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IOT-GUIDELINES-2021 PDF in English

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IOT-GUIDELINES-2021: PDF in English

Guidelines for the Construction of Basic Security
Standard System for Internet of Things
(2021 version)
September 2021
Table of Contents
I General requirements ... 3 
(1) Basic principles ... 3 
(2) Construction goals ... 3 
II Construction details ... 4 
(1) Framework of standard system ... 4 
(2) Key areas ... 5 
1 Overall security ... 5 
2 Terminal security... 6 
3 Gateway security ... 7 
4 Platform security ... 9 
5 Security administration ... 10 
III Organization and implementation ... 11 
Appendix List of standard items related to basic security of IoT ... 13 
Guidelines for the Construction of Basic Security
Standard System for Internet of Things
I General requirements
Guided by Xi Jinping’s New Era Chinese Characteristics Socialism Thought,
thoroughly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important thoughts on
network powerful-country. Adhering to the overall national security concept,
AND targeting on building Internet of Things [IoT] and preventing public network
security risks, strive to build the basic security standard system of IoT,
strengthen standard overall planning, steadily promote standard development,
promote standard implementation, to support and guarantee the secured and
orderly development of IoT industry.
(1) Basic principles
Demand traction, strengthen overall planning. Closely follow the
development status and trends of IoT industry; focus on building a scientific,
reasonable, advanced and applicable, open and integrated basic security
standard system; strengthen the overall coordination of standard work; guide
the orderly development of standard formulation.
Focus on the key points and give priority to emergency. Focusing on
IoT infrastructure and key industry applications, accelerate the development
of key and urgently needed standards, such as basic general purpose, key
technologies, test methods, so as to meet the security needs of IoT industry,
in a timely manner.
Participate extensively and strengthen implementation. Consolidate
equipment manufacturers, telecommunications enterprises, security
enterprises, internet enterprises, scientific research institutions, universities
and other industry-university-research forces; encourage leading
enterprises to play a leading role in demonstration, to promote the effective
implementation of standards.
(2) Construction goals
By 2022, initially establish a basic security standard system for IoT; develop
more than 10 key industry standards; clarify the security requirements for
key basic links, such as IoT terminals, gateways, platforms, to meet the basic
security requirements of IoT, thereby promoting the improvement of basic
security capabilities of IoT.
By 2025, promote the formation of a relatively complete basic security
standard system for IoT; develop more than 30 industry standards; improve
the coverage of standards in subdivided industries and fields; improve the
security level of cross-industry applications of IoT, to ensure the secured use
of consumers.
II Construction details
(1) Framework of standard system
The basic security standards of IoT mainly refer to the security standards of
key basic links, such as IoT terminals, gateways, platforms. The basic
security standard system of IoT includes five major standard categories,
including overall security, terminal security, gateway security, platform
security, security administration (see Figure 1).
(2) Key areas
1 Overall security
Overall security is the basic, guiding, universal standard for basic security
of IoT, which mainly includes the definition of basic security terms,
architecture models, security scenarios, security integration, security
grading, security protocols, etc. of IoT (see Figure 2).
Figure 2 -- Overall security
(1) Terms and definitions of basic security of IoT: Standardize the concepts
of basic security for IoT; unify the understanding and use of related
(2) Architectural model of the basic security of IoT: Mainly propose the
basic security system framework of IoT and the reference models of
various parts; clarify and define the functions, relationships, roles,
boundaries, responsibilities of the cloud, administration, terminal levels.
(3) Scenarios of basic security of IoT: Mainly provide examples and
specifications for security requirements in different types of scenarios.
(4) Integration of basic security of IoT: In the process of planning,
integration, implementation of IoT system, guarantee the security and
reliability of objects, at all levels of the infrastructure system, by
establishing security models and other methods.
(3) Communication chip security: Mainly include communication
encryption algorithm, key administration, encryption and decryption
capabilities, signature verification, data storage, chip security baseline
requirements, etc.
(4) Card security: It is divided into administrative requirements and
technical requirements. Among them, the administrative requirements
are mainly to regulate the sales, registration, use administration of IoT
cards; the technical requirements mainly include card identity
authentication, grading and classification, construction of technical
(5) Industry terminal security: Mainly refer to the security requirements of
IoT terminals with specific functions, which are closely related to
various vertical industries, such as the unique security requirements of
specific industry terminals, including smart door locks and monitoring
(6) Test and evaluation of terminal: Mainly include security test of IoT card,
test of hardware security, test of operating system security, test of
software security, test of access authentication security, test of data
security, test of communication protocol security, test of firmware
security, etc.
3 Gateway security
Gateway security mainly includes generic security of IoT gateway, security
of gateway communication and interface, security of gateway physical
environment, security of gateway component, test and evaluation of
gateway, etc. (see Figure 4).
(2) Security protection of platform: Standardize the security protection
requirements for IoT platform, as well as the security protection
requirements for the access control, anti-code reverse, security audit,
tampering and injection prevention, etc., of the industry business
systems and external application components, which are developed
based on IoT platform, mainly including the basic security of platform
business, security protection requirements of platform, etc.
(3) Interaction security of platform: Standardize the security requirements
for data interaction, encrypted transmission, interactive interface
configuration and auditing, between IoT platforms, platforms and
upper-level business systems or administration systems, platforms and
lower-level access devices, mainly Including the interaction between
different IoT platforms, the interaction between the platform and the
southbound and northbound directions, etc.
(4) Security monitoring of platform: Standardize the functional
construction of the security monitoring and situation summary of IoT
platform, mainly including the network security monitoring and early
warning platform of IoT, the network security situation awareness
platform of IoT, etc.
(5) Test and evaluation of platform: Standardize the test and evaluation
methods of the generic security of IoT platform, security protection of
platform, internal and inter-platform interaction security, security
administration of platform, etc., mainly including the evaluation of the
capabilities of IoT platform, test of security protection, test of interactive
security, evaluation of security administration, etc.
5 Security administration
Security administration standards are used to guide the industry to
implement general security administration requirements, including data
security administration, security information collaboration, administration
and maintenance security, security authentication (see Figure 6).
the goals and tasks, which are specified in the Standards System, strengthen
the coordination of work among all parties including industry, academia,
research, application; focus on the integration of the basic security standards
of IoT with the actual development of the industry; promote the development of
standards, in a systematic manner.
The second is to implement dynamic updates. Track the development trend
of new technologies and applications of IoT; actively adapt to the continuous
improvement of the level of security development of IoT; strengthen the
dynamic update and improvement of the standard system, to effectively meet
the needs of industrial security development.
The third is to deepen the application of standards. Encourage industry
associations, standardization technical organizations, etc. to carry out publicity
and training of key standards, for producers, users, third-party testing and
authentication agencies, to guide enterprises to meet standards, thereby
promoting the implementation of standards.
The fourth is to carry out exchanges and cooperation. Support Chinese and
foreign enterprises, associations, standardization agencies, etc., to carry out
international exchanges and cooperation, on basic security standards for IoT;
actively participate in the formulation of international standards for IoT security;
contribute Chinese technical solutions, to improve the security level of global
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.