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GB/T 36021-2018 PDF in English


GB/T 36021-2018 (GB/T36021-2018, GBT 36021-2018, GBT36021-2018)
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GB/T 36021-2018: PDF in English (GBT 36021-2018)

GB/T 36021-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.140
Y 80
The assessment method of the heavy metal Sb, As,
Ba, Se and Cr (VI) in furniture
ISSUED ON. MARCH 15, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. OCTOBER 1, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the PRC;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Principles ... 5 
5 Instruments and equipment... 6 
6 Reagents and solutions ... 8 
7 Sample preparation and treatment ... 10 
8 Test procedures ... 12 
The assessment method of the heavy metal Sb, As,
Ba, Se and Cr (VI) in furniture
Caution. Personnel, who use this Standard, shall have practical
experience in laboratory work. This Standard does not address all safety
problems. It is the responsibility of the user to take appropriate safety and
health measures and to ensure compliance with national regulations.
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the inspection and assessment methods of the soluble
heavy metal Sb, As, Ba, Se, and Cr (VI) in furniture.
This Standard applies to furniture products whose surface is coating, veneer
layer, and soft covering.
This Standard does not apply to furniture products with ceramic enamel or metal
glaze on the surface, and all furniture products which are melted or fused in
glass, glaze, or ceramic enamel, as well as furniture products with metallic
electroplated coating.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document.
For the dated references, only the versions with the dates indicated are
applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest version
(including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 602-2002 Chemical Reagent - Preparations of Standard Solutions for
Impurity
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test
methods
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this document.
3.1 Base material
5.1.13 All glassware, sample containers, etc., before use, shall be immersed in
nitric acid solution for 24 h, and washed with water and dried.
5.2 Cr (VI) in furniture
5.2.1 General laboratory instruments and equipment.
5.2.2 Spectrophotometer.
5.2.3 Crushing equipment. pulverizer, scissors, scraper, etc.
5.2.4 Stainless steel metallic screen. The pore size is 0.5 mm (32 mesh).
5.2.5 Water bath shaker. with temperature control function. The frequency is
adjustable.
5.2.6 Acidity meter. The accuracy is 0.1 pH unit.
5.2.7 Balance. The accuracy is 0.1 mg.
5.2.8 Beaker. 500 mL, etc.
5.2.9 Pipette. 1 mL, 2 mL, 5 mL, 10 mL, 25 mL, etc.
5.2.10 Volumetric flask. 25 mL, 50 mL, 100 mL, 1000 mL, etc.
5.2.11 Extractor. 150 mL, 250 mL conical flask with cover or 150 mL, 250 mL
beaker with a watch glass.
5.2.12 Filter membrane (applicable to aqueous solution). The pore size is 0.45
μm.
5.2.13 Measuring cylinder. 10 mL, 50 mL, 100 mL, etc.
5.2.14 High performance liquid chromatograph. equipped with constant flow
pump, constant temperature column oven, variable wavelength ultraviolet
detector.
5.2.15 Chromatographic data processor or workstation.
5.2.16 Chromatographic column. Agilent Zorbax Eclipse XDB-C18 25cm ×
4.6mm (inner diameter), 5 μm stainless steel column; or equivalent
chromatographic column.
5.2.17 Filter. The membrane pore size is about 0.22 μm.
5.2.18 All glassware, sample containers, etc., before use, shall be immersed in
nitric acid solution for 24 h, and washed with water and dried.
6.3.1 Simulated gastric acid extraction
6.3.1.1 Diphenylcarbazide.
6.3.1.2 Acetone.
6.3.1.3 Methanol.
6.3.1.4 Phosphoric acid solution 1+1 (volume ratio).
6.3.1.5 Diphenylcarbazide developer. WEIGH 1.0 g of diphenylcarbazide (SEE
6.3.1.1) to dissolve it in 100 mL of acetone (SEE 6.3.1.2), and STORE in a
brown bottle. The solution is stored at 4 °C and is valid for two weeks. When
the solution fades, it shall be re-prepared.
6.3.1.6 Standard stock solution of Cr (VI) (purchased or prepared according to
Method 2 in GB/T 602-2002). The concentration is 100 mg/L.
6.3.1.7 Standard solution of Cr (VI). The concentration is 5 mg/L. USE a pipette
to PIPETTE 5.0 mL of standard stock solution of Cr (VI) (SEE 6.3.1.6) in a 100
mL volumetric flask; and USE water to dilute to volume. This solution shall be
prepared before use on the same day.
6.3.1.8 According to the provisions of 6.2.1.1~6.2.1.5, this method shall be used
for the inspection of furniture for infants and children.
6.3.2 Simulated acidic sweat extraction
6.3.2.1 It shall be in accordance with the provisions of 6.3.1.3.
6.3.2.2 It shall be in accordance with the provisions of 6.3.1.4.
6.3.2.3 It shall be in accordance with the provisions of 6.3.1.6.
6.3.2.4 It shall be in accordance with the provisions of 6.3.1.7.
6.3.2.5 It shall be in accordance with the provisions of 6.2.2.1~6.2.2.5.
6.3.3 Simulated alkaline sweat extraction
6.3.3.1 Disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate (Na2HPO4 · 12H2O).
6.3.3.2 Disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (Na2HPO4 · 2H2O).
6.3.3.3 Alkaline sweat. WEIGH 0.5 g of L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate,
5.0 g of sodium chloride, 5.0 g of disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate
or 2.5 g of disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate in a 500 mL beaker; ADD
distilled water to dissolve and dilute to 1 L; USE 0.1 mol/L sodium hydroxide
0.5 g (accurate to 0.1 mg) of the prepared sample and 25 mL of 0.07 mol/L
hydrochloric acid solution (SEE 6.2.1.2), at (37±2)°C, are uniformly mixed in a
suitably sized container. SHAKE for 1 min, and DETECT the acidity of this
mixture. If the pH value of the mixture is greater than 1.2, while shaking the
mixture, ADD about 2 mol/L hydrochloric acid solution (SEE 6.2.1.3) dropwise
until the pH value of the mixture is 1.2. The mixture shall be protected from light.
At a temperature of (37±2)°C, USE a temperature-controlled water bath shaker
at an oscillation frequency of 100 r/min ~ 200 r/min to continuously shake for 1
h. At a temperature of (37±2)°C, LET stand for 1 h. (If necessary, SEPARATE
them using a centrifuge with a centrifugal capacity of 5000g. After the standing
time, the filtration separation treatment shall be carried out as quickly as
possible. If centrifugation separation treatment is used, the time shall not
exceed 10 min.) Before the elemental analysis is carried out, when the sample
solution is stored for more than 1 d, it shall add hydrochloric acid solution to
stabilize, so that the concentration c(HCl) of the stored sample solution is about
1 mol/L.
7.2.1.2 Method 2. simulated acidic sweat treatment
0.5 g (accurate to 0.1 mg) of the prepared sample and 25 mL of acidic sweat
(SEE 6.2.2.5), at (37±2)°C, are uniformly mixed in a suitably sized container.
SHAKE for 1 min, and DETECT the acidity of this mixture. If the pH value of the
mixture is greater than 5.5, while shaking the mixture, ADD about 2 mol/L
hydrochloric acid solution (SEE 6.2.1.3) dropwise until the pH value of the
mixture is 5.5. The mixture shall be protected from light. At a temperature of
(37±2)°C, USE a temperature-controlled water bath shaker at an oscillation
frequency of 100 r/min ~ 200 r/min to continuously shake for 1 h. At a
temperature of (37±2)°C, LET stand for 1 h. (If necessary, SEPARATE them
using a centrifuge with a centrifugal capacity of 5000g. After the standing time,
the filtration separation treatment shall be carried out as quickly as possible. If
centrifugation separation treatment is used, the time shall not exceed 10 min.)
The sample solution shall be tested on the same day.
7.2.2 Treatment of sample for the determination of Cr (VI) in furniture
7.2.2.1 Method 1. simulated gastric acid treatment
2.0 g (accurate to 0.1 mg) of the prepared sample and 50 mL of 0.07 mol/L
hydrochloric acid solution (SEE 6.2.1.2), at (37±2)°C, are uniformly mixed in a
suitably sized extractor. SHAKE for 1 min, and DETECT the acidity of this
mixture. If the pH value of the mixture is greater than 1.2, while shaking the
mixture, ADD about 2 mol/L hydrochloric acid solution (SEE 6.2.1.3) dropwise
until the pH value of the mixture is 1.2. COVER the extractor with a stopper or
a watch glass. The mixture shall be protected from light. At a temperature of
(37±2)°C, USE a temperature-controlled water bath shaker at an oscillation
Mobile phase. methanol (SEE 6.3.1.3)+phosphoric acid solution (SEE 6.3.1.4)
=30+70 (volume ratio);
Flow velocity. 1.0 mL/min;
Column temperature. room temperature (Temperature difference shall be no
more than 2 °C);
Test wavelength. 540 nm;
Injection volume. 20 μL;
The above operating conditions are typical operating parameters. The analyst
can, according to the characteristics of the instrument, appropriately adjust the
above operating parameters, to obtain the best separation effect.
8.2.2.2 Preparation of a series of standard working solutions
PIPETTE 0.0 mL, 0.4 mL, 1.0 mL, 2.0 mL, 3.0 mL, 4.0 mL, 5.0 mL, 6.0 mL, 7.0
mL, 8.0 mL, 10.0 mL of standard solution of Cr (VI) (SEE 6.3.1.7) to 100 mL
volumetric flasks, respectively; DILUTE to volume, and SHAKE well. The
concentration of Cr (VI) in this standard solution series is 0.0 mg/L, 0.02 mg/L,
0.05 mg/L, 0.10 mg/L, 0.15 mg/L, 0.20 mg/L, 0.25 mg/L, 0.30 mg/L, 0.35 mg/L,
0.40 mg/L, 0.5 mg/L, respectively. PIPETTE 20 mL of the above standard
sample solution; and ADD 1.0 mL of developer (SEE 6.3.1.5), 1.0 mL of
phosphoric acid solution (SEE 6.3.1.4), SHAKE well. After standing for 5 min to
10 min, it is determined by liquid chromatography.
The series of standard working solutions shall be prepared on the same day of
use.
8.2.2.3 Preparation of sample solution
PIPETTE 20 mL of the extract treated according to the provisions of 7.2.2; ADD
1.0 mL of developer (SEE 6.3.1.5), 1.0 mL of phosphoric acid solution (SEE
6.3.1.4); and SHAKE well. PIPETTE another 20 mL of the extract; ADD 2.0 mL
of distilled water, and SHAKE well. Blank determination is carried out by liquid
chromatography.
8.2.2.4 Determination of the content of Cr (VI) in sample
After the baseline of the instrument is stabilized, under the above test conditions,
TAKE an appropriate amount of the series of standard working solutions; USE
a liquid chromatograph, at a wavelength of 540 nm, to determine the peak area.
With the peak area as the ordinate and the corresponding Cr (VI) content as
the abscissa, the calibration curve is plotted. The calibration curve shall include
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.