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GB 14880-2012: PDF in English

GB 14880-2012 
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
GB 14880-2012
National Food Safety Standard for the Use of
Nutritional Fortification Substances in Foods
ISSUED ON: MARCH 15, 2012
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2013
Issued by: Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Terms and Definitions ... 4
3 Fundamental Purposes of Nutritional Fortification ... 4
4 Requirements of Using Nutritional Fortification Substances ... 5
5 Selection Requirements of Fortification Food Categories ... 5
6 Application Rules of Nutritional Fortification Substances ... 5
7 Food Category (Name) Description ... 6
8 Quality Standard of Nutritional Fortification Substances ... 6
Appendix A Application Rules of Nutritional Fortification Substances in Foods ... 7
Appendix B List of Origins of Allowable Nutritional Fortification Substance
Compounds ... 16
Appendix C Origin of Nutritional Fortification Substances and Compounds Allowable
for Foods for Special Diets ... 20
Appendix D Food Category (Name) Explanation ... 25
   
National Food Safety Standard for the Use of
Nutritional Fortification Substances in Foods
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the fundamental purposes of nutritional fortification in foods, the
requirements of using nutritional fortification substances, the selection requirements for
fortifiable food categories and application requirements for nutritional fortification substances.
This Standard is applicable to the application of nutritional fortification substances in foods,
unless otherwise stated in national laws and regulations and/or standards.
2 Terms and Definitions
2.1 Nutritional fortification substances
The natural or artificially-synthesized nutrients and other nutritional ingredients added to foods
in order to increase the nutritional ingredient (value) in foods.
2.2 Nutrient
The substances which have specific physiological effects in foods and are required and able
to maintain the growth, development, activity, reproduction, and normal metabolism, including
protein, fat, carbohydrate, mineral substances and vitamin, etc.
2.3 Other nutritional ingredients
Other food compositions which have nutrition and/or physiological functions except nutrients
2.4 Foods for special diets
Food made by special process or formula in order to meet special physical/psychological
conditions and/or meet special diet demands under the conditions of diseases or disorder. The
contents of nutrients and/or other nutritional ingredients in these foods are obviously different
from comparable ordinary foods.
3 Fundamental Purposes of Nutritional Fortification
3.1 Make up the nutrient loss caused during normal process and storage of foods.
3.2 In a given territorial scope, where the intake of some nutrients for a large scale of crowd is
low or lacked, the caused poor health effects may be improved by fortification.
3.3 The nutrient intake level for some crowd is low or lacked because of the dietary habit and/or
other causes, the caused poor health effects may be improved by fortification.
3.4 Replenish and adjust the contents of nutrients and/or other nutritional ingredients in foods
for special diets.
4 Requirements of Using Nutritional Fortification
Substances
4.1 Utilization of nutritional fortification substances shall not result in intake excess or
imbalance of nutrients or other nutritional ingredients, neither the metabolism abnormality of
any nutrient and other nutritional ingredients.
4.2 Utilization of nutritional fortification substances shall not encourage and lead the food
consumption pattern against the national nutrition policies.
4.3 The quality of nutritional fortification substances added to foods shall be able to be kept
stable under specific conditions of storage, transportation and eating.
4.4 The nutritional fortification substances added to foods shall not result in obvious bad
changes of general characteristics of foods, such as color, luster, flavor, smell and cooking
characteristics.
4.5 The content or effect of a certain nutritional ingredient shall not be exaggerated by the
application of nutritional fortification substances to mislead and cheat consumers.
5 Selection Requirements of Fortification Food Categories
5.1 Foods consumed universally by target population and obtained easily shall be selected for
fortification.
5.2 The consumption of foods as the fortification carriers shall be relatively stable.
5.3 The foods which are advocated to reduce the eating amount in the diet guideline of China
should not be used as the fortification carriers.
6 Application Rules of Nutritional Fortification Substances
6.1 Application scope and application amount of nutritional fortification substances in foods
shall meet the requirements of Appendix A; the origin of the allowable utilization compound
Appendix A
Application Rules of Nutritional Fortification Substances in Foods
Application rules of nutritional fortification substances in foods are detailed in Table A.1.
Table A.1 -- Allowable Application Species, Application Scope a and Application
Amount of Nutritional Fortification Substances
Nutritional
fortification
substance
Food Cat. No. Food category (name) Application amount
Vitamin
Vitamin A
01.01.03 Modulation milk 600μg/kg~1000μg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for
children, pregnant and lying-in women) 3000μg/kg~9000μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 1200μg/kg~7000μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 2000μg/kg~10000μg/kg
02.01.01.01 Vegetable oil 4000μg/kg~8000μg/kg
02.02.01.02 Margarine and its similar products 4000μg/kg~8000μg/kg
03.01 Ice cream and popsicles 600μg/kg~1200μg/kg
04.04.01.07 Bean flour and soybean milk powder 3000μg/kg~7000μg/kg
04.04.01.08 Soybean milk 600μg/kg~1400μg/kg
06.02.01 Rice 600μg/kg~1200μg/kg
06.03.01 Wheaten flour 600μg/kg~1200μg/kg
06.06 Instant cereals, including rolled oats 2000μg/kg~6000μg/kg
07.02.02 Western cookies 2330μg/kg~4000μg/kg
07.03 Biscuit 2330μg/kg~4000μg/kg
14.03.01 Milky drinks 300μg/kg~1000μg/kg
14.06 Solid drinks 4000μg/kg~17000μg/kg
16.01 Jelly 600μg/kg~1000μg/kg
16.06 Puffed food 600μg/kg~1500μg/kg
β-carotene 14.06 Solid drinks 3mg/kg~6mg/kg
Vitamin D
01.01.03 Modulation milk 10μg/kg~40μg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for
children, pregnant and lying-in women) 63μg/kg~125μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 20μg/kg~112μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 23μg/kg~112μg/kg
Folic acid
01.01.03 Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in women) 400μg/kg~1200μg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder excluding milk powder for
children, pregnant and lying-in women) 2000μg/kg~5000μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 420μg/kg~3000μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 2000μg/kg~8200μg/kg
06.02.01 Rice (only for free-elutriation rice) 1000μg/kg~3000μg/kg
06.03.01 Wheaten flour 1000μg/kg~3000μg/kg
06.06 Instant cereals, including rolled oats 1000μg/kg~2500μg/kg
07.03 Biscuit 390μg/kg~780μg/kg
07.05 Other bakery products 2000μg/kg~7000μg/kg
14.02.03 Fruit and vegetable juices (pulp) (including fermentation type products, etc.) 157μg/kg~313μg/kg
14.06 Solid drinks 600μg/kg~6000μg/kg
16.01 Jelly 50μg/kg~100μg/kg
Pantothenic
acid
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 6mg/kg~60mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 20mg/kg~80mg/kg
06.06 Instant cereals, including rolled oats 30mg/kg~50mg/kg
14.04.01 Carbonated drinks 1.1mg/kg~2.2mg/kg
14.04.02.02 Flavored drinks 1.1mg/kg~2.2mg/kg
14.05.01 Tea drinks 1.1mg/kg~2.2mg/kg
14.06 Solid drinks 22mg/kg~80mg/kg
16.01 Jelly 2mg/kg~5mg/kg
Biotin 01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (only for children) 38μg/kg~76μg/kg
Choline
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 800mg/kg~1500mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 1600mg/kg~3400mg/kg
16.01 Jelly 50mg/kg~100mg/kg
Inositol
01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (only for children) 210mg/kg~250mg/kg
14.02.03 Fruit and vegetable juices (pulp) (including fermentation type products, etc.) 60mg/kg~120mg/kg
14.04.02.02 Flavored drinks 60mg/kg~120mg/kg
Mineral substances
Iron
01.01.03 Modulation milk 10mg/kg~20mg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for
children, pregnant and lying-in women) 60mg/kg~200mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 25mg/kg~135mg/kg
14.0 Drinks (except the species involved in 14.01 and 14.02 and 14.06) 160mg/kg~1350mg/kg
14.02.03 Fruit and vegetable juices (pulp) (including fermentation type products, etc.) 1000mg/kg~1800mg/kg
14.06 Solid drinks 2500mg/kg~10000mg/kg
16.01 Jelly 390mg/kg~800mg/kg
Zinc
01.01.03 Modulation milk 5mg/kg~10mg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for
children, pregnant and lying-in women) 30mg/kg~60mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 50mg/kg~175mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 30mg/kg~140mg/kg
04.04.01.07 Bean flour and soybean milk powder 29mg/kg~55.5mg/kg
06.02 Rice and its products 10mg/kg~40mg/kg
06.03 Wheaten flour and its products 10mg/kg~40mg/kg
06.04 Grain powder and its products 10mg/kg~40mg/kg
06.06 Instant cereals, including rolled oats 37.5mg/kg~112.5mg/kg
07.01 Bread 10mg/kg~40mg/kg
07.02.02 Western cookies 45mg/kg~80mg/kg
07.03 Biscuit 45mg/kg~80mg/kg
14.0 Drinks (except the species involved in 14.01 and 14.06) 3mg/kg~20mg/kg
14.06 Solid drinks 60mg/kg~180mg/kg
16.01 Jelly 10mg/kg~20mg/kg
Selenium
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for
children) 140μg/kg~280μg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 60μg/kg~130μg/kg
06.02 Rice and its products 140μg/kg~280μg/kg
06.03 Wheaten flour and its products 140μg/kg~280μg/kg
06.04 Grain powder and its products 140μg/kg~280μg/kg
07.01 Bread 140μg/kg~280μg/kg
07.03 Biscuit 30μg/kg~110μg/kg
14.03.01 Milky drinks 50μg/kg~200μg/kg
Magnesium
01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (excluding milk powder for children, pregnant and lying-in women) 300mg/kg~1100mg/kg
01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (only for children) 300mg/kg~2800mg/kg
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 300mg/kg~2300mg/kg
14.0 Drinks (except the species involved in 14.01 and 14.06) 30mg/kg~60mg/kg
Lutein 01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (only for children; the liquid is converted according to dilution times) 1620μg/kg~2700μg/kg
Fructo-
oligosaccharide 01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (only for children, pregnant and
lying-in women) ≤64.5g/kg
1,3-oleic acid2-
triglycercide
palmitic acid
01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (only for children; the liquid is converted according to dilution times) 24g/kg~96g/kg
Arachidonic
acid (AA or
ARA)
01.03.02 Modulation milk powder (only for children) ≤1% (percentage of total fatty acids)
Docosahexaen
oic acid (DHA) 01.03.02
Modulation milk powder (only for children) ≤0.5% (percentage of total fatty acids)
Modulation milk powder (only for pregnant and lying-in
women) 300mg/kg~1000mg/kg
Lactoferrin
01.01.03 Modulation milk ≤1.0g/kg
01.02.02 Flavored fermented milk ≤1.0g/kg
14.03.01 Milky drinks ≤1.0g/kg
Casein calcium
peptide
06.0
Grain and grain products, including rice, flour, coarse
grain and starch, etc. (except the species involved in
06.01 and 07.0)
≤1.6g/kg
14.0 Drinks (except the species involved in 14.01)
≤1.6g/kg (Application
amount is increased
according to reconstitution
multiple for solid drinks)
Casein
phosphor
peptides
01.01.03 Modulation milk ≤1.6g/kg
01.02.02 Flavored fermented milk ≤1.6g/kg
06.0
Grain and grain products, including rice, flour, coarse
grain and starch, etc. (except the species involved in
06.01 and 07.0)
≤1.6g/kg
14.0 Drinks (except the species involved in 14.01)
≤1.6g/kg (Application
amount is increased
according to reconstitution
multiple for solid drinks)
a Application scope is expressed by Food Cat. No. and food category (name) in Table A.1.
Appendix B
List of Origins of Allowable Nutritional Fortification Substance
Compounds
List of origins of allowable nutritional fortification substance compound for application is
detailed in Table B.1.
Table B.1 -- List of Origins of Allowable Nutritional Fortification Substance
Compounds for Application
Nutritional fortification substances Compound origin
Vitamin A
Retinyl acetate (Vitamin A acetate)
Retinyl palmitate (Vitamin A palmitate)
All-trans retinol
β-carotene
β-carotene β-carotene
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2) Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
Vitamin E
d-α-Tocopherol
dl-α-Tocopherol
d-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
dl-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
Mixed tocopherol concentrate
Vitamin E calcium succinate
d-α-Tocopherol succinic acid
dl-α-Tocopherol succinic acid
Vitamin K Phytonadione
Vitamin B1
Thiamine hydrochloride
Thiamine nitric acid
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Riboflavin-5'-sodium phosphate
Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine hydrochloride
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
Vitamin B12
Cyanocobalamin
Cobalamin hydrochloric acid
Hydroxycobalamin
Vitamin C
L-ascorbic acid
L-calcium ascorbate
Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
L-sodium ascorbate
L-potassium ascorbate
Appendix C
Origin of Nutritional Fortification Substances and Compounds Allowable
for Foods for Special Diets
C.1 Table C.1 specifies nutritional fortification substances and compound origin allowable for
foods for special diets.
C.2 Table C.2 specifies other nutritional ingredients that are only allowed to be used in partial
foods for special dietary uses, as well as their dosage.
Table C.1 -- Nutritional Fortification Substances and Compound Origin Allowable for
Foods for Special Diets
Nutritional fortification substances Compound origin
Vitamin A
Retinyl acetate (Vitamin A acetate)
Retinyl palmitate (Vitamin A palmitate)
β-carotene
All-trans retinol
Vitamin D Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2) Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
Vitamin E
d-α-Tocopherol
dl-α-Tocopherol
d-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
dl-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
Mixed tocopherol concentrate
d-α-Tocopherol succinic acid
dl-α-Tocopherol succinic acid
Vitamin K Phytonadione
Vitamin B1
Thiamine hydrochloride
Thiamine nitric acid
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Riboflavin-5'-sodium phosphate
Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine hydrochloride
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
Vitamin B12
Cyanocobalamin
Cobalamin hydrochloric acid
Hydroxycobalamin
Zinc
Zinc sulfate
Zinc gluconate
Zinc oxide
Zinc lactate
Zinc citrate
Zinc chloride
Zinc acetate
Manganese
Manganese sulfate
Manganese chloride
Manganese carbonate
Manganese citrate
Manganese gluconate
Calcium
Calcium carbonate
Calcium gluconate
Calcium citrate
L-Calcium lactate
Calcium hydrogen phosphate
Calcium chloride
Tricalcium phosphate (calcium phosphate)
Calcium glycerophosphate
Calcium oxide
Calcium sulfate
Phosphorus Tricalcium phosphate (calcium phosphate) Calcium hydrogen phosphate
Iodine
Potassium iodate
Potassium iodide
Sodium iodide
Selenium Sodium selenate Sodium selenite
Chromium Chromium sulfate Chromic chloride
Molybdenum Sodium molybdate Ammonium molybdate
Taurine Taurine (amino-ethanesulfonic acid)
L-methionine Non-animal origin
L-tyrosine Non-animal origin
L-tryptophan Non-animal origin
L-carnitine L-carnitine L-Carnitine-L-Tartrate
Appendix D
Food Category (Name) Explanation
Food category (name) explanation is detailed in Table D.1.
Table D.1 -- Food Category (Name) Explanation
Food Cat.
No. Food category (name)
01.0 Milk and dairy products (except the species involved in 13.0 foods for special diets)
01.01 Pasteurized milk, sterile milk and modulation milk
01.01.01 Pasteurized milk
01.01.02 Sterile milk
01.01.03 Modulation milk
01.02 Fermented milk and flavored fermented milk
01.02.01 Fermented milk
01.02.02 Flavored fermented milk
01.03 Milk powder and its modulation products
01.03.01 Milk powder
01.03.02 Modulation milk powder
01.04 Condensed milk and its modulation products
01.04.01 Unsweetened condensed milk
01.04.02 Modulation condensed milk
01.05 Single cream (unsalted butter) and its similar products
01.06 Cheese and reproduced cheese
01.07 Instant dessert mainly made by milk and its precast product (excluding ice cream and flavored yoghurt)
01.08 Other dairy products (such as whey powder and casein flour)
02.0 Fat, grease and fat emulsions
02.01 Basically-anhydrous fat and grease
02.01.01 Vegetable grease
02.01.01.01 Vegetable oil
02.01.01.02 Hydrogenate vegetable oil
02.01.02 Animal grease (including lard oil, beef tallow, fish oil and other animal fats, etc.)
02.01.03 Anhydrous butter and anhydrous milk fat
02.02 Water-oil fat emulsification products
02.02.01 Emulsification products with fat content above 80%
02.02.01.01 Butter and condensed butter
02.02.01.02 Margarine and its similar products (such as butter and margarine mixed products)
02.02.02 Emulsification products with fat content below 80%
02.03 Emulsification product except that in 02.02, including mixed and/or flavored emulsification products
10.03.01 Dehydrated egg products (such as albumen powder, dried egg yolk and albumen flakes)
10.03.02 Thermo-setting egg products (such as yolk cheese, preserved egg sausage)
10.03.03 Frozen egg products (such as ice eggs)
10.03.04 Liquid eggs
10.04 Other egg products
11.0 Sweetening agent including honey
11.01 Sugar
11.01.01 White sugar and white sugar products (such as white granulated sugar, soft plantation white sugar, rock candy and cube sugar etc.)
11.01.02 Other sugars and syrups (such as brown sugar, brown granulated sugar and maple syrup)
11.02 Starch sugar (fruit sugar, glucose, maltose and partial invert sugar, etc.)
11.03 Honey and pollen
11.04 Table sweeteners
11.05 Flavored syrup
11.06 Other sweetening agents
12.0 Flavoring material
12.01 Salt and salt substitutes
12.02 Delicate flavor agent and flavor enhancer
12.03 Vinegar
12.04 Soy
12.05 Sauce and sauce products
12.06 -
12.07 Cooking wine and products
12.08 -
12.09 Spices
12.10 Compound flavoring
12.10.01 Solid compound flavoring
12.10.02 Semisolid compound flavoring
12.10.03 Liquid bouillon cube (except the species involved in 12.03 and 12.04)
12.11 Other flavoring
13.0 Foods for special diets
13.01 infants and young children formula foods
13.01.01 Infant formula foods
13.01.02 Formula foods for relatively big infants and young children
13.01.03 Infant formula foods for special medical purposes
13.02 Complementary foods for infants and young children
13.02.01 Cereal-based complementary foods for infants and young children
13.02.02 Canned complementary foods for infants and young children
13.03 Formula foods for special medical purposes (except the species involved in 13.01)
13.04 Formula foods with low energy
......
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