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GB/T 23993-2009 PDF in English

GB/T 23993-2009 (GB/T23993-2009, GBT 23993-2009, GBT23993-2009)
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GB/T 23993-2009: PDF in English (GBT 23993-2009)

GB/T 23993-2009
ICS 87.040
G 50
Determination of formaldehyde content of waterborne
coatings - Spectrophotometric method with
ISSUED ON: JUNE 02, 2009
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the PRC;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Principle ... 4 
4 Reagents and materials ... 5 
5 Instruments and equipment... 6 
6 Sampling ... 7 
7 Test procedure ... 7 
8 Expression of results ... 8 
9 Precision ... 9 
10 Test report ... 9 
Determination of formaldehyde content of waterborne
coatings - Spectrophotometric method with
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method for determination of formaldehyde content
of waterborne coatings.
This Standard applies to the test of waterborne coatings and their raw materials
with a formaldehyde content of not less than 5 mg/kg.
2 Normative references
The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this
Standard, constitute provisions of this Standard. For the dated references, their
subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to
this Standard. However, the parties who enter into agreement based on this
Standard are encouraged to investigate whether the latest editions of these
documents are applicable. For undated reference documents, the latest
editions apply to this Standard.
GB/T 601 Chemical reagent - Preparations of reference titration solutions
GB/T 3186 Paints, varnishes and raw materials for paints and varnishes -
Sampling (GB/T 3186-2006, ISO 15528: 2000, IDT)
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test
methods (GB/T 6682-2008, ISO 3696:1987, MOD)
3 Principle
Distill the formaldehyde out of the sample. In the acetic acid-ammonium acetate
buffer solution with pH=6, the formaldehyde in the fraction reacts with
acetylacetone under heating to form a stable yellow complex. After cooling, at
a wavelength of 412 nm, perform an absorbance test. According to the standard
working curve, calculate the content of formaldehyde in the specimen.
continue the titration until the blue color just disappears as the end point; record
the volume V2 (mL) of the sodium thiosulfate standard solution consumed. At
the same time, make a blank sample; record the volume of the sodium
thiosulfate standard solution consumed, V1 (mL). According to formula (1),
calculate the concentration of formaldehyde standard solution:
ρ(HCHO) - The mass concentration of formaldehyde standard solution, in
grams per liter (g/L);
V1 - The volume of sodium thiosulfate standard solution consumed in the
titration of the blank sample, in milliliters (mL);
V2 - The volume of sodium thiosulfate standard solution consumed for
calibration of formaldehyde solution, in milliliters (mL);
c(Na2S2O3) - The concentration of sodium thiosulfate standard solution, in
moles per liter (mol/L);
15 - 1/2 of the molar mass of formaldehyde;
20 - The volume of the formaldehyde standard solution pipetted during
calibration, in milliliters (mL).
4.12 Formaldehyde standard diluent: 10 μg/mL. Pipette 10 mL of calibrated
formaldehyde standard solution (4.11); place it in a 1000 mL volumetric flask;
use water to dilute to the mark.
5 Instruments and equipment
5.1 Distillation device: 100 mL distillation flask, serpentine condenser, distillate
5.2 Graduation tube with stopper: 50 mL (the same container as the distillate
receiver in 5.1);
5.3 Pipette: 1 mL, 5 mL, 10 mL, 20 mL, 25 mL;
5.4 Heating equipment: Electric heating jacket, water bath;
5.5 Balance: Accuracy is 1 mg;
5.6 Ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer.
6 Sampling
In accordance with the provisions of GB/T 3186, take a representative sample
of the product under test.
7 Test procedure
7.1 Drawing of standard working curve
Take several graduation tubes with stopper (5.2); pipette 0.00 mL, 0.20 mL,
0.50 mL, 1.00 mL, 3.00 mL, 5.00 mL, and 8.00 mL of formaldehyde standard
diluent (4.12) into them, respectively. Add water to dilute to the mark; add 2.5
mL of acetylacetone solution (4.4) and shake well. In a 60 °C constant-
temperature water bath, heat for 30 min; take it out and cool to room
temperature. Use a 10 mm cuvette (with water as a reference) to test the
absorbance at a wavelength of 412 nm on an ultraviolet-visible
spectrophotometer (5.6).
Use the mass (μg) of formaldehyde in the graduation tube with stopper as the
abscissa; use the corresponding absorbance (A) as the ordinate, to draw a
standard working curve. The calibration coefficient of the standard working
curve shall be ≥0.995. Otherwise a new standard working curve shall be made.
7.2 Test of formaldehyde content
Weigh about 2 g (accurate to 1 mg) of the well-stirred specimen; place it in a 50
mL volumetric flask; add water and shake well, and dilute to the mark. Then use
the pipette to transfer the specimen aqueous solution in the 10 mL volumetric
flask; place it in the distillation flask (5.1) which has been pre-filled with 10 mL
of water. And add a small amount of zeolite to the distillation flask; add an
appropriate amount of water to the distillate receiver (5.2) in advance; immerse
the distillate outlet; use an ice water bath to cool the exterior of the distillate
receiver (5.2) (see Figure 1 for the distillation device). Heat and distill to steam
the specimen to nearly dryness; remove the distillate receiver (5.2); use water
to dilute to the mark and wait for measurement.
If the specimen to be tested is not easy to disperse in water, directly weigh
about 0.4 g (accurate to 1 mg) of the evenly-stirred specimen; place it in a
distillation flask that has been pre-added with 20 mL of water; shake it gently,
and then carry out the distillation process.
Source: Above contents are excerpted from the PDF -- translated/reviewed by: www.chinesestandard.net / Wayne Zheng et al.