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GB 4706.18-2014 (GB4706.18-2014)

GB 4706.18-2014_English: PDF (GB4706.18-2014)
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GB 4706.18-2014English354 Add to Cart 3 days [Need to translate] Household and similar electrical appliances -- Safety -- Particular requirements for battery chargers Valid GB 4706.18-2014

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB 4706.18-2014 (GB4706.18-2014)
Description (Translated English) Household and similar electrical appliances. Safety. Particular requirements for battery chargers
Sector / Industry National Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Y69
Classification of International Standard 13.120
Word Count Estimation 18,165
Date of Issue 2014/12/5
Date of Implementation 2016/1/1
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 4706.18-2005
Quoted Standard GB 4706.1-2005; GB/T 5465.2-2008; GB 19212.8-2012; IEC 60068-2-6
Adopted Standard IEC 60335-2-29-2010, IDT
Drafting Organization China Electric Science academy Co., Ltd.
Administrative Organization National Standardization Technical Committee appliances
Regulation (derived from) Announcement of Newly Approved National Standards 2014 No. 27
Proposing organization China Light Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China
Summary This Standard applies to the battery charger.

Standards related to: GB 4706.18-2014

GB 4706.18-2014
Household and similar electrical appliances.Safety.Particular requirements for battery chargers
ICS 13.120
Y69
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replacing GB 4706.18-2005
Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety
Particular requirements for battery chargers
(IEC 60335-2-29.2010, Householdandsimilarelectricalappliances-Safety-
Part 2-29. Particularrequirementsforbatterychargers, IDT)
Issued on. 2014-12-05
2016-01-01 implementation
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China
Standardization Administration of China released
Table of Contents
Introduction Ⅲ
1 Scope 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and definitions 2
4 2 General requirements
5 General conditions for tests 2
6 Category 2
7 Marking and instructions 3
8 pairs of protection access to live parts 4
Start electric appliances 4 9
10 Power input and current 4
11 fever 4
12 Void 4
13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature of 4
14 transient overvoltage 4
15 Moisture resistance 5
16 Leakage current and electric strength 5
17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits 5
18 Endurance 5
19 Non-work 5
20 Stability and mechanical hazards 5
21 Mechanical strength 5
22 Structure 6
23 Internal wiring 6
6 24 member
25 Supply connection and external flexible cords 7
26 Terminals for external conductors 7
27 Provision for earthing 7
28 Screws and connections 7
29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation 7
30 Resistance to heat and fire 7
31 7 rust
32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards 7
Appendix 9
Appendix A (informative) Routine tests 9
Battery charger Annex AA (normative) for use by children under 10
References 13
101 test circuit of Figure 8 battery charger
Foreword
All technical content in this section are mandatory.
GB 4706 "Household and similar electrical appliances" made up of several parts, Part 1 General Requirements, the other part of the special
Claim.
This is part of the GB Part 184 706.
This section drafted in accordance with GB/T 1.1-2009 given rules.
This Part replaces GB 4706.18-2005 "Particular requirements for household and similar electrical appliances battery chargers."
The main difference between this part and GB 4706.18-2005 are as follows.
--- Chapter 1 of this standard does not apply the scope of the adjustment.
• A new "emergency lighting battery charger (GB 7000.2)";
• "by more than one unit consisting of a battery charger" Never Scope deleted.
--- New 7.6 requirements;
--- 19.13 new "battery should not be broken" requirement;
--- 22.101 adjusted to "Void";
--- Added "Appendix AA (normative) Battery charger for use by children."
This section uses the translation method identical with IEC 60335-2-29.2010 (Ed4.2) "Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety 2-29
Part. Particular requirements for battery chargers. "
Consistency correspondence between this part of international documents and normative references of our files are as follows.
--- GB/T 2423.10-2008 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products Part 2. Test methods Test Fc. Vibration (sinusoidal)
(IEC 60068-2-6.1995, MOD)
--- GB/T 2423.55-2006 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products Part 2. Environmental Test Test Eh. Hammer tests
(IEC 60068-2-75, IDT)
This part made the following editorial changes.
The term "Part 1" to "GB 4706.1-2005".
Please note that some of the content of this document may involve patents. Release mechanism of the present document does not assume responsibility for the identification of these patents.
This part is proposed by the China National Light Industry Council.
This part of the National Standardization Technical Committee appliances (SAC/TC46) centralized.
This section drafted by. China Electric Apparatus Research Institute Co., Ltd., Philips (China) Investment Co., Ltd., China Great Wall Computer Shenzhen
Shenzhen Co., Ltd., Matsushita Electric Wanbao US health living (Guangzhou) Co., Weikai Detection Technology Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Huntkey Power Chi source
Gas Co., Ltd., Guangzhou Procter & Gamble Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Jiangyue Li Electric Co., Ltd., Nikon imaging equipment sales (China) Co., Ltd. Beijing
Branch, Shanghai Pentium Electrical Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Di Nuowei Bao'an branch.
Drafters of this section. Chen Yongqiang, Chen Ziliang, Huangchang Bin, another is the industry, Huang Wenxiu, Yunan Chen, Benny Chan Yong, Fang Guohong, Wang Gang, Zeng ceremony,
Shao Zhenghua.
The previous version of this part of the release of case.
--- GB 4706.18-1988, GB 4706.18-1999, GB 4706.18-2005.
Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety
Particular requirements for battery chargers
1 Scope
GB 4706.1-2005 the chapter replaced by the following.
This part of the GB 4706 relates to the output voltage and safety extra-low rated voltage not exceeding 250V household and similar purposes battery
Charger safety.
Not intended as a general household, but the public can still constitute a hazard battery charger, intended in the garage, shops, light industry and agricultural sector
Battery charger field used within the scope of this section.
In practical terms, this section refers to in and around the home and all persons encountered by the appliances that are common hazards.
However, this section does not generally consider.
--- The following people (including children)
• physical, sensory or mental capabilities defective; or
• lack the necessary experience and knowledge
They can not lead to the safe use of the appliance without supervision or guidance of a case;
--- Take the case of children playing instruments.
101 Note. Note the following.
--- Intended for use on vehicles, vessels or aircraft instrument, it may require some additional requirements.
102 Note. This section does not apply to.
--- Built-in battery charger installed in caravans and similar vehicles, except the battery charger;
--- Battery charger integral part of the appliance and the user can not touch the appliance to the battery;
--- Intended for industrial use only battery charger;
--- Intended for use in special places appliance, such as the presence of corrosive and explosive gas (dust, vapor or gas) in place;
--- Emergency lighting battery charger (GB 7000.2);
--- Toys with battery charger;
--- Electronic equipment power supply unit;
Battery charger and power supply unit --- photographic electronic flash device (GB 9316);
--- Battery charger intended for use in electric vehicles (IEC 61851).
103 Note. to at least 8 years old and the battery charger requirements of unsupervised children in Appendix AA.
2 Normative references
The following documents for the application of this document is essential. For dated references, only the dated version suitable for use herein
Member. For undated references, the latest edition (including any amendments) applies to this document.
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
increase.
GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols for electrical equipment - Part 2. Graphical symbols (IEC 60417DB.2007, IDT)
GB 19212.8-2012 power transformers, power supplies, reactors and similar products - Part 8. Toys and electrical transformers
Source of special requirements and tests (IEC 61558-2-7.2007, IDT)
IEC 60068-2-6 Environmental testing - Part 2-6. Tests - Test Fc. Vibration (sinusoidal) [Environmentaltesting-Part
2-6. Tests-TestFc. Vibration (sinusoidal)]
3 Terms and Definitions
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
3.1.1 Addition.
Rated voltage. refers to the rated input voltage.
3.1.6 Addition.
Current Rating. refers to the rated input current.
3.1.9 Replacement.
To work normaloperation
Working instrument under the following conditions.
Lead-acid batteries to charge the battery charger and other rated DC output current does not exceed 20A battery charger connected to 101
A circuit. When adjusting the variable resistor, the battery charger at rated voltage, current in the circuit is the rated dc output current.
When the charging current is the battery state of charge control, using a type that has been discharged and has a maximum capacity specified in the instructions
The amount of battery replace variable resistors and capacitors.
Other battery charger is connected to a discharge of this type has been specified in the instructions and has a maximum capacity of the battery.
101 Note. In the following cases, it is that the battery has been discharged.
--- For lead-acid batteries, the electrolyte relative density of less than 1.16;
--- For the nickel-cadmium battery, single battery voltage is less than 0.9V.
3.101
Rated DC output voltage ratedd.c.outputvoltage
Battery charger specified by the manufacturer to the DC output voltage.
3.102
Rated DC output current ratedd.c.outputcurrent
Prescribed by the manufacturer for the battery charger DC output current.
3.103
DC power distribution board dcdistributionboard
It has a socket or terminal assignment to the DC circuit panel.
4 General requirements
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
5 General conditions for tests
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
5.2 Addition.
21.101 If the trials, you need to add two battery charger.
5.101 battery charger by electric appliances tested.
Category 6
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
7 Marking and instructions
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
7.1 Addition.
The battery charger shall be marked with the following.
--- Rated DC output voltage, V;
--- Rated DC output current, A;
101 Note. Additional output current mark.
--- Mounted DC power distribution panel protection device rated current, A;
--- Output polarity terminals. The positive terminal application GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5005, the negative terminal application
GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5006;
102 Note. For polarity to avoid wrong battery charger, without polarity sign.
--- Delay fuse time - current characteristic;
--- If the output is at least 20VA, will have to mark the following.
• Read the instructions before charging;
• For indoor or guard against rain (IPX4 enclosure protection rating of at least except for the battery charger);
--- If the output is at least 20VA and the battery charger is used to charge the lead-acid batteries, you have to mark the following.
• Before connecting to connect or disconnect the battery charger and battery, first disconnect the power supply;
• Warning. explosive gas. I would like to visit a flame or sparks, charging process to provide adequate ventilation.
Fitted with an engine crank switch (This switch allows the battery charger to start the engine to provide additional current) of the battery charger should be marked down
Said contents.
--- The maximum "on" time;
--- Minimum "off" time or "on" time and the maximum ratio between the time "off."
7.4 Addition.
If the battery charger is adjustable to different rated DC output voltage, the battery charger that can be transferred to the output voltage should be clearly visible.
7.6 Addition.
[GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5005] a positive sign; positive
[GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5006] minus; negative
7.12 Addition.
Instructions should.
--- Provisions battery charger that can charge the battery type, quantity and the rated capacity;
--- Including the prohibition to charge non-rechargeable battery warning;
--- For a lead-acid battery rechargeable battery charger indicating the charging process, the battery should be placed in a well-ventilated place;
--- For outdoor use class Ⅰ portable battery charger, battery charger specified only allow insertion into the socket with ground;
--- For automatic battery charger, automatic presentation capabilities and indicate any restrictions.
Car battery to charge the battery charger's instruction manual should contain the following.
--- Should first be connected to the chassis is not connected to the battery terminal, then put the other end in the end plate, the connection point away from the battery and fuel pipes
line. Then, then the battery charger is connected to the power network;
--- After charging is complete, disconnect the battery charger from the power network, and then open the connection with the chassis, and then open the battery connection.
7.12.1 Addition.
Installed in caravans and similar vehicles in the battery charger's instruction manual should indicate that the battery charger is connected with the supply network should meet
Close connection with national requirements.
7.101 DC power distribution panels shall be marked with the following.
--- The maximum output current for each output circuit, A;
--- May type any additional power supply is connected.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
8 pairs of protection access to live parts
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
9 start electric appliances
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause does not apply.
10 Power input and current
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
10.101 no-load DC output voltage should not exceed 42.4V.
Meets by the battery charger supplied with the rated voltage and measure the no-load dc output voltage to check.
The arithmetic average of the nominal DC output current deviation 10.102 output current should not exceed 10%.
Meets by the battery charger is connected to the circuit 101 of checking up. Battery charger supplied with the rated voltage can be adjusted
Variable resistor so that the output voltage reaches the rated DC output voltage, output current is then measured.
Fever 11
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
11.2 Review.
The battery charger according to the provisions made for the electric appliances placed in a test corner.
11.5 Review.
Battery charger only to 1.06 times the rated voltage.
11.7 Replacement.
Battery charger operated until steady conditions are established.
12 Void
13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
14 transient overvoltage
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
15 Moisture resistance
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
16 Leakage current and electric strength
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
increase.
The battery charger output terminals shorted.
18 Endurance
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause does not apply.
19 Abnormal operation
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
19.1 Review.
Substituted GB 4706.1-2005 test article listed. If applicable, a battery charger and subjected to 19.11,19.12 19.101 ~
19.103 corresponding tests.
19.13 Addition.
During the test, the values in Table 8 apply.
The battery should not be broken.
19.101 to the battery charger supplied with the rated voltage of the battery charger operates under normal working conditions and during the Chapter 11 move test
Any short-circuit as the controller.
19.102 The battery charger is connected to a fully charged battery, wiring and contrary to normal use. The battery has to say use
The maximum capacity of the battery type specified in the instruction manual, but lead-acid batteries with a capacity of 70Ah. Battery charger operates at rated voltage.
19.103 intend to use with DC power distribution board battery charger supplied with the rated voltage, under normal operating conditions Battery Charger
Operated until steady conditions are established. Increase the output load current increases by 10% again until steady conditions are established. Repeat this process until
Protective devices or short circuit conditions are established.
20 Stability and mechanical hazards
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
21 Mechanical strength
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
21.1 Review.
The impact energy up to 1.0J ± 0.05J.
increase.
Also by checking whether the test of 21.101.
21.101 except Built-in battery charger, the quality does not exceed 5kg battery charger to the following tests on the three instruments.
Battery charger from 1m to be dropped on a concrete floor, each with a different placement of the appliance falling.
The battery charger should not exhibit damage and affect compliance 8.1,15.1.1,16.3 of Chapter 29.
21.102 installed on caravans and similar vehicles battery charger should withstand them may be subject to vibration.
Meets be specified by IEC 60068-2-6 under the following conditions vibration test to check.
--- The battery charger is fitted to a housing consists of about 20mm thick plywood constitution, the internal dimensions of the housing for installation instructions
The minimum size required by the book;
--- Fastening tape securing the housing to the vibration machine and the battery charger is in the position of normal use;
--- Vibration direction perpendicular;
--- Vibration amplitude of 0.35mm;
--- Scanning frequency range of 10Hz ~ 55Hz;
--- Test time was 30min.
The battery charger should not affect compliance with 8.1,15.1.1,16.3 exhibit and Chapter 29 of the damage, and the connection should not be loose.
22 Construction
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
22.26 Replacement.
Should be given power output circuits through a safety isolating transformer, and the output circuit should not be connected to a ground terminal or live parts can be touched
The child. Insulation between live parts and components at safety extra low voltage shall comply with double or reinforced insulation requirements.
Meets by visual inspection and by double insulation or reinforced insulation test required by to check.
22.101 empty bar
22.102 each from the DC power distribution panel circuit should be equipped with an overload protection device.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
22.103 caravans and the like mounted on a vehicle battery charger, a structure that they can be securely fixed to a support.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
NOTE. keyhole slots, hooks and the like, if no further measures to prevent the battery charger is accidentally pulled out from the support, these devices are considered
For securely fixing the battery charger is not enough.
23 Internal wiring
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
24 element
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
25 Supply connection and external flexible cords
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
25.7 Addition.
Car battery to charge the battery charger should not use natural rubber sheathed power cord.
26 Terminals for external conductors
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
26.5 Review.
This requirement does not apply to the output terminal of the circuit.
27 Provision for earthing
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
28 Screws and connections
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
30 Resistance to heat and fire
GB 4706.1-2005 This clause is applicable except as follows.
30.2.2 Not applicable.
31 rust
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards
GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable.
Explanation.
A --- average current ammeter.
B --- battery charger.
C --- capacitance of the capacitor (F), calculated by the following formula. 12.5
Ir
p × f × Ur
Where.
Ir --- rated DC output current, A;
p --- take a half-wave rectifier; full-wave rectification take 2;
f --- power frequency, Hz;
Ur --- rated DC output voltage, V.
I --- output current.
R --- variable resistor.
The output terminal T --- battery charger.
V --- the average reading voltmeter.
Note 1. The capacitor value can be calculated the value of the deviation ± 20%.
Note 2. After the capacitor may be pre-charged battery charger to work.
101 test battery charger circuit
appendix
Appendix GB 4706.1-2005 is applicable except as follows are applicable.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Routine tests
A.2 Electric strength test
increase.
Between the input and output circuits electrical strength test, the test voltage.
--- 2000V, rated voltage not exceeding 150V battery charger;
--- 2500V, other battery charger.
Appendix AA
(Normative)
Battery chargers for use by children
Intended by the battery charger for at least 8 years old and unsupervised use by children should be consistent with this section and in accordance with this Appendix modified. Battery charge
Electrical safety extra-low voltage to a DC output mode, the output voltage does not exceed 30V, and a rated output of no more than 50VA.
Note 1. The battery charger is covered in this appendix are not considered toys.
Note 2. Appendix Additional terms and notes are numbered starting from 201.
5 General conditions for tests
5.201 When using batteries, readily available and should be used in the most adverse conditions can cause rechargeable battery.
Category 6
6.1 Review.
Battery charger for outdoor use should be Ⅲ appliances, the battery charger should be the other class Ⅱ or Ⅲ class.
6.2 Addition.
Suitable for outdoor use battery charger should be at least IPX7.
6.201 against solid foreign invasion for consideration, the housing should be provided at least IP3X level of protection.
Compliance is checked by inspection checks.
7 Marking and instructions
7.1 Addition.
Indoor use only the battery charger should be marked with the GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5957 or the following statement.
"Indoor use only."
The battery charger should be marked with the appropriate level of IP numbers, in order to prevent the intrusion of solid objects.
The battery charger shall be marked with a smiley face comes with 8.
7.6 Addition.
[GB/T 5465.2-2008 Graphical symbols in 5957] for indoor use only.
[Smiley face] suitable for children at least 8 years old to use.
7.12 Addition.
The instructions shall include the following.
--- Note. Only allow children at least 8 years old to use the battery charger. Give enough guidance so that children can use a safe manner
Battery charger, and explain this is not a toy, not to play.
--- Do not attempt to teach children to charge non-rechargeable batteries because of the danger of explosion.
--- Check the battery charger regularly for damage, especially the cables, plugs and housing. If the battery charger has been damaged, should stop
Stop use until it is repaired so far.
Ⅲ class battery charger description should be noted that they should be used for power transformer toy.
7.14 Addition.
Marked on the appliance symbol height should be at least 10mm, height of the font should be at least 3mm.
By measuring to check eligibility.
8 pairs of protection access to live parts
8.1.1 Review.
It shall not be possible to touch live parts or live parts with only basic insulation and isolation of metal parts, even with a tool to remove the outer
After the shell parts.
Also applying IEC 61032 test probe 18 is applied with the B-type manner refer to the same test.
10 Power input and current
10.101 Addition.
The output voltage should not exceed 42.4V peak.
Fever 11
11.8 Addition.
No. 18 with the IEC 61032 test probe can reach into parts temperature rise should not exceed the following values.
--- 25K, metal;
--- 35K, other materials.
201 NOTE. The temperature rise limit for metal applies to the cell surface.
17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits
increase.
No. 18 with the IEC 61032 test probe can reach into parts temperature rise should not exceed the following values.
--- 45K, metal;
--- 55K, other materials.
19 Abnormal operation
19.13 Addition.
No. 18 with the IEC 61032 test probe can reach into parts temperature rise should not exceed the following values.
--- 45K, metal;
--- 55K, other materials.
21 Mechanical strength
21.1 Addition.
Compliance is checked by the test also checks for 21.101.
21.201 Battery chargers shall be subjected to tests Eha 60068-2-75 IEC . The pendulum test. The impact energy of 2J. For rectangular battery charge
Appliances, four sides and four corners have to endure a shock. For other battery charger housing to withstand eight times the impact, and the impact of these eight
Having equal intervals on the entire outer edge.
The battery charger should then be subjected to GB/T 2423.8 Test Ed, Method One. free fall. Drop height 500mm. in
Before falling, charger (each side) to take toward normal use.
Should not cause damage to the battery charger does not meet the level requirements of this part; in particular, live parts can become accessible.
22 Construction
22.201 battery charger should be only one rated voltage or rated voltage range. Chargers should not fitted with manual adjustment of the output vol......
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