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HJ 192-2015_English: PDF (HJ192-2015)
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HJ 192-2015English689 Add to Cart 5 days [Need to translate] Technical Criterion for Ecosystem Status Evaluation Valid HJ 192-2015


BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 192-2015 (HJ192-2015)
Description (Translated English) Technical Criterion for Ecosystem Status Evaluation
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z50
Classification of International Standard 13.020
Word Count Estimation 28,253
Date of Issue 2015-03-13
Date of Implementation 2015-03-13
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ/T 192-2006
Quoted Standard GB 3095; GB 3096; GB 3838; GB 15618; GB/T 14848; GB/T 24255; HJ 623; SL 190
Drafting Organization China Environmental Monitoring Center
Administrative Organization Ministry of Environmental Protection
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Environmental Protection Announcement 2015 No. 16
Summary This Standard specifies the Ecological Evaluation Index System and the index calculation method. This Standard applies to evaluate the status and trends of ecological environment of the county, provincial and ecological zones. Among them, the condition of ecological environment evaluation method applied to the county (or more) regional ecological environment and trend administrative evaluation, evaluation method of ecological function of ecological function areas suitable for functional status and trends of various types of ecological assessment ecological function zones, urban ecology environmental quality evaluation method applies to ground level (or more) of urban area and the quality status and trends urban ecological environment Assessment, evaluation methods of ecological conservation status of nature reserve status and trends applicable to the evaluation of ecological environmental protection nature reserve.

Standards related to: HJ 192-2015

HJ 192-2015
Technical Criterion for Ecosystem Status Evaluation
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People 's Republic of China
Replacing HJ/T 192-2006
Technical specification for evaluation of ecological environment
2015-03-13 released
2015-03-13 implementation
Ministry of Environmental Protection released
Directory
Preface II
1 Scope of application 1
2 normative reference document 1
3 Terms and Definitions
4 eco-environmental status assessment work flow chart
Evaluation Index System and Calculation Method of Ecological Environment Condition 3
The evaluation index and calculation method of ecological environment of special ecological area
Appendix A (informative) Indicators Implications and Data Sources 19
Appendix B (normative appendix) Method for calculating secondary indicators
Preface
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" to strengthen the ecological and environmental protection, evaluation of China's ecological environment and
Change the trend, the development of this standard.
This standard specifies the ecological environment assessment index system and the calculation method of each index.
This standard applies to the county, provincial and ecological areas of the ecological environment and changes in the trend of assessment, ecological areas, including ecological
Energy district, city/city group and nature reserve.
This standard was first published in.2006, this time for the first revision.
The main contents of this revision.
- Evaluation of ecological environment and the sub-index of the evaluation of indicators and calculation methods;
- New eco-functional areas, urban/urban agglomerations and nature reserves and other ecological areas of eco-environmental assessment indicators and
Calculation method.
Since the implementation of this standard, the "ecological environment assessment of technical specifications (Trial)" (HJ/T 192-2006) abolished.
Appendix A and Appendix B of this standard are informative.
This standard is revised by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science and Technology Standards Division.
The main drafting of this standard. China Environmental Monitoring Station, Ministry of Environmental Protection Nanjing Environmental Science Research Institute, Shanghai Ring
Environmental Monitoring Center, Jiangsu Province Environmental Monitoring Center, Qinghai Province Ecological Environment Remote Sensing Monitoring Center, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Environment
Monitoring station, Shenzhen Environmental Monitoring Center Station, Zhejiang Province Environmental Monitoring Center, Liaoning Province Environmental Monitoring Experimental Center, Environment
Ministry of Protection of Satellite Environment Application Center.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on March 13,.2015.
This standard is implemented on March 13,.2015.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Technical specification for evaluation of ecological environment
1 Scope of application
This standard specifies the ecological environment assessment index system and the calculation method of each index.
This standard is applicable to the evaluation of ecological environment and changing trend of county, provincial and ecological areas in China. Among them, the ecological ring
The state assessment method is applicable to the assessment of the ecological environment and the trend of the administrative region above the county level (including), the ecological function area
The ecological function evaluation method is applicable to the ecological function status and the change trend of each type of ecological function area, and the urban ecological environment
The quality evaluation method is applicable to the evaluation of the ecological environment quality and the trend of the urban area and the urban agglomeration above the prefecture level (inclusive)
The evaluation method of ecological protection status of nature reserve is applicable to the evaluation of ecological environment protection and trend in nature reserve.
2 normative reference documents
The contents of this standard refer to the following documents or their terms. For those who do not have a date reference, the latest version applies
In this standard.
GB 3095 Ambient Air Quality Standard
GB 3096 sound environmental quality standards
GB 3838 Surface Water Environmental Quality Standard
Soil Environmental Quality Standard
GB/T 14848 Groundwater Quality Standard
Technical code for monitoring of desertified land GB/T 24255
HJ 623 Regional Biodiversity Assessment Criteria
Classification of Soil Erosion Classification
3 terms and definitions
3.1
Ecological environment condition index
Evaluation of regional eco-environmental quality status, that is, EI, the value range of 0 to 100.
3.2
Biological abundance index
Evaluate the extent of biological abundance in the area, using biocene quality and biodiversity.
3.3
Vegetation coverage index
The extent of vegetation coverage in the area was evaluated by using the normalized vegetation index (NDVI) per unit area in the evaluation area.
3.4
Water network denseness index
Evaluation of the degree of water in the area, the use of the evaluation area of the total area of the total length of the river, water area and water resources
Said. When the water network density index is greater than 100, then take 100.
3.5
Land stress index
The degree of land quality in the evaluation area is affected, and the soil erosion, land desertification,
Land development and other types of coercion. When the land stress index is greater than 100, then take 100.
3.6
Pollution load index
The environmental pollution pressure in the assessment area is expressed by the pollution load accepted by the unit area of the evaluation area. when
When the pollution load index is less than 0, then 0 is taken.
3.7
Environmental restriction index
Is a binding indicator, refers to the region due to the serious impact of human settlements production and safety of ecological damage and environmental pollution
Matters on the ecological environment to limit.
3.8
Ecological function area ecological function status index ecological index area
Evaluation of wind and sand, soil and water conservation, water conservation, biodiversity maintenance to provide eco-products as the main function
The ecological environment and ecological function of the area, ie, FEI, are in the range of 0 to 100.
3.9
Environmental quality index
Evaluate the environmental quality of the region, according to the evaluation of the main object characteristics of the selection of evaluation indicators. Ecological environment of ecological function area
The index is mainly from the surface water quality, air quality and centralized drinking water source and other aspects of quality; urban environmental quality
From the atmospheric environment quality, water quality, sound and environmental quality and so on.
3.10
Urban eco - environmental situation index
Evaluation of urban or urban agglomeration of the ecological environment quality, that is, CEI, the value range of 0 to 100.
3.11
Index of ecological construction
Evaluation of the city's ecological construction and environmental management level, mainly from the proportion of ecological land, green coverage, environmental investment accounted for
GDP ratio and so on.
3.12
Nature protected area Ecological environment protection index index
Evaluation of ecological protection of natural reserves, that is, NEI, the value range of 0 to 100.
3.13
Area suitability index
Evaluation of the core area of the nature reserve, the buffer zone and the experimental area and other functional division of the reasonable degree, the use of core area
Percentage representation.
3.14
Alien species invasion index
Assess the extent to which the nature reserves are interfered with by invasive alien species, using the number of invasive species.
3.15
Habitat quality index
The suitability of the quality of the habitat of the main protected nature of the nature reserve is evaluated, and the habitat quality of the main protected object is expressed.
3.16
Development disturbance index
Evaluation of the extent to which human production life is disturbed to nature reserves, using land use types related to development activities.
3.17
Normalization coefficient
The coefficients of the data are dimensionless, taking 100 times the reciprocal of the maximum of a series of data, ie,
Normalized coefficient = 100/A maximum.
Where. A max - the maximum before an index is normalized.
4 eco-environmental status assessment work flow chart
Evaluation of ecological status of special ecological area
Evaluation of ecological status of special ecological area
Ecological function urban ecological environment nature reserve
Comprehensive Analysis of Ecological Environment
Ecological management
demand analysis
Regional ecology
Characteristics
Identify ecological assessment objectives
County/province/country
Home ecological situation
Ecological ring
Situation
Evaluation means
Standard system
With evaluation
method
Ecological function area
State function status
Urban ecology
Environmental Quality
Nature Reserve
Protection status
Natural security
Protected area protection
Protect the situation
Evaluation means
Standard system
With evaluation
method
City Health
State environment
Quality
Condition evaluation
Index body
And comment
Price method
Ecological work
Can be born
State function
Evaluation means
Standard system
With evaluation
method
County/Province /
National ecology
Situation analysis
Evaluation method selection
Figure 1 Ecological environment assessment work flow chart
Evaluation Index System and Calculation Method of Ecological Environment
5.1 Evaluation Index System of Ecological Environment
Eco-environmental status assessment uses a composite index (Eco-Environmental Situation Index, EI) to reflect the regional ecological environment
The index system includes the biological abundance index, vegetation cover index, water net density index, land stress index, pollution
The load index of the five sub-index and an environmental limit index, the five sub-indices were reflected in the assessment of the region's biological poverty,
The level of vegetation coverage, the degree of water enrichment, the intensity of stress suffered, the pollutant pressure carried, and the environmental limit
Bundling indicators, refers to the region due to the serious impact of human settlements production and safety of ecological damage and environmental pollution incident
State environment to limit and adjust.
5.2 Ecological environment assessment method
5.2.1 Weight
The weight of each evaluation index is shown in Table 1.
Table 1 the evaluation of the weight of the indicators
index
Biological abundance
index
Vegetation cover
index
Water network density
index
Land stress
index
Pollution load
index
Environmental restrictions
index
Weight 0.35 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.10 Constraints
5.2.2 Calculation method of ecological environment
Eco-environmental status index (EI) = 0.35 × Biological abundance index + 0.25 × Vegetation coverage index + 0.15 × Water network density refers to
Number + 0.15 × (100 - land stress index) + 0.10 × (100 - pollution load index) environmental limit index
5.3 Calculation method of biological abundance index
5.3.1 Calculation method
Biological abundance index = (BI HQ)/2
Where. BI is the biodiversity index, the evaluation method is performed HJ 623; HQ is the habitat quality index; when the biological diversity
Sex index does not dynamically update the data, the biological abundance index changes is equal to the change in habitat quality index.
5.3.2 Habitat quality index calculation method
The weighting of habitats in the Habitat Quality Index is shown in Table 2.
Table 2 Habitat Quality Index Habitat Type Sub-weight
Forest land grassland wetland arable land construction land unused land
Weight 0.35 0.21 0.28 0.11 0.04 0.01
(canal)
(Library)
Weight 0.60 0.25 0.15 0.60 0.30 0.10 0.10 0.30 0.50 0.10 0.60 0.40 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.10
Habitat quality index = Abio × (0.35 × forest + 0.21 × grass + 0.28 × wetland +
0.11 × cultivated land + 0.04 × construction land + 0.01 × unused land)/area area
Where. Abio - normalized coefficient of habitat quality index, reference value is 511.2642131067.
5.4 Calculation method of vegetation coverage index
Vegetation coverage index = NDVI area mean = A 𝑣𝑒𝑔 × (
Where. Pi - 5-9 month pixel NDVI monthly mean of the mean, it is recommended MOD13 NDVI data, empty
A resolution of 250 m, or a resolution and spectral characteristics similar to the remote sensing image products;
N - region pixel number;
Aveg - normalized coefficient of vegetation coverage index, the reference value is 0.0121165124.
5.5 Calculation method of water network density index
5.5.1 Calculation method
Water network density index = (Ariv × river length/area area + Alak × water area (lakes, reservoirs, river canal and offshore)
/ Area area + Ares × water resources
/ Area area)/3
Where. Ariv - the normalized coefficient of river length, the reference value is 84.3704083981;
Alak - the normalized coefficient of the water area, the reference value is 591.7908642005;
Ares - the normalized coefficient of water resources, the reference value is 86.3869548281.
5.5.2 Calculation method of water resources
Water resources
Water resources
Water resources
Water resources
Annual average
≤ 1.4
Water resources
Annual average
× (2.4 -
Water resources
Water resources
Annual average
) 1.4 <
Water resources
Water resources
Annual average
≤ 2.4
Water resources
Water resources
Annual average
> 2.4
5.6 Calculation method of land stress index
5.6.1 weight
Indicators of land stress are shown in Table 3.
Table 3 Land tenure index sub-weight
Type Severe Erosion Moderate Erosion Construction Land Other Land Stress
Weight 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
5.6.2 Calculation method
Land stress index = Aero × (0.4 × severe erosion area 0.2 × moderate erosion area + 0.2 × construction land area 0.2 ×
Other land stress)/area area
Where. Aero - the normalized coefficient of the land stress index, the reference value is 236.0435677948.
5.7 Calculation method of pollution load index
5.7.1 Weight
The weight of the pollution load index is shown in Table 4.
Table 4 Pollution load index sub-weight
Type chemical oxygen demand ammonia nitrogen dioxide sulfur dioxide (powder) dust nitrogen oxide solid waste
Total nitrogen and other
Contaminants (a)
Weight 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.20 0.10 To be determined
Note. (a) The weight and normalization coefficients of other pollutants such as total nitrogen will vary depending on the type of pollutants, the availability of data and other pollution load
Type to make a unified adjustment.
5.7.2 Calculation method
Pollution load index = 0.20 × ACOD × COD emissions/regional total annual precipitation
0.20 × ANH3 × ammonia nitrogen emissions/regional total annual precipitation
0.20 × ASO2 × SO2 emissions/area area
0.10 × AYFC × smoke (powder) dust emissions/area area
0.20 × ANOX × nitrogen oxide emissions/area area
0.10 × ASOL × solid waste disposal/area area
Where. ACOD - COD normalization coefficient, the reference value is 4.3937397289;
ANH3 - Ammonia nitrogen normalization coefficient, the reference value is 40.1764754986;
ASO2 - SO2 normalized coefficient, the reference value is 0.0648660287;
AYFC - smoke (powder) dust normalized coefficient, the reference value is 4.0904459321;
ANOX - the normalized coefficient of nitrogen oxides, the reference value is 0.5103049278;
ASOL - the normalized coefficient of solid waste, the reference value is 0.0749894283.
5.8 Environmental Restrictions Index
The environmental limit index is a binding indicator of the ecological environment, which refers to the serious impact of the population in the region.
Live ecological damage and environmental pollution matters, such as major ecological damage, environmental pollution and sudden environmental events, the ecological
Environmental status types to limit and adjust, see Table 5.
Table 5 Environmental Restrictions Index Constraints
Classification judgment based on the content of the constraint
Sudden
surroundings
event
Large environmental events in accordance with the "emergency response to environmental emergencies", district
Domain caused by human factors caused by large, significant,
Large or general level of sudden environmental events,
If the evaluation area occurs more than one burst environment
Incident, the most serious level prevail.
Ecological environment can not be "excellent" and "good", and ecological ring
Environmental quality level down 1 level. Major environmental events
Large environmental events
Ecological environment level down 1 level.
General environmental events
Ecology
damage
surroundings
Pollution
Environmental pollution
The presence of environmental protection authorities notified of the country
Home media coverage of environmental pollution or ecological damage
The event (including the published environmental quality report
Of the excessive area).
There is environmental pollution that is notified by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
Ecological damage events, the ecological environment can not be "excellent" and
"Good", and the ecological environment level down 1; other categories
Type of environmental pollution or ecological damage events, ecological ring
Level level down 1 level.
Ecological destruction
Ecological environment illegal
case
The presence of environmental protection authorities informed or listed
Supervised the case of illegal ecological environment.
Ecological environment level down 1 level.
Was included in the area limit
Batch range
By the environmental protection authorities into the regional limit approved
Area
Ecological environment level down 1 level.
5.9 Eco-environmental status grading
According to the ecological environment index, the ecological environment is divided into five levels, namely, excellent, good, general, poor and poor, see Table 6.
Table 6 Ecological environment status classification
Excellent level is generally poor
Exponent EI ≥ 75 55 ≤EI < 75 35 ≤EI < 55 20 ≤EI < 35 EI < 20
description
Vegetation coverage
High and diverse
Rich, ecologically
System stability.
Vegetation coverage
High, biodiversity
Rich, suitable for people
Class life.
Vegetation coverage is medium and biological
Kind of general level, more suitable for people
Class life, but not suitable for humans
The constraints of life appear.
Vegetation coverage is poor and severe
Drought, less species
Less, there are obvious restrictions
The factors of human life.
Condition is more evil
Bad, human beings
Live is limited
system.
Analysis of Ecological Environment Change
According to the changes of the ecological environment condition index and the reference value, the ecological environment quality change degree is divided into four levels, that is,
Significant changes, good changes (good or worse), significant changes (good or worse), significant changes (good or worse). The sub-index changes
Grading evaluation method can refer to the ecological environment changes in the degree of classification, see Table 7.
Table 7 changes in eco-environmental conditions
There was no significant change in the level of change
Change value | ΔEI | < 1 1 ≤ | ΔEI | < 3 3 ≤ | ΔEI | < 8 | ΔEI | ≥8
description
Ecological environment
The amount of no obvious change
The
If 1≤ΔEI < 3, then ecology
Environmental quality is slightly better;
Fruit -1 ≥ ΔEI > -3, then students
The environmental quality of the environment is slightly worse.
If 3 ≤ ΔEI < 8, the ecological environment quality changed significantly
Good; if -3 ≥ ΔEI > -8, then the ecological environment
Quantity is significantly worse; if the type of ecological environment
Health changes, the ecological environment quality changes significantly.
If ΔEI ≥ 8, then the ecological ring
The quality of the environment is significantly better;
ΔEI ≤-8, then the ecological environment
Quality significantly worse.
If the eco-environmental status index is characterized by fluctuating changes, the ecological environment of the region is sensitive, according to the ecological environment
Fluctuation, fluctuating and fluctuating vigorously, as shown in Table 8.
Table 8 Changes in eco-environmental conditions fluctuating
Level stability fluctuates greatly fluctuates violently
Change value | ΔEI | < 1 1 ≤ | ΔEI | < 3 3 ≤ | ΔEI | < 8 | ΔEI | ≥8
description
Ecological environment quality
Stable condition.
If | ΔEI | ≥ 1, and ΔEI is at 3
And -3 fluctuates between the changes, then students
State environmental conditions show fluctuations in the characteristics.
If | ΔEI | ≥ 3, and ΔEI is at 8 and
-8 fluctuations between the changes, the ecological environment
The situation shows a large fluctuation characteristics.
If | ΔEI | ≥8, and ΔEI change
To show positive and negative fluctuation characteristics
The ecological environment is fluctuating violently.
Evaluation Index and Calculation Method of Ecological Environment in Special Area
Ecological function assessment of ecological function area
6.1.1 Ecological function area ecological function evaluation index system
Ecological function of ecological function area is the use of comprehensive index (ecological function area functional status index, FEI) assessment of ecological
Functional area of the ecological function of the situation, the use of three indicators system, including three indicators, five sub-index and 12 sub-indicators. 3
Indicators include ecological status indicators, environmental st...
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