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GB/T 6041-2020 (GBT 6041-2020)

Chinese standards (related to): 'GB/T 6041-2020'
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GB/T 6041-2020English180 Add to Cart 0--3 minutes. Auto immediate delivery. General rules for mass spectrometric analysis GB/T 6041-2020 Valid GBT 6041-2020
GB/T 6041-2002English359 Add to Cart 3 days General rules for mass spectrometric analysis GB/T 6041-2002 Obsolete GBT 6041-2002
GB/T 6041-1985English279 Add to Cart 2 days General rules of mass spectrometric analysis for chemical products GB/T 6041-1985 Obsolete GBT 6041-1985

Standard ID GB/T 6041-2020 (GB/T6041-2020)
Description (Translated English) General rules for mass spectrometric analysis
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard G15
Classification of International Standard 71.080.01
Word Count Estimation 14,153
Date of Issue 2020-03-31
Date of Implementation 2021-02-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 6041-2002
Drafting Organization China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Beijing Chemical Industry Research Institute, Shanghai Metrology and Testing Technology Research Institute, Guangzhou Zhongke Testing Technology Service Co., Ltd., Fudan University, Quzhou Fluorosilicone Technology Research Institute
Administrative Organization National Chemical Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 63)
Regulation (derived from) National Standards Announcement No. 4 of 2020
Proposing organization China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation
Issuing agency(ies) State Administration for Market Regulation, Standardization Administration of China

GB/T 6041-2020: PDF in English (GBT 6041-2020)
GB/T 6041-2020
ICS 71.080.01
G 15
Replacing GB/T 6041-2002
General rules for mass spectrometric analysis
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Terms and definitions ... 5 
3 Overview ... 7 
4 Instruments ... 7 
5 Preparation of the instrument ... 15 
6 Qualitative analysis ... 19 
7 Quantitative analysis ... 20 
General rules for mass spectrometric analysis
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the general methods of using mass spectrometers to
perform mass qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis.
This Standard applies to qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis of mass
2 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this document.
2.1 Background
Under the same conditions as the analyzed sample, the mass spectrum signal
that is generated when the sample is not fed.
2.2 Interference
Factors that affect the accuracy of analysis results when analyzing a component
in a mixed sample.
2.3 Mass-to-charge ratio
The ratio of the mass of ion (measured in relative atomic mass units) to the
charge it carries (measured in electron charge); it is abbreviated m/z.
2.4 Mass range
A range between the lower and upper limits of the mass-to-charge ratio that the
mass spectrometer can measure.
2.5 Sensitivity
Under the specified conditions, for a certain mass spectrum peak that is
generated by the selected compound, the response value of the instrument to
the unit sample.
2.6 Resolution
Under the given sample conditions, the separating capacity of the instrument to
two adjacent mass spectrum peaks. For two adjacent mass spectrum peaks of
equal height, when the peak valley is not greater than 10% of the peak height,
The sampler is a device that introduces the sample into the ion source of the
instrument. The sampler is required to introduce the sample into the ion source
without changing the structure and composition of the sample and under the
vacuum state of the mass spectrometer. Commonly used samplers include
diffusion sampling system, direct sampling system and chromatographic
sampling system.
4.2.2 Diffusion sampling system
It is generally composed of sample introduction device, gas storage tank,
sample measurement device, evacuation and heating device, and
corresponding control valves. It is required that the pressure of the storage tank
does not change significantly during the measurement process, so as to obtain
a stable ion flow. This system is mostly suitable for gas, low-boiling liquid or
medium-vapor pressure solid samples without further separation.
4.2.3 Direct sampling system
Commonly used direct sampling method includes probe sampling and injection
The probe sampling system is composed of probe rod, heating wire, sample
cup and vacuum locking system. Place the sample in a small cup at the top of
the probe rod; after directly placing the probe into the ion source through the
sample inlet of the mass spectrometer, heat the ion source until the sample
volatilizes. It is mostly used for liquid or solid pure compounds that are hard to
For injection sampling, generally introduce the sample solution directly into the
ion source through a syringe or an injection pump in a manual or automatic
manner. It is mostly used for mass spectrometer tuning and solution sample
4.2.4 Chromatographic sampling system
For mixture samples of more complex components, it is necessary to use a
chromatograph to separate the sample into single components before it enters
the ion source of the mass spectrometer. For gas chromatography-mass
spectrometry instrument, it generally introduces the analyte from the outlet of
the chromatographic column to the ion source through interfaces such as direct
introduction, open split flow, or jet separator; for liquid chromatography-mass
spectrometry instrument, it mainly uses spraying techniques such as
electrospray, thermo-spray and ion-spray to realize sample injection.
4.3 Ion source
4.3.1 Overview
Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization is commonly used in liquid
chromatography-mass spectrometry instruments. The corona needle
discharges to ionize the solvent; the charged solvent molecules react with the
sample molecules to ionize the molecules, which transfers the charge to the
sample molecules, so as to ionize the sample molecules. Atmospheric pressure
chemical ionization is also a "soft ionization" method, which is suitable for the
analysis of non-polar and moderately polar organic compounds.
4.3.6 Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)
It is the cocrystallization film that is formed when using laser to irradiate the
sample and the matrix. The matrix absorbs energy from the laser and transfers
it to the sample molecules to initiate ionization and desorption of the two; it also
has a charge transfer reaction, which ionizes the sample molecules. This
ionization source can obtain a large number of single-charged ions, which is a
soft ionization technology. The ionization source is widely used in the analysis
of large biological molecules and synthetic polymers.
4.3.7 Inductively coupled plasma (ICP)
The inductively coupled plasma is composed of radio frequency generator, work
coil and working gas. The radio frequency generator passes the high-frequency
current through the work coil to generate a strongly oscillating ring magnetic
field in the direction of the axis of the coil; when argon is introduced into the
torch tube, the high-frequency spark discharge of the igniter ionizes a small
amount of argon in the torch tube; the conductive particles in the torch tube
oscillate with the frequency of the magnetic field under the action of the
magnetic field, which forms a circular current coaxial with the rectangle tube;
atoms, ions, and electrons collide with each other in a strong oscillating motion
to produce more electrons and ions; finally, a stable and continuous argon
plasma is formed at the torch tube mouth, which fully ionize the sample aerosol
that enters the plasma torch flame through the torch tube in a high temperature
and inert atmosphere. This ionization source is mainly used for elemental
4.3.8 Surface ionization (STI)
Surface ionization is also called thermal ionization. Its ionization box is usually
equipped with three or two strips of tungsten (or tantalum) which are insulated
from each other. The current passing through each strip can be adjusted
separately and can be changed within the temperature range of 1 800 K ~ 2
700 K. Coat the sample on the tungsten strip on the side and power on to heat.
The center zone temperature is higher than the side zone temperature. Under
the action of thermal energy, a part of the analyzed elements is ionized. This
ionization source is mostly used for isotope analysis.
v -- the flight speed of ions, in meters per second (m/s).
Therefore, the m/z value of the ion can be determined by its time of flight.
4.5.4 Ion trap mass analyzer It is divided into 3D ion trap and linear ion trap. The core components of
different types of ion traps are the electrode systems which are used to
generate the electromagnetic field of trapped ions. The difference lies in the
electrode structure and the electric field distribution. The principle of the ion trap mass analyzer: for the ions that are formed
in the ion source, through the action of the electromagnetic field in the mass
analyzer, its movement is limited to a small prefabricated space. By adjusting
the electric field parameters, ions of different mass-to-charge ratios enter the
"unstable region" in turn, and then separate from the ion trap from the
prefabricated space.
The 3D ion trap is composed of a pair of ring electrodes and two hyperbolic end
cap electrodes. Add radio frequency voltage or DC voltage again to the ring
electrode; ground the upper and lower end cover electrodes. Gradually
increase the maximum value of the radio frequency voltage; the ions with a
mass-to-charge ratio from small to large gradually enter the unstable region and
are discharged through the small holes in the end cap.
The linear ion trap is composed of two sets of hyperbolic rods and two polar
plates at both ends. Among the two groups of rods, apply an alternating voltage
to one group and two alternating voltages to the other group. Open a slit on one
set of the rods; drive the ions out of the slit by changing the three sets of
alternating voltages.
4.5.5 Electrostatic field orbitrap mass analyzer The electrostatic field orbitrap mass analyzer is shaped like a spindle; it
consists of a spindle-shaped central inner electrode and two outer spindle half
electrodes on the left and right. The principle of the electrost......