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GB/T 5461-2016 (GBT5461-2016)

GB/T 5461-2016_English: PDF (GBT 5461-2016, GBT5461-2016)
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BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 5461-2016 (GB/T5461-2016)
Description (Translated English) Edible salt
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard X38
Classification of International Standard 67.220.20
Word Count Estimation 10,138
Date of Issue 2016-06-14
Date of Implementation 2017-01-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB 5461-2000
Quoted Standard GB 2721; GB 2760; GB 2762; GB/T 5009.11; GB 5009.12; GB/T 5009.15; GB/T 5009.17; GB/T 5009.42-2003; GB 7718; GB/T 8618-2001; GB/T 13025.1; GB/T 13025.2; GB/T 13025.3-2012; GB/T 13025.4; GB/T 13025.5; GB/T 13025.6; GB/T 13025.7; GB/T 13025.8; GB/T 13025.9; GB/T 13025.10
Drafting Organization National Salt Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center
Administrative Organization National Salt Industry Standardization Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Announcement No. 8 of 2016
Proposing organization China Light Industry Association
Issuing agency(ies) General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People Republic of China, Standardization Administration of the People Republic of China
Summary This standard specifies the terms and definitions, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, determination rules, packaging, labeling, transport and storage of edible salt. This standard applies to salt water, underground brine, salt lake brine, sea salt, rock salt or lake salt as raw materials made of edible salt. This standard does not apply to low sodium salt products. This standard does not apply to the production of salt of other raw materials, especially chemical, light and other by-products of salt.

Standards related to: GB/T 5461-2016

GB/T 5461-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 67.220.20
X 38
Replacing GB 5461-2000
Edible salt
ISSUED ON: JUNE 14, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2017
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Requirements ... 6 
5 Test methods ... 7 
6 Inspection rules ... 10 
7 Rules for determination ... 11 
8 Labels, packaging, transport, storage ... 11 
Annex A (informative) Requirements of GB 2762-2012 and GB 2721-2003 for
limits of contaminants in edible salt ... 13 
Edible salt
1 Scope
This Standard specifies terms and definitions, requirements, test methods,
inspection rules, rules for determination, packaging, marks, transport and
storage for edible salt.
This Standard is applicable to the edible salt that id made from sea water,
underground brine, salt lake brine, sea salt, rock salt or lake salt. This Standard
does not apply to low-sodium salt products. This Standard does not apply to
salt products produced from other raw materials, especially chemical, light
industry and other by-product salts.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of
this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.
GB 2721, Hygienic standard for salt
GB 2760, National Food Safety Standard - Standards for Uses of Food
Additives
GB 2762, Maximum levels of contaminants in foods
GB/T 5009.11, Determination of total arsenic and abio-arsenic in food
GB 5009.12, Determination of lead in foods
GB/T 5009.15, Determination of cadmium in foods
GB/T 5009.17, Determination of Total Mercury and Organic-mercury in
Foods
GB/T 5009.42-2003, Method for analysis of hygienic standard of table salt
GB 7718, National Food Safety Standard - Standard for nutrition labelling of
prepackaged foods
GB/T 8618-2001, Sampling methods of the main products in the salt industry
GB/T 13025.1, General test method in salt industry - Determination of grain
size
GB/T 13025.2, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
whiteness
GB/T 13025.3-2012, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
moisture
GB/T 13025.4, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
insoluble matter
GB/T 13025.5, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
chloride ion
GB/T 13025.6, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
calcium and magnesium
GB/T 13025.7, General test method in salt industry - Determination of iodine
GB/T 13025.8, General test method in salt industry - Determination of sulfate
GB/T 13025.9, General test method in salt industry - Determination of lead
GB/T 13025.10, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
ferrocyanide
GB/T 13025.12, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
barium
GB/T 13025.13, General test method in salt industry - Determination of
arsenic
GB 26878, National Food Safety Standard - Iodine Content in Edible Salt
GB 28050, Nutrition Label Standards of Pre-packaged Food
Measures for the Metrological Supervision and Administration of Quantitative
Package Commodities (General Administration of Quality Supervision,
Inspection and Quarantine No. 75 [2005])
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 refined salt
edible salt made by using brine or salt as raw materials, using vacuum
6 Inspection rules
The exit-factory inspection of products shall comply with the provisions of the
“Food Safety Law” and shall be implemented in accordance with the following
requirements.
6.1 Batching
The products of the same batch of raw materials, the same production line, of
one-time delivery of the same grade produced by the same processing method,
shall be one batch.
6.2 Sampling
For edible salt products that do not form a batch (< 100kg), randomly sample
over 800g samples. Divide into two portions evenly after mixing, one for testing
and one for spare sample.
For that batch of (≥100kg) edible salt products, the sampling of iodine fortifier
items is evenly distributed. Randomly draw 9 incremental samples. Each
incremental sample shall not be less than 50g. Other items shall be
implemented in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 8618-2001.
6.3 Exit-factory inspection
Each batch of products shall be inspected by the quality inspection department
of the manufacturer. Inspection items include sensory requirements, physical-
chemical indicators, food additives and nutritional fortifiers. The products can
leave the factory only after the inspection items are conforming and the
qualification certificate is attached.
6.4 Type inspection
Product type inspection includes all items required by this Standard. During
normal production, it shall be no less than once every six months. Type
inspection shall also be carried out in one of the following situations.
a) when great changes in raw materials, production process, production
equipment, production environment may affect product quality;
b) when production is resumed after discontinued production for a long time;
c) when there is great difference between exit-factory inspection results and
previous type inspection results;
d) when it is required by national quality supervision organization.
The product labels shall meet the requirements of GB 7718 and GB 28050.
Small packages of iodized edible salt shall be affixed with the iodized salt logo.
8.2 Packaging
8.2.1 Packaging materials
The packaging materials in direct contact with the product shall meet the
requirements of the corresponding national food safety standards and related
hygiene standards.
8.2.2 Packaging measurement
Packaging measurement shall comply with the provisions of "Measures for the
Supervision and Administration of Quantitative Packaging Commodities
Measurement".
8.3 Transport
Transportation tools shall be clean, dry and pollution-free. Prevent rain,
moisture and exposure during transportation. It shall not be mixed with goods
that can cause product contamination.
8.4 Storage
The storage warehouse shall be clean and dry. It shall not be mixed with items
that may contaminate the product. Prevent rain and moisture. Product storage
shall be separated from the ground.
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