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GB/T 29246-2017 PDF in English

GB/T 29246-2017 (GB/T29246-2017, GBT 29246-2017, GBT29246-2017)
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GB/T 29246-2017: PDF in English (GBT 29246-2017)

GB/T 29246-2017
ICS 35.040
L 80
GB/T 29246-2017/ISO / IEC 27000:2016
Replacing GB/T 29246-2012
Information technology - Security techniques - Information
security management systems - Overview and vocabulary
(ISO/IEC 27000:2016, IDT)
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 4
0.1 Overview ... 4
0.2 ISMS family of standards ... 4
0.3 Purpose of this Standard ... 5
1 Scope ... 7
2 Terms and definitions ... 7
3 Information security management systems ... 26
3.1 General ... 26
3.2 What is an ISMS? ... 26
3.3 Process approach ... 29
3.4 Why an ISMS is important ... 29
3.5 Establishing, monitoring, maintaining and improving an ISMS... 30
3.6 ISMS critical success factors ... 34
3.7 Benefits of the ISMS family of standards ... 35
4 ISMS family of standards ... 35
4.1 General information ... 35
4.2 Standards describing an overview and terminology ... 36
4.3 Standards specifying requirements ... 37
4.4 Standards describing general guidelines ... 38
4.5 Standards describing sector-specific guidelines... 41
Annex A (Informative) Verbal forms for the expression of provisions ... 44
Annex B (Informative) Term and term ownership ... 45
Bibliography ... 49
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 29246-2012, Information technology - Security
techniques - Information security management systems - Overview and vocabulary;
compared with GB/T 29246-2012, the main technical changes are as follows:
-- Increase the constituent standards of the ISMS family of standards from 10 to 19
(see 0.2 and 4.1~4.5; 0.2 and 4.1~4.5 of the 2012 edition);
-- Increase terms and definitions from 46 to 89 (see 2.1~2.89; 2.1~2.46 of the 2012
-- Change “Classification of terms” to “Terms and term ownership” in the appendix
(see Appendix B; Appendix B of the 2012 edition).
This Standard is identical to ISO/IEC 27000:2016 Information technology - Security
techniques - Information security management systems - Overview and vocabulary by
the translation method.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Information Security
Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 260).
Drafting organizations of this Standard: China Electronics Cyberspace Great Wall Co.,
Ltd., China Electronics Standardization Institute, China Information Security Research
Institute Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard: Min Jinghua, Shangguan Xiaoli, Xu Yuna, Wang Huili,
Luo Fengying, Zuo Xiaodong, Zhou Yachao, Ma Hongjun, Liao Feiming, Huang
Kaifeng, Ma Wenhe.
The previous versions which are replaced by this Standard are:
-- GB/T 29246-2012.
Information technology - Security techniques - Information
security management systems - Overview and vocabulary
1 Scope
This Standard provides an overview of information security management systems, and
terms and definitions commonly used in the ISMS family of standards. This Standard
is applicable to all types and sizes of organization (e.g. commercial enterprises,
government agencies, not-for-profit organizations).
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
access control
Means to ensure that access to assets is authorized and restricted based on business and
security requirements (2.63).
analytical model
Algorithm or calculation combining one or more base measures (2.10) and/or derived
measures (2.22) with associated decision criteria (2.21).
Attempt to destroy, expose, alter, disable, steal or gain unauthorized access to or make
unauthorized use of an asset.
Property or characteristic of an object (2.55) that can be distinguished quantitatively or
qualitatively by human or automated means.
[ISO/IEC 15939:2007, 2.2, modified: “entity” has been replaced by “object” in the
e) manage information assets in an organized way that facilitates continual
improvement and adjustment to current organizational goals.
3.3 Process approach
Organizations need to identify and manage many activities in order to function
effectively and efficiently. Any activity using resources needs to be managed to enable
the transformation of inputs into outputs using a set of interrelated or interacting
activities; this is also known as a process. The output from one process can directly
form the input to another process and generally this transformation is carried out under
planned and controlled conditions. The application of a system of processes within an
organization, together with the identification and interactions of these processes, and
their management, can be referred to as a “process approach”.
3.4 Why an ISMS is important
Risks associated with an organization’s information assets need to be addressed.
Achieving information security requires the management of risk, and encompasses risks
from physical, human and technology related threats associated with all forms of
information within or used by the organization.
The adoption of an ISMS is expected to be a strategic decision for an organization and
it is necessary that this decision is seamlessly integrated, scaled and updated in
accordance with the needs of the organization.
The design and implementation of an organization’s ISMS is influenced by the needs
and objectives of the organization, the security requirements, the business processes
employed and the size and structure of the organization. The design and operation of an
ISMS needs to reflect the interests and information security requirements of all of the
organization’s stakeholders including customers, suppliers, business partners,
shareholders and other relevant third parties.
In an interconnected world, information and related processes, systems, and networks
constitute critical business assets. Organizations and their information systems and
networks face security threats from a wide range of sources, including computer-
assisted fraud, espionage, sabotage, vandalism, fire and flood. Damage to information
systems and networks caused by malicious code, computer hacking, and denial of
service attacks have become more common, more ambitious, and increasingly
An ISMS is important to both public and private sector businesses. In any industry, an
ISMS is an enabler that supports e-business and is essential for risk management
activities. The interconnection of public and private networks and the sharing of
information assets increase the difficulty of controlling access to and handling of
information. In addition, the distribution of mobile storage devices containing
information assets can weaken the effectiveness of traditional controls. When
organizations adopt the ISMS family of standards, the ability to apply consistent and
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.