and restaurants industry clean production standard indicators divided into four categories,
That equipment requirements, resource and energy usage targets, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of the process) and environmental management requirements.
This standard applies to hotels and restaurants business clean production examination, judgment of the potential and opportunities for clean production and clean production performance assessment
And cleaner production performance disclosure system for environmental impact assessment, waste discharge permit management, environmental management systems.
2 Normative references
The standard content of the following documents cited in the articles. For undated references, the effective version applies to this standard.
Determination of GB/T 11914 Quality of potassium dichromate method COD
GB 18580 interior decoration materials, plywood and their products limited release formaldehyde
GB 18581 interior decoration materials, solvent-based coatings of harmful substances
GB 18582 interior decoration materials, interior wall paint harmful substances
GB 18583 interior decoration materials, adhesives harmful substances
GB 18584 interior decoration materials, wooden furniture of harmful substances
GB 18585 Wallpaper interior decoration materials harmful substances
GB 18586 interior decoration materials, PVC floor sheets harmful substances
GB 18587 interior decoration materials, carpets, carpet cushions and adhesives limited release of harmful substances
GB 18597 Hazardous Waste Storage Pollution Control Standard
GB 18599 general industrial solid waste storage and disposal site pollution control standards
GB 50015 Water and Drainage Design Specification
GB 50034 architectural lighting design standards
GB 50189 public building energy efficiency design standards
GB/T 2589 General Principles of comprehensive energy consumption calculation
GB/T 12452 Enterprise General water balance and testing
GB/T 24001 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use
HJ/T 425 clean production standards Technical Guidelines
HJ/T 91 surface water and wastewater monitoring technical specifications
Determination of HJ/T 399 Water quality COD rapid digestion spectrophotometry
CJ 164 water-saving appliances Life
"Clean Production Audit Interim Measures" (National Development and Reform Commission, the State Environmental Protection Administration Order No. 16)
3 Terms and Definitions
3.1 Cleaner production cleaner production
Refers constantly taken to improve the design and use of clean energy and raw materials, the use of advanced technology and equipment, improve management, utilization
And other measures to reduce pollution at source, improve resource utilization efficiency, reduce or avoid production of production, services and products to use during Pollutants
Health and emissions, in order to reduce or eliminate human health and the environment.
3.2 Cleaner production standard cleaner production standard
Means in accordance with the principle of life-cycle analysis, resulting from the production process and equipment, the use of energy resources, products, pollutants, waste recycling
Six aspects and environmental management, cleaner production level of the industry given the stage of the target, over full guidance cleaner production and pollution
Process control.
Note. Quoted from HJ/T 425 clean production standards Technical Guidelines.
3.3 pollutant indicator (prior to the end of the process) pollutants generation indicators (before end-of-pipe treatment)
It refers to the amount generated during the operation unit beds pollutants (before the end of the process). This standard is primarily water pollutant indicator. Water Pollution
Was produced indicators, including the quantity of sewage wastewater treatment plant inlet and types of pollutants, the unit amount or concentration of pollutants beds.
3.4 hotels and restaurants hotel
Able to provide guests with a star hotels and catering, accommodation and related services as well as its hardware facilities and service standards equivalent to the star
Class standards of hotels, guest houses, resorts and other units.
3.5 Resort holiday village
It can offer its customers with catering, accommodation and related services with a volume equivalent to the star or star accommodation building
Rate of 0.55 or less, usually in the resort, Villa, training center named.
4 normative technical requirements
4.1 index rating
This standard gives the total industry operating hotels and restaurants service process cleaner production level three technical indicators.
A. the international advanced level of clean production;
Class 2. domestic advanced level of clean production;
Three. clean domestic production of basic levels.
4.2 index requirements
Hotels and restaurants industry clean production technical requirements are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 hotels and restaurants industry clean production technical requirements
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
First, the equipment requirements
Fans, pumps, energy-efficient motor selection; variable condition fan,
Pump frequency speed control device
Fans, pumps, motors and efficient selection section
Can type
Must be updated when cleaning air conditioning refrigerant, the state banned CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, etc.
Of controlled ozone-depleting substances 1. Air conditioning and heating system
Cold heat source unit EER air conditioning heating system in line with GB 50189 and the first 5.4.5,5.4.8 5.4.9 stipulates pot
Furnace thermal efficiency in line with the provisions of Article 5.4.3
Transformer should be used in high efficiency and low power consumption
2. Supply and distribution system means no reasonable power compensation equipment, power factor control in 0.95
the above
Reasonable means of reactive power compensation devices, power factor
Number of control over 0.9
Office area do not use non-energy-saving lamps (including T8, T12 straight tube
Fluorescent and incandescent)
Office area do not use non-energy-saving lamps (including
T12 linear fluorescent and incandescent)
Non-dimming CFL usage area 100%
Lighting standards in line with GB 50034 5.2.5 value provisions of Article 3. Lighting system
Lighting power density value of each room or place is not higher than GB 50034
Predetermined target value
Lighting power density value of each room or place
The current value is not higher than the predetermined GB 50034
Saving appliances in line with CJ 164, the installation rate of 100%
Sanitary ware water rated flow, minimum working pressure in line with GB 50015
4. Water supply and drainage system construction area of 20,000 m
2 above
Hotels and construction of water facilities,
Establish rainwater harvesting systems,
And efficient use of water and rain
Construction area of 20,000 m2 or more hotels and construction of water facilities, and effective
Use of water
CONTINUED
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
5. Fire protection system fire equipment must be clean agent, prohibit the use of halon 1211 or halon-1301
6. Electrical equipment energy efficiency equipment has reached the mark of 2 devices with energy efficiency rating sign reaches Level 3
7. Dry cleaning equipment using a dry-cleaning solvent purification and recovery features fully enclosed dry cleaning machine
Second, the use of resources and energy indicators
One or two stars ≤35 ≤37 ≤39
Three Star ≤37 ≤39 ≤41
1. Construction Area Comprehensive
Energy consumption of a (standard coal equivalent count
Operators)/[kg/(m2 · a)] four or five-star ≤39 ≤41 ≤43
One or two stars ≤280 ≤320 ≤350
Three Star ≤420 ≤460 ≤500 2. Bed unit quantity of water /
[L/(bed · d)
4 or 5 star ≤510 ≤550 ≤580
3. Indirect cooling water circulation rate /% ≥98
Third, pollutant indicator (prior to the end of the process)
One or two stars ≤250 ≤290 ≤320
Three Star ≤380 ≤420 ≤450 1. Unit bed volume of wastewater generated/[L/(bed · d)]
4 or 5 star ≤460 ≤500 ≤520
One or two stars ≤75 ≤90 ≤95
Three Star ≤120 ≤130 ≤140
2. Unit bed chemical oxygen demand
Amount (COD) generation /
[G/(bed · d)] four or five-star ≤145 ≤160 ≤165
Fourth, environmental management
1. Environmental laws and regulations and standards
In line with national and local environmental laws, regulations, waste water, waste gas boiler, catering fumes, exhaust gas underground garage,
Emissions of noise and vibration up to the national and local emission standards, total control and discharge permit management to
2. Environmental Audit
Accordance with the "Clean Production Audit Interim
Approach "to complete the clean production audit
Nuclear, improve clean production tubing
Body and ongoing clean
Production; according to GB/T 24001
Establishment and effective operation of environmental management
System, environmental management manual, process
Program files and job files available
Environmental factors on the process of operation
Control, strict exercise
Procedures for the establishment of stakeholders tube
Program management, cleaner production audit
System and environmental management system
For operators during major environmental factors
Control, there are procedures to establish parties
Program management, cleaner production and audit system
Necessary environmental management systems
3. organization
Setting the environment, energy management positions, the implementation of environmental and energy management post
Bit accountability. Key energy systems, the equipment should be operating positions with
Preparation of professional and technical personnel
Setting the environment, energy management positions, implementation
Environment, energy management of personal responsibility
4. Management system with clear environmental objectives and action measures; a sound public security, food safety, energy saving, environmental protection regulations; regularly check the achievement of objectives and the implementation of the rules and regulations of the record
5. Guests publicity management activities to encourage regional notices, billboards and other forms of green consumer guide customers
Each part of the energy heat source, transmission and distribution systems and lighting independently stars
Measurement items, 50 kW of electrical equipment to be installed separately above the meter, and
There are fixed assessment system
Power system measurement and lighting attainment, 50 kW
Electrical equipment to be installed separately above the meter,
And a fixed assessment system
The integrity of the metering system, a water meter rate of 100%, two water meter rate of 90%; there is complete
Good metering ledger
According to GB/T 12452 regulations, 2
A water balance test conducted in accordance with GB/T 12452 provides 3 to 5 years to conduct a water balance test
6. Environmental Management Energy Management
Indoor temperature and fresh air in line with GB 50189
CONTINUED
Cleaner Production Index Level One Two Three
Regular cleaning central air-conditioning, heating cleared regularly, dust and dirt on the Device Manager cooling coil periodically remove heat (hot water systems, air conditioning systems require heat exchanger) fouling
Do not take the initiative to provide toothbrushes, combs, soap, slippers, bath gel, shampoo and other one-time items, according to customers and
Replacement demand
Decoration materials in line with GB 18580, GB 18581, GB 18582, GB 18583, GB 18584, GB 18585,
GB 18586, GB regulations 18587, GB 18597's
Catering service does not use disposable foam plastic tableware, disposable wooden chopsticks, reducing the use of disposable towels
Raw materials and consumer goods
The use of efficient and environmentally friendly detergents, prohibit the use of trichlorethylene dry cleaning, dry cleaners enclosed storage
A grease restaurant wastewater facilities, waste oil recycling
The remaining soap/toilet paper, etc., used bed sheets/towels and other items have an effective collection and recycling waste management
Establishment of waste collection equipment, garbage separation and recycling publicity in a prominent position
Kitchen waste, waste oil to designate a person or entrust a qualified units to collect, transport, use and disposal of the
Waste Management
Using waste disposal methods in line with national regulations for disposal of waste; general solid waste in accordance with the relevant provisions of GB 18599
Execution; hazardous waste (including waste electrical and electronic products, electrical and electronic equipment, waste activated carbon, polychlorinated biphenyls capacitance
, A mercury-containing waste fluorescent tubes, waste halogenated organic solvents, etc.), in strict accordance with the relevant provisions of GB 18597-risk
Risk waste management, and to develop competent local governments above the county seat of environmental administration department hazardous waste
Management program (including reducing the amount of hazardous waste and dangerous measures and hazardous waste storage, use,
Disposal measures), where the local people's governments above the county level environmental protection administrative departments for hazardous waste
Information type, quantity, flow direction, storage and disposal. Hazardous waste for collection, storage,
Transport, utilization and disposal, develop accident prevention measures and emergency plans, to the county level or above ground
Fang people's government environmental protection administrative departments for the record
Achieve no bare ground, the ground should be green 100% green, encourage
Vertical greening and roof greening
Achieve no bare ground, the ground should be green
100% Green
6. Environmental Management
Green managed green spaces, trees, flowers should use drip irrigation, micro jet and other advanced irrigation methods, green water in accordance with local
Water quota
Stakeholders to establish environmental management procurement and suppliers monitoring system, the choice of green food and green products
Note. a comprehensive energy consumption of unit building area correction factor.
Correction factor 1) Hotel facilities
Laundry. The hotel has a laundry room, a laundry room features include washing, dry cleaning, ironing, comprehensive energy consumption correction coefficient was 1.15.
Pool. The hotel has a heated swimming pool, volume of 200 m3 or more, the comprehensive energy consumption correction coefficient was 1.02.
2) Equipment for hotels type correction factor
Heat pipe network. the hotel heating system for the heating heat pipe network, the comprehensive energy consumption correction coefficient is 0.9.
3) The hotel building type correction factor
Resort. Resort comply with this standard definition, comprehensive energy consumption correction coefficient of 1.47.
4) climate zone correction coefficient
North subtropical, in the subtropical. correction factor of 1.
Warm temperate. correction factor of 1.1.
Temperate, boreal. correction factor of 1.2.
South Asia and tropical South Region. correction factor of 1.3.
5 Data collection and calculation methods
5.1 Monitoring Methods
Wastewater pollutant indicator in accordance with national environmental monitoring methods. All measured data indicators according to the number of samples averaged. Sewage
Pollutants index analysis method are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 Pollutant Index Analysis Method
Monitoring project measuring point analysis methods for monitoring and sampling frequency
COD wastewater treatment station entrance GB 11914 or HJ/T 399 monitored once every half, each monitoring sample in accordance with "Surface Water and wastewater monitoring technical specifications" (HJ/T 91) Executive
Note. while monitoring the flow of waste water to be monitored every time.
5.2 Calculation Method
Statistics of the hotels and restaurants are in statutory performance indicators, monthly statements or annual reports prevail, calculated as follows.
a) comprehensive energy consumption of unit building area
Hotels and restaurants in planning the statistical period, the comprehensive energy consumption per square meter of floor space consumed, according to equation (1).
EE
= (1)
Where. Ed-- Construction Area overall energy consumption (standard coal equivalent calculation), kg/(m2 · a);
Ei-- hotels and restaurants during the operation the sum of overall energy consumption (standard coal equivalent calculation), kg/a;
S-- hotels and restaurants in the building area, m2.
Note. The comprehensive energy consumption includes consumption of primary energy (such as coal, oil, natural gas, etc.), secondary energy (such as steam, electricity, etc.) and used directly in the production
Working fluid (such as cooling water, compressed air, etc.), but does not include the power consumption (e.g. power generation, boilers, etc.) of the working fluid consumption. Specific energy consumption in accordance with the Comprehensive
GB/T 2589 calculations.
b) the unit quantity of water beds
Within a certain time, in hotels and restaurants by the number of beds for rent accounting quantity of water, according to equation (2).
ui
VV
N r
= × (2)
Where. Vui-- bed unit quantity of water, L/(bed · d);
Vi-- hotels and restaurants to take water, L/d;
Nb-- number of beds in hotels, restaurants, bed;
r-- bed occupancy rate,%.
Note. The quantity of water include room hotels and restaurants, offices, cafeteria, staff bathroom, laundry, recreation gym, central air conditioning water, boilers, washing, etc.
Quantity of water. Not including catering, landscaping and leased office space, apartments, shopping malls and water outside water supply.
c) indirect cooling water circulation rate
Hotels and restaurants indirect central air conditioning system cooling water circulation rate, according to equation (3) Calculated.
cr
cr cf
100%
VR
VV
= × (3)
Where. Rc-- indirect cooling water circulation rate,%;
Vcr-- indirect cooling water volume, m3/h;
Vcf-- indirect cooling water system to add water, m3/h.
d) the amount of wastewater generated unit beds
Hotels and restaurants operating units during the actual waste water bed bed occupancy rate calculated generation, according to equation (4) Calculated.
N r
= × (4)
Where. Vc-- unit bed volume of wastewater generated, L/(bed · d);
Vp-- hotels and wastewater generation, L/d;
Nb-- number of beds in hotels, restaurants, bed;
r-- bed occupancy rate,%.
e) Unit bed chemical oxygen demand (COD) generation
Hotels and restaurants operating during the actual bed occupancy rate calculation unit bed chemical oxygen demand (COD) of generation, according to equation (5)
Calculated.
i pi
N r
ρ × = × (5)
Where. H-- unit beds COD (COD) generation, g/(bed · d);
ρi-- within a certain measurement time, waste water treatment station entrance (if waste water treatment facilities) or waste water discharge quality at COD concentration
Of measured mean, mg/L;
Vpi-- measured at the same time, the amount of waste water into the waste water treatment plant inlet or discharge, m3;
Nb-- number of beds in hotels, restaurants, bed;
r-- bed occupancy rate,%.
Example 6 Standard
This standard by the people's governments above the county level environmental protection administrative department responsible for overseeing implementation.
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