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GB/T 3394-2009 (GBT3394-2009)

GB/T 3394-2009_English: PDF (GBT 3394-2009, GBT3394-2009)
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GB/T 3394-2009English160 Add to Cart 0--9 seconds. Auto-delivery Ethylene and propylene for industrial use -- Determination of trace carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and acetylene -- Gas chromatographic method Valid GB/T 3394-2009

BASIC DATA
Standard ID GB/T 3394-2009 (GB/T3394-2009)
Description (Translated English) Ethylene and propylene for industrial use. Determination of trace carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and acetylene. Gas chromatographic method
Sector / Industry National Standard (Recommended)
Classification of Chinese Standard G16
Classification of International Standard 71.080.10
Word Count Estimation 10,186
Date of Issue 2009-10-30
Date of Implementation 2010-06-01
Older Standard (superseded by this standard) GB/T 3394-1993; GB/T 3395-1993
Quoted Standard GB/T 3723; GB/T 8170; GB/T 13289; GB/T 13290
Adopted Standard ASTM D2505-1988 (2004), NEQ
Drafting Organization China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical
Administrative Organization National Petrochemical Standardization Technical Committee Technical Committee
Regulation (derived from) National Standard Approval Announcement 2009 No.12 (Total No.152)
Proposing organization China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation
Issuing agency(ies) Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of China
Summary This standard specifies the determination of industrial ethylene, propylene trace of carbon monoxide, levels of carbon dioxide and acetylene gas chromatography. This standard applies to ethylene, propylene content of not less than 1 mL/m3 of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide is not less than 5 mL/m3 and not less than acetylene measured 1 mL/m3 of. This standard is not intended to illustrate its use of all safety -related issues. Users are responsible for taking appropriate safety and health practices to ensure compliance with the relevant national regulations.

Standards related to: GB/T 3394-2009

GB/T 3394-2009
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 71.080.10
G 16
Replacing GB/T 3394-1993, GB/T 3395-1993
Ethylene and Propylene for Industrial Use
– Determination of Trace Carbon Monoxide, Carbon
Dioxide and Acetylene – Gas Chromatographic Method
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 30, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON: JUNE 01, 2010
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Summary of Method ... 5
4 Reagents and Materials ... 5
5 Instruments ... 6
6 Sampling ... 11
7 Analysis Procedures ... 11
8 Presentation of Analysis Results ... 12
9 Precision ... 12
10 Test Report ... 13
Ethylene and Propylene for Industrial Use
– Determination of Trace Carbon Monoxide, Carbon
Dioxide and Acetylene – Gas Chromatographic Method
1 Scope
This Standard specifies a gas chromatographic method for the determination of trace carbon
monoxide, carbon dioxide and acetylene in ethylene and propylene for industrial use.
This Standard applies to the determination of carbon monoxide with content no less than
1mL/m3, carbon dioxide with content no less than 5mL/m3, and acetylene with content no less
than 1mL/m3 in ethylene and propylene.
This Standard is not intended to address all safety issues related to its use. It is the user's
responsibility to take appropriate safety and health measures to ensure compliance with the
relevant state regulations.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding
corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties who reach an
agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest versions of these
documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document
applies.
GB/T 3723 Sampling of Chemical Products for Industrial Use – Safety in Sampling (GB/T
3723-1999, idt ISO 3165:1976)
GB/T 8170 Rules of Rounding off for Numerical Values & Expression and Judgement of
Limiting Values
GB/T 13289 Ethylene for Industrial Use - Sampling in the Liquid and the Gaseous Phase
(GB/T 13289-1991, neq ISO 7382:1986)
GB/T 13290 Propylene and Butadiene for Industrial Use - Sampling in the Liquid Phase
(GB/T 13290-1991, neq ISO 8563:1987)
concentrated sulfuric acid; then it is treated with 50% lye, pyrogallic acid-based solution, and
then the calcium chloride and phosphorus pentoxide to purify and dry. After the air in the
container is exhausted, it can be collected, and the purity is over 99%.
4.4.4 Carbon dioxide: commercial carbon dioxide with a purity (volume fraction) greater than
99%, pure carbon dioxide can also be prepared by the following method: use the carbonate
sodium to react with dilute hydrochloric acid, and obtain it after drying with concentrated
sulfuric acid. The purity can reach over 99%.
4.4.5 Acetylene: the purity (volume fraction) is greater than 99%. It may use the commercial
acetylene with a purity of more than 99%, and pure acetylene can also be prepared by the
following method: take tens of grams of calcium carbide; put it into a 500mL three-necked flask;
pour an appropriate amount of water into the separatory funnel on the three-necked flask; and
add dropwise to the three-necked flask. The produced acetylene needs to be purified by 20%
(mass fraction) sodium hydroxide solution and 20% (mass fraction) chromic anhydride solution.
After the air in the container is exhausted, it can be collected. The purity of acetylene can reach
over 99%.
4.5 Standard sample
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene standard samples can be purchased from the
market for the certified standard samples or self-prepared. If the base gas is nitrogen or ethylene
(4.4.1), it shall not contain carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene; otherwise, it shall
be corrected. The content of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene in the standard
sample shall be close to the concentration in the sample to be tested.
5 Instruments
5.1 Gas chromatograph: equipped with a ten-port valve sample-injecting device (quantitative
tube volume of 1 mL ~ 3 mL), a backflushing device, a split sample-injecting system and a
flame ionization detector (FID); and the dual gas path gas chromatography that can be operated
under the conditions of Tables 1 or 3. The determination of carbon monoxide and carbon
dioxide also needs to be equipped with a nickel reformer catalytic hydrogenation device. The
peak height produced by the instrument for the minimum detection concentration of impurities
specified in this Standard shall be at least twice the noise. The ten-port valve connection and
backflushing device of the instrument are shown in Figures 1 and 2. Other sample-injecting and
backflushing devices that meet the separation and quantification effects of this Standard may
also be used.
the determination of acetylene are shown in Table 3; and the typical chromatograms are shown
in Figures 5 and 6. Other chromatographic columns and analytical conditions that give
equivalent separation and quantification may also be used.
5.3 Nickel reformer: The nickel reformer is a device that converts carbon monoxide and carbon
dioxide into methane by catalytic hydrogenation; and consists of a nickel catalytic
hydrogenation column and a heating device. The recommended operating conditions of the
nickel catalytic hydrogenation column are shown in Table 2 (the operating conditions of the
packed column and capillary column are the same).
The nickel catalytic hydrogenation column is prepared as follows: Weigh 200g of nickel nitrate
and dissolve it in 90mL of distilled water; add 80g of 6201 chromatographic carrier or other
suitable carriers; boil for (5~10) min; cool off; filter; and place the carrier in an evaporating
dish. Dry at 105 ℃; and then placed on an electric furnace to heat slowly (shall be in a fume
hood) until the reddish-brown nitrogen dioxide is exhausted. After burning at 450℃ for 7 h
under nitrogen-injecting state; cool off; and obtain a nickel oxide catalyst. Put it into a clean
and dry stainless steel column tube; and inject hydrogen gas (flow rate is about 50 mL/min) at
350 ℃ ~ 380 ℃ for 4 h to reduce it to nickel catalyst and it can be used. The prepared nickel
catalytic hydrogenation column shall be sealed and stored to prevent the activity of the catalyst
from being reduced after contact with air and water.
NOTE: Standard samples shall be used to check the reactivity of the nickel catalytic hydrogenation
column regularly.
5.4 Recording device: electronic integrator or chromatographic data processing device.
Take the gas sample with the same injection volume as the standard sample; inject it into the
chromatograph by the gas sample-injecting valve; repeat the measurement twice; record the
peak area of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene; and compare it with the
corresponding external standard peak area.
NOTE: When injecting liquid propylene sample, measures shall be taken to ensure that the liquid
propylene is completely vaporized. It can also be vaporized by means of a flash evaporating injector or
a water bath.
8 Presentation of Analysis Results
8.1 Calculation
8.1.1 The content, φi, of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene, measured in milliliters
per cubic meter (mL/m3), shall be calculated according to Formula (1):
Where:
φs - the content of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene in the standard sample, in
milliliters per cubic meter (mL/m3);
Ai - the peak area of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene in the tested sample;
As - the peak area of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene in the standard sample.
8.2 Presentation of results
8.2.1 The numerical value of the analysis result shall be rounded off according to the provisions
of GB/T 8170; and the arithmetic mean of the results of two repeated determinations shall be
taken to represent the analysis result.
8.2.2 Report the content of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or acetylene, and accurate to
1mL/m3.
9 Precision
9.1 Repeatability
In the same laboratory, the absolute difference between the two independent test results
obtained by the same operator using the same equipment, according to the same test method,
and testing the same test object independently of each other in a short period of time shall not
exceed the values listed in Table 4. The given repeatability limit (r) is premised on the condition
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