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GB/T 24031-2021 (GB/T24031-2021)

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GB/T 24031-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.020
Z 00
GB/T 24031-2021 / ISO 14031:2013
Replacing GB/T 24031-2001
Environmental management - Environmental
performance evaluation - Guidelines
(ISO 14031:2013, IDT)
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
Introduction ... 4 
1 Scope ... 5 
2 Normative references ... 5 
3 Terms and definitions ... 5 
4 Environmental performance evaluation ... 9 
4.1 General overview ... 9 
4.2 Planning EPE (Plan) ... 15 
4.3 Using data and information (Do) ... 23 
4.4 Reviewing and improving EPE (Check and Act) ... 29 
Annex A (Informative) Supplemental guidance on EPE ... 31 
Bibliography ... 51 
Foreword
This Standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard replaces GB/T 24031-2001 "Environmental management -
Environmental performance evaluation - Guidelines". Compared with GB/T
24031-2001, in addition to editorial changes, the main technical changes are
as follows:
- Modify the scope of application of the standard;
- Modify terms and definitions;
- ADD key requirements such as "EPE indicators related to environmental,
social and economic aspects of sustainability", "EPE principles" and
"selection of specific performance indicators".
This Standard, using translation method, is identical to ISO 14031:2013
"Environmental management - Environmental performance evaluation -
Guidelines".
This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National
Technical Committee 207 on Environmental Management of Standardization
Administration of China (SAC/TC 207).
Drafting organizations of this Standard: China National Institute of
Standardization, CNPC Safety and Environmental Protection Technology
Research Institute Co., Ltd., China Quality Mark Certification Group Co., Ltd.,
China Quality Certification Centre, Haitian Water Group Co., Ltd., Xinfengming
Group Huzhou Zhongshi Technology Co., Ltd., China Certification Center Inc.,
Hefei Orient Energy Efficiency Technology Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Yuanqing
Environmental Technology Service Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard: Huang Jin, Lin Ling, Ding Yi, Yang Zhenqiang,
Wang Yu, Guan Yongyin, Zhang Xiaoxin, Pan Zhicheng, Wang Shunqi, Zhao
Jiazhu, Lai Meidong, Zhao Shitang, Shan Lili.
The previous editions of the standard replaced by this Standard were released
as follows:
- GB/T 24031-2001.
Introduction
Many organizations seek ways to understand, demonstrate and improve their
environmental performance. This can be achieved by effectively managing
those elements of their activities, products and services that can significantly
impact the environment.
This Standard sets out a process called environmental performance evaluation
(EPE) (see 3.10) which enables organizations to measure, evaluate and
communicate their environmental performance using key performance
indicators (KPIs), based on reliable and verifiable information.
EPE is equally applicable to small and large enterprises and can be used to
support an environmental management system (EMS) (see 3.7), or used
independently. An organization with an EMS in place can assess its
environmental performance against its environmental policy, objectives, targets
and other environmental performance objectives.
Data and information generated by EPE can be used by an organization to
implement other environmental management tools and techniques in a
coherent, transparent and cost effective way, e.g. other standards such as
those relating to environmental management systems (GB/T 24001, GB/T
24004, ISO 14005, ISO 14006), to environmental declarations (GB/T 24025),
to environmental labelling (GB/T 24024) and to life cycle assessment (GB/T
24040, GB/T 24044). A full list is given in the Bibliography. This Standard can
also be used independently.
Environmental performance evaluation and environmental audits are
complementary tools that can be used to assess environmental performance
and identify areas for improvement. The key aspects (and differences) of these
tools are the following:
- EPE is an ongoing process of collection and assessment of data and
information to provide a current evaluation of performance, as well as
performance trends over time;
- environmental audits can be used to gather such data and information,
either as part of EPE, or as part of an environmental management system,
to verify whether objectives and targets are being met;
- environmental management system audits are conducted periodically to
verify conformity with specifications and compliance with legal and other
requirements (guidance on auditing an EMS is provided in GB/T 19011-
2013).
Environmental management - Environmental
performance evaluation - Guidelines
1 Scope
This Standard gives guidance on the design and use of environmental
performance evaluation (EPE) within an organization. It is applicable to all
organizations, regardless of type, size, location and complexity.
This Standard does not establish environmental performance levels.
The guidance in this Standard can be used to support an organization’s own
approach to EPE, including its commitments to compliance with legal and other
requirements, the prevention of pollution, and continual improvement.
Note: This Standard is a generic standard and does not include guidance on specific
methods for valuing or weighting different kinds of impacts in different kinds of
sectors, disciplines, etc. Depending on the nature of the organization’s activities, it
is often necessary to refer to other sources for additional information and guidance
on sector-specific topics, different subject matters, or different scientific disciplines.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
Benchmark
Reference point against which comparisons can be made.
Note 1: Benchmarking is the process for making a comparison.
Note 2: ISO/IEC 29155-1:2011, definition 2.1, modified.
3.2
Combined indicator
......