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GB/T 24173-2016 PDF in English

GB/T 24173-2016 (GB/T24173-2016, GBT 24173-2016, GBT24173-2016)
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GB/T 24173-2016: PDF in English (GBT 24173-2016)

GB/T 24173-2016
ICS 77.040.10
H 22
Replacing GB/T 24173-2009
Steel Sheets –
Secondary Work Embrittlement Test Method
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Application Scope ... 5 
2 Normative References ... 5 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5 
4 Test Principle ... 6 
5 Cup Sample ... 6 
6 Test Apparatus ... 8 
7 Test Procedure ... 11 
8 Test Report ... 12 
Bibliography ... 14 
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 24173-2009, Steel Sheets – Secondary Work
Embrittlement Test Method. Compared with GB/T 24173-2009, the major technical
changes of this Standard are as follows.
-- it replaces “punch pin” with “punch” in the main text;
-- it adds the normative references in Article 2;
-- it adds the definition of “clearance” in 3.5 and the requirements for clearance in
the preparation of cup sample in 5.5;
-- in Table 1, it modifies the inner diameter of cup sample and the diameter of punch,
and adds the explanations of primary and secondary strains;
-- it modifies the test principle in Article 4;
-- it adds Table 2, i.e. the selection of dimensions of punch and die;
-- it modifies 5.4 and indicates that other materials may also be used as lubricating
-- it adds the explanations of impact centring mechanism in 6.4 and specifies that
the deviation of impact centre is not greater than 0.5 mm;
-- it modifies the original Figures 1 and 2 and adds Figure 3;
-- it modifies the requirements for temperature measuring apparatus in 6.5 and
indicates that the accuracy shall be ± 1°C;
-- it modifies 7.7 and indicates the criterion for the fracturing rate not smaller than
-- it adds the contents of “the designation of test material” and “the clearance of
mould and sheet” in test report in Article 8.
This Standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Standardization Technical
Committee on Steels (SAC/TC 183).
The drafting organizations of this Part. Baoshan Iron and Steel Co. Ltd., China
Metallurgical Information and Standardization Institute, Shenzhen Wance Testing
Machine Co., Ltd..
The main drafters of this Part. Fang Jian, Zhou Yedong, Dong Li, Huang Xing, Zhang
Steel Sheets –
Secondary Work Embrittlement Test Method
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, test principle, cup sample, test
apparatus, test procedure, accuracy of test results and test report of secondary work
embrittlement test method for steel sheets.
This Standard applies to the secondary work embrittlement test of the sheets made of
interstitial free steel and phosphorus bearing steel for punch-forming auto parts and
other steel sheets having secondary work embrittlement characteristics for punch
forming, with a thickness of 0.45 mm ~ 2.5 mm.
2 Normative References
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all
amendments) applies to this Part.
GB/T 10623, Metallic Material – Mechanical Testing – Vocabulary
GB/T 15825.3, Sheet Metal Formability and Test Methods – Part 3. Drawing and
Drawing Load Test
3 Terms and Definitions
Those defined in GB/T 10623 and GB/T 15825.3 and the following terms and
definitions apply to this document.
secondary work embrittlement; SWE
The phenomenon that interstitial free steel (IF steel) and phosphorus bearing steel
have certain interstitial internal stress after punch forming (primary processing), so they
are liable to fracture on the grain boundary subjected to an external force (especially
an impact force under low temperature conditions, secondary work).
free from defects including scratches and roll marks. The widths of cup sample no.1
and no. 2 shall not be less than 74 mm and 108 mm.
5.3 Steel sheet billets are usually punched into round billets using punching round
billet mould on a press or they may also be made into round billets with other methods.
The dimensions of round billets are two times of the dimeter of punch used for cup.
The burr on the edge of round billets shall be removed.
NOTE The quantity of round billets required for each test is normally 32 ~ 50; if the estimated
SWET is close to the measured SWET, 32 round billets can be taken, or else, the quantity of
round billets needs to be added.
5.4 The punching of round billets into cylindrical cup sample is performed on a
forming property testing machine, using the draw ratio DR 2.1, the corner radius of
punch 6.0 mm ± 0.5 mm, the blank holder force 9.8 kN ~ 14.7 kN and the rising speed
of punch normally not greater than 40 mm/min, and using polypropylene film of
thickness 0.040 mm ± 0.005 mm as the lubricating agent to reduce the wrinkling of cup
sample and reduce the abrasion of mould. Record the blank holder force used for deep
drawing cup. For coating materials, clean mould after each time of punching.
NOTE Other materials may also be used as lubricating agents.
5.5 In accordance with the thickness of sheets, select the dimensions of punch and
die required for deep drawing cup mould from Table 2. The selection deep drawing cup
mould is subjected to the clearance of mould and sheet required for the test. Unless
specified otherwise, the clearance is normally 40% ~ 100% and calculated in
accordance with Formula (1).
NOTE The lower limit is recommended during the preparation of cup sample.
c – clearance, expressed in %;
Dd – inner diameter of die, in mm;
dp – diameter of punch, in mm;
t – basic thickness of sheet, in mm.
The inner diameter of die Dd is 37 mm and the thickness of sheet is 1.2 mm, so the
punch of dp 33 mm is used to punch cup sample no. 1 and the corresponding clearance
is 67% through calculation. Therefore, for the sheets of thickness 1.2 mm, it is
examination results.
7.4 If none of the 4 cup samples fracture, then lower the temperature and repeat test
on 4 cup samples. The temperature interval is subjected to the experiences and
convenience degree of test personnel (e.g. 10°C or 20°C).
NOTE Cup sample will show plastic expansion without fracturing if the temperature is above
secondary work embrittlement temperature.
7.5 If only one of the 4 cup samples fractures, carry out test on 8 cup samples at this
temperature (adding 4 cup samples).
a) If only one of the 8 cup samples still fractures, then lower test temperature by
5°C (with the minimum interval of test temperature 5°C) and repeat test on 8 cup
samples until at least two the 8 cup samples fracture;
b) If at least two of the 8 cup samples fracture, then improve test temperature by
5°C and repeat test on 8 cup samples until at least two of the 8 cup samples fracture.
7.6 If at least two of 4 cup samples fracture, then improve test temperature by 5°C
and repeat test on 4 cup samples, until at least two of the 4 cup samples fracture. Carry
out test on 8 cup samples at this temperature (adding 4 cup samples for the test). If at
least two of the 8 cup samples fracture, then improve test temperature once again by
5°C and repeat test on 8 cup samples until at least two of the 8 cup samples fracture.
7.7 If at least two of 8 cup samples fracture, i.e. the maximum temperature, at which
the fracturing rate is not smaller than 25%, is the secondary work embrittlement
temperature SWET (SWET is the integer multiples of 5°C, e.g. – 35°C, - 40°C, -45°C
and so on). If none of cup samples fracture at - 60°C, the temperature at a lower
temperature may be omitted and the SWET of this steel sheet is recorded as < - 60°C.
8 Test Report
Test report shall include the following content.
a) a reference to this Standard;
b) the designation of test material;
c) the thickness of material;
d) the dimension of cup sample (diameter × height);
e) the blank holder force of deep drawing cup;
f) the clearance of mould and sheet;
g) the type of lubricating agent;
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.