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GB 21966-2008 PDF in English


GB 21966-2008 (GB21966-2008) PDF English
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GB 21966-2008: PDF in English

GB 21966-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.220
K 82
GB 21966-2008 / IEC 62281:2004
Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries
during transport
(IEC 62281:2004, IDT)
ISSUED ON: JUNE 18, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2009
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 4
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Requirements for safety ... 10
5 Type testing, sampling and re-testing ... 11
6 Test methods and requirements ... 13
7 Information for safety ... 23
8 Instructions for packaging and handling during transport ... 24
9 Marking ... 25
Bibliography ... 27
Foreword
Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 9 of this Standard are mandatory clauses. Requirements
specified in this Standard do not apply in those cases where special provisions
given in the relevant regulations of China (see 7.3), provide exemptions.
This Standard is identical to IEC 62281:2004 “Safety of primary and secondary lithium
cells and batteries during transport”.
This Standard was proposed by China National Light Industry Council.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on
Primary Battery of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 176).
Main drafting organizations of this Standard: National Light Industry Battery Quality
Supervision and Inspection Center, Changzhou Daily Battery Co., Ltd., Power Glory
Battery Tech (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Fujian Nanping NanFu Battery Co., Ltd., Wujiang
Battery Product Testing Laboratory of Mechanical and Electrical Products Testing
Center of Jiangsu Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Shenzhen Able New
Energy Co., Ltd.
Organizations participating in the drafting of this Standard: Wuhan Lixing (Torch)
Power Sources Co., Ltd., Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau,
Chengdu Jianzhong Lithium Battery Co., Ltd., Wuhan Fanso Technology Co., Ltd.,
Wuhan HCB Battery Technology Co., Ltd., Guangzhou Panyu Huali Battery Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard: Lin Peiyun, Yu Zhanghua, Song Yang, Xu Pingguo,
Wang Jian, Zhang Qingshun, Huang Deyong, Guo Renhong, Wang Li, Zhu Zhigang,
Ruan Honglin, Zhang Chaoming.
This Standard is issued for the first time.
Safety of primary and secondary lithium cells and batteries
during transport
1 Scope
This Standard specifies test methods and requirements for primary and secondary
(rechargeable) lithium cells and batteries to ensure their safety during transport (other
than for recycling or disposal). Requirements specified in this Standard do not apply in
those cases where special provisions given in the relevant regulations of China (see 7.3),
provide exemptions.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,
the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB 8897.4 Primary batteries - Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries (GB 8897.4-2002,
IEC 60086-4:2000, IDT)
IEC 61960 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid
electrolyte - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications
3 Terms and definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
aggregate lithium content
Total lithium content or lithium equivalent content of the cells comprising a battery.
3.2
battery
One or more cells electrically connected by permanent means, fitted in a case, with
terminals, markings and protective devices, etc., as necessary for use.
3.3
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and in the Dangerous Goods
Regulations published by the International Air Transport Association (IATA)5).
7.3.3 Sea transport
Regulations concerning sea transport of lithium batteries are specified in the
International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code published by the International
Maritime Organization (IMO)6).
7.3.4 Land transport
Regulations concerning road and railroad transport are specified on a national or
multilateral basis. Whilst an increasing number of regulators adopt the UN Model
Regulations, it is recommended that country-specific transport regulations be consulted
before shipping.
7.4 Display and storage
a) Store batteries in well ventilated, dry and cool conditions
High temperature or high humidity may cause deterioration of the battery
performance and/or surface corrosion.
b) Do not stack battery cartons on top of each other exceeding a height specified by
the manufacturer
If too many battery cartons are stacked, batteries in the lowest cartons may be
deformed and electrolyte leakage may occur.
c) Avoid storing or displaying batteries in direct sun or in places where they get
exposed to rain
When batteries get wet, their insulation resistance may be impaired and self-
discharge and corrosion may occur. Heat may cause deterioration.
d) Store batteries in their original packing
When batteries are unpacked and mixed they may be short-circuited or damaged.
8 Instructions for packaging and handling during transport
8.1 Quarantine
Packages that have been crushed, punctured or torn open to reveal contents shall not be
transported. Such packages shall be isolated until the shipper has been consulted, has
5) Refer to the bibliography.
6) Refer to the bibliography.
......
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.