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GB/T 25163-2010 PDF in English


GB/T 25163-2010 (GB/T25163-2010, GBT 25163-2010, GBT25163-2010)
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GB/T 25163-2010: PDF in English (GBT 25163-2010)

GB/T 25163-2010
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 55.020
A 80
Child-resistant packaging - Requirements and
testing procedures for reclosable packages
ISSUED ON. SEPTEMBER 26, 2010
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 01, 2011
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and
Quarantine of PRC;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Terms and definitions ... 4 
3 Requirements ... 5 
4 Test ... 6 
5 Test results ... 9 
6 Test report ... 11 
Child-resistant packaging - Requirements and
testing procedures for reclosable packages
1 Scope
This standard specifies the requirements and test methods for the child-
resistant reclosable packages.
This standard applies to the child-resistant reclosable packages (hereinafter
referred to as child-resistant package).
2 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
2.1
Container
The container which is made of metal, glass, plastic or a combination of
materials, whose port closure system comes with a locking device.
2.2
Closure
The container lid which is made of metal, glass, plastic or a combination of
materials, and is equipped with a sealing device.
2.3
Child-resistant package
It is usually a packaging container with a locking device. It is difficult for
children younger than 52 months to open the locking device, but it does not
affect the normal use of adults.
2.4
Resealable package
The package that can be re-closed after being opened, for the purpose of
repeated use.
It shall select children of different social groups, ethnicities and cultural
backgrounds for testing whenever possible. If not, it shall clearly indicate the
deviation of the test. It is required that the test children had not participated in
the corresponding test before, but it allows the test children to participate in the
test of different types of packaging using different principles. If they have
participated in the corresponding test, the interval of test time is required to be
at least 1 week.
4.3.1.2 Requirements for test environment and personnel
When carrying out children test, it shall select an environment that they are
familiar with and feel comfortable, such as their kindergarten or nursery, but it
shall take care to avoid unnecessary distractions caused by disturbances. The
testers (children) shall be friendly to each other and the parents of the children
shall attend the test.
It shall provide tables and chairs when carrying out test for children. If they wish,
they can also sit on the ground for testing.
4.3.1.3 Requirements for test process
4.3.1.3.1 It shall test two children at the same time. Each 2 children shall be
equipped with 1 supervisor. If necessary, they may be tested in groups, but the
number of test personnel in the same room at the same time cannot be more
than 5.
4.3.1.3.2 During the test, as long as the child feels convenient and suitable,
they can select any method to carry out test. They are not restricted of using
their teeth or other methods to open the package.
4.3.1.3.3 In test process, it shall not give any instructions or guidelines on how
to open the package.
4.3.1.3.4 In test process, it is not allowed to provide children with any tools or
other opening devices. If such tools or opening devices are part of the design
of the packaging container, they can access the tool, but it shall not actively
draw their attention to the tool, unless it is a demonstration for the child.
4.3.1.3.5 If the test children attempt to leave, the supervisor shall stop and direct
them back to continue the test.
4.3.1.4 Test procedure
4.3.1.4.1 Assign test children and supervisors and bring the test children to the
test site.
4.3.1.4.2 Give each child a packaging container and ask them to open it within
5 minutes.
4.4.3 Test procedure
4.4.3.1 Provide each test personnel with a packaging container for testing and
instructions for how to open and re-close the container. The instructions shall
be consistent with the instructions provided to the consumer during the sales
process.
4.4.3.2 Within 5 minutes, the test personnel complete the test independently
after being familiar with the packaging container and reading the operating
instructions.
4.4.3.3 For test personnel who successfully open the test sample within 5
minutes, it shall give them another same packaging container and let them
repeat the test within 1 min, that is, open and re-close it.
4.4.3.4 Within 5 minutes, if the test personnel cannot open the packaging
container, it will be subjected to screening test again, that is, let the test
personnel to open two ordinary non-child resistant test containers within 1 min,
as follows.
a) The 25 mL ~ 50 mL cylindrical plastic container with thread seal, there is
continuous sealing thread inside the sealing cap and the diameter is 28
mm, the torque is 1.1 Nm;
b) The 25 mL ~ 50 mL cylindrical plastic container with non-threaded seal,
the sealing cap is fastened on the container, the diameter is 28 mm.
If the test personnel fail to open and re-close the above two containers within 1
min, the adult test result of the test personnel is invalid and needs to be
removed. If the test personnel open the above two containers within 1 min, it
indicates that the adult test results are valid and the adult test results are failed.
4.4.3.5 Record the adult test results.
5 Test results
5.1 Assessment of child test results
5.1.1 Assessment of the child’s whole-group test results
When using the whole-group test of 200 test children, the success of the test
results shall meet the following requirements.
a) When there is no demonstration, at least 85% of the 200 test children
failed to open the package within 5 minutes;
b) After demonstrations for children who failed to open the package within 5
a) If the number of children who opened the packaging container in the 5 min
test is lower than the L1 line in Figure 1, and in the subsequent 5 min test,
the number of children who opened the packaging container is lower than
the L3 line in Figure 2, then it passes the test;
b) If the number of children who opened the packaging container in the 5 min
test is higher than the L2 line in Figure 1, and in the subsequent 5 min test,
the number of children who opened the packaging container is higher than
the L4 line in Figure 2, then it fails to pass the test;
c) If the number of children who opened the packaging container is between
the L1 line and the L2 line as well as the L3 and L4 within the 5 min test,
it shall be retested.
5.2 Assessment of adult test results
If 90% of the test personnel is able to successfully open the packaging container
within 5 minutes, and successfully open and re-close the packaging container
within the next 1 minute, it passes the test.
If the test personnel can successfully open the packaging container within 5
minutes but fail to open or re-close the packaging container within 1 min after
the subsequent 1 min, it fails to pass the test. It is recorded into the disqualified
ratio.
5.3 Final result
Whether it is a child test or an adult test, it shall provide the final result of
pass/fail.
6 Test report
6.1 Basic content
a) The name of the testing organization;
b) The date of testing;
c) The manufacturer of packaging container;
d) The name of the supervisor;
e) The detailed description of the packaging container for testing;
f) The description of the contained substitute product for testing.
6.2 Child test
......
 
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.