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GB/T 21395-2008 PDF in English


GB/T 21395-2008 (GB/T21395-2008, GBT 21395-2008, GBT21395-2008)
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GB/T 21395-2008: PDF in English (GBT 21395-2008)

GB/T 21395-2008
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 71.080.99
G 17
Dimethyl sulfoxide
二甲基亚砜
ISSUED ON: FEBRUARY 03, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON: AUGUST 01, 2008
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of PRC;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Symbols and abbreviations ... 5 
4 Requirements ... 5 
5 Test method ... 6 
6 Inspection rules ... 10 
7 Marking, packaging, transportation, storage ... 11 
Dimethyl sulfoxide
1 Scope
This standard specifies the symbols and abbreviations, requirements, test methods,
inspection rules and signs, labels, packaging, transportation, storage of dimethyl
sulfoxide.
This standard applies to dimethyl sulfoxide, which is obtained by synthesizing dimethyl
sulfide from methanol and carbon disulfide (or methanol and hydrogen sulfide), then
oxidizing and refining with pure oxygen.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For the dated references, the subsequent amendments
(excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard; however, parties who
reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest versions
of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the
referenced document applies.
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial marking for handling of goods (eqv ISO 780:1997)
GB/T 601 Chemical reagent - Preparations of standard volumetric solutions
GB/T 603 Chemical reagent - Preparations of reagent solution for use in test
methods (ISO 6353-1:1982, NEQ)
GB/T 1250 Rules for expression and judgement of limiting values
GB/T 3723 Sampling of chemical products for industrial use - Safety in sampling
(idt ISO 3165:1976)
GB/T 6283 Chemical products - Determination of water Karl·Fischer method
(general method) (eqv ISO 760:1978)
GB/T 6488 Liquid chemicals - Determination of refractive index at 20 °C
GB/T 6678 General principles for sampling chemical products
GB/T 6680 General rules for sampling liquid chemical products
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test methods (eqv
ISO 3696:1987)
5 Test method
5.1 Warning
Some of the test procedures, which are specified in the test method, may lead to
hazardous situations. The operator shall take appropriate safety and health
measures.
5.2 General provisions
Unless otherwise specified, only the reagents confirmed as analytical grade AND the
grade-3 water, which is specified in GB/T 6682, are used in the analysis.
The standard titration solutions, preparations, products, which are used in the analysis,
shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 601 and GB/T 603, unless
other requirements are specified.
5.3 Determination of odor and appearance
5.3.1 Odor is detected by smell.
5.3.2 Add an appropriate volume of liquid sample into a 50 mL colorimetric tube with
a stopper. Visually inspect it against a white background. When using distilled water as
a reference, it shall not be deeper (if the sample is a crystal, place the sample, until it is
melted for same-method comparison).
5.4 Determination of crystallization point
Determine according to the method specified in GB/T 7533.
Take the arithmetic mean of the results of the two parallel determinations, as the
determination result. The absolute difference, between the two parallel determination
results, is not greater than 0.1 °C.
5.5 Determination of acid value
Determine according to the method specified in GB/T 9736.
5.5.1 Principle
The free acid in the sample is neutralized with potassium hydroxide. The free acid value
can be calculated, according to the consumption of potassium hydroxide standard
titration solution.
5.5.2 Instruments
5.5.2.1 Micro-burette: 2 mL, which has a subscale of 0.01 mL;
5.5.2.2 Conical flask: 250 mL.
5.5.3 Reagents
5.5.3.1 Potassium hydroxide standard titration solution: c (KOH) = 0.05 mol/L;
5.5.3.2 Phenolphthalein indicator solution: 0.1 g/L.
5.5.4 Analytical steps
5.5.4.1 Weigh about 50 g of sample, accurate to 0.01 g. Put it in a conical flask, which
contains 100 mL of water in advance. Add 2 ~ 3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator
solution. Use potassium hydroxide standard titration solution to titrate it, until pink
color appears AND lasts for 1 min without fading, which is deemed as end point.
5.5.4.2 At the same time of the measurement, according to the same steps as the
measurement, do a blank test, using the same volume of reagent solution, without
adding the sample.
5.5.5 Calculation of results
The acid value, w1, is calculated by the mass (milligrams) of potassium hydroxide,
which is required to neutralize 1 g of the specimen. The value is expressed in milligrams
per gram (mg/g), which is calculated in accordance with the formula (1):
Where:
V - The value of the volume of the potassium hydroxide standard titration solution
(5.5.3.1), which is consumed by the sample, in milliliters (mL);
V1 - The value of the volume of the standard potassium hydroxide titration solution,
which is consumed by the blank test, in milliliters (mL);
c - The exact value of the concentration of potassium hydroxide standard titration
solution, in mole per liter (mol/L);
M - The value of the molar mass of potassium hydroxide, in grams per mole (g/mol)
(M = 56.1);
m - The value of the mass of the specimen, in grams (g).
Take the arithmetic mean of the results of the two parallel determinations as the
determination result. The absolute difference, between the two parallel
determination results, is not greater than 0.001.
5.6 Determination of transmittance
Make determination, according to the method specified in GB/T 9721. Use the 5 cm
optical path cuvette. Use the distilled water as a reference. The selected wavelength is
400 nm.
Take the arithmetic mean of the results of the two parallel determinations as the
determination result. The absolute difference, between the two parallel determination
results, is not more than 0.2%.
5.7 Determination of refractive index
Determine it according to the method specified in GB/T 6488.
Take the arithmetic mean of the results of two parallel determinations as the
determination result. The absolute difference, between the results of the two parallel
determinations, is not greater than 0.0003.
5.8 Determination of impurity content
5.8.1 Method summary
Using gas chromatography, under selected working conditions, the sample is vaporized
through a chromatographic column, so that the components are separated. It is detected
by a hydrogen flame ionization detector. The content of impurities is determined,
according to the area normalization method.
5.8.2 Reagents
5.8.2.1 Polyethylene glycol 20M (fixative solution);
5.8.2.2 White silanized carrier: 0.18 mm ~ 0.15 mm (80 mesh ~ 100 mesh);
5.8.2.3 Hydrogen: The volume fraction is not less than 99.9%; it is dried and purified
by silica gel and molecular sieve;
5.8.2.4 Nitrogen: The volume fraction is not less than 99.9%; it is dried and purified by
silica gel and molecular sieve;
5.8.2.5 Air: It is dried and purified by silica gel and molecular sieve.
5.8.3 Instruments
5.8.3.1 Gas chromatograph: It is equipped with a flame ionization detector. The
sensitivity and stability of the whole machine comply with the relevant requirements in
GB/T 9722;
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.