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QB/T 2590-2021 PDF in English

QB/T 2590-2021 (QB/T2590-2021, QBT 2590-2021, QBT2590-2021)
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QB/T 2590-2021: PDF in English (QBT 2590-2021)

GB/T 2590-2021
ICS 25.220.50; 97.100.01
CCS Q 83
QB/T 2590-2021
Replacing QB/T 2590-2003
Enamel Units of Storage Water Heaters
Issued by: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People’s
Republic of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 Requirements ... 6
5 Test Methods ... 9
6 Inspection Rules ... 12
7 Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 13
Appendix A (Normative) Test Method of Adhesive Strength of Steel Sheet Enamel . 15
Appendix B (Informative) Standard Protection Current Value Test... 18
Enamel Units of Storage Water Heaters
1 Scope
This Document specifies the requirements, inspection rules, marking, packaging, transportation
and storage of enamel units of storage water heaters, describes the corresponding test methods,
and defines relevant terms and definitions.
This Document applies to the production, inspection and sales of enamel units of storage water
heaters, such as water-stored electric water heaters, heat pump water heaters, solar water heaters,
gas water heaters with a rated capacity of no more than 1000 L.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the essential provisions of this Document
through reference in this Document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates
indicated are applicable to this Document; for the undated documents, only the latest version
(including all the amendments) is applicable to this Document.
GB/T 2828.1 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributea-Part1:Sampling schemes
indexed by acceptance quality limit(AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
GB 4706.12 Safety of household and similar electrical appliances - Particular requirements
for storage water heaters
GB/T 4956 Non-magnetic coatings on magnetic substrates - Measurement of coating
thickness - Magnetic method
GB/T 9989.1 Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical
corrosion - Part 1: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by acids at room
GB/T 9989.2 Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical
corrosion - Part 2: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by boiling acids,
boiling neutral liquids and/or their vapors
GB/T 9989.3 Vitreous and porcelain enamels - Determination of resistance to chemical
corrosion - Part 3: Determination of resistance to chemical corrosion by alkaline liquids
using a hexagonal vessel
5 Test Methods
5.1 Enamel coating thickness
The test shall be carried out according to the provisions of GB/T4956, with no less than 5
different test points per square meter. The measurement results shall report the maximum value,
minimum value and arithmetic mean value.
5.2 Adhesive strength
The test shall be carried out according to Appendix A.
5.3 Temperature jump resistance and
5.3.1 Preparation of specimen
When the product cannot be used directly for testing, a specimen with a side length or diameter
of (105 ± 5) mm shall be made.
The specimens shall be cut at different parts of the enamel product by a manual saw, cutter or
appropriate cutting tool. The edges shall be neat and shall not cause cracking of the enamel.
The enamel surface shall meet the requirements of 4.4. Or the specimen is made of the same
material as the main components of the liner under test and take the same pre-treatment,
enameling, drying and firing processes. For example: the specimen and the water heater liner
are produced together and hung flush in an enameling furnace to burn or burn in a laboratory
furnace. If required for enameling, a hole with a diameter of 5 mm can be drilled at the corner
of the specimen, and the center distance from the edge shall be ≤ 4 mm.
5.3.2 The quantity of specimen
The quantity of specimen selected for temperature jump resistance is no less than 3 pieces.
5.3.3 Test procedures
Heat the specimen in air to (200±10) °C. After maintaining the temperature for 20 min, put it
into cold water with a temperature of approximately (15 ± 2) °C within 5 s. The specimen shall
be completely immersed. After cooling, take out the specimen and observe the surface condition
of the specimen. If there are no cracks, allow the specimen to dry. Repeat the above operation
5 times.
There shall be a sufficient amount of cold water used in the test, and the temperature rise of the
cold water during the test shall not exceed 1K.
Damage to the specimen due to cutting is not taken into account.
5.4 Acid erosion resistance
5.4.1 Test position
The test position is the part in contact with hot water. If it is difficult to test at this position,
select other corresponding positions or specimens made with the same process.
5.4.2 Test procedures
The test shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 9989.1. The test solution
is 10% (mass fraction) hydrogen chloride (HCI) solution, and the test time is 1 h.
5.5 Hot water erosion resistance
5.5.1 Ambient temperature
5.5.2 The number of tests
Conduct at least 3 parallel experiments each time.
5.5.3 Preparation of specimen
The specimen shall be prepared according to 5.3.1. The back of the specimen shall be coated
with a thin layer of enamel or other coatings to prevent corrosion.
For a specimen with steel sheet thickness exceeding 2.1mm, its mass may exceed the weighing
range of an analytical balance with general range of 200g (accuracy of 0.2mg). In this case, a
special balance with the same accuracy, and larger range shall be used for weighing.
5.5.4 Pre-treatment and installation of specimen, and test device
It shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 9989.2. Glass parts used for the first time in the
device shall be soaked in boiling water for more than one week, and the water shall be changed
every day.
5.5.5 Test solution
The test solution is deionized water with conductivity ≤1 mS/m.
5.5.6 Test procedures
Inject 450mL of test solution into the test device. The liquid level shall be above the upper edge
of the heater (about 95 mm high from the lower edge of the glass cylinder).
When the solution begins to boil, adjust the temperature control device so that the amount of
condensate in the reflux condenser in the graduated collector is maintained between (8 ± 2) mL
every 3 min.
The test solution is replaced repeatedly in the following manner:
--- From the 1st to the 5th day, change once every 24 h;
--- Continuous testing on the 6th and 7th days without replacement;
--- Repeat the above procedure to replace the test solution in the 2nd and 3rd weeks.
The test is divided into two phases, each phase last 21 days (504 h).
After each test phase is completed, remove the specimen, rinse it with distilled water, dry it for
2 h in the temperature range of (110 ± 5) °C, and immediately transfer the specimen to a
desiccator. Allow the test specimen to cool to room temperature, and weigh the mass of each
sample, and accurate to 0.1 mg.
The arithmetic mean of weight loss per unit area in the second test stage is used as the basis for
the entire test evaluation.
If the difference in weight loss per unit area of each specimen is greater than 20% of the
arithmetic mean, conduct the test again and take the arithmetic mean of the 4 values as the basis
for test evaluation.
5.6 Alkali erosion resistance
The test shall be carried out according to the method specified in GB/T 9989.3. The test solution
is 5% (mass fraction) anhydrous sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), the test temperature is (80 ± 1) °C,
and the test time is 6 h.
5.7 Pressure resistance
Fill the liner with water and pressurize it to a test pressure of 1.3P. P is the rated pressure
specified in GB 4706.12. The pressure increases from 0 to P for at least 15 s, and from P to test
pressure for no more than 5 s. The pressure is maintained for at least 15 min. The test was
conducted for a total of 2 times.
Check the surface quality of the enamel and whether there are leaks in the liner.
5.8 Migration of lead and cadmium
5.8.1 Specimen pretreatment
The specimen shall be pre-treated according to the following procedures:
a) Clean the specimen with weak alkaline detergent, then rinse it repeatedly with tap water,
rinse it with distilled water or deionized water, and dry it;
b) Inject 4% (volume fraction) acetic acid solution, and the liquid level shall be no less than
5 mm from the edge of the specimen port. Record the volume of the soaking solution
6.2 Type inspection
6.2.1 When one of the following situations occurs in the production situation, type inspection
shall be carried out:
a) When designing new products or improving original products;
b) When there are major changes in the production process, such as when there are major
changes in raw and auxiliary materials, when equipment is replaced or when production
is resumed after a shutdown;
c) When there is a big difference between the exit-factory inspection results and the last type
inspection results;
d) After production has been carried out for a certain period of time or a certain output has
been achieved, for example: once every six months;
e) When requested by the national quality supervision agency or user.
6.2.2 Type inspection shall be conducted item by item according to all items in Clause 4 of this
Document, and the test method shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of Clause
6.2.3 All inspection items during type inspection shall be qualified. If one item is unqualified,
the type inspection is unqualified.
7 Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage
7.1 Marking
7.1.1 Each product shall be marked with the following information, such as product name,
manufacturer name, address, trademark, specifications, model, product certificate, usage and
installation instructions and precautions (if it is marked for two years usage, the supplier shall
send for professional staff to check the anode bar, clean the liner, etc.).
7.1.2 The outside of each package shall be marked with the following information, such as the
product name, specifications, quantity, quality, volume, and words and signs such as "Fragile
Items", "Afraid of Rain" and "Upward".
7.2 Packaging
Choose appropriate packaging to make the product less likely to be damaged.
7.3 Transportation
Products shall be protected from violent vibrations and collisions during transportation.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.