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HJ 130-2019

Chinese Standard: 'HJ 130-2019'
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID HJ 130-2019 (HJ130-2019)
Description (Translated English) (Technical Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment)
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Word Count Estimation 25,218
Date of Issue 2019-12-13
Date of Implementation 2020-03-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) HJ 130-2014
Regulation (derived from) Ministry of Ecology and Environment Announcement No. 54 of 2019

HJ 130-2019
(Technical Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment)
National Environmental Protection Standard of the People's Republic of China
Replaces HJ 130-2014
Technical guidelines for planning environmental impact assessment
General outline
Technical guideline for planning environmental impact assessment
-General principles
2019-12-13 Release
2020-03-01 implementation
Released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Contents
Foreword ... II
1 Scope ... 1
2 Normative references ... 1
3 Terms and definitions ... 1
4 General ... 3
5 Planning analysis ... 4
6 Status Investigation and Evaluation ... 5
7 Construction of Environmental Impact Identification and Evaluation Index System ... 6
8 Environmental Impact Prediction and Evaluation ... 7
9 Comprehensive demonstration of planning schemes and suggestions for optimization and adjustment ... 8
10 Environmental Impact Mitigation Measures and Measures ... 10
11 EIA requirements for construction projects included in the plan ... 10
12 Environmental Impact Tracking Evaluation Plan ... 10
13 Handling of public participation and consultation ... 11
14 Evaluation conclusions ... 11
15 Requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents ... 11
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) General Workflow of Planning Environmental Impact Assessment ... 14
Appendix B (informative) Planning environmental impact assessment methods ... 15
Appendix C (Normative Appendix) Environmental Status Survey Contents ... 16
Appendix D (informative) Factors to be considered in identifying major adverse ecological and environmental impacts ... 18
Appendix E (Normative Appendix) Environmental Management and Control Requirements and Eco-Environment Access Checklist Included ... 19
Appendix F (Normative Appendix) Graphic Requirements for Environmental Impact Report ... 20
Foreword
To implement the "Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China", "Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China"
Regulations, regulate and guide the planning of environmental impact assessment work, prevent environmental pollution and ecological damage from the source of decision-making, and promote economic and social
Comprehensively coordinate sustainable development with the environment and formulate this standard.
This standard specifies the general principles, working procedures, content, methods and requirements for planning environmental impact assessment.
This standard is a revision of the General Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines (HJ 130-2014).
Improved the operability by one step, and added with the "red line for ecological protection, the bottom line for environmental quality, the online use of resources, and access to the ecological environment.
"Single line" (hereinafter referred to as "three lines and one order") work, strengthened the guidance of planning and environmental assessment for construction project environmental assessment, the main amendments
as follows.
-Added ecological space, ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line, resource utilization online, ecological environment access checklist and environmental protection
Terms and definitions such as environmental management and control units have improved the terms and definitions of environmentally sensitive areas and key ecological function areas.
-General section, revised the description of the purpose of evaluation, further highlighting the requirements of improving environmental quality as the core;
The price process is divided into a work process and a technical process, in which the content requirements of the work process are adjusted to Appendix A, and a technical flowchart is added.
--The chapter of planning analysis has deleted the content of planning uncertainty analysis, and added predictions in the chapter of environmental impact prediction and evaluation
Content and requirements of the scenario.
--Environmental status survey and evaluation chapter, added relevant content and requirements of "three lines and one order" in the analysis area, further improved
The requirements for the investigation of the status quo of the environment were clarified, and the specific survey contents were adjusted to Appendix C.
--Environmental impact prediction and evaluation chapter, strengthened the requirements for forecasting and evaluation in combination with scenarios, and improved the water environment,
The content of the evaluation of the atmospheric environment and other factors clearly requires an analysis of whether the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and resources can be met after the implementation of the plan.
Use on-line.
-Comprehensive demonstration of planning schemes and chapters of recommendations for optimization and adjustment, clarifying the red line based on ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and resources
The use of the on-line planning plan to demonstrate the requirements for environmental rationality; adjusted the formulation of the planning sustainable development argument, and increased the theory of environmental benefits
The content and requirements of the certificate.
--Environmental impact mitigation measures chapter, added content of environmental management and control requirements, and supplemented ecological planning for industrial parks and other plans
Content requirements for environmental access checklists (Appendix E).
-Added the chapter on environmental assessment requirements for construction projects included in the plan, clearly specifying the key points for environmental assessment of construction projects included in the plan
Notes and simplified content.
-The follow-up evaluation section further clarified the main content of the follow-up evaluation plan.
-The section on requirements for the preparation of environmental impact assessment documents has added requirements for the format and content of drawings in the planning environmental impact assessment document.
As of the implementation of this standard, the General Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines (HJ 130-2014) is abolished.
This standard is formulated by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment in conjunction with relevant departments of the State Council.
The main drafters of this standard. the Environmental Engineering Assessment Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing Normal University.
This standard was approved by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on December 13,.2019.
This standard will be implemented from March 01, 2020.
This standard is explained by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Technical guidelines for planning environmental impact assessment
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general principles, working procedures, contents, methods and requirements for carrying out planning environmental impact assessment.
This standard applies to the land use rights compiled by relevant departments of the State Council, local people's governments at or above the city level and their related departments.
Related planning, construction, development and utilization planning of regions, river basins, and sea areas, as well as industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, energy,
Environmental impact assessment of water resources, transportation, urban construction, tourism, and development of natural resources. Other planned environmental impacts
Response evaluation can refer to implementation.
Technical guidelines and technical specifications for environmental impact assessment of comprehensive planning and special planning shall be formulated (revised) in accordance with this standard.
2 Normative references
This standard refers to the following documents or clauses therein. For undated references, the valid version is applicable to this standard.
HJ 2.2 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment, Atmospheric Environment
HJ 2.3 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Surface Water Environment
HJ 2.4 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Acoustic Environment
HJ 19 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Ecological Impact
HJ 169 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment of Construction Projects
HJ 610 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Groundwater Environment
HJ 623 Regional Biological Diversity Evaluation Criteria
HJ 964 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Soil Environment (Trial)
3 terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1 environmental goals
Refers to the environmental quality, ecological functions, and other
The objectives and requirements related to ecological environment protection are the overall requirements for ecological environment protection that must be met during the planning and implementation.
3.2 ecological space
Refers to the land space with natural attributes and the main function of providing ecological services or ecological products, including forests, grasslands, wetlands,
Rivers, lakes, tidal flats, shorelines, oceans, wastelands, deserts, Gobi, glaciers, alpine tundra, uninhabited islands and other areas are protected
Barriers, the stability and integrity of ecosystems, and the main areas that provide ecological services.
3.3 ecological conservation redline
Refers to areas that have special important ecological functions within the scope of ecological space and must be compulsorily and strictly protected.
The bottom line and lifeline of ecological security usually include important water conservation, biodiversity maintenance, soil and water conservation, wind and sand fixation,
Ecologically important areas with functions such as coastal ecological stability, and ecological environments such as soil erosion, land desertification, rocky desertification, and salinization
Sensitive and vulnerable areas.
3.4 environmental quality bottom line
Refers to the principle of continuous optimization of water, atmosphere and soil environmental quality, combined with the current status of environmental quality and related planning and functional zoning guidelines.
Requirements, taking into account the potential for environmental quality improvement, determining the regional environmental quality targets by stage and corresponding environmental management and pollutant emission control
System and other requirements.
3.5 resource utilization upper limit line
In order to ensure ecological security and improve environmental quality, combined with natural resource development and control, the proposed resources are divided into regions and phases.
Development and utilization requirements for total control, intensity, and efficiency.
3.6 environmental sensitive area
Refers to various types of protected areas established at various levels and areas that are particularly sensitive to the environmental impact of planning and implementation, mainly including ecological
Protect the following areas within or outside the red line.
a) Nature Reserves, Scenic Spots, World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites, Marine Special Protection Areas, Drinking Water Source Protection Areas;
b) permanent basic farmland, basic grassland, forest park, geopark, important wetland, natural forest, important habitat for wild animals,
Key areas for protection of wild plant growth and reproduction, natural spawning grounds for important aquatic organisms, bait grounds, wintering grounds and migratory passages, natural fishing grounds,
Key areas for soil erosion prevention, protected areas for desertification, closed and semi-closed sea areas;
c) Areas with the main functions of residence, medical and health, cultural education, scientific research, administrative office, etc., and cultural relics protection units.
3.7 key ecological function area
Refers to fragile ecosystems or important ecological functions that require large-scale and high-intensity industrialization and urbanization in the development of land and space
Areas developed to maintain and increase the supply capacity of ecological products.
3.8 ecosystem integrity
Refers to the natural ecosystem through its organization, structure, relationships, etc. to respond to external disturbances and maintain its own state stability and production capacity
Functional level.
3.9 environmental control unit
Refers to the control area that integrates the ecological protection red line and ecological space, the environmental quality bottom line, and the use of resources.
3.10 list for eco-environmental permits
Refers to the management and control requirements based on the environmental management and control unit, which considers the ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line, and resource utilization online.
Eco-environment access requirements for space layout, pollutant discharge, environmental risk prevention and control, resource development and utilization, etc., as proposed in the inventory form.
3.11 follow-up evaluation
Refers to those planning agencies that monitor, analyze, and evaluate environmental impacts that have occurred and are occurring during the implementation of the plan.
Process to verify the actual environmental impact of the implementation of the plan and the effectiveness of mitigation measures for adverse environmental impacts, and based on the evaluation results,
Propose a perfect environmental management plan, or revise the plan being implemented.
4 General
4.1 Evaluation purpose
With the goal of improving environmental quality and guaranteeing ecological security, demonstrate the ecological environment rationality and environmental benefits of the planning plan, and propose regulations
Plan optimization and adjustment recommendations; identify mitigation measures for adverse ecological environment impacts, put forward ecological environmental protection recommendations and management control requirements, and plan for
Provide the basis for ecological environment management in the process of decision-making and planning implementation.
4.2 Evaluation principles
4.2.1 Early intervention and process interaction
Evaluation should be involved in the early stages of planning. In the early stages of planning, research and program preparation, demonstration, validation and other key links
In the process, we fully interacted with each other to continuously optimize the plan and improve the environmental rationality.
4.2.2 Coordination and classification guidance
The evaluation work should highlight the characteristics of different types and different levels of planning and their environmental impact, and fully integrate the results of the “three lines and one order”.
The layout and ecological environment access of construction projects included in the category guidance plan.
4.2.3 Objective evaluation and scientific conclusion
According to the existing knowledge level and technical conditions, objectively analyze the scope and degree of adverse environmental impacts that may occur during the implementation of the plan.
The evaluation method should be mature and reliable, the data should be complete and credible, and the conclusions and recommendations should be specific and operable.
4.3 Evaluation Scope
4.3.1 Define the evaluation scope according to the time dimension of implementation and the spatial scale of possible impact.
4.3.2 In the time dimension, the entire planning period shall be included, and the key period of evaluation shall be selected according to the content and duration of the planning scheme.
4.3.3 On the spatial scale, the planned spatial scope and surrounding areas that may be affected by the implementation of the plan shall be included. Peripheral area determination
The assessment scope of each environmental factor should be considered, taking into account the characteristics of regional river basin pollutant transmission and diffusion, ecosystem integrity and administrative boundaries.
4.4 Evaluation process
4.4.1 Work flow
See Appendix A for the general workflow of planning environmental impact assessment.
4.4.2 Technical Process
The technical process of planning environmental impact assessment is shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 Technical flow chart of planning environmental impact assessment
(Note. The technical process for preparing the chapter or description of planning environmental impact can be implemented with reference to Figure 1)
4.5 Evaluation method
See Appendix B for common methods of planning environmental impact assessment work. It can be selected according to needs when carrying out specific evaluation work.
You can choose other widely used and verifiable technical methods.
5 Planning analysis
5.1 Basic requirements
Planning analysis includes planning overview and planning coordination analysis. The plan outline should identify the areas within the plan that may have an impact on the ecological environment.
Content; the analysis of planning coordination should clearly identify the consistency of the plan with relevant laws, regulations, and policies, and
Conflicts and contradictions in protection and utilization, ecological environment protection, etc.
5.2 Planning Overview
Introduce the background and positioning of planning, analyze the spatial scope and layout of the plan by combining maps and tables, plan the goals at different stages,
Development scale, layout, structure (including industrial structure, energy structure, resource utilization structure, etc.), construction timing, supporting infrastructure, etc.
Planning contents that may affect the ecological environment, sort out planned environmental goals, environmental pollution control requirements, environmental protection infrastructure construction
Design, ecological protection and construction. If the specific construction project included in the planning plan has clear planning content, it should be explained
Construction period, content, scale, site selection, etc.
5.3 Planning coordination analysis
5.3.1 Screen out the ecological environment protection laws and regulations, environmental economic policies, environmental technology policies, and resource utilization related to this plan
And industrial policies, and analyze the compliance of this plan with its related requirements.
5.3.2 Analyze the planning scale, layout, structure and other planning content, upper-level planning, regional "three-line, one-single" management control requirements, and strategies
Or plan the compliance of the environmental assessment results, identify and clarify the impacts on spatial layout, resource protection and utilization, ecological environment protection, etc.
Conflict and conflict.
5.3.3 Screen out the analysis and analysis of natural resources development and utilization or ecological environmental protection related plans at the same level as this plan within the evaluation scope
Coordination with the same-level planning in the use of key resources and ecological environmental protection, and clear conflicts and conflicts between the plan and the same-level planning
contradiction.
6 Status survey and evaluation
6.1 Basic requirements
Investigate the current status of resource use and ecological environment, retrospective analysis of environmental impact, and clearly evaluate the level of regional resource use and ecology
Function, environmental quality status, pollutant discharge status, analysis of major ecological and environmental problems and their causes, and sorting out resources, health
Environmental and environmental constraints.
6.2 Status survey
6.2.1 The survey should include the physical and geographical conditions, the status of environmental quality, ecological conditions and ecological functions, environmentally sensitive areas and key ecological functions
Areas, resource utilization status, socio-economic profile, environmental protection infrastructure construction and operation, etc. According to the plan in actual work
Environmental impact characteristics and regional ecological environmental protection requirements, select the appropriate content from Appendix C to conduct surveys and data collection, and attach the corresponding
Figures.
6.2.2 The current situation investigation should be based on the collection and use of existing routine status data within the scope of the evaluation, and explain the source and validity of the data. Have
The area of routine monitoring data. In principle, the data includes data from the past 5 years or more, which can explain the current status of each survey content and
Trend. For the environmental monitoring data, the monitoring point name, monitoring point distribution map, monitoring factor, and monitoring time shall be given.
Analysis, monitoring frequency, and monitoring period, etc.
6.2.3 When the available data cannot meet the evaluation requirements, or there are environmentally sensitive areas in the evaluation range that require special protection, relevant research can be used
Research results, if necessary, conduct supplementary investigations or monitoring, and supplementary investigation samples or monitoring points should be targeted and representative.
6.3 Status evaluation and retrospective analysis
6.3.1 Evaluation of resource utilization status
Clarify the types of natural resources and energy related to the implementation of the plan, combining regional resource endowments and their reasonable utilization levels or online requirements,
Analyze the current status and trends of regional water resources, land resources, energy and other resource utilization.
6.3.2 Environmental and Ecological Status Assessment
a) Evaluate the quality of regional water, atmosphere, soil, sound and other environmental elements in accordance with various environmental function zoning and its target quality requirements
Status and evolution trends, identify major and characteristic pollution factors, and analyze their main sources; analyze regional environmental quality standards,
The problems and causes of environmental sensitive area protection should be identified, and the main environmental problems to be resolved should be identified.
b) Evaluate the importance and sensitivity of the ecosystem, and analyze the ecological status and performance in the light of the structure and function of the regional ecosystem.
Changing trends and drivers. When the evaluation area involves environmentally sensitive areas and key ecological function areas, their ecological status should be analyzed,
Status and existing problems, etc .; when the evaluation area involves key protected species, the protection status of the species population and important habitats should be analyzed
Status and problems. Identify the major ecological protection and restoration issues that need to be addressed.
6.3.3 Retrospective analysis of environmental impact
Based on the implementation of the previous round of planning or regional development history, analyze the regional ecological environment evolution trend and current status of ecological environment problems and
The relationship between the last round of planning implementation or development history, investigation and analysis of the implementation of the last round of planning environmental assessment and review opinions and environmental protection measures
Effect. It is suggested that the ecological environment problems and solutions to which this evaluation should focus.
6.4 Constraint Analysis
Analyze and evaluate the status of regional resource utilization levels, ecological conditions, environmental quality, etc., and regional resource utilization online, ecological protection red line,
The relationship between the environmental quality bottom line and other control requirements clearly puts forward resource, ecological, and environmental constraints for planning and implementation.
7 Construction of Environmental Impact Identification and Evaluation Index System
7.1 Basic requirements
Identify the possible resource, ecological and environmental impacts of the implementation of the plan, make a preliminary judgment on the nature, scope and extent of the impact, and determine the evaluation
Price points, clear environmental goals, and establish an evaluation index system.
7.2 Environmental impact identification
7.2.1 According to the content and duration of the plan, identify and analyze the impact of planning and implementation on the resources, ecology and environment during the evaluation period
The way, how, and the nature, scope, and extent of the impact. Identify major ecological and environmental impacts and risks
risk.
7.2.2 For inorganic and organic pollution that may cause bioaccumulation and long-term exposure to harm people and organisms
Planning of biological substances, radioactive pollutants, microorganisms, etc., should also identify the ways in which the pollutants generated by the implementation of the plan contact the human body and the possible
Health risks to the population.
7.2.3 The major adverse impacts on resources, ecology, and environmental factors can be determined from the implementation of the plan whether the regional environmental quality has decreased
Analysis and judgment in three aspects, including loss of biological functions, intensified conflicts in resource utilization, and significant deterioration in the living environment.
See Appendix D.
7.2.4 Identify environmental, environmental and environmental factors that are significantly affected by the implementation of the plan through environmental impact identification as environmental impacts
Focus of forecasting and evaluation.
7.3 Determination of environmental goals and evaluation indicators
7.3.1 Determine environmental goals. Analysis of national and regional sustainable development strategies, ecological environmental protection regulations and policies, resource utilization laws
The goals and requirements of regulations and policies are mainly based on the ecological environment protection planning, ecological construction planning and other related aspects involved in the evaluation scope.
Regulations on ecological and environmental protection management, combined with the conclusions of the coordinated analysis of the plan, linking the regional “three lines and one order” results,
This paragraph has specific objectives and requirements related to ecological function protection, environmental quality improvement, pollution prevention, and resource development and utilization.
7.3.2 Establish an evaluation index system. Combining the constraints of resources, ecology, and environment in the implementation of the plan, from environmental quality and ecological protection
Protection, resource utilization, pollution discharge, risk prevention and control, and environmental management. The evaluation index should conform to the evaluation area
Regional ecological environment characteristics, reflecting the requirements of continuous improvement of environmental quality and ecological functions, reflecting the attributes of the plan and its main environmental impact
响 CHARACTERISTICS.
7.3.3 Determine the evaluation index value. The evaluation index should be easy to count, compare and quantify, and the value of the index is consistent with relevant industrial policies and ecological environment.
Environmental protection policies and the limits required in relevant standards. If there are no corresponding provisions in domestic policies and standards, you can also refer to international standards.
For indicators that are not easy to quantify, you can refer to related research results or expert demonstrations to give semi-quantitative indicators or qualitative indicators.
Instructions.
8 Environmental impact prediction and assessment
8.1 Basic requirements
8.1.1 Multi-scenario impact prediction and evaluation are mainly carried out for resources, ecology, and environmental elements identified for environmental impacts. Generally,
Including forecast scenario setting, planning and implementation of ecological environment stress analysis, environmental quality and ecological function impact prediction and evaluation, and environmental impact
Impact prediction and evaluation of sensitive areas and key ecological function areas, environmental risk prediction and evaluation, resource and environmental carrying capacity assessment, etc.
Content.
8.1.2 The prediction and evaluation of environmental impacts should give the extent and scope of the impact of planning and implementation on the evaluation of regional resources, ecology, and the environment.
Add the current status of environmental quality, ecological function and resource utilization, analyze whether the requirements of environmental goals can be met after the implementation of the plan, and assess regional resources and
Environmental carrying capacity.
8.1.3 Full consideration should be given to the environmental impact characteristics and decision-making requirements of different levels and attribute planning, and a combination of qualitative and quantitative
Way to carry out evaluation. For the impact prediction and evaluation of main environmental factors, please refer to the corresponding environmental impact assessment technical guidelines (HJ 2.2,
HJ 2.3, HJ 2.4, HJ 19, HJ 169, HJ 610, HJ 623, HJ 964, etc.).
8.2 Contents of environmental impact prediction and assessment
8.2.1 Forecast scenario settings
Should be combined with the resources, environment and infrastructure construction conditions, regional ecological function maintenance and environmental quality improvement requirements
In terms of planning scale, layout, structure, construction timing, etc., various scenarios are set up to carry out environmental impact prediction and evaluation.
8.2.2 Analysis of pressure on ecological environment
a) Estimating water, land, and energy in different scenarios based on environmental status assessment and retrospective analysis results, taking into account factors such as technological progress
And other planning and implementation of supporting resources and the amount of major pollutants (including conventional and characteristic pollutants)
the amount.
b) Based on the ecological status evaluation and retrospective analysis results, consider factors such as the evolution of the ecosystem and ecological protection and restoration, and evaluate
Changes in major ecological factors (such as biomass, vegetation coverage/rate, area of important habitats, etc.) under different scenarios.
8.2.3 Impact prediction and evaluation
a) Prediction and evaluation of water environment impact. Predict regional water resources, hydrological situations, and marine hydrology caused by planning implementation in different scenarios
Changes in dynamic environment, erosion and silting environment, groundwater replenishment and drainage conditions, etc., analysis of major pollutants on surface water and groundwater, and inshore water
Impact of water environment quality, clarify the scope and extent of the impact, evaluate whether the changes in water environment quality can meet the requirements of environmental goals, and draw
Necessary forecasting and evaluation maps.
b) Prediction and evaluation of atmospheric environmental impact. Predict the impact of atmospheric pollutants produced by the implementation of the plan on ambient air quality in different scenarios
Impact, clarify the scope and extent of impact, evaluate whether changes in atmospheric environmental quality can meet the requirements of environmental goals, and draw the necessary forecasts and assessments
Price chart pieces.
c) Prediction and evaluation of soil environmental impact. Predict the soil environmental risks of planned implementation in different scenarios and evaluate changes in soil environment
Whether it can meet the corresponding environmental management and control requirements and draw the necessary forecasting and evaluation maps.
d) Prediction and evaluation of acoustic environmental impact. Predict the impact of planning and implementation on the quality of the acoustic environment under different scenarios, and clarify the scope and process of the impact
Degree, evaluate whether the changes in acoustic environment quality can meet the corresponding functional area goals, and draw the necessary prediction and evaluation maps.
e) Ecological impact prediction and evaluation. Predict the scope and degree of impact of planning and implementation on ecosystem structure and function in different scenarios,
Evaluate the impact of the implementation of the plan on biodiversity and ecosystem integrity, and draw the necessary forecast and evaluation maps.
f) Impact prediction and evaluation of environmentally sensitive areas. Forecast the implementation of planning under different scenarios for the ecological protection red line and nature protection within the evaluation scope
The impact of environmentally sensitive areas such as protected areas, assess whether they meet the corresponding protection and management requirements, and draw the necessary forecast and evaluation maps.
g) Analysis of population health risks. It has the potential to produce non-
Planning of aircraft and organic pollutants, radioactive pollutants, microorganisms, etc.
Expose the number and exposure level of the population, and carry out population health risk analysis.
h) Environmental risk prediction and evaluation. For planning involving major environmental risk sources, risk sources, source strengths, and risk source overlaps should be carried out
In addition, the analysis of the relationship between the risk source and the response of the receptor, and the like, to carry out environmental risk assessment.
8.2.4 Assessment of resources and environmental carrying capacity
a) Analysis of resources and environmental carrying capacity. Analyze planning and implementation of supporting resources (water resources, land resources, energy, etc.)
The main environmental impact factors (air, water, etc.) are allowed to be discharged in combination with the on-line and planned implementation.
Regional reductions, analysis of remaining available resources and allowable emissions of remaining pollutants in each evaluation period.
b) Assessment of resources and environmental carrying status. Analyze the impact of the planned implementation on the new resource consumption and pollutant discharge according to the plan.
The use of the remaining available resources and the allowable emissions of remaining pollutants in each evaluation period, assessing the impact of resources and the environment on the implementation of the plan
Bearer status.
9 Comprehensive demonstration of planning plans and suggestions for optimization and adjustment
9.1 Basic requirements
Focusing on improving environmental quality and guaranteeing ecological security, the comprehensive environmental impact prediction and evaluation results are used to demonstrate planning goals, scale,
The environmental rationality of the planning content such as layout and structure and the accessibility of the set environmental goals are evaluated, and the significance of the planning implementation
Resources, ecology, environmental constraints, extent, scope, methods, etc., put forward suggestions for optimization and adjustment of planning schemes and recommend environmentally feasible regulations
PLAN. If the planning, optimization and adjustment of resources, ecology, and the environment are still difficult to carry, it cannot meet the requirements for resource utilization and environmental quality.
The bottom-line requirement requires major adjustments to the plan.
9.2 Comprehensive demonstration of planning scheme
9.2.1 The comprehensive demonstration of the plan includes two parts. the environmental rationality demonstration and the environmental benefit demonstration. The former from the planning implementation of funding
From the perspective of the comprehensive impact of sources, ecology and environment, to demonstrate the rationality of the content of the plan;
The role of the environment and the perspective of coordinating the relationship between current interests and long-term interests, to demonstrate the rationality of the plan.
9.2.2 Demonstration of environmental rationality of the plan
a) Demonstrate the planning goals based on the regional environmental protection goals and the "three-line, one-single" requirements, combined with the conclusions of the planning coordination analysis
And the development of environmental rationality.
b) Based on the conclusions of environmental impact prediction and assessment and the assessment of resources and environmental carrying capacity, combined with the use of resources and the bottom line of environmental quality
And other requirements to demonstrate the environmental rationality of the planning scale and construction timing.
c) Based on the spatial relationship between the planned layout and the ecological protection red line, key ecological function zones, other environmentally sensitive areas
The regional impact prediction results, combined with the conclusion of environmental risk assessment, demonstrate the environmental rationality of the planning and layout.
d) Based on environmental impact prediction and assessment and assessment of resources and environmental carrying capacity, combining regional environmental management and circular economy development
Requirements, as well as planning the environmental access conditions and clean production levels of key industries, demonstrating the planned land structure, energy structure, and industrial structure
Structure of the environment.
e) Based on the planning and implementation of environmental impact prediction and evaluation results, combined with the economic and technological feasibility of ecological environmental protection measures, there are ...
Related standard:   HJ 471-2020  HJ 471-2020
   
 
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