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GB/T 34248-2017 PDF in English

GB/T 34248-2017 (GB/T34248-2017, GBT 34248-2017, GBT34248-2017)
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GB/T 34248-2017: PDF in English (GBT 34248-2017)

GB/T 34248-2017
ICS 71.100.99
G 74
Performance Test Method of Three-way Catalyst
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
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Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Application Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Principle ... 5 
5 Test Apparatus ... 5 
6 Test Procedures ... 7 
7 Test Data Processing ... 9 
Annex A (Normative) Airspeed Correction of Reaction Mixed Gas ... 11 
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard was proposed by China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Subcommittee 10 on Catalysts of
National Technical Committee 63 of Standardization Administration of China.
The main drafting organizations of this Standard. Fuzhou University State Engineering
Research Institute of Fertilizer Catalysts, Research Institute of Nanjing Chemical
Industry Group, Shandong Institute for Product Quality Inspection.
The main drafters of this Standard. Xiao Yihong, Zheng Yong, Cai Guohui, Zhai
Zhonghua, Qiu Ailing, Chen Yanhao, Zou Huiling.
Performance Test Method of Three-way Catalyst
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the test method of light-off temperature, air-fuel ratio and
oxygen storage capacity of three-way catalyst for gasoline vehicles.
This Standard applies to the three-way catalyst for the purification of the tail gas of
vehicles, which is made by using cordierite honeycomb ceramics or metallic
honeycombs as base and loading catalyst coating.
2 Normative References
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all
amendments) applies to This Standard.
GB 18352.5-2013, Limits and Measurements Methods for Emissions from Light-
duty Vehicles (China 5)
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.
three-way catalyst
A catalyst which is capable of oxidizing carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and reduced
nitrogen oxides at the same time, near the theoretical air-fuel ratio 14.63 or oxidizing-
to-reducing components ratio 1.
light-off temperature
The temperature of catalyst inlet corresponding to the conversion of some pollutant up
to 50%. It is expressed with the symbol T50(i).
NOTE “i” represents pollutants carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and
nitrogen oxides (NOx).
5.2.4 Reactor. inner diameter 30 mm; rated temperature 1 000°C, power meeting the
maximum temperature rise rate 30°C/min, temperature control accuracy ± 2°C;
constant-temperature zone not less than 10 cm; reaction temperature as the
temperature of 2 cm from the axis of catalytic bed in the catalyst gas inlet direction,
temperature measurement accuracy not lower than 1.5°C.
5.2.5 System control and sampling recording system. the sampling frequency of the
data acquisition system for temperature and pollutant concentration shall not be less
than 1 Hz.
5.3 Verification and tolerances
Under normal conditions, the parallelism and reproducibility of the test apparatus shall
be determined once each month at least using reference specimens. Under special
circumstances, they may be verified at any time.
One reference specimen shall be used for three repeated tests at least; the
reproducibility of the light-off temperature (maximum difference value) is not greater
than 10°C; and the reproducibility of oxygen storage capacity (relative value) is within
± 5%.
6 Test Procedures
Warning. The raw gases and tail gas used in the tests involved in this Standard
pose toxic, combustible and explosive hazards to the health and safety of human
body, so air leakage of the system shall be prevented, no open fire is allowed on
site, and necessary fire-fighting equipment and ventilation equipment and other
protective facilities shall be provided.
6.1 Preparation of specimens
The dimensions of specimens are ϕ 25 mm × 50 mm; and the specimens shall be
maintained for structural integrity and free from visible defects and cracks.
6.2 Filling of specimens
After wrapping high temperature resistant ceramic fibre cotton at both ends of the
specimens, load in the reactor, use ceramic fibre cotton to seal tightly the gaps at both
ends of catalyst, and connect to the system.
6.3 System leak test
Pump air into the system, maintain for 10 min under the condition of pressure not lower
than 0.1 MPa, use the methods including brushing neutral foaming agent to check all
sealing points, and deal with it in case of any leak. After the test result is approved,
open the system to ventilate to reduce the pressure of the system to normal pressure.
Insert the temperature measurement thermocouples for the inlet into the thermowell,
of the catalyst specimens for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) or nitrogen
oxides (NOx).
6.5.2 Air-to-fuel ratio
Raise the temperature of the reactor at 10°C/min until the catalyst inlet temperature
becomes stabilized at 450°C, pump mixed gas of oxidizing-to-reducing components
ratio (λ) 0.940 ~ 1.060 (see Table 1), and maintain the airspeed at 60 000 h-1 and the
system pressure at normal pressure. Measure in real time the values of carbon
monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) or nitrogen oxides (NOx) at the inlet and outlet of
catalyst. The test points shall not be less than 10.
Use the oxidizing-to-reducing components ratio as abscissa and the conversion as
ordinate to plot the air-to-fuel curve.
Calculate the conversion of the specimens for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons
(HC) or nitrogen oxides (NOx) when the oxidizing-to-reducing components ratio λ =
6.5.3 Oxygen storage capacity
Raise the temperature of the reactor at 10°C/min until the catalyst inlet temperature
becomes stabilized at 450°C, pump mixed gas of oxidizing-to-reducing components
ratio (λ) 0.940, and maintain for a certain time (t1) (not less than 5 s) before switching
the reaction atmosphere instantly to mixed gas of oxidizing-to-reducing components
ratio 1.060 (see Figure 2). Measure the λ value of catalyst using air-to-fuel ratio meter
or exhaust gas analyzer and obtain the time t2 of the specimens’ λ signal changing
suddenly to λ = 1. Repeat the test for 5 times. When the 5 consecutive test results
have no an identical kind of tendency and the relative deviation between two test
results is not greater than 5%, the oxygen storage capacity test is completed. Take the
arithmetic mean value of the 5 consecutive test results as the test result.
7 Test Data Processing
7.1 Conversion
The conversion is calculated in terms of E in accordance with Formula (1).
φi1—the volume by volume concentration of the gas pollutant i at the catalyst inlet,
expressed in %;
φi2—the volume by volume concentration of the gas pollutant i at the catalyst outlet,
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.