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GB/T 1683-2018 (GB/T1683-2018)

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GB/T 1683-2018: PDF in English (GBT 1683-2018)

GB/T 1683-2018
ICS 83.060
G 40
Rubber, Vulcanized - Determination of
Compression Set at Constant Strain
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Principle ... 4 
4 Test Devices ... 4 
5 Test Piece ... 6 
6 Test Conditions ... 7 
7 Test Procedure ... 8 
8 Test Result ... 9 
9 Test Report ... 10 
References ... 11 
Rubber, Vulcanized - Determination of
Compression Set at Constant Strain
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the methods of determining the characteristics of compression
set of vulcanized rubber at constant strain.
This Standard is applicable to the evaluation of vulcanized rubber’s capability of
maintaining its elasticity after continuous compression under the condition of stipulated
temperature and compression ratio.
2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this Standard. In terms
of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable
to this Standard. The latest version (including all the modifications) of references
without a specified date is also applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 2941-2006 Rubber - General Procedures for Preparing and Conditioning
Test Pieces for Physical Test Methods
GB/T 3512-2014 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Accelerated Ageing and
Heat Resistance Tests - Air-oven Method
GB/T 7759.1-2015 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Determination of
Compression Set - Part 1. At Ambient or Elevated Temperatures
3 Principle
In this test, vulcanized rubber test piece is compressed to a stipulated height. After a
certain temperature and a certain period of time, or after infiltration with medium,
determine the compression set of the test piece at constant strain.
4 Test Devices
4.1 Test Fixture
4.1.1 Test fixture shall include compression plate, limiter and fastener. Please refer to
Figure 1 for a typical test fixture.
Test pieces can also be trimmed with a round cutter from a vulcanized rubber sheet,
whose thickness complies with the stipulation in 5.1; the inner diameter of the cutter
shall be (10.2 ± 0.02) mm. During the process of trimming, the cutting edge of the
cutter can be lubricated with neutral soap. Slowly enter the cutter, which can reduce
the taper of the diameter.
Test pieces that are prepared under different methods mentioned above might lead to
different test results. The test results are incomparable.
5.3 Quantity of Test Piece
In each group, there shall be not less than 3 test pieces.
5.4 Time Interval from Vulcanization to Test
In all the tests, the shortest interval from vulcanization to test is 16 h.
In terms of the tests of non-finished products, the longest interval from vulcanization to
test shall be 4 weeks. In terms of comparative test, the time interval shall be as similar
as possible.
In terms of the tests of finished products, if it is possible, the interval from vulcanization
to test shall not exceed 3 months. Under other circumstances, the tests shall be
conducted within 2 months since the day that the demand side accepts the products
(please refer to GB/T 2941-2006).
5.5 Adjustment
Within the time interval from vulcanization to test, samples and test pieces shall be
kept away from light and heat.
Before test, the prepared test pieces shall be adjusted for at least 3 h at a standard
laboratory temperature that is stipulated in GB/T 2941-2006. In order to compare the
results, the same temperature shall be maintained during the whole test.
6 Test Conditions
6.1 Selection of Constant Compression Ratio
In accordance with the hardness (Shore A) of the test pieces, there are the following
---When the hardness is below 50, 40 % compression ratio can be selected;
---When the hardness is between 50 ~ 75, 30% compression ratio can be selected;
---When the hardness is above 75, 20% compression ratio can be selected.
on the compression surface of the fixture.
7.2 Adjust the thickness gauge to point at zero, then, measure the initial height (h0) of
the test piece before compression.
7.3 Select a suitable limiter; place the test piece and the limiter in an appropriate
position in the fixture, then, evenly compress it to a stipulated height (h1). During the
compression, the test piece and the limiter shall not contact each other.
7.4 During the liquid medium-resistant test, the fixture shall be placed in a sealed
container. The test piece shall be completely soaked in the liquid medium. Liquid
medium for tests cannot be used repeatedly.
7.5 In terms of tests at a stipulated temperature, the time of test shall be calculated
since the fixture or the container is placed into the test chamber.
7.6 After the stipulated time, take out the fixture or the container from the test chamber.
Select one of the standard laboratory temperatures that are stipulated in GB/T 2941-
2006; cool down for 2 h. Then, open the container and the fixture; take out the test
piece. At the same standard laboratory temperature, place the test piece in a free state
for 1 h, then, measure the recovered height (h2) after compression.
7.7 After the test with less volatile liquid medium, before opening the fixture, certain
solvents, for example, gasoline, can be used to rinse it. The duration of rinsing shall
not exceed 30 s.
8 Test Result
8.1 Compression set value K (%) shall be calculated in accordance with Formula (1).
h0---height of test piece before compression, expressed in (mm);
h2---recovered height of test piece after compression, expressed in (mm);
h1---height of limiter, expressed in (mm).
8.2 When test piece is ruptured after the test, the test data shall be abolished.
8.3 The arithmetic mean value of 3 test results shall be deemed as the test result.
8.4 Allowable deviation. when compression set value is less than 10%, the allowable
relative deviation is ± 1%; when compression set value is more than 10%, the
(Above excerpt was released on 2018-11-20, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT1683-2018