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GB 18401-2010 (GB18401-2010)

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GB 18401-2010: PDF in English

GB 18401-2010
GB
ICS 59.080.01
W 09
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing GB 18401-2003
National General Safety Technical Code
for Textile Products
ISSUED ON. JANUARY 14, 2011
IMPLEMENTED ON. AUGUST 01, 2011
Jointly issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision,
Inspection and Quarantine (GAQSIQ);
Standardization Administration (SAC) of the People's
Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Preface ... 3 
1. Scope ... 5 
2. Normative Reference ... 5 
3. Terms and definitions ... 6 
4. Product categorization ... 6 
5. Requirements ... 7 
6. Test method ... 8 
7. Inspection rules ... 9 
8. Implementation and supervision ... 9 
9. Legal responsibility ... 10 
Appendix A ... 11 
Appendix B ... 12 
Appendix C ... 13 
Appendix D ... 15 
References ... 16 
Preface
All contents of this Standard are mandatory.
This Standard replaces GB 18401-2003 National General Safety Technical Code for
Textile Products. The main technical differences between this Standard and GB
18401-2003 are as follows.
• “Home use” has been added to the scope of application, and “Use” and “Except
when otherwise agreed by both demand and supply parties” have been deleted;
• Quoted standard of GB/T 23344 has been added to Chapter 2;
• Infant age has been altered from 24 months to 36 months;
• Product 4.1 categorization from A, B and C coding has been changed to a verbal
description;
• The pH value in category B of Table 1 has been changed from 4.0~7.5 to 4.0~8.5;
• Products in Footnotes a and b of Table 1 have been confirmed to be “non-end
products”;
• Footnote c of Table 1 has been updated, with the limit value for decomposable
carcinogenic arylamine set to ≤20mg/kg;
• Note 5.2 has been updated to include “regulations governing exemption from
testing for colorfastness to perspiration for hanging products such as curtains”;
• Note 5.3 has been updated to include “product categorization by piece”, and the
80 cm measurement in the Note has been changed to 100 cm;
• The examination limit set in 6.8 has been deleted;
• Footnote 7.4 has been added to the main texts;
• A.11, A.12 and A.13 have been added to Appendix A, and A.9 has been changed
to “rag crafted products”;
• Some samples in Appendix B have been adjusted;
• “4-Ammoazobenzene” has been added to the list in appendix C;
• Appendix D has been added.
This Standard only specifies requirements for the general safety of textile products;
other requirements shall be implemented according to the relevant standards.
National General Safety Technical Code
For Textile Products
1. Scope
This Standard specifies the general safety technical requirements for textile products,
test methods, testing, implementation and supervision principles. Other requirements
for textile products shall be implemented according to the relevant standards.
This Standard is applicable to the manufacture and sale of garment, decorations and
household textile products. Products for export shall be implemented according to the
clauses in the respective agreements.
Note. Products listed in Appendix A do not fall under the categories of this Standard, unless otherwise
indicated by the government.
2. Normative Reference
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in
this text, constitute provisions of this Standard. For dated reference, subsequent
amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, the
parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to
investigate the possibility of applying the latest editions of the standards indicated
below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred
to applies.
GB/T 2912.1 Textile formaldehyde determination. Part I. free formaldehyde and
hydrolyzed formaldehyde (hydro-extraction method) (GB/T
2912.1-2009, ISO 14184.1.1998, MOD)
GB/T 3920 Textile colorfastness test. Color rub-fastness test (GB/T 3920-2008,
ISO 105-X12.2001, MOD)
GB/T 3922 Textile colorfastness to perspiration test method (GB/T 3922-1995,
eqv ISO 105-E04.1994)
GB/T 5713 Textile colorfastness test. Colorfastness to water resistance test
(GB/T 5713-1997, eqv ISO 105-E01.1994)
GB/T 7573 Textile determination of pH value of hydro-extraction liquid (GB/T
7573-2009, ISO 3071.2005, MOD)
GB/T 17592 Textile determination of forbidden azo dyes.
GB/T 18886 Textile colorfastness test. Colorfastness to saliva.
GB/T 23344 Textile determination of 4-Aminoazobenzene
3. Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this Standard.
3.1 Textile products
The products of which the main materials comprise of natural and chemical fibers; that
are processed by using procedures such as reeling, knitting, and dyeing, combined
with stitching and compounding processes. Examples include yarn, textile and their
finished products.
3.2 General safety specification
The fundamental specification that is required to ensure that fabric products are not
harmful to human health.
3.3 Textile products for infants
The textile products that are worn or used by infants at/below 36 months of age.
3.4 Textile products with direct contact to skin
The textile products with large areas in direct contact with human skin when worn or
used.
3.5 Textile products without direct contact to skin
The textile products with little or no area in direct contact with human skin when worn
or used.
4. Product categorization
4.1 Products are sorted by end use into three categories.
• Textile products for infants
• Textile products with direct contact to skin
• Textile products without direct contact to skin
4.2 Products that can only be used after further processing by the customer (such as.
7. Inspection rules
7.1 Representative samples shall be randomly selected from every batch of products
by category and color. One sample is then selected for each different color within
every category.
7.2 Individual goods shall be sampled at a minimum distance of 2 m away from one
end, and the sample shall be a whole piece with a length no less than 0.5 m; sampling
of garments or other products shall satisfy the requirements of the determination
process.
7.3 Following sample selection, the goods shall be sealed such that they are airproof.
No action shall be taken. The relevant sampling technique can be found in the
sampling manual in Appendix D.
7.4 An assessment shall be performed by product category in accordance with Table
1. If the results of the product determination all satisfy the corresponding requirements
in Table 1 (all components of products with two or more components shall satisfy the
corresponding requirements in Table 1), these samples will then conform to the
general safety technical specifications; otherwise they will fail to do so. No
determination process is required for small components with a total weight of less
than 1% of the whole product that come into contact with skin either directly or
non-directly.
7.5 If the selected samples are all conformant, the batch of products shall be
determined to be conformant with the general safety technical specifications. In the
event of any non-conformant samples, the product category or color represented by
the sample shall be determined as non-conformant.
8. Implementation and supervision
8.1 Entities and individuals engaged in textile product research, production and
trading shall strictly implement this Standard in line with the Standardization Laws of
the People's Republic of China and the Regulations for the Implementation of the
Standardization Laws of the People's Republic of China. The production, sale or
importation of products that do not comply with this Standard are forbidden.
8.2 In line with the Standardization Laws of the People's Republic of China and the
Regulations for the Implementation of the Standardization Laws of the People's
Republic of China, any entity or individual is entitled to file a report, appeal or
complaint against actions in breach of this Standard.
8.3 The government shall mainly use the spot-check supervision and examination
method for textile products in line with the Product Qualit...
......
(Above excerpt was released on 2015-03-10, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GB18401-2010