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GB/T 23800-2009 (GB/T23800-2009)

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GB/T 23800-2009: PDF in English (GBT 23800-2009)
GB/T 23800-2009
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.100
E 34
Heat transfer fluids - Determination of thermal stability
ISSUED ON. MAY 18, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. NOVEMBER 01, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Scope ... 4 
2 Normative references ... 4 
3 Terms and definitions ... 4 
4 Summary of method ... 6 
5 Meaning and application ... 6 
6 Instruments and materials ... 6 
7 Test procedure ... 7 
8 Report ... 13 
Heat transfer fluids - Determination of thermal stability
1 Scope
1.1 This standard specifies the test method for the thermal stability of unused
heat transfer fluids, including heat transfer fluids which have a maximum use
temperature above their boiling point at atmospheric pressure.
1.2 This standard does not evaluate the suitability of heat transfer fluids of
organic silicone types.
1.3 This standard is related to some hazardous substances, operations and
equipment. It is not intended to advise on all safety issues related to this.
Therefore, it shall establish appropriate safety and protective measures prior to
the use of this standard, determine the applicability of the restrictions of relevant
provisions.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this standard
through reference in this standard. For the dated references, the subsequent
amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this standard;
however, parties who reach an agreement based on this standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable.
For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
HG/T 3115 Borosilicate glass 3.3 - Properties (HG/T 3115-1998, idt ISO
3585.1991)
SH/T 0558-1993 Standard test method for boiling range distribution of
petroleum fractions (Gas chromatography)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Heat transfer fluids
The heat transfer fluid is a general term for organic substances which are
used as a heat transfer medium.
4 Summary of method
4.1 The heat transfer fluids are heated at a predetermined temperature. The
deterioration rate of the heat transfer fluids is determined to evaluate the
thermal stability of the heat transfer fluids. The deterioration rate is the sum of
the mass fractions of high-boiling components, low-boiling components,
gaseous decomposition products, nonvolatile decomposition products. The
mass fraction of the gaseous decomposition products is usually negligible (see
7.5.1).
4.1.1 The unused heat transfer fluid can be sealed in a glass ampoule which is
placed in a metal protective tube, or otherwise added into a steel tester and
sealed. The metal protective tube or steel tester which is loaded with a glass
ampoule is heated to a specified time at the specified test temperature, the test
temperature is preferably within the upper limit of the temperature range in
which the product to be tested is used.
4.1.2 After heating to the specified time, open the glass ampoule or steel tester.
Use the gas chromatography in SH/T 0558-1993 to determine the mass fraction
of high-boiling components and low-boiling components. Use a tube distiller to
determine the content of the nonvolatile decomposition products.
4.1.3 Compare the test results of the heat transfer fluid before and after it is
heated.
5 Meaning and application
5.1 Under the laboratory conditions as specified in this standard, this method
records and reflects the effect of heat on the heat transfer fluid as a function of
temperature and heating time. The test results provide information on the
thermal stability of different types of heat transfer fluids at certain heating
temperatures and heating times.
5.2 It cannot extrapolate the information on the performance of heat transfer
fluids in industrial heat transfer devices from the test results of this method,
because the performance of heat transfer fluids in the device is also affected
by other materials, various pollutants, heat accumulation, temperature in the
circulatory systems, and so on.
6 Instruments and materials
6.1 Instrument
6.1.1 Heater. It can control the temperature within ±1 °C of the test temperature,
7.2 Heating of specimen
START heating from room temperature. When the temperature rises to 50 °C
below the test temperature, CONTROL the heating rate to below 2 °C/min.
KEEP the temperature constant during the test, so that the temperature
deviation at any point of the heat transfer fluid (including the tester’s heating
wall) does not exceed ±1 °C of the test temperature. The test time is the
duration from point when the set test temperature is reached to the point when
the heating is stopped. The test time for each type of specimen is not less than
720 h. The test temperature and the test time are determined according to the
requirements of relevant product standards or regulations. Then DETERMINE
the deterioration rate of the specimen according to 7.4.
7.3 Opening tester
7.3.1 Overview
After the tester is cooled to room temperature, REMOVE it out from the heater.
Then RECORD the appearance of the specimen. FINISH the corresponding
weighing.
According to the test temperature and test time, when glass ampoule or steel
tester, it shall take appropriate safety measures.
7.3.2 Opening glass ampule
PLACE the glass ampoule in a Dewar. Under freezing of a mixture of acetone
or isopropyl alcohol and dry ice (about -70 °C), LOWER its internal pressure.
After 5 min ~ 10 min, OPEN the glass ampoule, to let the gas evaporate
completely under room temperature. After restoring to room temperature,
immediately WEIGH the mass (m4) of the glass ampoule, accurate to 0.1 mg.
When weighing, it shall include all glass pieces and remove the attached
condensate. PLACE a portion of the specimen in a gas chromatography bottle
for chromatographic analysis. STORE the remaining specimen in a well-sealed
glass bottle for other analysis.
7.3.3 Opening steel tester
PLACE the steel tester in a Dewar. Under freezing of a mixture of acetone or
isopropyl alcohol and dry ice (about -70 °C), LOWER its internal pressure. After
5 min ~ 10 min, OPEN the sealed cap of the steel tester, to let the gas evaporate
completely under room temperature. After restoring to room temperature,
REMOVE the attached condensate. WEIGH the mass (m4) of the steel tester,
accurate to 0.1 mg. PLACE a portion of the specimen in a gas chromatography
bottle for chromatographic analysis. STORE the remaining specimen in a well-
sealed glass bottle for other analysis.
7.4 Analysis
7.4.1 Based on the mass difference of the glass ampoule or steel tester before
and after being opened, DETERMINE the content of the gaseous
decomposition product.
7.4.2 USE the gas chromatography of SH/T 0558-1993 to perform simulate
distillation to determine the boiling point range of the specimen before and after
heating. USE a capillary column. Before determination, it shall first determine
the boiling point range of the reference oil. The boiling point of the determined
reference oil shall meet the repeatability requirements of the method in SH/T
0558-1993. When using the method of SH/T 0558-1993 to determine the
specimen, only REPORT the results of the boiling point distribution of the
fraction before the final boiling point of 538 °C. For the fraction above 538 °C in
the specimen, the content of the nonvolatile decomposition product shall be
calculated according to 7.5.2.
7.4.3 WEIGH the mass of the hollow tail ball of the tube distiller (m5), accurate
to 0.1 mg. Then ADD about 4 g of the heated specimen into the tail ball.
Accurately WEIGH the mass of tail ball plus specimen (m6), accurate to 0.1 mg.
ROTATE the ball tube in the rotary tube distiller. USE a vacuum pump to create
vacuum. At the end of distillation, the pressure shall reach to below 10 Pa ± 0.2
Pa. Slowly HEAT the tube distiller to make its temperature reach to 250 °C, so
that the heat transfer fluid does not undergo further thermal decomposition or
boiling hysteresis during the distillation process. CONTINUE distillation until the
mass of residues is constant. WEIGH mass of the tail ball (including the residue)
after the test (m7), accurate to 0.1 mg. It may use the gas chromatography to
assess whether the distillation process is complete. The portion which remains
volatile in the residue shall be less than 0.1% of the total mass of the heat
transfer fluid.
7.5 Evaluation
7.5.1 Calculation of the content of gaseous decomposition product of
specimen
Use the formula (1) to calculate the mass fraction of the gaseous decomposition
product content of specimen, %.
Where.
m1 - The mass of the empty glass ampoule or steel tester, in grams (g);
m2 - The mass of glass ampoule or steel tester which contains unheated
specimen, in grams (g);
chromatography, it must use the formula (3) and the formula (4) to correct the
uncorrected content of low-boiling components (mass fraction) N’ (%) and the
uncorrected content of high-boiling components (mass fraction) H’ (%).
Where.
N - The corrected content of low-boiling components of the specimen (mass
fraction), %;
N’ - The content of low-boiling components as determined through the
simulated distillation curve of the specimen (mass fraction), %;
G - The content of gaseous decomposition products of the specimen (mass
fraction), %;
U - The content of nonvolatile decomposition products of the specimen
(mass fraction), %.
Where.
H - The corrected content of high-boiling components of the specimen (mass
fraction), %;
H’ - The content of high-boiling components as determined through the
simulated distillation curve of the specimen (mass fraction), %;
G - The content of gaseous decomposition products of the specimen (mass
fraction), %;
U - The content of nonvolatile decomposition products of the specimen
(mass fraction), %.
7.5.4 Calculation of deterioration rate of specimen
The deterioration rate (mass fraction) of specimen Z (%) is calculated according
to formula (5).
Where.
G - The content of gaseous decomposition products of the specimen (mass
fraction), %;
N - The corrected content of low-boiling components of specimen (mass
......
 
(Above excerpt was released on 2018-12-23, modified on 2021-06-07, translated/reviewed by: Wayne Zheng et al.)
Source: https://www.chinesestandard.net/PDF.aspx/GBT23800-2009