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GB/T 4963-2007 (GB/T4963-2007)

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GB/T 4963-2007: PDF in English (GBT 4963-2007)

GB/T 4963-2007
ICS 13.140
A 59
GB/T 4963-2007 / ISO 226:2003
Replacing GB/T 4963-1985
Acoustics – Normal Equal-Loudness-Level Contours
(ISO 226:2003, IDT)
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 5
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative References ... 6
3 Terms and Definitions ... 7
4 Formula for Derivation of Normal Equal-Loudness-Level Contours ... 8
Annex A (Normative) Normal Equal-Loudness-Level Contours for Pure Tones
under Free-Field Listening Conditions ... 11
Annex B (Normative) Tables for Normal Equal-Loudness-Level Contours for
Pure Tones under Free-Filed Listening Conditions ... 12
Annex C (Informative) Notes on the Derivation of the Normal Equal-Loudness-
Level Contours ... 15
Bibliography ... 23
This Standard equivalently adopted ISO 226:2003 Acoustics – Normal Equal-
Loudness-Level Contours (English Edition).
This Standard replaced GB/T 4963-1985.
The differences between GB/T 4963-1985 and this Standard are as follows:
--- GB/T 4963-2007 equivalently adopted ISO 226: 2003, with 4 clauses and 3
annexes; GB/T 4963-1985 refers to ISO/R 226: 1961, with only 3 clauses and 1
annex. The capacity of the version referenced by GB/T 4963-2007 is much larger;
and add substantial contents.
--- As far as the core content is concerned, GB/T 4963-2007 has a formula for
deriving sound pressure level from loudness level:
There is also a formula for deriving loudness level from sound pressure level:
However, GB/T 4963-1985 only has a formula for deriving the loudness level
from the sound pressure level:
And the formula is also different.
--- The different formulas reflect that the equal loudness level contour of GB/T 4963-
2007 is compared with the equal loudness level contour of GB/T 4963-1985.
There are important changes between the frequency of 1000 Hz and 2000 Hz. It
is based on the recent 20~30 years’ latest research results.
--- Annex C of GB/T 4963-2007 gives the origin of the standard equal loudness level
contour. Together with the references, it lists the information of dozens of studies
in more than a dozen countries, which can help standard users understand the
relevant research methods.
This Standard equivalently translated ISO 226: 2003 and made the editorial changes.
This Standard’s Annexes A and B are normative, while the Annex C is informative.
Acoustics – Normal Equal-Loudness-Level Contours
1 Scope
This International Standard specifies combinations of sound pressure levels and
frequencies of pure continuous tones which are perceived as equally loud by human
listeners. The specifications are based on the following conditions:
a) the sound field in the absence of the listener consists of a free progressive plane
b) the source of sound is directly in front of the listener;
c) the sound signals are pure tones;
d) the sound pressure level is measured at the position where the centre of the
listener’s head would be, but in the absence of the listener;
e) listening is binaural;
f) the listeners are otologically normal persons in the age range from 18 years to 25
years inclusive.
The data are given in graphical form in Annex A and in numerical form in Annex B for
the preferred frequencies in the one-third-octave series from 20 Hz to 12 500 Hz,
inclusive, in accordance with GB/T 3240-1982.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments
(excluding corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties
who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest
versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition
of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 3240-1982 Preferred Frequencies for the Acoustical Measurement
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.