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HJ 2034-2013
Technical guidelines for environmental noise and vibration control engineering
People's Republic of China National Environmental Protection Standards
Issued on.2013-09-26
2013-12-1 implementation
Issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection
Environmental Noise and Vibration Control Engineering Technical Guidelines
Table of Contents
Preface ..I
1. Scope .1
2 Normative references .1
3 Terms and definitions 3
4 Elements and pollution intensity .4
5 general requirements .5
6 .6 Process Design
7 Common engineering measures ..7
8 .17 construction and acceptance
9 Operation and Maintenance .20
Appendix A (informative) Common sources of noise pollution and its strong .22
To implement the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Law" and "People's Republic of China Environmental Noise Pollution Prevention Law," Regulation
Fan noise and vibration control project construction and operation management, prevention and control of environmental pollution, protect the environment and human health, the development of this standard
This standard specifies the general technical requirements for noise and vibration control engineering.
This standard is the guiding document.
This standard is the first release.
This standard is developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Science, Technology organization.
This standard drafting units. China Environmental Protection Industry Association, Beijing Institute of Labour Protection, National Environmental
Protect the city noise and vibration control engineering technology center, Shenzhen Ya Electrical and Mechanical Industry Co., Ltd., Beijing Green Year Acoustic Engineering Unit
Parts Ltd., Sichuan is or Acoustic Technology Co., Ltd. Shanghai Environmental Protection Engineering Co., Xinhua net.
This standard is approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection September 26, 2013.
This standard shall be December 1, 2013 implementation.
The standard explanation by the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
Environmental Noise and Vibration Control Engineering Technical Guidelines
1 Scope
This standard specifies the general technical requirements for environmental noise and vibration control engineering design, construction, inspection and operation and maintenance.
This standard applies to environmental noise and vibration control engineering. For the corresponding process specifications or technical specifications of the work focus on pollution
Cheng, should the implementation of this standard and the corresponding technology specifications or specifications for key pollution sources simultaneously.
This standard can be used as noise and vibration control engineering, environmental impact assessment, design, construction, operation and management and final acceptance of the technology by
according to.
2 Normative references
The standard content of the following documents cited in the articles. Who does not note date reference documents, the effective version applies to this standard.
GB 10070 standard of environmental vibration of urban area
GB 10071 Urban Environmental Vibration Measurement
GB 50202 foundation engineering foundation construction quality acceptance
Construction Quality Acceptance GB 50203 masonry structure specification
GB 50204 Construction Quality Acceptance of Concrete Structure Engineering
Steel Engineering Construction Quality Acceptance GB 50205
GB 50231 mechanical equipment installation construction and acceptance of universal norms
GB 50236 field equipment, industrial pipe welding engineering for construction
GB 50254 electrical low-voltage electrical equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance
GB 50255 electric equipment installation engineering power converter equipment for construction and acceptance
GB 50256 electrical equipment installation engineering construction and acceptance of electric device
GB 50257 electrical equipment installation engineering explosion and fire hazard electrical equipment installation and acceptance
GB 50258 works of electrical installations and under 1KV wiring construction and acceptance
GB 50259 works of electrical installations electrical lighting equipment for construction and acceptance
GB 50275 fans, compressors, pumps, installation engineering construction and acceptance
GB 50300 Construction Quality Acceptance of uniform standards
Isolation design specification GB 50463
GB 50868 standard building works and vibration tolerance
GB/T 3947 Acoustics Terminology
GB/T 13441.1 Mechanical vibration and impact evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration - Part 1. General requirements
Part of GB/T 13441.2 Mechanical vibration and impact evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration 2. Vibration in buildings
GB/T 16731 building acoustic absorption properties of the product classification
GB/T 17249.1 Acoustics Design Guide low-noise workplaces - Noise control strategies
GB/T 18696.1 acoustic impedance tube sound absorption coefficient and impedance measurements Part I. standing wave ratio method
18696.2 acoustical impedance tube and the second part of GB/T sound absorption coefficient and impedance measurements. Transfer Function Method
GB/T 18699.1 Acoustics sound insulation performance of enclosures - Determination - Part 1. Measurements under laboratory conditions (marked with)
GB/T 18699.2 Acoustics sound insulation performance of enclosures - Determination Part 2. Measurements in situ (for acceptance and verification purposes)
GB/T 19512 acoustic muffler field measurements
GB/T 19513 requirements under laboratory conditions Acoustics Measurement of sound attenuation barriers Office
GB/T 19885 Acoustics sound insulation performance between the assay laboratory and field measurements
GB/T 19887 Acoustics sound attenuation movable barrier field measurements
GB/T 19889.3 Acoustics Measurement of sound insulation buildings and building elements - Part 3. building elements Laboratory measurements of airborne sound insulation
GB/T 19889.4 Acoustics Measurement of sound insulation buildings and building elements - Part 4. Field measurements of airborne sound insulation between rooms
GB/T 19889.5 Acoustics Measurement of sound insulation buildings and building elements - Part 5. Exterior elements and facades of airborne sound insulation site
GB/T 19889.8 Acoustics Measurement of sound insulation buildings and building elements - Part 8. Heavy standard floor coverings percussion amount of improvement
Laboratory measurements
GB/T 19889.14 buildings and building elements Acoustics Measurement of sound insulation - Part 14. Guidelines for special field measurements
GB/T 20247 acoustic reverberation chamber sound absorption measurements
GB/T 25516 Acoustics Laboratory measurement pipe muffler duct end unit insertion loss, air flow noise and total
Pressure loss
GB/T 50452 Ancient Architecture Industrial anti-vibration technology specification
GB J87-85 Industrial Enterprise Noise Control Design Specification
HJ 453 Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of Urban Rail Transit
HJ 552 completed construction projects Acceptance of Highway
HJ 2016 environmental engineering terminology
HJ/T 90 sound barrier design and measurement specifications
HJ/T 403 Construction Project Environmental Protection acceptance for Urban Rail Transit
JGJ/T 170 urban rail transit and secondary radiation caused by building vibration noise limits and methods of measurement standards
JJF1034 acoustic measurement terminology and definitions
CJJ/T 191 floating slab track specifications
JT/T 646 highway sound barrier material technical requirements and test methods
JTJ/T 006 highway design of environmental protection
TB/T 3122 railway sound barriers acoustic member technical requirements and test methods
09MR603 "Urban Road - sound barrier" National Building Standard Design Atlas
"Construction Project Environmental Protection design requirements" (State Planning Commission, Environmental Protection Commission of the State Council [1987] No. 002)
"Architectural engineering design to compile the documents" (Housing and Urban Ministry of Construction Quality [2008] No. 216)
"Project (Project) final acceptance approach" (State Planning Committee Building [1990] No. 215)
"Construction project completion and acceptance of environmental protection management approach" (SEPA Order No. 13)
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions and related content HJ 2016 listed apply to this standard.
3.1 ambient noise environmental noise
It refers to the sound of industrial production, construction, transportation and social life arising from interference around the living environment. Sometimes by
Generating a plurality of different positions of the combined effect of the sound source.
3.2 traffic noise traffic noise
Tack motor vehicles, locomotives, rail transit, motor vessels, aircraft and other means of transport generated at runtime
Voice scrambling around the living environment.
3.3 industrial noise industrial noise
It refers to the use of fixed equipment in industrial production activities and other interference of ambient sound living environment.
3.4 building construction noise construction noise
It refers to the sound produced in the course of construction of the living environment of the surrounding interference.
3.5 social life noise community noise
It refers to the sound business culture and entertainment and business activities generated interference around the living environment.
3.6 Environmental Vibration environmental vibration
It refers to the combined effects of all relevant environmental vibration due to vibration source artificially generated.
3.7 Noise source intensity noise source intensity
That intensity noise sources - reflected radiation intensity acoustic noise sources and characteristics of indicators, usually radiated noise sound power level or OK
Under ambient conditions, determine the sound pressure level (inclusive of the spectrum) and directivity characteristics distances to represent.
3.8 vibration source and strong vibration source intensity
That is the strength of vibration sources - reflect the acceleration, velocity or displacement characteristics such as vibration source strength index, usually perpendicular to the reference point
Z direction of the ground vibration level representation.
3.9 Z vibration level VLZ Z-weighted vibration level
Vibration acceleration level refers to the whole-body vibration Z weighting factor correction direction perpendicular to the ground according to GB/T 13441 stipulated obtained after referred to as
3.10 steady noise steady noise
Refers to the measuring time, the sound source measured sound level fluctuation is not greater than 3dB noise.
3.11 non-stationary noise non-steady noise
Refers to the measuring time, the measured sound level fluctuation is greater than 3dB sound source of the noise.
3.12 Soundbridge sound bridge
Refers to a solid rigid linker between two or more layers of insulation member may be formed directly conducting structure of solid sound, make noise decreased.
3.13 floating floor floating floor
In light finger pads or elastic damping plate insulation layer over the rigid floor, and then paving the floor, making it rigid and completely out of the main building
connection. It can effectively reduce the vibration of the floor itself and percussion, with a good solid sound isolation effect.
4 Elements and pollution intensity
4.1 Noise and Vibration Control Pollution Project involves elements of environmental noise and vibration environment, typical of physical contamination.
4.2 The main sources of environmental noise as shown in Table 1.
Table 1 Typical ambient noise pollution
The classification of typical characteristics of Sound Source
Road traffic noise
All kinds of noise from the motor vehicle, tire and road noise and aerodynamic
Noise constitute force. In the transportation routes and highways, etc. more
With traffic, vehicle, load,
Speed vary widely, showing the
Prominent characteristics of low-frequency broadband
Rail (including urban rail
Road and rail) transportation noise
Locomotives noise, wheel-rail noise, pantograph and aerodynamic vehicles
Power noise, as well as bridges and subsidiary structure for vibration excitation radiation
Construction noise
Low frequency was even more prominent
Continued spectrum, broadband and typical
Line source properties
Aviation noise generated by various types of aircraft taking off, landing and cruising noise generated. Airport noise is one of the typical
And models, landing close distance
Correlation spectrum vary widely
For Marine shipping noise noise, siren noise, fluid turbine noise high-frequency noise more prominent
Aerodynamic noise all kinds of fans, air compressors, jet noise produced by the engine, boilers and other pressure gas venting noise, combustion noise and the sound of high power transmission range far
Machinery and equipment noise
Metallurgy, textile, printing, building materials, electricity, chemical and other industries and
Class production and processing equipment, motors, ball mill, crusher, red
Noise presses, saws, pumps, electro-pneumatic tools produced
Noise Mechanism of different frequency
Spectrum, time domain complex
Electromagnetic noise
Substations, converter stations, industrial production and daily life in common
The various types of transformers, converters, inverters, reactors, large
Noise capacitors, exciter, ballasts, and other produce
Frequency electromagnetic noise clocked
100Hz; DC inverter, for
High-frequency component rich stream station
Facilities noise
Plumbing, HVAC, sanitation facilities and other ancillary equipment (such as empty
Transfer units, cooling towers, fans, pumps, refrigeration units, heat exchangers
Noise stations, elevators, gas turbines, generators, etc.) generated
Broadband, some containing specific
Or beat frequency spectrum characteristics, subjective
Fret high
Construction machinery and transport vehicles noise phase noise earthmoving excavators, shield, bulldozers, loaders, etc., blasting noise
Foundation construction phase noise
Hammers, drills, picks, drills, tamping machine, concrete mix
Mixing machine, pump, casting machinery, portable air compressors, power generation
Noise generated by machines and other construction equipment
Construction stage sounding noise kinds of transport vehicles, construction equipment and construction materials and other components in the transport, cutting, installation of noise generated
Sound source species diversity (more than having
Movement), a large work surface,
Affecting a wide range; frequency noise
Spectrum, time domain complex
Noise wideband noise Operational places of cultural entertainment and commercial business activities used in sound reinforcement equipment, recreational facilities generated
Live broadcast public places noise, wideband audio and other noise
Other common acoustic noise decoration construction, kitchen equipment, life activities wideband noise, random features
4.3 Noise and Vibration Control should investigate the source of strong engineering process design before the project is already running should be the appropriate standard noise and vibration
Status survey and analysis of dynamic sources; the proposed project should be based on the existing sources of noise and vibration through the database information or similar unit noise
Sound and Vibration analogy tests to determine the appropriate source of noise and vibration intensity.
4.4 Source strong investigation should have the parameters in Table 2.
Table 2 sources of noise and vibration characteristics and parameters
The main characteristic parameters characterizing sources
Noise Source Intensity
It should sound power level (to 1 × 10-12w reference sound power), and contains (or 1/3 octave
Octave) and three-dimensional spectral characteristics of directivity. When the limited conditions do not provide or measured sound power level
And directivity, it is desirable to give a specific environment (must be marked with the sound field characteristic) specific distance from the center of the sound source
SPL and necessary from the spectrum, while the geometric description of the size and shape characteristics of the sound source
Strong vibration source using vibration acceleration, velocity, displacement or plumb bob to Z weighted vibration level (referred to as the Z vibration level)
Noise and vibration frequency domain characteristics
Octave band or 1/3 octave sound power level or sound pressure level spectrum band, as well as the existence of pure tone component, etc.
(When not equipped by A-weighted sound pressure level and C-weighted sound pressure level difference between simple determination)
Time-domain characteristics of stationary noise and noise and vibration to identify non-stationary noise, whether the presence of impulse noise and burst noise, etc.
Note 1. For aerodynamic noise source, to learn as much as possible speed, the fan impeller diameter, number of blades, spindle speed, fluid flow rate and temperature, pressure and other noise
Sound source characteristic parameters;
Note 2. The proposed vibration isolation device, as much as possible to grasp its natural frequency (spindle speed), operating weight, mass and center of gravity position of the vibration and other vibration sources Laid
Sign parameters.
4.5 Common sources of environmental noise source intensity can be found in Appendix A.
5 general requirements
5.1 Noise and Vibration Control Engineering should follow people-oriented, source intensity control, comprehensive management, discharge standards and the principles of the "three simultaneous" system,
We should take into account economic, social and environmental benefits to correctly handle the relationship between recent and long-term, sustainable development and austerity, do
To technologically advanced, economical, safe and reliable, energy saving; priority starting with the construction plan, a good plan strict environmental impact assessment;
Site selection, line selection, facility layout, building layout design process, according to the relevant EIA guidelines demanding the implementation of distance control and other environmental factors.
5.2 Noise and Vibration Control Engineering Design Unit shall have the respective national design qualification, design depth should follow the "construction design
Compile the documents "requirements, and to meet the environmental impact report (table), the approval documents and related requirements of this standard; its design,
Construction, inspection, operation, in addition to compliance with this standard, it must also abide by the existing laws, regulations, standards and industry standards compliance
Set, meet the design specifications, regulations and mandatory standards relating to quality, safety, health, fire and so on.
5.3 Noise and Vibration noise and vibration control engineering should take full account of interactions and transformations, a distinction airborne sound and solid sound generation
Differences mechanism, environmental impacts and governance measures be taken to prevent solid conduction noise radiated by the vibration actuator formed.
5.4 Noise and Vibration Control Engineering should make full use of terrain, and point to the overall layout and other measures to improve the noise reduction effect of the sound source, and with the week
Wai landscape in harmony; its general layout should refer to the "construction project environmental protection design requirements", GB/T 17249.1, GB J87 and other standards
related requirements.
5.5 Noise and Vibration Control Engineering used the product should comply with the relevant national standards, the environment and prevent secondary pollution.
5.6 Noise and Vibration Control Engineering for the selection of materials and structures should seek stable performance, affordable, convenient construction and installation, and no secondary pollution
Transfection and harmless to humans and animals, and should meet the fire, water, mold, moisture, decay, corrosion, salt spray, dust, UV
Require the use of different places, but also taking into account ventilation, lighting, lighting and surface decoration requirements should be beautiful and durable.
6 Process Design
6.1 General provisions
6.1.1 shall be in accordance with the environmental impact assessment documents and approval requirements for source strength survey to determine the source of the main sources of noise and vibration is strong,
Control objectives and control program, the control program may include overall program and local programs.
6.1.2 The design process should be based on the control program in noise, vibration calculation results of the sub-measures, the final effect of the overall program will be fully
- Analysis. If the predictions reach the control objectives and requirements, itemized response measures to adjust until the meet the control objectives.
6.2 noise source and vibration source impact analysis
6.2.1 should first be differentiated according to the noise source and the spectral characteristics of their body mass point source, line source and surface source classification, combined with the sound power level (or
SPL) as well as its strong point and other characteristics of a certain distance from the source of analysis, forecasting its actual impact on the sensitive points; not sufficiently strong in the source data or
In other cases necessary, precedence is determined based on the measured analogy.
6.2.2 The main noise sources should give priority to the use of more stringent noise control indicators; non-primary sound source, you sh......

Standard ID HJ 2034-2013 (HJ2034-2013)
Description (Translated English) Technical guidelines for environmental noise and vibration control engineering
Sector / Industry Environmental Protection Industry Standard
Classification of Chinese Standard Z32
Classification of International Standard 13.140
Word Count Estimation 22,295
Quoted Standard GB 10070; GB/T 10071; GB 50202; GB 50203; GB 50204; GB 50205; GB 50231; GB 50236; GB 50254; GB 50255; GB 50256; GB 50257; GB 50575; GB 50617; GB 50275; GB 50300; GB 50463; GB 50868; GB/T 3947; GB/T 13441.1; GB/T 13441.2; GB/T 16731; GB/T 17249.1; GB/T 186
Drafting Organization China Environmental Protection Industry Association
Administrative Organization Department of Environmental Protection
Regulation (derived from) Department of Environmental Protection Notice No. 60 of 2013
Summary This standard specifies the general technical requirements of environmental noise and vibration control engineering for the design, construction, commissioning and operation and maintenance. This standard applies to environmental noise and vibration contr