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HJ 511-2009 English PDF

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Standard ID HJ 511-2009 (HJ511-2009)
Description (Translated English) Standard guide for environmental informatization
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z00
Classification of International Standard 13.020
Word Count Estimation 15,190
Date of Issue 2009-11-16
Date of Implementation 2010-01-01
Quoted Standard GB/T 1.1; GB/T 13016; GB/T 20000.1
Drafting Organization Department of Environmental Protection Information Center
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 58 of 2009
Summary This standard specifies the standard system of environmental information and environmental information hierarchy revision of the standard principles. This standard applies to environmental information to guide the planning, construction, implementation and environmental information standards and revision.

Standards related to: HJ 511-2009

HJ 511-2009
Standard guide for environmental informatization
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic
Environmental Information Standard Guide
Released on.2009-11-16
2010-01-01 Implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Ministry of Environmental Protection
No. 58 of.2009
In order to implement the Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China and promote environmental informationization, the Environmental Information Standards Guide is now approved.
National environmental protection standards are issued.
The standard name and number are as follows.
The standard was implemented on January 1,.2010 and published by the China Environmental Science Press. The standard content can be found on the website of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Special announcement.
November 13,.2009
1 Scope..1
2 Normative references..1
3 Terms and Definitions.1
4 Environmental Information Standard System 1
5 Environmental Information Standard System Subsystem 2
6 Maintenance and management of environmental information standard system.6
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) Principles for the Revision of Environmental Information Standards.8
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China" and implement the "Decision of the State Council on the implementation of the scientific development concept
Ding, establish a standard system for environmental information, promote environmental information, and develop this standard.
This standard stipulates the hierarchical structure of the environmental information standard system and the principles for the revision and revision of environmental information standards.
Appendix A of this standard is a normative appendix.
This standard was formulated by the Science and Technology Standards Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This standard is mainly drafted by. Ministry of Environmental Protection Information Center, China National Institute of Standardization.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on November 16,.2009.
This standard has been implemented since January 1,.2010.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Environmental Information Standard Guide
1 Scope of application
This standard stipulates the hierarchical structure of the environmental information standard system and the principles for the revision and revision of environmental information standards.
This standard is applicable to the guidance and revision of environmental information planning, construction, implementation and environmental information standards.
2 Normative references
This standard refers to the terms of the following documents. For undated references, the valid version applies to this standard.
GB/T 1.1 Standardization Work Guidelines Part 1. Standard Structure and Writing Rules
GB/T 13016 standard system table preparation principles and requirements
GB/T.20000.1 Standardization Work Guide Part 1. General terms for standardization and related activities
Measures for the Administration of the Revision and Revision of National Environmental Protection Standards (State Environmental Protection Administration Announcement No. 41 of.2006)
Adoption of International Standards Management Measures (Order No. 10 of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions established in GB/T.20000.1 and GB/T 13016 apply to this standard.
3.1 Standard standard
In order to achieve the best order within a certain range, it is formulated by consensus and approved by recognized institutions, used together and reused.
A normative document.
3.2 standard system
The scientific organic whole formed by a certain range of standards in accordance with its intrinsic connection.
3.3 Related standards relative standard
Subordinate to other systems (industry, professional) and directly adopted by the system and closely related standards, the relevant standards of this system.
3.4 environmental information standard system for environmental informatization
A scientific organic whole consisting of intrinsically linked standards within the scope of environmental information construction.
4 Environmental Information Standard System
4.1 Standard system composition
The environmental information standard system consists of overall standards, application standards, information resource standards, application support standards, network infrastructure standards,
The seven sub-systems of information security standards and management standards (see Figure 1). These seven subsystems interact, interdependent and complement each other.
Each sub-system can be subdivided into several sub-categories.
2. Application Standards 4. Application Support Standards 7. Management Standards 6. Information Security Standards 5. Network Infrastructure Standards 3. Information Resource Standards 1. Overall Standards
Environmental information standard system
Figure 1 Environmental Information Standard Architecture Diagram
4.2 Standard system logic block diagram
The logic of the environmental information standard system is shown in Figure 2. The overall standard is at the top of the whole system. It is the other six sub-parts.
Provides overall guidance and mechanism assurance, information security standards and management standards throughout the network infrastructure standards, application support standards, information
Among the resource standards and application standards.
Application support standard
Application standard
General standard
Network infrastructure standard
Information resource standard
Figure 2 Logical block diagram of the environmental information standard system
5 Environmental Information Standard System Subsystem
5.1 Overall Standard System
The overall standard subsystem provides basic principles, guidelines and frameworks for environmental information standards, as well as basic informatization terms.
The overall standard subsystem hierarchy is shown in Figure 3 and includes two subcategories of the overall framework and terminology.
1. Overall standard
1.1 Overall framework
1.2 Terminology
Figure 3 Overall standard subsystem hierarchy diagram
The overall framework standard provides basic principles, guidelines and frameworks for environmental information standards. The overall framework standard mainly includes environmental information standardization
General standards and related standards such as quasi-guidelines.
The purpose of the terminology standard is to unify the main nouns, terminology and technical vocabulary encountered in the construction of environmental information, to avoid causing discrimination against them.
Righteous understanding. Terminology standards include environmental information terms, basic terms, and terminology.
5.2 Application Standard Subsystem
The application standard subsystem provides standards and specifications for application of environmental information systems.
The hierarchical structure of the application standard subsystem is shown in Figure 4, including three sub-categories of file format, business process and application system.
2. Application standards
2.1 File format
2.3 Application System
2.2 Business Process
Figure 4 Application standard system hierarchy diagram
The file format standard provides a standardized file format for the exchange and sharing between environmental protection business information systems. File format standard
It mainly includes the file formats and related standards involved in the environmental protection business.
Business process is a type of process and strategy in the field of environmental protection business information to achieve business goals. The process consists of a set of policies.
The implementation of the coordinated steps of the activities. Business process standards include business processes and related standards involved in the environmental protection information business.
Application system standards include core business application systems and integrated application systems for environmental protection, as well as related e-government standards.
Environmental protection core business application systems include environmental monitoring management, pollution monitoring management, ecological protection management, nuclear safety and radiation management,
Environmental emergency management information system. Environmental monitoring management information system is used to achieve national environmental quality data (including surface water, atmosphere, near
Management of shore waters, acid rain, sandstorms, etc., and covering ecological monitoring, pollution source monitoring, etc.; pollution monitoring and management information system
Covering pollution control management, environmental monitoring management, environmental impact assessment and environmental statistics; ecological protection management information system coverage area
Domain eco-environment management, rural environmental protection management, biodiversity conservation, etc.; nuclear safety and radiation management information systems cover nuclear facilities
Supervision and management of materials, supervision and management of radioactive sources, monitoring and management of radiation environmental quality, management of nuclear safety licenses, management of nuclear and electromagnetic radiation, etc.
Business; environmental emergency management information system covers environmental emergency response and early warning management, environmental emergency command and dispatch, environmental emergency monitoring and management,
Environmental emergency decision support, environmental emergency on-site disposal management, and environmental emergency assessment.
The comprehensive application system for environmental protection includes various administrative office management information systems, environmental protection government websites, and environmental science and technology management information systems.
Comprehensive, environmental policy and regulation management information system, environmental finance and asset management information system and environmental foreign affairs management information system, etc.
An application system that provides support and services for core business applications.
5.3 Information Resource Standard System
The information resource standard is used to standardize the data types of various types of environmental protection business information, so as to realize the sharing of information resources across departments and regions.
The hierarchical structure of the information resource standard subsystem is shown in Figure 5, including data elements, metadata, information classification and coding, geographic information, and
Five secondary categories of the database.
3. Information resource standards
3.1 data element
3.2 Metadata
3.3 Information Classification and Coding
3.4 Geographic information
3.5 database
Figure 5 Information resource standard system hierarchy diagram
A data element is a unit of data that describes a definition, identification, representation, and allowed value with a set of attributes. Data element dictionary lists and defines related numbers
According to the yuan. Data element standards include data elements dedicated to environmental protection, as well as general rules for data elements and related standards for e-government data elements.
The metadata defines and describes the data of other data, and according to certain rules, the corresponding features are extracted from the information resources to form a
A collection of feature elements. The metadata standard mainly includes environmental protection metadata and related standards.
Information classification and coding standards include classification and coding standards for environmental protection-specific information, as well as methodologies, regions, places and locations, and measurement
Standards for units, human resources, products and transportation, organization codes, and science and technology. Information classification means that there will be common attributes or characteristics
The information is grouped together according to the laws of science and conceptually divided to distinguish and judge different information. Information coding refers to science
Sexually assigning code or a symbology to the classified information as a common language for processing and exchanging information systems.
Geographic information standards include geographic information and related standards involved in environmental protection operations.
Database standards include database standards and environmental information resource sharing platforms related to environmental protection standards, as well as related standards. Environmental letter
The information resource sharing platform is built on the basic database of environmental protection, the central database and the shared database, which provides sharing of information resources.
Switch system.
5.4 Application Support Standard Subsystem
The application support standard subsystem provides support and services independent of the network and applications for various environmental protection businesses, ensuring various business resources.
Interconnectable, accessible, exchangeable, shareable, and integrateable.
The hierarchical structure of the application supporting standard subsystem is shown in Figure 6, including information exchange, directory service, description technology and component tools.
Secondary category.
4. Application support standards
4.1 Information exchange
4.2 Directory Service
4.3 Description Technique
4.4 Component Tools
Figure 6 Application support standard subsystem hierarchy diagram
Information exchange standards include standards and related standards involved in the environmental information exchange, which can provide information exchange for cross-departmental and inter-regional
Switch system.
A directory service is a service that locates and identifies various data and data processing resources in a network environment and provides search and rights management functions.
Service mechanism. The directory service standard includes the classification classification standard for the environmental protection industry information resource catalog and the X.500 series directory service and government affairs.
Relevant standards for information resource catalogs, web services, and messaging services.
Description technical standards include Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
And other related standards.
Component tool is a software development technology that encapsulates the parts that are used repeatedly in the software development process to achieve its specific work.
Yes, the same functional requirements are achieved by calling. Component tools provide services through interfaces. Component tool standards are still in development, currently mainly
Includes software component management and product quality.
5.5 Network Infrastructure Standards System
According to the actual needs of the environmental protection industry for communication and computer network infrastructure, the level of the environmental network infrastructure standard system
The structure is shown in Figure 7, which includes six secondary categories of WAN, LAN, network equipment, network security, network management, and network auxiliary facilities.
5. Network infrastructure standards
5.1 Wide Area Network
5.2 Local Area Network
5.3 Network equipment
5.4 Network Security
5.6 Network Auxiliary Facilities
5.5 Network Management
Figure 7 Network infrastructure standard subsystem hierarchy diagram
WAN standards include standards for environmental protection industry and IP network requirements, IP transmission methods, protocols, IP-VPN, etc.
Related standards.
LAN standards include related standards such as local area networks, wireless LANs, and VLANs.
Network equipment standards mainly include related indicators such as routers, switches, network access servers, ADSL access and integrated wiring.
Network security standards mainly include environmental protection standards as well as general technical requirements, security protocols, email security, web security, and domains.
Relevant standards for system security and other aspects.
Network management standards mainly include environmental protection standards and overall, network protocols, routing management information management library, network server management
Relevant standards for information management libraries and network management interfaces.
The network auxiliary facilities standards mainly include related standards such as equipment room design, construction, anti-static and air conditioning.
5.6 Information Security Standards System
The Information Security Standards System is to ensure the safe operation of environmental information systems and to ensure the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information and systems.
The security system provides technical and management standards for various security guarantees for environmental information construction.
The hierarchical structure of the information security standard subsystem is shown in Figure 8, including the overall information security standards, information security technology standards, and information security.
There are three secondary categories of full management standards.
6. Information Security Standards
6.1 General Standards for Information Security
6.2 Information Security Technical Standards
6.3 Information Security Management Standards
Figure 8 Information Security Standards System Hierarchy
The overall standards for information security include relevant national environmental protection standards as well as relevant standards for safety architecture, models and general technical requirements.
Information security technology standards include relevant national environmental protection standards as well as cryptography, identification and authentication, authorization and access, physical security,
Standards for preventing information leakage and security products.
Information security management standards include standards for system security management and level protection and risk management.
5.7 Management Standard Subsystem
The management standard sub-system provides management tools and measures for environmental information construction, and realizes scientific management and guarantee for environmental information construction.
The important guarantee for the effective operation of information systems is the guarantee system for the normal operation of environmental information construction.
The management standard subsystem hierarchy is shown in Figure 9, including software development and management standards, project acceptance and supervision standards, and project testing.
Six sub-categories of evaluation criteria, information resource management standards, information management management standards, and IT service management standards. In the system
In addition to the corresponding international standards, national standards and industry standards, it also includes the standards and specifications required for environmental information management.
And its corresponding management documents and rules and regulations.
7. Management standards
7.1 Software Development and Management
7.2 Project acceptance and supervision
7.3 Project Testing and Evaluation
7.4 Information Resource Management
7.6 IT Service Management
7.5 Information Work Management
Figure 9 Management standard subsystem hierarchy diagram
Software development and management standards include standards that are involved in the software development and management process of the environmental protection industry.
The project acceptance and supervision standards include standards related to the acceptance and supervision of environmental information construction projects.
Project testing and evaluation criteria include assessment and evaluation criteria related to environmental informatization construction projects.
The information resource management standard includes the quality management and sharing degree evaluation of information resources in the environmental protection industry information system.
The information management standard includes the standards set by the environmental information administration department for the construction of environmental information.
The IT Service Management (ITSM) standard is based on the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) information management model.
Focusing on customer satisfaction and service quality, the center integrates information services and business processes to provide planning, research and development, implementation for information service organizations.
The specification of operation and maintenance. IT service management standards currently mainly include specifications and practice rules for service management.
6 Maintenance and management of environmental information standard system
The hierarchical structure of the environmental information standard system given in this standard will continue to evolve and change with the advancement of technology and the renewal of management concepts.
Turn. In order to be able to adapt to the advancement of technology and the renewal of management concepts, this standard adopts the PDCA cycle development model as shown in Figure 10.
P (plan) D (implementation) C (check) A (improvement)
Figure 10 PDCA cycle development model of environmental information standard system
among them.
P (Plan). In order to achieve good goals, we need to study how to do a good job. For the first cycle, it is to establish a standard system.
The subsequent cycle is to continuously improve it.
D(Do). Implementing the system.
C (Check). Regularly or irregularly check and review the progress and implementation of the standardization work.
A (Action). If the result of the inspection is inconsistent with the expected result, conduct an analytical study to find out the cause and propose a solution to the problem.
Plan P (Plan).
Therefore, establishing a standard system is only the first part of the first cycle of the PDCA cycle, doing other things and continuing
The PDCA cycle will be a long-term job. The PDCA cycle is spiraling, and the standard system is improved every time it is cycled.
See Appendix A for the principles for the revision of environmental information standards.
Appendix A
(normative appendix)
Environmental Information Standards Revision Principle
A.1 General requirements
This appendix combines the characteristics of the environmental protection industry and follows GB/T 1.1, “Administrative Measures for the Adoption of International Standards” and “National Environmental Protection”.
Based on the relevant provisions of the Standardization and Revision Work Management Measures.
This appendix stipulates the basic principles to be followed in the revision and revision of environmental informationization standards (hereinafter referred to as standards), adopts international standards and
The principles to be followed by national standards, the standard revision procedures, and the requirements for standard revisions.
A.2 Standard revision principles
A.2.1 Basic principles for standard revision work
The standard revision work should follow the following basic principles.
-- Carry out standard revision projects for the implementation of national environmental protection laws, regulations, rules, policies and plans;
-- Standard revision project helps to form a complete and coordinated environmental protection standard system, which is conducive to protecting the living environment and ecological environment.
And human health, adapt to the needs of social, economic, scientific and technological development;
--According to the actual situation of China's environmental protection work, it is compatible with the level of economic and technological development and the affordability of relevant units.
In the circumstances, actively adopt the corresponding international standards;
- Standards should be coordinated and matched. When relevant standards or related standards are about to be introduced, the relevant parts of these standards should be......